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The following suggestions for the amendment of the general law are also made, viz. :
(1) Compulsory enfranchisement of copyholds.
(2) Provision for a statutory receipt on discharge of ordinary mortgages on the lines of the statutory receipt on discharge of mortgages under the Building Societies Acts.
(3) Abolition of the need for technial words of limitation or the words "in fee simple" in conveyances of land in fee simple.
The report is receiving the consideration of a committee of the council, who have held several meetings, but are not yet in a position to present their report.
At the provincial meeting of the society held at Bristol in September last a paper was read by Mr. John Indermaur, of London, entitled Suggestions for Amendments in Foreclosure Practice," in which it was proposed that the provisions of Order XIV. of the Rules of the Supreme Court might in simple and clear cases be made applicable towards assisting mortgagees to obtain absolute orders of foreclosure in a summary manner. The council subsequently referred the proposal to a special committee, whose report is included in the appendix. The report has been adopted, and is being acted upon, by the council.
MONEYLENDERS ACT 1900.
The attention of the council has during the year been directed to certain recent decisions of the judges invalidating agreements made by unregistered moneylenders not only as against such moneylenders, but also as against assignees from them. The report of the council on the subject is included in the appendix. The matter is one of interest to the Profession, as in practice a solicitor examining a title has, at present, to take the risk of any deed being void by reason of its having been made in favour of, or executed by, an unregistered moneylender.
In these circumstances the council, in conjunction with the Life Offices Association, attended a deputation to the Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade and advocated the desirability of introducing legislation to protect innocent purchasers for value. At the instance of this deputation the Government have drafted a Bill to effect the necessary amendment in the law.
UNIVERSITY EDUCATION IN LONDON.
On the 24th Feb. 1909 a Royal Commission, under the chairmanship of the Right Hon. R. B. Haldane, K.C., M.P. (now Lord Haldane), was appointed
(i.) To inquire into the working of the present organisation of the University of London, and into other facilities for advanced education, general, professional, and technical, existing in London. (ii.) To consider what provision should exist in the metropolis for university teaching and research.
(iii.) To make recommendations as to the relations which should in consequence subsist between the University of London and its various colleges and schools and the various public institutions and bodies concerned.
(iv.) To recommend as to any changes of constitution and organisation which appear desirable.
The subject has received the consideration of the council, who have intimated to the Royal Commission that they will be prepared to give evidence when called upon.
Meanwhile the council have resolved :
"(1) That it is essential that the society shall retain the sole control of the examinations qualifying for admission to the solicitors' branch of the Legal Profession.
"(2) That the retention by the society of its own funds (including its present share of the New-inn and Clifford's-inn Funds) is essential for the continuance of its educational work.
(3) That it is expedient in the interest of the higher legal and general education of articled clerks and solicitors, and in order to afford them better opportunities of taking degrees in law :
"(a) To endeavour to secure arrangements with the University of London that the Preliminary Examination of the society may, with or without modifications, be recognised by the University in lieu wholly or pro tanto of the Matriculation Examination of the University, as that examination exempts those who pass it from passing the Preliminary Examination of the society.
(b) That any evidence given by the society before the Royal Commission should be in support of maintaining and developing the dual character of the University of London and the retention of both its internal and external sides and degrees."
In the early part of the present year a communication was received from the Lord Chief Justice of England inclosing for the consideration of the council a copy of an amended scheme of circuits which had been provisionally adopted by His Majesty's judges of the King's Bench Division, subject to any alterations which might be considered desirable after the scheme had been considered by, amongst others, the members of the council of the Law Society. The scheme did not propose any alteration in the principle on which circuits are arranged. It merely provided for some few changes in the dates respectively for civil and criminal business in several of the assize towns. The council forwarded it
to the various provincial law societies for their consideration, and their comments upon it, which, in the main, were expressive of approval, were forwarded to the Lord Chief Justice. The council repeated the views expressed in the report of the 6th May 1910, printed on pp. 64-73 of the last annual report, and stated that they were of opinion that the draft scheme did not afford any real solution to the problem.
On p. 29 of last year's annual report it was stated that the Conveyancing Bill, which has so long been promoted by the council, had been read a second time in the House of Commons. On the subsequent consideration of the Bill in Committee of that House objection was taken to clause 13, the object of which was to invalidate the practice which obtains, especially in Cornwall, of binding a purchaser to employ the vendor's solicitor and to pay certain fees to him whether he acts for the purchaser or not. A similar clause had been included in the Bill every year since its original introduction, and had never previously been objected to. In view, however, of the difficulty of securing the passage of opposed legislation, the council reluctantly omitted the clause. The Bill so amended, having passed the House of Commons, was subsequently introduced by the Lord Chancellor in the House of Lords and was read a second time, the third reading being, at the instance of the Lord Chancellor, postponed until the autumm session. But owing to the dissolution of Parliament immediately after the House reassembled, it proved impossible to obtain a third reading of the Bill, and it dropped. The Lord Chancellor, however, has assured the council of his intention to reintroduce the Bill in the present session of Parliament; and he has also been asked to introduce the council's Settled Land Bill. Both these Bills are referred to with approval in the report of the Royal Commission on the Land Transfer Acts.
