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and painfully to read up the subject for as any European State of the present himself. And who is to tell him what day, and they are growing at a rate of books he should call for?

acceleration increasing year by year, The American lad gets this knowledge so that the population which increases from every quarter: his schoolbook to-day by five per cent. will to-morrow teaches him; the universal presence of increase by six per cent., and the day the flag teaches him; the Days of Cele- after to-morrow by ten per cent. In the bration teach him; the “spread eagle" next fifty years the population of the speeches teach him. All these things Dominion will probably become thirty foster and develop in him the sentiment millions; that of Australia twenty milof loyalty to the flag.

lions; that of South Africa twenty milI have tried to show the power of lions. Of India, Ceylon, Tasmania, and sentiment and the wisdom of fostering the Isles I say nothing. some form of sentiment. I must again It is quite certain that the time will remind my readers that I am not speak- come when the present relations being of the class to whom enthusiasm tween this country and the colonies and noise are abhorrent; they are, after must be changed. No one, it is acknowlall, a very small class. I speak of the edged, would desire the present relabuge mass of the people; those who read tions to last a day longer than is felt by no history, and know little about the ex- the colonies to be desirable. We wish tent, or strength, or unity of the coun- them to continue nominally as colonies tries and colonies farming that federa- only so long as we can help each other; tion which

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empire. we are determined, if we must part, to Considering the immense force of sen- part in amity. The danger before us is timent-how the fostering of sentiment not, in fact, so much that the mother is recognized by every government ex- country shall become to her former cept our own, how enormous are the colonies a land and a people which their interests at stake-it is surely, surely, young children, as in the United States, high time to reconsider our ways. must be taught to hate and to despise;

In our own case, moreover, there are we are not afraid that this will happen; conditions which make this duty far but that the colonies, when they become more urgent than for any other people. independent States, may fail to recogTuese conditions fill one with pride; but nize the claims, the arguments, for they are also charged with peril. creating a perpetual friendship and

There are growing up around us, alliance between each other. In a word, under our flag, with a rapidity which is the danger is that there will be presstartling and unparalleled, four great ently witnessed Five Great Nations innations. L'p to the present they have stead of one, and that these states, remained nominally under the crown; instead of supporting each other by an practically, they are independent and alliance not to be broken, by a Federasovereign nations. There is, first, the tion of mutual and perpetual support, Dominion of Canada; best loved of all may be as ready to quarrel as if they our colonies, most tried and proved, were French and German, and as willmost loyal, most faithful to the flag. ing to settle their disputes by wars There are, next, the five States of Aus- which must be as bitter and as despertralia, some time or other to be feder- ate as civil wars always are. ated like those of America, and to form Therefore we cannot too earnestly set one nation. There is New Zealand, ad- about the task of creating such a Sentivanced in two generations from a mere ment of Race as may play an effective handful of whites to a million. There part in preventing this most deplorable are the States of South Africa, about to and fatal result; we cannot too earnestly form another federation, into which our advocate federation between all these sons are now pouring by hundreds of Five States-alliance offensive and dethousands. These four nations are des. fensive-such as may mean an alliance tined to become, very rapidly, each one, for all time. With such an alliance the a country as mighty and as important Anglo-Saxon race will be free from the

711

LIVING AGE.

VOL. XIV.

fear of enemies without or of treachery going to Mile End, to Whitechapel, to within; free to work out the higher Hoxton, to Islington, to Birmingham, ta destiny to which it will be called. Bradford, where the people live who

This Federation will consist, then, of elect our rulers and shape our policy; five distinct nations, no one being tirst whom we wish to move. or second, above or below, the others; Let us remember that what is very their people will inhabit the finest and well for the Americans-a Day of Celerichest lands on the earth; they will bration for a country which is always to mostly belong to one religion-the remain undivided-is not desirable for Church of England or the Episcopal ourselves, who must consider the probChurch will, I believe, swallow up all abilities-nay, the certainties-of our other Protestant sects and will become future. We have two distinct duties the greatest Church in the world-Can- before us, both absolutely neglected up terbury will take the ecclesiastical lead to the present-the awakening of our instead of Rome; they will enjoy the people to a sense of what is meant by same institutions, they will speak the Great Britain and the empire; and the same language, they will have the same binding of these our colonies in bonds of education, they will nourish and raise kinship and affection. These things their souls by the study of the same can be assisted, I maintain, greatly asliterature.

