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The word "subordinate," as applied to police function- "Subordinate." aries, shall mean district superintendents and their assistants.

The word "police" shall include genera! and village police, cuttoobadies, kavilgars, and all other persons, by whatever name known, who exercise any police functions throughout the Madras Presidency.


The expression "general police district" shall embrace "General Police Disall districts to which the operation of this Act shall be extended.

The word "property" shall include any chattel, money, "Property." or valuable security.

Words importing the singular number shall include the Number. plural number, and words importing the plural number shall include the singular number.

Words importing the masculine gender shall include Gender. females.

The word "person" shall include company or corporation. "Person."
The word "month" shall mean calendar month.


The word "cattle" shall, besides horned cattle, include elephants, camels, horses, asses, mules, sheep, goats, and swine.


II. and III. Repealed by Act XIV. of 1870.

ed in Governor in Council.

IV. The superintendence of the police throughout the Superintendence vestgeneral police district shall vest in, and be exercised by the Governor in Council, and, except as authorized by him under the provisions of this Act, no person, officer, or court shall be empowered to appoint, supersede, or control any police functionary, any Regulation, Act, or usage to the contrary notwithstanding.

V. The administration of the police throughout the ge- Inspector General of Police, &c. neral police district shall be vested in an officer to be styled the inspector general of police for the Presidency of Madras, and in such subordinates as to the Governor in Council shall seem fit, who shall from time to time be appointed by the Governor in Council, and may be removed by the same authority, and who shall receive such salary as the Governor General of India in Council shall allow.

VI. All powers not inconsistent with the provisions of Powers of Police, &c. this Act, which up to the passing of this Act belong by law

Inspector General to be appointed a Magistrate,

Constitution of the force.

Inspector General to control force and make rules.

to the existing police authorities, shall be vested in the police authorities appointed under this Act. Provided always that no police functionary so appointed shall possess or exercise any judicial or revenue authority.

the orders of Government.

To act as such under shall exercise these powers subject to such orders as may. from time to time be issued by the Governor in Council. District Superinten- The Governor in Council may vest any district superintenpointed a Magis- dent of police with all or any of the powers of a magistrate

dent may

be ap


within such limits as he may deem proper; but such superintendent shall exercise the powers with which he shall be so invested only so far as may be necessary for the preservation of the peace, the prevention of crime, and the detection, apprehension, and detention of offenders in order to

In what cases he may their being brought before a magistrate, and as far as may act in that capacity. be necessary for the performance of the duties assigned to


him by this Act.

VII. The inspector general of police shall be appointed a justice of the peace; he shall also have the full powers of a magistrate throughout the general police district, but


VIII. The entire police establishment of the Madras Presidency shall for the purpose of this Act be deemed to be one police force, and shall be formally enrolled, and shall consist of such number of officers and men, and shall be otherwise constituted in such manner, as shall be from time to time ordered by the Governor in Council with the sanction of the Governor General of India in Council.

IX. The inspector general may from time to time, subject to the approval of the Governor in Council, frame such orders and regulations as he shall deem expedient relative to the general government and distribution of the force, the place of residence, the classification, rank, distribution, and particular service of the members thereof; their inspection, the description of arms, accoutrements, and other necessaries to be furnished to them; to the collecting and communicating intelligence and information; and all such other orders and regulations relative to the said police force as the said inspector general shall, from time to time, deem expedient for preventing abuse or neglect, and

A. D. 1859. ACT XXIV.

for rendering such force efficient in the discharge of all its


X. The appointment of all police officers shall, under Inspector General to appoint and dissuch rules as the Governor in Council shall from time to miss. time sanction, rest with the inspector general of police and the deputy superintendents, who may under such rules as aforesaid, at any time dismiss, suspend, or fine to any amount not exceeding one month's pay, any police officer whom they shall think remiss or negligent in the discharge of his duty, or otherwise unfit for the same.

ceive certificates of office.

XI. Every person so appointed shall receive on his en- Police Officers to rerolment a certificate (A) under the seal of the inspector general, by virtue of which he shall be vested with the powers, functions, and privileges of a police officer. Such certificate shall cease to have effect whenever the person named in it is suspended or dismissed, or otherwise removed from employment in the police force, and shall thereupon be immediately surrendered to his superior officer, or other person empowered to receive it.