The other Bills promoted by the society which have been referred to in previous annual reports-viz., the Trustees Bill, the Tithe Bill, the Special Land Tenures Bill, and the Married Women's Property Bill-have again been introduced in the House of Commons by Mr. J. W. Hills, M.P., a member of the council, to whom the society is much indebted for his energetic support in Parliament of measures promoted by the council.
COUNTY COURTS BILL 1911.
The Lord Chancellor has this year reintroduced his Bill of 1909 with one or two slight alterations. It effects various reforms which have long been urged by the council, and in the main meets with their approval, but some important amendments are necessary. Some of these have already been moved by Lord Gorell, on behalf of the society, and the Bill has been recommitted. The council's report on the Bill is printed in the appendix.
CALL OF SOLICITORS TO THE BAR.
In the last annual report reference was made to a proposal by the joint committee of the Inns of Court, that in future solicitors seeking call to the Bar should not be permitted to practise as solicitors for twelve months before their call. The council informed the Inns of Court that the Law Society did not concur in the suggested alteration, and a copy of the historical statement, printed in the appendix to the last annual report, was forwarded to them. The council have not heard of any further action being taken in the matter.
BANKRUPT'S AFTER-ACQUIRED PROPERTY.
The proposal that the after-acquired real property of a bankrupt should be placed on the same footing as his after-acquired personal property has again been before the council, and the Board of Trade were requested to introduce legislation on the subject, their attention being directed to the fact that the proposal had been recommended by the bankruptcy law amendment committee. A reply was received to the effect that the board hoped during the present session to introduce a Bill to amend the law of bankruptcy, and that the point raised by the council had been noted in connection with the preparation of the Bill.
KING'S BENCH BUSINESS.-ADDITIONAL JUDGES.
In the last annual report reference was made to the fact that a Bill had been introduced by the Lord Chancellor to give effect to the recommendation of a joint Lords and Commons committee, which had previously been appointed, that two additional judges should be appointed to deal with the work of the King's Bench Division. The Bill, which passed into law as the Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1910, provided (as had been recommended by the joint committee) that the new addition to the establishment should not be permanent, but that vacancies which might occur in future were to remain unfilled until the original establishment was again reached. Two new judges were in due course appointed, since which time the list of cases awaiting trial has been considerably reduced.
UNIFICATION OF THE LAWS RELATING TO BILLS OF EXCHANGE. A communication was, in November last, received by the council from the Commercial Department of the Board of Trade inclosing copies of the correspondence relating to the Conference on Bills of Exchange at The Hague, which had then recently been issued by the Foreign Office, and requesting the observations of the council
on (1) the proposals for immediate legislation made by the British delegates; and (2) the proposed provisions of the draft uniform law. The communication was referred to a special committee, who subsequently issued a report, which was adopted by the council and is printed in the appendix. A copy of the report was forwarded to the Board of Trade, who expressed their indebtedness for the consideration which had been given by the council to the subject.
PROCEEDINGS UNDER THE SOLICITORS ACTS.
The twenty-second annual report of the committee appointed under the Solicitors Act 1888 will be found in the appendix. During the year covered by this report three solicitors were convicted of various indictable offences, and their names have, on the application of the society, been struck off the roll by order of the Divisional Court.
Convictions under sect. 12 of the Solicitors Act 1874 have been obtained against ten unqualified persons; and other cases have, on the consent of the magistrates, been withdrawn after apology and payment of costs by the respondent.
Convictions under the same Act have been obtained against two solicitors for practising without being duly qualified, and other cases have been withdrawn on conditions.
In addition to the certificates refused under the powers conferred by the Solicitors' Act 1906, the council refused applications by seventeen solicitors for orders for the renewal of their practising certificates under the Solicitors Act 1888, s. 16, on the ground of bankruptcy or other circumstances. In five of these cases the applicants appealed, and the Master of the Rolls upheld the council in two of the cases, and in the others his Lordship ordered the certificates to be issued on certain conditions prescribed by him. Complaints against three unqualified persons under the Stamp Act 1891, s. 44, have been considered during the year and submitted, as is usual, to the Commissioners of Inland Revenue, and in each case fines were imposed. As members are aware, the council have no direct jurisdiction in cases coming under the section. referred to.
