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circumstances thereof, to the zillah judge, in order that he may proceed in regard to the accused in the mode prescribed by Section VII. Regulation VI. of 1816.
I. to V. Repealed by Act XVII. of 1862.
Heads of villages authorized to punish
VI. First. The powers granted to heads of villages under petty thefts not Clause First, Section X, Regulation XI. of 1816, to punish exceeding rupee.
trivial offences, are hereby extended, under the rules and limitations therein specified, to the punishment of petty thefts, not attended with aggravating circumstances nor committed by persons of notoriously bad character, and where the value of the property stolen does not exceed one Madras rupee.
A.D. 1821. REGULATION IV.
A REGULATION for giving greater Efficiency to the System of Police established in the Provinces subordinate to the Presidency of Fort St. George.
Passed on the 15th June 1821.
Such punishment to be reported to the
Heads of villages shall report to the head police head of district officer of the district all cases in which they shall have exes
cised the power of punishment granted to them by Clause First of this section.
VII. First. Section XXXVII. Regulation IX. of 1816, is hereby rescinded.
Second. Rescinded by Section II, Regulation VIII of
VIII to X. Repealed by Act XVII. of 1862.
A.D. 1830. REGULATION I.
A REGULATION for declaring the Practice of Suttee, or of burning or burying alive the Widows of Hindoos, illegal, and punishable by the Criminal Courts.
Passed on the 2nd February 1830.
The practice of suttee, or of burning or burying alive the widows of Hindoos, is revolting to the feelings of human
nature; it is nowhere enjoined by the religion of the Hindoos
II. The practice of suttee, or of burning or burying alive the widows of Hindoos, is hereby declared illegal, and punishable by the Criminal Courts.
The practice of suttee, or of burying alive the widows of Hindoos, declared illegal and punishable by the Criminal Courts.
III. First. All zemindars, talookdars, or other pro- All zemindars, talookprietors of land, whether malguzary or lakheraj; all sudder farmers and under-renters of land of every description, all dependent talookdars, all naibs and other local agents, all native officers employed in the collection of the revenue and rents of lands on the part of Government, or the Court of Wards, and all head-men of villages, are hereby declared especially accountable for the immediate communication to the officers of the nearest police station of any intended sacrifice of the nature described in the foregoing section; and '
dars, &c. held res sponsible for the immediate commu. nication to the officers of the nearest police station of any intended sacrifice.
any zemindar, or other description of persons above noticed, to whom such responsibility is declared to attach, who may be convicted of wilfully neglecting or delaying to furnish Penalty in case of the information above required, shall be liable to be fined neglect by the magistrate or joint magistrate in any sum not exceeding 200 rupees, and in default of payment, to be confined for any period of imprisonment not exceeding six months.
Heads of Police how
Second. Immediately on receiving intelligence that the the intelligence of sacrifice declared illegal by this regulation is likely to occur, the intended sacri- the head of police shall either repair in person to the spot,
or depute one of his subordinate officers, acccompanied by
How to act when
Third.. Should intelligence of a sacrifice, declared illegal
the intelligence of
a sacrifice may not by this regulation, not reach the police officers until after reach them until it shall have actually taken place, or should the sacrifice
after it shall have
actually taken have been carried into effect before their arrival at the spot, place.
they will nevertheless institute a full inquiry into the cir-
IV. First. On the receipt of the reports required to be The Magistrate or made by the heads of police, under the provisions of the foregoing section, the magistrate or joint magistrate of the jurisdiction in which the sacrifice may have taken place, shall enquire into the circumstances of the case, and shall adopt the necessary measures for bringing the parties concerned in promoting it to trial before the Court of Circuit.
Joint Magistrate of the jurisdiction in which the sacrifice may take place, how to proceed against the parties concern, ed in promoting it.
aiding and abetting in the sacrifice of a Hindoo widow, shail be deemed guilty of culpable homicide, and liable to punishment.
Second. It is hereby declared, that after the promulga- Persons convicted of tion of this regulation, all persons convicted of aiding and abetting in the sacrifice of a Hindoo widow, by burning or burying her alive, whether the sacrifice be voluntary on her part or not, shall be deemed guilty of culpable homicide, and shall be liable to punishment by fine or by imprisonment, or by both fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the Court of Circuit, according to the nature and circumstances of the case, and the degree of guilt established against the offender; nor shall it be held to be any plea of justification that he or she was desired by the party sacrificed to assist in putting her to death.
Third. Persons committed to take their trial before the Court of Circuit for the offence above mentioned, shall be admitted to bail or not at the discretion of the criminal judge, subject to the general rules in force in regard to the admission of bail.
V. It is further deemed necessary to declare, that nothing contained in this regulation shall be construed to preclude the Court of Foujdarry Adawlut from passing sentence of death on persons convicted of using violence or compulsion, or of having assisted in burning or burying alive a Hindoo woman while labouring under a state of intoxication or stupefaction, or other cause impeding the exercise of her free will, when, from the aggravated nature of the offence proved against the prisoner, the court may see no circumstance to render him or her a proper object of mercy.
Persons committed to take their trial before the Court of Circuit shall be ad mitted to bail, or not, at the discretion of the criminal judge.
The Court of Foujdarry Adalut not precluded from passing scutence of death in certain
A.D. 1832. REGULATION XIV.
A REGULATION for extending such Part of the Provisions of
Passed on the 21st December 1832.
WHEREAS it has been found that the offence of selling re-
Persons purchasing or otherwise receiv
II. First. From and after the date of the promulgation
ing regimental ne- of this regulation, any person who shall knowingly detain, buy, or exchange, or otherwise receive from any soldier or native, liable to deserter, native as well as European, or any other person,
cessaries from soldiers, European or
upon any account or pretence whatsoever, any arms, clothes,
*The Act referred to has been superseded by the 3 and 4 Victoria, c. 37, in the thirty-sixth section of which is an enactment corresponding with that in the section here cited.