Sisted, as the Americans have proved by The sentiment which we are consider their success-by the schoolbook, by the ing began with a vague pride of country; flag, by the Day of Celebration. The it has now become, you will have ob- schoolbook need not-nay, it must notserved, a far larger and more important misrepresent any country; we are quite thing than it seemed at the outset. It is rich enough in history to found our no longer only such a sentiment as national pride on our own record withwould have been useful to George III.; out attacking our neighbors; our flag it is such a sentiment as must serve to must fly, like the Stars and Stripes, over knit together great nations separated every school and every public building. by broad seas. It is no longer like the As for our Day, it must be one in which American, a sentiment that can be sym- the colonists will be able to join with as bolized by a flag; it is the sentiment of much loyalty as ourselves; not an abthe Anglo-Saxon race.

stract Day such as would have pleased For the creation and the fostering of a French Republican in the first bloodsuch a sentiment, I ask, first of all, a less days of doctrine and devotion; a Day. Let us follow the example of Day which in itself, apart from its main the I'nited States. Let us develop and object, will be felt by all to be represensustain such a sentiment by the forma- tative. tion of a national holiday which all our What do we want, then, to represent? colonies with ourselves shall celebrate Our common ancestry; our common posin such a way as may most easily im- sessions; our

laws, liberties press the Day and its teaching upon the and institutions; and our common literagreat mass of the people. They will ture. demand, I dare say, processions, shows, Our literature is generally acknowlpageants, bands of music, songs, feasts, edged to be our most precious possesand speeches. In the pageants, in the sion. For my own part, I think of a songs, in the speeches we shall cele- little scrap of parchment in the Guildbrate the glories and the victories of the hall of London, which seents to me more race; we shall remember the great days precious still, partly because without it of old; we shall acknowledge the great our noble literature would have been days of the present. Once more it must impossible; the parchment is the Conbe borne in mind that we are seeking to queror's Charter to London, which move the multitude, not the clubmen of made all our liberties possible. HowPiccadilly; we are getting altogether erer, let us accept the general opinion. outside the very little circle traversed Of all the possessions, then. which these by that illustrious thoroughfare; we are four nations and ourselves have in com

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mon, that of our literature is most valu- their position in the Federation, it will able.

be exactly the same as that of Great When far-off cousins agree to cele- Britain, Australia or any other State in brate their ancestors, they may choose the Federation; there will be no loss of between the Lawgiver, the Captain, the independence or national pride; the old Prophet, or the Poet. I think that our sentiment will remain; every American, cousins will agree to put up the Poet as every Englishman, every Australian, the representative of all the ancestors. every Africander will be free to conLet, therefore, the 23rd day of April be sider himself, if he pleases, the finest the Day of Celebration of the Anglo- specimen of humanity in the world. Saxon race, and let England's greatest Only to the sentiment of patriotism we poet give his name to that imperial shall add the sentiment of race. And holiday.

to the Day of Independence the AmerWhy, it may be asked, cannot the ican will add another Day, when he United States come in? Are they not shall celebrate the glories and the Anglo-Saxon as well? They are cer- achievements of the people from whom tainly Anglo-Saxon as much our- he came, whose liberties and history and selves. We have absorbed Fleming, literature he inherits. There will be Frenchman, Italian, German, Pole and one thing of which he will be more Dutch, and we remain Anglo-Saxon. proud than of achieving his indepenThe States have received from every dence—and that will be symbolized by nationality tens of thousands; they are the Day of Celebration, the rejoicings. all absorbed, or in process of absorption; on the 23rd of April. they are become or are becoming Anglo

