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passes, dry tissue paper is rubbed over apparently fragile body of which they with a brush, until not a crease is vis- are composed." ible. A soapy flannel is passed over Amongst the most ardent admirers of the surface, and the reverse end of the Crown Derby ware are the citizens of brush is freely used to rub the pattern the United States and Australia. Few well on. A sponge and water remove of these who are true lovers of art rethe paper. The firing incorporates the turn to their own country after visitcolor with the glaze. The engraving ing England, without making a of the copper plates is a costly under- into Derbyshire, and selecting trophies taking, hence only in the execution of of excellence and beauty from the large orders is printing resorted to, it show-room cabinets. costing less to decorate by hand where The January of the year 1890 opened a small order is concerned. A separately brightly for the Derby China Works. engraved plate is necessary in each By the intervention of his grace the case where the vessel differs in size or Duke of Devonshire, K.G., lord-lieuform from its predecessors-e.J., the tenant of the county, and lord high plate used in printing a gravy dish or steward of the borough of Derby, the a meat plate would be useless for gracious permission of the queea was printing a vegetable-dish cover, or a accorded to the company to the gravy tureen.

title of "Royal” in connection with As we left the ingenious printers, their manufactures. When it is and their careful transfers, we turned membered for how many years royin at the "ground-laying" workshop. alty has patronized the ceramics of "This ground-laying is very fashion. this factory, and that the manufacable just now," observed our instruc- ture of china was commenced here a tor. "You see how it is managed. The year earlier than at Worcester, which 'color is dusted on to the piece, after has long since enjoyed the title, the the latter has been oiled all over. This permission accorded to Derby is is followed by a 'firing,' and subse- more than is befitting. quently by another dusting of 'color'

JAMES CASSIDY. and a second firing,' when the lected tint results.”

In conclusion, we pass from an imperfect description of many interesting processes to the general statement that the productions of the Royal Crown Derby Porcelain Works are un

A PLEA FOR PRECOCIOUS CHILDREN. surpassed by any in the kingdom; "Master Thomas Moore in his youth. they are at once highly artistic and devised in his father's house in Lonuseful. Among the most beautiful of don a goodly hanging of fine painted the chefs-d'æuvre of the plastic art cloth with nine pageants, and verses are the exquisite egg-shell like cups over every pageant. and saucers, than which we have seen “In the first was painted boy playnothing superior. Professor Jewitt ing at the top and scourge (whipping thus writes of them: “The 'body' is top) and over the top was written:of a high degree of transparency, of marvellous thinness and of extreme I am called Childhood, in play is all my hardness and tenacity, and

mind, examples, the raised gold-pattern is in To cast a quoit, a cockstele (shuttlethe finest and most delicate of lines,

cock?] or a ball. and yet without flaw fault.

A top can set and drive it in its kind;

In whatever style, indeed, the decoration But would to God these hateful books all

Were in a fire burnt to powder small, of these choice cabinet specimens is

Tuen might I lead my life always in play, done, there is a studied delicacy and Which life God send me to my ending beauty that are in keeping with the

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From Good Words.

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If there is a touch of Blake in the Now, if even an average human child simplicity of these charming sines, refuses after all to live the careless, there is also, in the matter of them, contented life of a fowl of the air, what a healthy satisfaction in ignorance, a are we to expect from the extraordidistaste for instruction that should nary children? commend them to those most respect- No one denies that men and women able authorities on all that relates to of genius are in the course of nature, children, the mothers of fine, large are, indeed, the fruit and crown of nahealthy, stupid families. Listening to ture-why, then, should a child of these kindly dogmatists, one learns genius be looked on with suspicion, disthat any sign of intelligence in a child approval or dismay? Yet we affect to under seven is a kind of disease to be pity the mother whose child, dreamily regarded with concern if, by a mira imaginative, or original and inquisitive, cle, it appears in one's own family, or high-spirited and enterprising, has and with suspicion and marked dis- upset all our prescriptions of what a · approval in the household of one's child ought to be. A gifted man or neighbors.

