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circumstances thereof, to the zillah judge, in order that he may proceed in regard to the accused in the mode prescribed by Section VII. Regulation VI. of 1816.

A.D. 1821. REGULATION IV.

one

A REGULATION for giving greater Efficiency to the System of

Police established in the Provinces subordinate to the Presidency of Fort St. George.

Passed on the 15th June 1821.

I. to V. Repealed by Act XVII. of 1862. Heads of villages au VI. First. The powers granted to heads of villages under thorized to punish petty thefts not Clause First, Section X, Regulation XI. of 1816, to punish exceeding rupee. .

trivial offences, are hereby extended, under the rules and limitations therein specified, to the punishment of petty thefts, not attended with aggravating circumstances nor committed by persons of notoriously bad character, and where • the value of the property stolen does not exceed one Madras

rupee. Such punishment to Second. Heads of villages shall report to the head police

be reported to the head of district officer of the district all cases in which they shall havo exebpolice.

cised the power of punishment granted to them by Clause

First of this section. Rescission:

VII. First. Section XXXVII. Regulation IX. of 1816, is hereby rescinded.

Second. Rescinded by Section II, Regulation VIII of 1832.

VIII to X. Repealed by Act XVII. of 1862.

A.D. 1830. REGULATION I.

A REGULATION for declaring the Practice of Suttee, or of

burning or burying alive the Widows of Hindoos, illegal, and punishable by the Criminal Courts.

Passed on the 2nd February 1830. The practice of euttee, or of burning or burying alive the widows of Hindoos, is revolting to the feelings of human

Preamble.

nature ; it is nowhere enjoined by the religion of the Hindoos as an imperative duty ; on the contrary, a life of purity and retirement on the part of the widow is more especially and preferably inculcated, and by a vast majority of that people throughout India the practice is not kept up nor observed; in some extensive districts it does not exist; in those in which it has been most frequent, it is notorious that in many instances, acts of atrocity have been perpetrated which have been shocking to the Hindoos themselves, and in their eyes unlawful and wicked. The measures hitherto adopted to discourage and prevent such acts have failed of success, and the Governor in Council is deeply impressed with the conviction that the abuses in question cannot be effectually put an end to without abolishing the practice altogether. Actuated by these considerations, the Governor in Council, without intending to depart from one of the first and most important principles of the system of British government in India, that all classes of the people be secure in the observance of their religious usages, so long as that system can be adhered to without violation of the paramount dictates of justice and humanity, has deemed it right to establish the following rules, which are hereby enacted, to be in force from the time of their promulgation throughout the territories immediately subject to the Presidency of Fort St. George.

II. The practice of suttee, or of burning or burying The practice of sutalive the widows of Hindoos, is hereby declared illegal, and

tee, or of burying punishable by the Criminal Courts.

Hindoos, declared illegal and punish

able by the Crimi. III. First. All zemindars, talookdars, or other pro- All zemindars, talook

dars, &c. held ree prietors of land, whether malguzary or lakberaj; all sudder

sponsible for the farmers and under-renters of land of every description, all

immediate commu.

nication to the offidependent talookdars, all naibs and other local agents, all cers of the nearest

police station of native officers employed in the collection of the revenue and

any intended sacrirents of lands on the part of Government, or the Court of Wards, and all head-men of villages, are hereby declared especially accountable for the immediate communication to the officers of the nearest police station of any intended sacrifice of the nature described in the foregoing section ; and

alive the widows of

pal Courts.

fice,

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any zemindar, or other description of persons above noticed,
to whom such responsibility is declared to attach, who may

be convicted of wilfully neglecting or delaying to furnish Penalty in case of the information above required, shall be liable to be fined neglect.

by the magistrate or joint magistrate in any sum not ex-
ceeding 200 rupees, and in default of payment, to be con-
fined for any period of imprisonment vot exceeding six
months.

Heade of Police how Second. Immediately on receiving intelligence that the

to act op receiving
the intelligence of sacrifice declared illegal by this regulation is likely to occur,
the intended sacri- the head of police shall either repair in person to the spot,
fice.

or depute one of his subordinate officers, acccompanied by
one or more peons of the Hindu religion, and it shall be
the duty of the police officers to announce to the persons
assembled for the performance of the ceremony, that it is
illegal, and to endeavour to prevail on them to disperse,
explaining to them that, in the event of their persisting in
it, they will involve themselves in a crime, and become sub-
ject to punishment by the criminal courts. 'Should the
parties assembled proceed, in defiance of these remon-
strances, to carry the ceremony into effect, it shall be the duty
of the police officers to use all lawful means in their power
to prevent the sacrifice from taking place, and to apprehend
the principal persons aiding and abetting in the perform-
ance of it; and in the event of being unable to apprehend
them, they shall endeavour to ascertain their names and
places of abode, and shall immediately communicate the
whole of the particulars to the magistrate or joint magis-
trate for bis orders,