The council also took criminal proceedings against two unqualified persons for misappropriating moneys paid to them for a specific purpose whilst carrying on the business of a so-called legal aid society in the north of London. The unqualified persons were convicted and sentenced to imprisonment with hard labour; and proceedings are now pending under the Solicitors Act 1888 with reference to a solicitor who was associated with them in business.
We take the following from the appendix to the report :-
The following is the report of the examination committee on Mr. Charles W. Holmes' resolution with regard to the Intermediate Examination :
The resolution adopted at the April general meeting, as set out below, was referred by the council on the 6th May 1910 to the examination committee for consideration, with power to act.
That it be referred to the council to consider the following suggestions:
(1) That the names of those candidates who succeed in obtaining a first class at the society's Intermediate Examination should be placed in order of merit.
(2) That a prize, or one of the society's scholarships, should be awarded to the best Intermediate candidate of the year.
(3) That three papers should be set at each Intermediate Examination upon Stephen's Commentaries, each containing fifteen questions, and that three hours should be allowed for each paper.
(4) That a higher standard of attainment should be required from a candidate to qualify him for a pass certificate."
The committee have considered the subject referred to them, and have obtained the opinions thereon of the assistant examiners conducting the Final and Intermediate Examinations. These opinions, although differing, are generally adverse to the proposal, particularly from the assistant examiners who conduct the Intermediate Examination, and generally for the reasons which are stated below.
The first resolution raises the question whether the Intermediate Examination should be a qualifying or a competitive examination. In the opinion of the committee it is, and should continue to be, a qualifying examination, intended to secure that during the first half of his articles a student grounds himself properly in the principles of law. The examination is not general, but upon a prescribed text-book, and the principle guiding the committee has hitherto been to endeavour to secure sufficient study of legal principles early in the period of studentship without interfering with practical work under articles. The introduction of any competitive element would be likely to operate adversely to this object.
If the first resolution is not approved, the second, which depends upon making the examination competitive, must also be negatived. The committee would point out that two of the studentships awarded by the council on the recommendation of the legal education committee have hitherto been limited to articled clerks of about the standing required for Intermediate Examination who attend the society's educational teaching or the corresponding. teaching of one or other of the country organisations.
As to the third resolution, the committee recognise that the number of questions to be set is a matter of detail, but bearing in mind that the questions are limited to those which can be answered
from particular parts of Stephen's Commentaries, and that portions of each part of that work deal historically with obsolete law, and therefore lend themselves rather to academic than practical questions, the view of the committee, borne out by experience, is that the present system of three papers, for each of which two hours are allowed to answer ten questions, affords a sufficient test of the candidate's knowledge.
An increase of 50 per cent. in the number of questions as suggested by the resolution would necessarily tend towards repetition of questions, because the possible area of examination is limited as shown above, and this in the opinion of the committee would not be advantageous.
The fourth resolution advocates a higher standard of qualification for a pass. At present the qualification is half the maximum marks, with the additional requirement that two-fifths of the maximum marks must be obtained under each of the three heads. This additional requirement was introduced so recently as March 1908, and, of course, had the effect of raising the standard of attainment. Experience shows that the proportion of failures is somewhat larger than at the Final Examination.
On full consideration the committee fail to see what advantage can be anticipated from raising the limit number of marks; to make the examination more difficult would require the prescription of other text-books in addition to Stephen's Commentaries, and this, although more than once discussed, has hitherto been rejected.
The fact that the number of articles registered with the society shows a considerable diminution in recent years appears to the committee to be one deserving the attention of the council in considering the proposed resolutions.
The committee, being of opinion that none of the suggestions should be adopted, think it desirable that their decision, and the reasons upon which it is based, should be reported to the council.
FINANCE (1909-10) ACT 1910-LAND VALUATIONS.
The following is the report of the scale committee on the duties of solicitors advising mortgagees as to their position with regard to provisional valuations :→→→
At the meeting of the council held on the 17th Feb. 1911, a letter was read from the hon. secretary of the Sheffield District Incorporated Law Society to the effect that the committee of that society had been discussing what attitude should be taken up by the Profession locally with regard to the bearing of the Finance Act, and the provisional and final valuations thereunder, on the subject of mortgagees, and more particularly their bearing on. trustee mortgagees and the duties of solicitors in advising them, and the committee desired before taking any final action to have the opinion of the council on the subject. The letter was referred to this committee for consideration and report.