woman in the future may possibly not "I have asked eight mothers to let be a comfortable child in the present, their children join mine in a modest he will certainly not be a usual one. kindergarten class," said a quick-wit- Mothers of healthy, stupid children are ted young matron the other day, “and welcome to point triumphantly to Wal. they have all refused on the plea that ter Scott at the bottom of his class in their children's brains are so highly the Edinburgh High School, only when developed that the doctor won't hear of they have explained away the other their learning anything. I am driven fact of the marvellous lame child of to the conclusion that mine the two years old lying on the bank below only normally stupid children, or that Smailholm, watching the thunderstorm I am less pervious to flattery than my and shouting "Bonnie, bonnie" at each neighbors."

flash. They may speak with horror and So, slaves to this superstition, indignation of that "shocking examwe deprive our children of the advan- ple” in education, the intellectual pretage of being able to read story-books cocity of John Stuart Mill: Let them in the early years when lessons at least remember that the child who short and leisure is ample. We pre- could not remember the time when he scribe fairy-tales, and "Alice in Won- began Greek, but who had certainly derland" for all “natural children," read six Platonic dialogues before he while "Nature" has already strung was eight, was yet the most elastic as some little minds to a romantic pitch, well as the most reasoning optimist of that only “Ivanhoe” or the tale of his time. Troy can satisfy. "A child," we dog- And yet, as in many healthy human matize, "ought to be a child," as if prejudices, there is something to jus. every child had not an indefeasible tify this dread of unusual gifts right to be himself.

rather of gifts unduly developed at an Yet more than a hundred years ago a early age. Too many wonderful chilcertain wise Scotchwoman, the Coun- dren have been like "the rathe primrose tess of Mar, knew better than this. that forsaken dies." Either the flame, She and her old lord had been left burning too brightly, has shattered the guardians to the first little Countess- frail vessel that held it, or the premaDuchess of Sutherland, and when her ture ripening of the powers was itself husband showed some distrust of edu- Nature's protest against foredoomed cation for the child, Lady Mar had her decay, or-and this is most likely--the answer ready, "Hoots, my Lord, ye promise and graciousness of such will never manage a thinking human gifted children, early dead, have left a child into a hedge-sparrow a' the clear light of memory, while the green gither."

earth has closed silently over unnum

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OL

bered little ones whose sweet round Even simple children feel the august bodies and tender ways were no more beauty of the Old Testament when different from those of other children they are wisely permitted to receive than one flower of the field differs from the Word itself, weakened neither by the next.

paraphrase nor elucidation, but few More than two hundred years ago could appropriate its language to their there died, at the age of five, a child own case as Richard Evelyn did, lying: whose early knowledge, singular piety, in his "cradle;" "He would of himself and incomparable promise so worked select the most pathetic Psalms and on his father's heart that he, who else chapters out of Job to read to his naid concerned himself chiefly with gardens during his sickness, telling her, when and buildings and the movements of she pitied him, that all God's children states and societies, has given us the must suffer affliction.” most moving picture of a child's life A child so singularly endowed could and death ever limned by paternal not fail to excite hopes and ambitions pride and sorrow.

