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such a step; and if it be true (and there admit of little question, in spite of Sir can be little doubt that it is true) that Charles Tupper's airy denial. Less the animals are diminishing in rum- than ten years ago an approximate esber at an alarming rate, it would be an timate of the animals found on the obvious folly on the part of Great Brit- islands of St. Paul and St. George-that ain, which alone stands in the way, to is, the two islands of the Pribyloff insist upon the observance of the letter group frequented by the seals-gave a of the award and wait until there are total of 3,000,000. Certainly the rookno seals left before taking action. All eries and the hauling grounds were that is wanting now, before we decide packed so closely that there was literupon some course, is the report of the ally not room enough for all the seals commissioners, which should have been to live comfortably. A careful count out long ago. Failing any mutually made two years ago resulted in the satisfactory basis of agreement, there enumeration of a little over 200,000. is reason to fear that the extreme party Under the terms of the original lease, in America-which country, be it noted, the company in possession of the has never been at the pains to conceal islands was permitted to kill 100,000 its dissatisfaction with the award, for bachelor males every season, and, high reasons which are essentially selfish- as that limit appears, it was really may have its way, and that a bill may small by comparison with the number be passed to empower the secretary of of the whole herd. Down to the time the treasury to slaughter every fur seal when pelagic sealing began to be prosfound on the Pribyloff Islands (which ecuted in the Behring Sea as well as are the American islands) and to sell in the open waters of the North Pathe skins to the best advantage for the cific, there was, by the admission of benefit of the treasury at Washington. Sir George Baden-Powell himself, little This proposal to kill the goose that lays apparent falling off. In 1890, the last the golden egg in a fit of pique does not year of the old lease, the Alaska Comcommend itself as reasonable; but it is mercial Company found it impossible significant that the secretary of the to take the number of bachelors or treasury last year gave the lessors of "see-katchies" permitted by law, simthe fishery, the North American Com- ply because there were not 100,000 to mercial Company, permission to take take. Under the new lease to the twice as many male skins during that North American Commercial Company, season as they were allowed to take in it was stipulated that the secretary of the previous year; his reason being the treasury should fix the annual that the seals after leaving the rook- catch at his discretion. In 1895 Vr. eries are killed in any case. If the mat. Carlisle found it necessary to restrict ter is not settled early, we are threat- the land catch to 15,000 male skins. In ened with another jingo outburst that same year the vessels engaged in against England. We will no doubt the pelagic branch of the industry survive it, but for the protection of our numbered ninety-seven, of which own interests it seems desirable that a eighty-seven were employed in the modus virendi should not be put off any award area. Between them they killed longer. Mr. Smalley tells us that Pro. and recovered 56,291 seals, or a de fessor Thompson's report will "contain

crease, as compared with the corrected facts showing that much damage is figures of 1894, of 5,547. That this decaused by pelagic sealing and the in- crease was caused by the falling off discriminate killing of females." In in the spring catch along the shores of that case something must be done at the United States and British Columonce.

bia will be obvious when we state that That the seals are diminishing in the catch in the Behring Sea alone, numbers, and that they have gone ou after the close season, was 44,169, or diminishing in spite of the Paris reg. 12,584 more than in 1894. All this is ulations, are facts which unfortunately quite independent of the Asiatic catch.



which did not exceed 39,003 skins, as far as two hundred miles from the compared with 79,305 skins taken in breeding grounds. She swims with those waters—that is, off the Japanese marvellous celerity, and thinks nothing and Russian coasts—in the previous of a hundred-mile trip. The bulls do season.

not eat on the islands, and rarely go The Paris regulations, it may be re- into the water until they quit the place membered, established a close season for the season in September or October; during the months of May, June, and and superfluous males—the bachelors July, and (among other things) made it have no such incentive as the females illegal to use firearms or explosives in to go far away from the summer home. the Behring Sea, or to “kill, capture, or Thus it happens that last year seventypursue" the seal within a radius of three per cent. of the American and sixty miles of Pribyloff Islands. The fifty-six per cent of the Canadian catch American government has all along outside of the sixty-mile radius maintained that these regulations sisted of females. More than this. would fail to protect the herd from seal pup deprived of its mother undue destruction. But the contention dies of starvation, for