Sect. 26 (1) of the Act provides that the valuations to be made. are to show separately the total value and the site value respectively of the land, and sub-sect. 3 of the same section provides that the owner of land may, if he thinks fit, furnish to the commissioners his estimate of the total value, or site value, or both, of the land, and that the commissioners in making their valuation shall consider any estimate so furnished. The Act does not make any similar provision in favour of mortgagees.
By sect. 27 it is provided that the provisional valuation is to be served on the owner, and if no objection is taken to that valuation the values shown in it are to be adopted.
Sub-sect. 2 provides that the owner may within sixty days of the date on which the provisional valuation is served upon him give to the commissioners notice of objection to it.
Sub-sect. 4 provides that if the provisional, valuation is not amended so as to be satisfactory to any objector, that objector may give notice of appeal, and that if no such notice is given the values shown in the provisional valuation are, subject to such amendment as may have been made, to be adopted.
Sub-sect. 5, which is the only provision dealing in this connection with the rights of mortgagees, is to the effect that "any person interested in land" (which expression is taken by the commissioners to include mortgagees) "may apply to the commissioners for a copy of the provisional valuation of the land before it is finally settled, and that then, and not until then, he shall have the same right of giving notice of objection and of appealing as the owner. It appears to the committee to be evident that the information disclosed by valuations made under the Act may frequently be of importance to mortgagees, and as it is clear that he cannot object to the provisional valuation unless he has asked for a copy of it, the committee consider that solicitors when consulted by mort gagees should advise them to apply for copies of the provisional valuation, in accordance with the provisions of sect. 27 (5) of
The question of what a mortgagee should do after inspection of the provisional valuation must depend upon the circumstances of each case. In the opinion of the committee it is the duty of every prudent mortgagee, and certainly of every trustee mortgagee, to take note of any information at his disposal bearing upon the value of the security on which he has made advances, and if that information gives him reason to doubt whether his security is ample, he should note what he has learnt, and take such action as the circumstances suggest. A valuation by the Government valuer at a low
price may affect the mortgagee in two ways. It may lead him to doubt whether the valuation he has been relying on is correct,
or whether the view of the Government valuer may not be more accurate, and it may make the property liable on a subsequent sale, at a price considerably in excess of the Government valuation, to heavy increment duty, which, in effect, is a prior charge on the estate. It appears to the committee that these two considerations should be borne clearly in mind by solicitors advising mortgagees as to the action which should be taken on obtaining copies of provisional valuations.
The committee note that this subject is referred to in the report of a special sub-committee of the Liverpool Law Society, which is set out in the appendix to the annual report of that society for the past year, and that the same view is there taken.
SUMMARY PROCEDURE IN FORECLOSURE ACTIONS.
The following is the report of the legal procedure committee :-At the annual provincial meeting of the Law Society, held at Bristol in September 1910, a paper was read by Mr. John Indermaur in support of a suggestion that the present somewhat involved and tardy procedure in foreclosure actions should be altered so as to permit mortgagees in clear and simple cases to issue writs, in a manner analogous to that provided for by Order XIV. of the Rules of the Supreme Court, specially indorsed with the amount of the mortgage debt, interest, and costs. It was further suggested that the judge or master should in such cases have jurisdiction in their discretion to reduce the present customary term of six months allowed to the mortgagor for redemption, and that at the conclusion of any such period the mortgagee should have the right to an absolute order for foreclosure.
No resolution was passed at the meeting in question, but a promise was made that the council would give the question their consideration. Accordingly, at the meeting of the council on the 4th Oct., the question was brought up and the suggestions which had been made were referred to the legal procedure committee for consideration and report.
The committee have been fully into the whole subject, and the result of their deliberations has been to satisfy them that in many cases the procedure for the foreclosure of mortgages represents a real evil which ought to be met, and creates hardships for which a remedy should be provided.
The committee are ready to acknowledge that the hardships referred to may not be felt in all cases, but they are aware of many in which the complicated and lengthy practice now necessary made the means of levying what is nothing short of blackmail on mortgagees seeking foreclosure of securities which are less in value than the amount which has been advanced upon them. It is. indeed, common knowledge that a certain class of mortgagor exists who, being well aware of the importance it may be to his mortgagee to obtain an order absolute promptly and inexpensively, and who, knowing that he can often obtain from him a substantial payment by refusing to consent to an immediate order, persists in such refusal until what he regards as a satisfactory sum is offered to him, although his equity of redemption is worthless. In these circumstances the committee have arrived at the conclusion that an attempt should be made to amend foreclosure procedure in the direction indicated.
The committee have satisfied themselves that no hardship will arise so far as mortgagors are concerned if proper provision is made that the summary method of procedure is to be a matter entirely for the discretion of the judge or master, and only to be exercised in clear cases whether the defendant appears or does not appear to the writ.