in his father's heart; but for himself Under the date January 27, 1658, he seemed, by a strange intuition, tv Evelyn writes: “Died my dear son understand the vanities of the world Richard, to our inexpressible grief and before he had seen them. It is diffiaffliction, five years and three days old, cult to remember that it is a child of but at that tender age a prodigy of wit five of whom we are told: “The day and understanding, for beauty of body before he died he called me to him and, a very angel, for endowinent of mind in a manner more serious than usual, of incredible and rare hopes." It was he told me for all I loved him so dearly an age which had none of our preju- I should give my house, land, and dices against introducing children early all my things to his brother Jack. He to the dryer studies. There is the well- should have none of them.” And then known letter in exquisite writing ad- immediately after comes the childlike dressed to his "Sweet, sweet father," perplexity as to whether he might pray which attests that little Charles I. was with his hands unjoined. “What shall declining substantives and adjectives I say,” adds the father, "of his fre. at the age of five. So it is perhaps only quent pathetical ejaculations uttered of grievous and not miraculous that little himself: 'Sweet Jesus, save me, de. Evelyn at the age of four had “got by liver me, pardon my sins, let Thine anheart almost the entire vocabulary of gels receive me'?" Latin and French primitives and It was a special grace in this incomwords, could make congruous syntax, parable child that superiority to other turn English into Latin and vice versa, children with him took the form of construe and prove what he read," and precocious patience and tolerance. “He so on through a list of acquirements would give grave advice to his brother that would do credit to a Shrewsbury John, bear with his impertinence, and scholar. It was the child's love of say he was but a child!". learning that was extraordinary. Still A certain aloofness from their felmore remarkable and more affecting lows-in whose ingenuous bosoms suwas his apprehension of the things of periority excites distrust, contempt and God. His father tells us that “his irritation is the inevitable bane of resense of God was astonishing.” Con- markable children, and constitutes the science seems to have been as early worst danger of precocity. According awake as intelligence in this gentle to temperament this solitude of superichild. “He understood his Bible and ority may produce pathetic self-disNew Testament to a wonder, how trust, or proud and morbid irritability, Christ came to redeem the world, and or an aggressive self-complacency. Perhow, comprehending these necessaries haps this last is the special and unhimself, his godfathers

dis- lovely snare of little girls. They have charged of their promises."

not been subjected to the criticism of 722

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LIVING AGE.

VOL. XIV.

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school life, they have all the sense of ligence convinces them how little a responsibility for other people's sins woman can effect alone, how much innate in the feminine conscience. through the man she inspires and sus

A generation earlier than Richard tains. “So as his shadow she waited Evelyn, little Mistress Lucy Apsley, upon him," she writes of herself and whose boast it was later to be known her husband, “till he was taken into merely as the wife of Colonel Hutchi. that region of light which admits of son-was an object of fond admiration none, and then she vanished into nothto her parents and of terror and dis- ing." taste to other children. "Play among The women we have agreed to find other children I despised, and when I charming are precisely the opposite of was forced to entertain such as (ame all this. They are born princesses by to visit me I tried them with more the divine right of all-bountiful grave instructions than their mothers, ture. How can they walk in the plucked all their babies (dolls) to pieces, shadow when it is wheir blessed disand kept all the children in such awe tinction to reflect every ray of sudthat they were glad when I entertained shine? How can they efface themmyself with older company, to whom I selves when every one they meet treaswas very acceptable.”

ures their individuality as we treasure Even for that older company Mis- a rare flower? They may profess no tress Lucy had critical eyes. She dis- art, but they offer a subject for every covered that the tutor who taught her art; they are rarely conspicuous for Latin was a "pitiful, dull fellow," and learning, but the learned are ambitious probably pronounced equally forcible to talk and understand their language; judgments on the half-dozen teachers they may not abound in "good works," who, in her eighth year, taught her but the sight of their grace and glad"languages, music, dancing, writing ness fills with generous pleasure the and needlework."

hearts of the poor and wearied. Life It is pleasant to learn that Latin, is the art in which they are past massermons, and contempt for her needle, ters, and the hearts of men and women did not entirely fill up Mistress Lucy's the instruments from which they draw hours, and that, “though she exhorted their concords. her mother's maids and turned their Where these gifts are bestowed they idle discourse to good subjects," she necessarily show themselves among “thought it no sin to learn or bear witty the earliest instincts. There are babysongs, and amorous sonnets and poems, girls who establish the tenderest relaand twenty things of this kind, wherein tions with elderly admirers long beI was so apt that I was the confidante" fore they can stand alone; there are -one wonders at what age precisely, little girls not yet in their teens who "in all the loves that were managed can entertain a company with their wit among my mother's young women." It and tact and sensibility, and then rewas lute playing and sonnets as well lapse, with captivating quaintness, into as godly discourse that formed the pre- simple, childish play. Miss Burney, lude to Mrs. Lucy's own married life, whose eyes were as kind as they were the record of which, more than any keen, has described such a precocious other book, has preserved for us the charmer in the person of little Selina humane and dignified spirit that ani- Birch, whom she met at Tunbridge in mated the nobler Puritan house!olds. the company of Mrs. Thrale.