WALTER BESANT. Saxon. Will, then, America join in such a celebration? I am not prepared to ouer an opinion. Perhaps, if it was thoroughly realized that there was no secret intention on the part of Great

From Temple Bar. Britain to exalt herself above other

IN THE GATEWAY. nations of the race, the United States would also join us in rejoicing over the

"But what is his name?" past and present of the race which made “And that I can't tell you either, sirthem what they are. They will come not his real name, at least. There's in; they must come in; and then the final plenty of nicknames for him, of federation will take place; then shall be course.” witnessed the reconciliation of all who

“Has he been here long?” speak our common tongue; and the

"Since I was changed to here, and future of the race with such a federa- that's quite enough for me. Lads are tion may be-must be-greater and more always plaguin' him and singin,' 'Git glorious than poet has sung or dreamer yer 'air cut,' so I'm obliged to go over has dreamed, for the widening of knowl- and stop it." edge and the advancement of hu

I asked these questions of the manity.

bearded policeman, to whom the duty I think-or hope—that the final federa. is assigned to stand still by the hour totion of the whole of our race is a con- gether and look eastward down wicked summation that is not only ardently to Piccadilly, as though momentarily exbe desired, but is also certain to occur pecting an important signal. He if we take steps of ordinary prudence. swered me in a preoccupied way, alThe Treaty of Arbitration, when we get most brusquely, without taking his eyes it, will go far to soften the tone of the off the long street and its foreshortened American papers; it will disarm hos- crowd of cabs and humanity. tility; it will in time perhaps change the I turned and looked at the object of spirit of the schoolbooks. As for their my curiosity, and pondered. Presently flag, it will remain their own; as for the policeman said,

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"He's what they call not quite hard by threw him a penny; without deflectbaked, or we should have moved him ing his gaze to see where it went, he long ago. That's it, depend on it!" raised his hand to his forehead and sa

Still I was dissatisfied. The man was luted. It was an old-fashioued military so different from the other three hun- salute, such as one of the great Freddred and fifty-seven street artists whom erick's guards would have made, touchthe Deserving Mendicants' Aid Societying his forehead with the edge, not the has catalogued. He had got all his legs back of his hand. I pondered all the and arms left, and he didn't sell harder over this. It was a little thing, matches, and he hadn't written a short but it impressed me deeply-so deeply history of himself and his diseases be- that I made up my mind at all costs to side his pictures. There was only one know more about him. After thinking picture too-of an archway, with still a little longer I moved close up to glimpse of green grass and a fountain the spot where he lay, and ventured the showing through it. An hour's drizzle remark,had not improved the clearness of the "Rather hard lying on the pavement, detail, and after I had made so much isn't it?" out I looked up at the artist himself. Ile turned and fixed his blue eyes on He wore what must once have been a me without answering. suit of dress clothes; the trousers had I repeated my question. been trimmed off short at the knee, and Then he replied, tattered stockings took their place be- "It is very hard; but I lie here all the low that point. His shoes had been same.” boots once, but the uppers were shorn This was obviously true, and I felt away. His waistcoat did not belong to disappointed at getting such a recepthe dress suit; it was two sizes larger tion. at least, and was crossed over itself to "It can't be very good for you," ! take up the extra six inches, being thus blundered out. forced to button in double-breasted “It is not very good for me,” he said, fashion; visible here and there

in a strange refined Ollendorffian style. the relics of a pattern worked into it, “but I lie here and tell the story of of a white fleur-de-lys. But his hat was my picture to myself, for nobody lismore remarkable still. What its orig- tens." inal shape had been Heaven knows; Just then came along a middle-sized when I saw it, it had been cut and boy carrying an empty basket. Not pulled and beaten into a grotesque re- wishing to be favored with au audience semblance of a lacquey's three-cornered while I questioned the man, I affected hat. Yet there was an almost jaunty interest in an opposite direction. The air about it. He had stuck it to the boy dropped his basket