The present custom of allowing the mortgagor six months within which to redeem the mortgage has come into existence by reason merely of its convenience, and is in no way dependent on statute. This being the case, the committee consider that the new practice can be brought about by rules of court. Such rules they have accordingly drafted, and a copy of them is printed as a schedule to this report.
The committee recommend that the suggested method of procedure should be supported by the council, and that rules in the form set out in the schedule should be submitted to the consideration of the Supreme Court Rule Committee. (To be continued.)
THE annual dinner will be held on Thursday, the 20th July, at 7.30 p.m. at the Holborn Restaurant, the president, Sir John Tweedy. LLD, taking the chair. The annual general meeting will be held previously to the dinner at 6.30 pm. The following have been nominated by the council to fill vacancies: President, Sir John Tweedy vice-president. Mr. Digby Cotes Preedy: hon. treasurer, Mr. Walter Schröder; council, Dr. A. G. Bateman, Dr. A. D. Cowbarn, Mr. Arthur S. Morley; bon. secs., Mr. Roland Burrows, Mr. J. Howell Evans; hon. auditors, Mr. R Salusbury Trevor, Mr. Walter C. Williams; hon. editor of transactions, Dr. W. A. Brend.
MANCHESTER BAR COUNCIL. THE annual meeting of the members of the Bar practising in Manchester was held on the 20th ult. at the Law Library, Kennedy-street. Mr. C. H. M. Wharton, chairman, spoke of the representations made by the Manchester Bar Council to the commission appointed to consider
the Salford Hundred Court of Record, and said that the suggestions made had been very largely adopted by the commissioners in their report. The council had shown itself active in various other matters connected with the Profession. In another connection a sub. committee appointed by the council had organised a successful dinner to His Honour Judge Parry. A communication was read from the Manchester Law Society putting forward a suggestion that the County Court districts of Manchester and Salford should be recognised as a separate circuit, and two judges appointed for the area. The general principle of the suggestion was approved by the meeting, and the matter was referred to the council for detailed consideration. A resolution was passed congratulating Mr. Spencer Hogg on his appointment as stipendiary magistrate for Salford. Mr. G. S. Leresche was elected hon. treasurer for the ensuing year, and Mr. J. S. Blake Reed, hon. secretary.
GRAY'S-INN MOOT SOCIETY.
A MOOT will be held in Gray's-ion Hall on Monday, at 8.15 p.m., before Mr. Justice Hamilton. Question: "The appellant, defendant below, let an unfurnished flat to a tenant in a good social position. Late on the 24th June he duly distrained for rent in arrear and seized a piano (value £40) and a bookcase (value £8), part of the drawingroom furniture, and after the proper interval sold them for the rent. In fact the tenant had the furniture on hire from the respondent plaintiff below, for six months, an instalment of hire being payable on the 23rd of each month, and in default of payment of any instalment the respondent could determine the letting and remove the furniture. The tenant having been late in paying the May instalment, the respondent called on him, on the morning of the 23rd June, and asked for payment, and as it was not made he told his carter to remove the furniture that afternoou, but nothing was done. The tenant had previously told the landlord that the piano and bookcase were hired, but no one else was informed of it. After the distress the respondent complied with the requirements of 8 Edw. 7, c. 53, s. 1, and after the sale brought trover and recovered the judgment for £48 now appealed against." All members of the four Inns of Court are invited to attend and take part in the moots. Two "counsel" will be heard for each of the parties. The procedure will be in accordance with the practice of the Courts of Appeal. Any member of an Inn of Court willing to argue at this moot should communicate as early as possible with the Under-Treasurer, Gray'ɛ-inn, W.C.
This department being open to free discussion on all Professional topics, the Editor does not hold himself responsible for any opinions or statements contained in it.
AN ENGLISH LAdy Sentenced to Death.—I hoped this awful headline might have moved some mightier pen: the story as it comes to us must surely stir a protest. A young and beautiful girl living in a bungalow on a Singapore mine, her husband called away, is left alone one night. The mine manager, who knows (and, it is hinted, contrived) this, prowls round, turns off the lights, and assaults her with insulting word and touch. She struggles and screams, and just then her husband's revolver scrapes her hand. She fires and the man turns. She is now half mad with terror. She fears further attack; his flight may be feigned; she follows and fires, and fires again. Of course, she was very wrong. We, who sit calmly at home, know that the English law gives no woman the right to defend her honour so. If her life were in actual danger, yes; or even if a burglar came at dead of night to take her watch or silver plate; but if her honour only be in peril, she must carefully calculate the exact quantum of force required to repel the attack! She had not, perhaps, studied all these prudent provisions of our law, but that, the same law says, is no excuse; yet, if she had, remember again she was frantic with fright; she was beyond the help of law, in the face of savage primal passion, and she acted as the women of her race would have acted a thousand years ago. Let the rabbit souled blame her, and tell us just to what extent they would have their women jeopardise their honour before they risked their lives as she has done. I have just come from the Southern States, where no judge or jury would convict at all in such a case, and I cannot help feeling that a woman's honour is safer there than under English law at Singapore. Southern lawlessness and lynching at least protect their women; our law forbids them even to protect themselves. She will not, perhape, hang; "mercy" will be extended, and she will go, as other English ladies have, I hear, to herd with coolie convicts and enhance British prestige in the East. Will not the Press spare some space to review this sentence, and women work to save a sister? E. E.