How to act when Third.. Should intelligence of a sacrifice, declared illegal

the intelligence of
a sacrifice may not by this regulation, not reach the police officers until after
reach them until it shall have actually taken place, or should the sacrifice

it
actually taken have been carried into effect before their arrival at the spot,
place.

they will nevertheless institute a full inquiry into the cir-
cumstances of the case, in like manner as on all other oo-
casions of unnatural death, and report them for the infor-
mation and orders of the magistrate or joint magistrate to
whom they may be subordinate,

IV. First. On the receipt of the reports required to be The Magistrate or

Joint Magistrate of made by the beads of police, under the provisions of the

the jurisdiction in foregoing section, the magistrate or joint magistrate of the which tlie sacrifice

may take place, how jurisdiction in which the sacrifice may have taken place, to proceed against

the parties concern. shall enquire into the circumstances of the case, and shall

ed iu promoting it. adopt the necessary measures for bringing the parties concerned in promoting it to trial before the Court of Circuit.

Second. It is hereby declared, that after the promulga- Persons convicted of tion of this regulation, all persons convicted of aiding and

aiding and abetting

in the sacrifice of abetting in the sacrifice of a Hindoo widow, by burning or

a Hindoo widow,

shail be deemed burying her alive, whether the sacrifice be voluntary on her guilty of culpable

bomicide, and liapart or not, shall be deemed guilty of culpable homicide,

ble to punishment. and shall be liable to punishment by fine or by imprisonment, or by both fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the Court of Circuit, according to the nature and circumstances of the case, and the degree of guilt established against the offender ; nor shall it be held to be any plea of justification that he or she was desired by the party sacri. ficed to assist in putting her to death. Third Persons committed to take their trial before the Persons committed to

take their trial beCourt of Circuit for the offence above mentioned, shall be ad

fore tbe Court of mitted to bail or not at the discretion of the criminal judge,

Circuit shall be ada

mitted to bail, or subject to the general rules in force in regard to the admis not, at the discroa

tion of the criminal sion of bail.

judge. V. It is further deemed necessary to declare, that no- The Court of Fouj

darry Adalut not thing contained in this regulation shall be construed to pre

precluded

from clude the Court of Foujdarry Adawlut from passing sentence

passing scutence of

d-ath in certain of death on persons convicted of using violence or compulsion, or of having assisted in burning or burying alive a Hindoo woman while labouring under a state of intoxication or stupefaction, or other cause impeding the exercise of her free will, when, from the aggravated nature of the offence proved against the prisoner, the court may see no circum, stance to render him or her a proper object of mercy.

cases.

A.D. 1832. REGULATION XIV.

A REGULATION for extending such Part of the Prorisions of

Section LXVII. of the Act 4 Geo. IV., c. 81, as relates to the Penalties prescribed for Purchasing Clothes and other Necessaries from Soldiers, throughout the Prorinces subordinate to the Presidency of Fort St. George.

Passed on the 21st December 1832. Preamble.

WHEREAS it has been found that the offence of selling regimental necessaries is prevalent among the Company's troops, and it is deemed expedient, in order to put a stop to this criminal practice, that the provisions contained in See. tion LXVII. of the Act 4 Geo. IV., c. 81,* for the punishment of persons purchasing clothes and other necessaries from soldiers, should be extended throughout the provinces subordinate to the Presidency of Fort St. George, and should be made applicable to persons purchasing such articles from native as well as from European troops, -the following rules have been enacted, to be in force from the date of their

promulgation. Persons purchasing II. First. From and after the date of the promulgation or otherwise receive ing regimental ne. of this regulation, any person who shall knowingly detain, diers, European or buy, or exchange, or otherwise receive from any soldier or native, liable to deserter, native as well as European, or any other person, fine.

upon any account or pretence whatsoever, any arms, clothes, caps, or other furniture belonging to the East India Company, or furnished and provided for the use of any troops or forces, native as well as European, serving with the forces of the said Company, or any meat, drink, beer, or other provision provided under any regulations relating thereto, or any such articles belonging to any such soldier or deserter as are generally deemed regimental necessaries, according to the custom of the army, being provided for the soldier and paid for by deductions out of his pay, or shall cause the colour of any such clothes to be changed, shall, on conviction before the criminal, joint criminal, or

* The Act referred to has been euperseded by the 3 and 4 Victoria, c. 37, jy the thirty-sixth section of which is an enactment corresponding with that in the section here cited.

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