he apbest possible advantage on his won- proached, and kicked it deftly over the derful head of yellow flowing hair- picture, saying as he did so,blackened a good deal by exposure to "Well, old 'Where did yer git that London soot, but still yellow. His ‘at,' I'm comin' back again to eat yer." limbs were straight and well propor- I sprang on that boy unfairly. Ile retioned, and his features clear and deli- garded the poor street artist as lawful cate, though a stubbly beard of four prey, and long usage combined with days' growth took off a little from their bad example had destroyed any origibeauty no doubt. He lay gracefully on nal feelings of compunction-but it was his side, not huddled up like the other too late; I had hurt him very much, and street artists—with his head supported he was crying bitterly. Happily no one on his hand, and heeded not the pass- was at hand, and so the matter passed ing crowd. His thoughts seemed to be without collecting a crowd. The boy very far away from London and its picked up his basket and went his way dirt and its clamor.

whimpering; the policeman did While I was looking at him a passer- take his eyes off Piccadilly, and my

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friend in the three-cornered hat moved board and goes out into the gateway. not a muscle.

There is a flat stone by the wall, and After a decent pause I said,

he moves it away-then he brings out "Well, what is the picture?”

ten heavy bags and puts them in a deep “The story is of the picture,” he re- hole. He drops the stone again, and plied.

covers it with earth." This nswer seemed like an att opt He stopped, just as he had begun, at repartee, flavored with French exer- like a machine. cises, and I began to think that the I waited for several minutes in sipoliceman's remark about the poor lence, trying to fashion a meaning for man's mental state was true; still I per- this strange story. sisted.

"When did all this happen?" I asked "Ah, yes," I said, “the story is of the at length. picture. I want to hear about it-the He shook his head and smiled faintly. picture—the story of it, you know." "You don't remember, I suppose,” I

“The story that I tell to myself. It is said. “It's like a dream, perhaps, isn't because nobody else will listen. To- it?” day it is the beginning."

Again he made a gesture of dissent. “Go on, please,” said I.

“It's real then-do you mean that?” “I go to and fro under that gate- He nodded. way many times, and the day is a hot "Have you got no more to say about day. The little ledge there on the wall it?" I asked. is the height of my shoulder.

I ran

"No more to-day. The picture will with my band on it, and make a hum- be changed to-morrow. I will say more ming noise to imitate the diligence. then.” And with this he took a rag The women carry tall baskets past my from behind him, and swept the picplace of amusement and curtsey to me. ture away. I grimace at them in reply. Then I I held out a shilling, but he looked up run across to the other side where at me and said, there is no ledge, and lie down on my “Wait for the end-you will give me back, and look at the roof, and kick up

more then." my heels, because I am in idleness." The best bred of the angels could not

“But when do you do this?" I in- have said it with such gentle dignity of quired.

manner. I went back to the police"Men pass me," he continued, with

and asked him where the man out noticing the interruption, “and lived. some of them scowl, which makes me "Somewhere back of the Harmy and cease kicking, and think what they Navy, sir-one of them little streets mean. But I am not afraid. I forget leading off Vincent Square.” their words very soon. There are peo- “Any relations?ple coming down to the fountain to Xo relations, no friends, no effects,' drink the water, some on crutches. I that would be our report of him." jump up and run towards them, shout- This seemed to shut the door altoing that the gutter is good enough for gether, for I felt that it was hopeless them. All this is ignorance. They pre- to expect to learn the truth about this tend not to bear. The water from the man from himself, even if the picture fountain is warm, and salt to taste. A represented reality, and his record was man in a faded livery stands by and true. I went home in great disgust and takes money from the people who drink thought it over. If the man was it."

thirty now, and ten years old when he There was another pause.

ran about under the gateway, that “It is evening,” he went on at last, would make it twenty years ago, but "and I follow my father about the somehow I treasured the conviction house on tiptoe; he does not see or hear that such a calculation utterly me. He takes a trowel from

cup- false.

I found myself saying, “Ages

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