UNDEVELOPED LAND DUTY. — Mr. Eustace Roberts' client is undoubtedly entitled to look to C. D., Worcester, to bear his proportion of the undeveloped land duty for the year ending the 31st March 1910. This duty is a tax on the owner of land who will not, or cannot, us his land in a profitable manner, but leaves it idle — often an eyesore to the district. C. D. was the owner of the land for the greater part of the year 1909-10, and was presumably the person who should have obtained come income from the idle land for the period to the date of sale to Mr. Roberts' client; hence it is only equitable that he should bear the duty to such date. Sect. 19 of the Finance (1809-10) Act 1909 certainly provides that the duty is recoverable from the owner of the lard for the time being," but the
words used do not, I submit, affect the position in this case. was the owner at the 1st Jan. 1910, and, although the Finance Act was not passed till much later, yet it is retrospective, by clause 16, to an assessment of duty for the year ending the 31st March 1910. The Income Tax Act 1853, s. 35, provides that no levy is to be made upon an occupier for arrears of tax under sched. A where the former Occupier was not only liable to pay but also to bear the tax. It is a pity there is not a similar saving clause in the Finance Act to deal with successive ownership occupation in the case of undeveloped
W. J. BAKHurst.
NOTES AND QUERIES.
12. COMMISSIONER FOR OATHS.-Can a commissioner for oaths charge for taking an affidavit in an action in the County Court? Please mention any authorities which throw light on the subject. COMMISSIONER FOR OATHS.
LAW STUDENTS' JOURNAL.
To SECRETARIES.-Reports of meetings should reach the office not later than first post Thursday morning to ensure insertion in the current number.
CALLS TO THE BAR.
THE following were called to the Bar on Wednesday:
LINCOLN'S INN.-Chao-Chu Wu (studentship C.L. E., Trinity Term, 1911), London Univ.; J H. Kemp (Certificate of Honour, C L E., Trinity, 1906; Zahadur Rahim Zahid (Certificate of Honour, C. L.E., Trinity Term, 1911), M.A., B.L., Calcutta Univ. and of London Univ. -a Vakil of the High Court, Calcutta ; L. J. Swallow, Lincoln Coll, Oxford, B.A.; P. B. Austin, London Univ.; G. M. Loly, Trin. Hall, Camb., B.A.; T. H. T. Case, Queen's Coll., Oxford, B.A; Sachindranath Bhuttacharyya, London Univ.. B.A.; H. H Daw; Ata Mubaiyuddin Khan; Dosabhoy Cowasji Ralli; Chaudhri Daya Ram; E. J. Hare: Sheikh Abdul Majid; Shaik Ahmad Hassan; Hemendra Narayan Ghose; Vinayak Dhondo Sathaye, Manchester Univ.; Bhagwan Singh Varma; Har Gopal, Victoria Univ., Manchester; Coimbatore Soobra Mani.
INNER TEMPLE.-E. C. Mayers, Certificate of Honour, Hilary Term, 1911; N. H. Oldham, Oxford, and B. A. London, Certificate of Honour, Trinity Term, 1911; J. C. Jolly, B.A., Camb., Certificate of Honour, Trinity Term, 1911; M. C Ghosh, B.A., Camb.; R. C. DunnGardner, B.A, Oxford; C. E. A. Hartridge, BA, Oxford; R. A. M. Haslam, Camb.; R. C. Green, B.A.. Oxford; W. Asten, Birmingham; H. C. N. H. Sinha, Camb.; R. S. Le Ba, B A., Oxford; S. Wilson; W. V. Hutchinson, B.A., Oxford; A. P. Turnbull, B.A, Oxford; D. A. Kekula wala, B.A., Camb.; J. R. E. Cunliffe, Oxford; L. Sey. mour, Oxford; C. Reunert. Camb.; E. S. Langerman, Camb.; C. A. Adamson, B.A., Oxford; W. J. Bonser, B.A., Camb.; C. J. Warner, Oxford; R. L. L. Braddell, Oxford; P. W. J. A. Stomm; H. S. Barrett, B. A., Camb.: F. C. Romilly, B. A., Oxford; S. N. Cronjé, B.A., Oxford; J. E. Freeman, B. A., Oxford; H. W. Renshaw, B.A., LL.B., Camb.: H. J. Sutton, B.A.. Camb.; C. J. Markbreiler, B.A, Oxford; K. R. Menon, Oxford; Hon. G. R. C. T. W. Fiennes, B.A., Oxford; P. Stormonth-Darling, B. A., Oxford; D. W. Corrie, B.A., Camb.; Sir C. P. Huntington, Bt., Camb.; R. N. Garrod-Thomas, M.A., Oxford; C. A. Branken, M. A., Camb.