It is the peculiar praise of women "She [Selina Birch) is the niece of like Lucy Hutchison, in whom the in- the charming Mrs. Pleydell, and very tellectual virtues predominate, that, like her ... As you have seen that more than others, they can merge them. sweet woman, only imagine her ten selves in the man-father, husband, or years old and you will see her sweet son-in whom their love and pride are niece. She sings like her, laughs like centred. Perhaps their superior intel- her, and alternately softens and ani

mates like her. Her conversation is thology to the savage. There is no not merely like that of a woman al- child, however dull, of whom some ready, but of an uncommonly informed, funny sayings cannot be reported. Let cultivated, sagacious woman, and at us enjoy these as windfalls without putthe same time she can at pleasure jing ting any stress on them as indications off all this rationality and make her- of ability. Sensibilities of all kinds are: self a mere playful, giddy, romping a safer test, including nightly fears. child."

and a haunting intimacy with vamThere must have been extraordinary pires and the Witch of Endor. Pertact about a child who could first sing haps we can best gauge a child's gifts with “mingled grace and buffoonery" by his power of playing. then run into the middle of the room The precocious child differs radically and try some new step or a dance and from the child of genius in this respect, finally fling herself affectionately into that the former is ever reaching forsomebody's lap without her “vagaries ward to anticipate his share in growngrowing tiresome.”

up life, whereas the latter, absorbed in Poor little woman of the world, she his own proper business, draws all the was "distractedly fond of the French elements of grown-up life into his play. opera. She told us the story right If any one would know the perfect through of some of them, singing the method of the child of genius explained sujet, when she came to the airs, and and illustrated, he can find it in every comically changing parts in the duets.” page of Louis Stevenson's "Child's

"We hardly know how to get away Garden of Verses.” To that gentle and from her when the carriage was ready spirited child, grown-up people seem to take us from Tunbridge," and Mrs. to be a mere background to the drama Thrale confidently predicted that he is constantly acting to himself. He whether they met the "sweet syren" has the true artist's sensitiveness to again or not, nothing was so certain all that offers material to his art, ali as that they would hear of her again, his unaffected indifference to all that let them go whither they would. lies outside it. Only at times is he conWhether that prophecy was fulfilled cerned at the curious insensibility of in days when Mrs. Thrale was Madame his relations to the real nature of a Piozzi-and somewhat discredited-and world in which he works and they sit Miss Burney was taxing her lively ob- idle. Parents sitting in the warmth of servation to make her dismal court life the fire and the witchery of the lamp. endurable, we have no means of know- light miss their opportunity and merely ing. We, at least, have not heard of

Sit at home, and talk and sing, her again, though one would like to

And never play at anything. think that somewhere, in some old manor-house, a miniature may exist of

Uncles and gardeners are perversely a beautiful woman with bright eyes

unconscious of the enchanted ground under her powdered hair, and that per

on which they tread, but it only exhaps some modern Selina owes her for- cites the kindly regret, mal name and tuneful voice to a great- Oh how much wiser you would be grandmother whose wit and melody To play at Indian wars with me. have left a pleasant tradition among But nothing can be more futile than her descendants.

to generalize about the methods of There is, of course, much delusion genius or the ways of children. There about the precocity of many children. is one precocious child, who, to the The humor of half their reported say- endless inventiveness and exquisite ings lies in the

ear of the grown- honesty of a child, has added the senup hearer. The anthropomorphisms sibility of a young woman, and the which appal and divert the listening point and wit of an old one. Thanks mother are as serious and unimagina- to her wise and tender biographer, Pet tive to the child as the crudest my- Marjorie is as well known in

most

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