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XII. Repealed by Act X. of 1869.

cers employed at the cost of individuals.

XIII. It shall be lawful for the inspector general of Additional Police Offi police, or any district superintendent, if they shall think fit, on the application of any person showing the necessity thereof, to depute any additional number of police officers to keep the peace at any place within the general police district, at the charge of the person making the application, but subject to the orders of the said inspector general or district superintendent, and for such time as they shall think fit; provided always that it shall be lawful for the person on whose application such deputation shall have been made, on giving one month's notice in writing to the inspector general or district superintendent, to require that the officers so appointed shall be discontinued: such person shall be relieved from charge of such additional force from the expiration of such notice.

Appointment of addi

XIV. Whenever any railway, canal, or other public work shall be carried on, or be in operation in any part of the country, and it shall appear to the inspector general railway and other

tional force in the neighbourhood of

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that the appointment of an additional police force in such neighbourhood is rendered necessary by the behaviour or reasonable apprehension of the behaviour of the persons employed upon such work, it shall be lawful for the inspector general, with the consent of the Governor in Council, to direct the employment of such additional force, and to maintain the same so long as such necessity shall continue; and to make orders from time to time upon the treasurer. or other officer having the control or custody of the funds of any company carrying on such works, for the payment of the extra force so rendered necessary as aforesaid.

XV. All monies paid in respect of such additional force as is mentioned in the two last preceding sections, shall be paid into a fund to be called "the general police fund,” and shall be applied to the maintenance of the police force under such orders as the Governor in Council may pass ; and all sums of money payable under those sections shall be recoverable by suit in any competent court or by distress and sale of the goods of the defaulter under the warrant of a magistrate.

XVI. When it shall appear that any tumult, riot, or outrage has taken place, or may be reasonably apprehended in any place, and that the ordinary officers appointed for preserving the peace are not sufficient for its preservation, and for the protection of the inhabitants, and the security of property in such place, it shall be lawful for any police officer not below the rank of inspector, to apply to the nearest magistrate to appoint so many of the public or village servants, or residents of the neighbourhood, as such police officer may require, to act as special police officers for such time and in such manner as he shall deem necessary; and it shall be the duty of such magistrate at once to comply with such applications.

XVII. Every special police officer so appointed shall have the same powers, privileges, and protection, and be liable to all such duties and penalties, and be subordinate to the same authorities, as the ordinary officers of police.

XVIII. If any person being appointed a special police officer as aforesaid, shall without sufficient excuse neglect

or refuse to serve as such, or to obey such lawful order or direction as may be given him for the performance of his duties, he shall be liable upon conviction before a magistrate, to a fine not exceeding fifty rupees for such neglect refusal, or disobedience.

XIX. No police officer shall be at liberty to resign his office, or withdraw himself from the duties thereof, unless expressly allowed to do so in writing by the district superintendent; or unless he shall have given to his superior officer two months' notice in writing of his intention to do so. Nor shall any such police officer engage in any employment or office whatever, other than his duties under this Act, unless expressly permitted to do so in writing under the seal of the inspector general.

Police Officers not to resign without leave

or two months' notice.

of Police functions: personation of Police, &c.

XX. From and after the passing of this Act, every person, Unlawful assumption not being or having ceased to be a duly enrolled police officer, who shall unlawfully assume any function or power belonging to the police; and who shall not forth with deliver up his certificate, and all the clothing, accoutrements, and appointments, and other necessaries which may have been supplied to him for the execution of his duty; or who shall have in his possession any distinctive article of the dress or appointment directed to be worn exclusively by the police force, without being able to account satisfactorily for his possession thereof; or who shall put on the dress of any police officer, or any dress designed to represent it, or to be taken for it; or who shall otherwise personate the character or act the part of any police officer for any purpose whatever; shall, in addition to any other punishment to which he may be liable for any offence committed under the assumed character, be liable on conviction before a magistrate to a penalty not exceeding two hundred rupees, or to imprisonment, with or without hard labor, for a period not exceeding six months, or both.


XXI. Every police officer shall, for all purposes in Duties of Police Offithis Act contained, be considered to be always on duty and shall have the powers of a police officer in every part of the general police district. It shall be his duty to use his best


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