other that the only remedy was the total female will adopt it. Last year more prohibition of pelagic fishing north of than 28,000 pups were found starved to 35° N. was not reasonable; for, apart death on Pribyloff Islands, because from the monopoly that the Americans their mothers had been killed whilst in would thereby have gained, there was search of food beyond the radius. It no adequate ground for depriving the would be an insult to the reader's intelmen engaged in this important branch ligence to point out to him the radical of the trade of their regular occupation. defect and the ultimate outcome of a It has become apparent, however, that system under which this kind of thing the regulations were not sufficiently can flourish. But the difficulty in the stringent. During the winter months way of an easy and satisfactory soluthe seals take their long swims into the tion is that in the water it is almost imPacific. The Russian herd, which possible to distinguish between a febreeds on the Commander Islands, male and a bachelor seal. It must not heads past the Kurile Islands for the be supposed, however, that the men Japanese coast, and in the spring re- whom the American people are fond of turns by the way it went. The Ameri. describing as poachers on their seal can herd makes right across from the preserves are Canadians only. About Aleutian Islands to the British Colum- one-half of them are Americans, who bian waters, and returns along the “steal that way year by year” from shores of Alaska, entering the Behring California and Oregon. And in the Sea again by the way of Unalaska. The matter of the illicit use of firearms 1 pelagic sealers and the Alaskan Indi- the Behring Sea, these Americans are ans meet them, kill as many as they notoriously the most unscrupulous. It possibly can with spears and Winches. is satisfactory to know that such reters, register their catch at Unalaska pressive measures as may be adopted or at Victoria, and take care to be in will operate to the disadvantage of the Behring Sea by August 1. The American as well as Canadian pelagic number of females is in excess of the sealers. number of males, bull or bachelor, and it happens that between sixty and serenty per cent. of the skins taken in the spring are those of the gravid females.

From Chambers's Journal. After giving birth to her pup on one or

THE WIT OF COMPOSERS. other of the islands, the mother finds it Never, surely, was composer more necessary to make expeditions into the witty than the master who gave 11s an water in search of food. She is some- immortal setting of “William Tell." times found—and killed, of course-as Rossini's whimsicality extended even to his birthday. Having been born in the seventy-eight bars. I particularly leap-year, on February 29, he had of wish to hear those." course a birthday only once in four Some of these anecdotes of Rossini years; and when he was seventy-two remind us that composers, as a rule, he facetiously invited his friends to cel- have not figured amiably as critics of ebrate his eighteenth birthday. Some each other. Handel swore that Gluck of the best specimens of his wit were knew no more about counterpoint than shown in connection with brother com- his cook; Weber pronounced Beetho posers. "You know," he said one day, ven a madman; and Haydn said of a speaking to a friend, "you know what brother musician that "he played the pretty dance tunes Auber has always fiddle like a hog.” Liszt was particuwritten"-Auber being as likely to larly severe upon fellow-artistes. Some write dance tunes as Rossini was to one was once playing to him a compo write a sermon. The maestro seldom sition he evidently did not care for. went to the opera or to any place of "What is that?" he asked. “It is Benamusement, but he could not resist the nett's 'Maid of Orleans' sonata," was temptation of hearing one of Wagner's the reply. "Ah," said the virtuoso, works. It was “Tannhäuser.” After- "what a pity that the original inanuwards, when asked to give his opinion script did not meet with the same fate of the opera, he said: “It is too impor- as Joan." In this connection a good tant and too elaborate a work to be story is told of the late Victor Masse. judged after a single hearing, but so He was informed one day that a rival far as I am concerned, I shall not give composer took every opportunity of deit a second."

claring that his (Masse's) music was Upon amateurs he was especially se execrable. “He maintains I have no vere. A few days after Meyerbeer's talent,” said Masse; "I always leclare death a young admirer of his called he has plenty. We both know we lie." upon the composer of "William Tell” But perhaps better than this was the with an elegy which he had written in opinion of Wagner expressed by Offenhonor of his idol. "Well,” said Ros- bach. Wagner had just published his sini, after hearing the composition "Rienzi,” and off went a copy to Offenplayed over, "if you really want my bach, with a request that he would say honest opinion, I think it would have what he thought of it. Now Offenbach been better if you had died and Meyer- had previously read some of Wagner's beer had written an elegy."