MIDDLE TEMPLE.-A. T. James, Certificate of Horour, C.L.E., Trinity Term, 1911; F. C. Barnes; T. W. S. Paterson, M.A., M.B, B.C. Camb.; R. W. Lomax; J. L. Smith; T. G. Bedford, M.A, Sidney Sussex Coll., Camb.; H. S. K. Edie, M.A., F.RG.S.; B. N. King, M.A.. Camb.; W. L. Wilkinson; E. W. Collyer: M. M. Greaves. B A.; S. H. Greville-Smith; C. D. H. Daring, F.R.G S.; E. F. Wren; E. F. Wise, B. A. Camb.; J. D. Milburn, M.A., Trin. Coll., Camb.; A. Le Gras; Mahomed Ahmad Khan; Gurn Prasanna Ray; F. C. T. Tudsbery, B.A., LL.B., King's Coll. Camb.; Sardar Singh Surana; Syed Mahomad Arif; I. G. Aitchison, B. A., LL.B., Camb.; K. H. Barnard, B.A. Camb.; Moung Gyee, M. A., Calcutta Univ., Scholar Rangoon Coll.; C. F. P. Renwick: Chandra bansi Sahay; Ayodhia Prasad Bhargava; Mahadeo Prasad Bhargava: A. McC. Goddard; W. D. Roberts: A. R. Thornton; Mohammad Din; Bhagwat Prasad; A. E. Brigg, B.A. Oxford; H. A. Winter; Ambica Prasad; V. L. Buckle; J. A. Campos, D.L., Univ. of Buenos Aires; Indravadan Narayanbhai Mehta, B A., LL B, Bɔmbay.
GRAY'S-INN.-W. T. Watson, Certificate of Honour, Hilary, 1911, joint Arden Scholar and Lee Prize man, Gray's-inn, 1910, B.A., senior postmaster, Merton Coll, Oxford: C. H. G. Campbell, Certificate of Honour, Trinity, 1911; F. C. Carleton, Deputy Collector and Magistrate of Mussoorie, India; G. E. Skerry; R. H. E. H. Somerset, B.A, Queens' Coll, Camb.; Kolluri Somayajulu Pantulu; A. W. Rogers; Sureshnath Banerji; A L. Newell, B. A, Trin. Coll, Dublin; L. E. V. McCarthy, Keble Coll., Oxford; E. L. Malone; H. Bailow; J. F. G. Tilleke; Bihari Lall; Arcot Muthu Krishna Moodlyar; E. P. Barry, Major, 2nd Life Guards; M. G. Bennett, Assistant Paymaster, Royal Navy; A. E. Jalland, LL.B., Victoria Univ., Manchester; Sheikh Sadig Jilani; C. M. Agarwala; Debendra Nath Bose, M.A., Calcutta Univ.; Mohammad Akram Khan; Baji Rao_Jageshwar Pande; F. N. Greer, a member of the Irish Bar, B.A, Trin. Coll., Dublin.
Mr. GARDNER SEBASTIAN BAZLEY, only son of Sir Thomas Sebastian Bazley, the second baronet, died at Hatherop, Fairford, Gloucestershire, on the 22nd ult., aged forty-seven, after an operation for appendicitis. Mr. Bazley was educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford, where he took his arts degree. and he was called by the Inner Temple in 1888. He was elected High Sheriff for Gloucestershire in 1901. He married, in 1903, Ruth Evelyn, elder daughter of Sir E. Stafford Howard, of Thornbury Castle, Gloucestershire, by his marriage with Lady Rachel Campbell, youngest daughter of the second Earl Cawdor, and he leaves issue one son, Thomas Stafford (born in 1907), who now becomes heir to the baronetcy, and three daughters.