poems, and had made fun of them, a Rossini's witticisms indeed bubbled circumstance well known to Wagner. forth at all times and under all circim- After some three weeks the score of stances. On one occasion a gentleman "Rienzi” was returned to its composer, called upon him to enlist his aid in with a slip on which was written: procuring for him an engagement at “Dear Wagner, your music is trash; the opera. He was a drummer, and stick to poetry.” This of course had taken the precaution to bring his raged Wagner greatly, and some instrument. Rossini said he would months later he was out with one of hear him “play” and it was decided his celebrated brochures denouncing that he should show off in the overture the Jews. It was a fine opportunity to “Semiramide." The very first bar for revenge-Offenbach being an lyof the overture contains a tremolo for raelite--and the brochure was in the the drum, and when this had been per- hands of Offenbach in no time. Two formed, the player remarked: "Now I days elapsed, and Wagner had the have a rest of seventy-eight bars; these pamphlet back. When he opened it, of course I will skip." This was too this is what he found written on the good a chance to be lost. “Oh, no," front page: “Dear Wagner, your said the composer; "by all means count brochure is rot; stick to music."


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By Wemyss Reid and J. Guinness Rogers, Nineteenth Century, II. IN KEDAR'S TENTS. By Henry Seton

Merriman. Chaps. XVII. and XVIII., III. THE STORY OF Scott's RUIN. By Leslie Stephen,

Cornhill Magazine,

Macmillan's Magazine,
Nightingale, .

Sunday Magazine,

Pardo Bazan Translated for The Liv-
ing Age, by Mary J. Safford,

Deutsche Revue,






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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. FOR Six DOLLARS remitted directly to the Publishers, THE LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

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Single copies of THE LIVING AGE, 15 cents.


And I long for the choir of skylarks, for

the coo of the mating dove, What if your heritage be The huddled trees along the smoky ways; For the liquid note of the throstle's throat,

or the songs of the land I love; At a street's end the stretch of lilac sea; The vender, swart but free, Crying his yellow wares across the haze? For the hum of the mighty cities, for the

faces which come and pass, Your verse awaits you there;

For the voice of Spring when streamlets For Love is Love though Latin swords be sing, and the murmur of life in the rust;

grass; The keen Greek driven from gossiping mall and square;

For the sweet, sweet breath of the beanAnd Care is still but Care

fields, the scent of the fresh-turned Though Homer and his seven towns are

sod, dust.

For arms which wait by my cottage gate.

and the bells which cry to God. Inus Beauty lasts, and, lo! Now Proserpine is barred from Enna’s I am man, and the world is mighty. hills,

Should I die thus alone outcast, The flower she plucked yet makes an April Would my soul in the end find the soul of show,

a friend, and win to its love at last? Sets some town sill a-glow,

CLIVE PHILLIPPS-WOLLEY. And yours the Vision of the Darodils.

Pall Mall Magazine. Victoria, B. C. The Old-World folk knew not More surge-like sounds than urban win

ters bring Up from the wharves at dusk to every

spot; And no Sicilian plot,

More fire than heaps our tulips in the

In the merry month of May,
LIZETTE WoodWORTH REESE. In a morne by breake of day,

Forth I walked by the wood-side,
Whenas May was in his pride:
There I spied all alone
Phillida and Corydon.

Much ado, there was, God wot,

He would love and she would not. Green-grey is the sea of sage-brush, grey- She said never man was true, green as a winter sea,

He said, None was false to you, Grey-green are the hemlock and cedar,

He said, he had loved her long, and grey is the heart in me,

She said, Love should have no wrong,

Corydon would kiss her then. The forests are armies of giants, dumb She said, Maids must kiss no men, giants. Here no birds sing,

Till they did for good and all: Here dance no lights with the shadows;

Then she made the shepherd call no ivies or clematis cling.

All the heavens to witnesse truth,

Never loved a truer youth. The mountains

haunted, silent.

Thus with many a pretty oath,
Words die on the lips unsaid;

Yea and nay, and faith and troth,
The wolf is grown fearless with hunger;

Such as silly shepherds use
Hunger wheels on wide wings over-

When they will not love abuse

Love which had beene long deluded,

Was with kisses sweet concluded. I crawl towards the far horizon: an atom

And Phillida with garlands gay, drifting through space,

Was made the lady of the May. Past the bones and the buffalo wallows, by the trails of a vanished race.



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