Mr. SAMUEL HENRY JEYES, barrister-at-law, died at his residence, 11, Grove-end-road, on the 25th ult., after a long illness. Mr. Jeyes, who was in his fifty-fifth year, was educated at Uppingham School and at Trinity College, Oxford, where he had a considerable reputation as a sound and finished classical scholar. He obtained a first class in Classical Moderations and a second in Greats." and on taking his degree in 1879 he was appointed Lecturer in Classios at Trinity, a position he held till 1883, when he came to London. He was called by the Inner Temple in 1885. Journalism, however, proved more attractive than the law, and after come desultory writing for the newspapers he became in 1888 assistant editor of the St. James's Gazette. Three or four years later he went over to the Standard, and he remained in the service of that journal as assistant editor and leader-writer for the rest of his life. His literary activities were not, however, confined to this sphere. He wrote on literature and politics for the Saturday Review, the Guardian, the Outlook, and other Unionist newspapers, and occasionally contributed articles to the monthly reviews. He found time also to produce several books. The best of these was probably his translation of the Satires of Juvenal into English prose, a spirited and accurate rendering of an author whom he had studied profoundly and sympathetically. He also wrote a useful record of The Life and Times of the Marquis of Salisbury, and contributed a monograph on Lord Rosebery to the Queen's Prime Ministers series in 1906. A longer work is Mr. Chamberlain: His Public Career, published in 1903, a well-balanced and well-written political biography, embodying the results of much private information and inside knowledge of contemporary politics of which Mr. Jeyes was a careful and sagacious observer. A convinced, but moderate, Conservative, he brought to bear on the discussion of public affairs a wide acquaintance with political history and a particularly shrewd, penetrating, and judicial intelligence. Mr. Jeyes married Geneviève Frances, daughter of the late Charles Edward Serman, of New York.
The Hon. THOMAS MAYNE DALY, K.C, a police magistrate and a former Minister of the Interior, died suddenly at Winnipeg, Canada, on the 24th ult., from internal hemorrhage. The son of a Conservative politician who sat in the old Canadian Assembly and also in the House of Commons after the Union, he was born at Stratford, Ontario, in 1852, and was called to the Bar in 1876, taking silk in 1890. He was one of the first residents of the town of Brandon, and was its first mayor. From 1887 to 1896 he represented Selkirk in the Dominion House of Commons. In 1892 he joined Sir John Thompson's Cabinet as Minister of the Interior, and held that office till the retirement of the Bowell Government in 1896.
Maitre CHARLES MARTINI, one of the most eloquent members of the Paris Bar, and also one of its soundest lawyers, died recently in France. Maitre Martini became a barrister in 1852, and rose to the distinction of bátonnier in 1885. He made a great mark during the trial of those implicated in the Panama frauds, but he avoided 28 a rule sensational cases, and devoted his solid abilities to more lucrative lawsuits in which great commercial and industrial interests were involved. Unlike most French lawyere of eminence, M. Martini sedulously refrained from taking an active part in politics.
Mr. RALPH SIMEY, Deputy Lieutenant and Clerk of the Peace for the County of Durham, died on the 24th ult. at College, Durham, from pneumonis. Born at Sunderland in 1834, Mr. Simey was admitted in 1855. He took an active interest in local affairs at Sunderland, and after being a member of the town council in 1880 was appointed clerk of the peace for Durham. Nine years later he became clerk of the Durham County Council. He was formerly magistrate for Sunderland. Mr. Simey was a member of the Law Society and of the Solicitors' Benevolent Association.
THE COURTS AND COURT PAPERS.
CIRCUITS OF THE JUDGES.-SUMMER ASSIZES. THE following judges will remain in town: The Lord Chief Justice of England, Darling, J., A. T. Lawrence, J., and Hamilton, J., during the whole of the circuits; the other judges till their respective commission days.
Notice. In cases where no date in parentheses is appended, both civil and criminal business must be ready to be taken on the first working day; in other cases the date appended indicates the day before which civil business will not be taken. In the case of circuit towns to which two judges go there will be no alteration in the old practice.
Shrewsbury, Tuesday, July 4
OXFORD (LAWRANCE, J., 1; BUCKNILL, J., 2). | Stafford (2), Monday, July 10 birmingham (2), Saturday, July 15. MIDLAND (RIDLEY, J., 2; PICKFORD, J., 1). | Warwick, Monday, July 10 Birming.am (2), Saturday, July 15. WESTERN (CHANNELL, J., 2; LORD COLERidge, J., 1). Bristol (2), Saturday, July 1.
Nottingham (2), Wednesday, July 5
To surrender at the High Court of Justice, in Bankruptcy. FOSTER, GUSTAVUS, late Essex-rd, Islington, licensed victualler. June 16. HOLDER, ALFRED, late City-rd, licensed victualler. June 16. HOOLEY, ERNEST TERAH, King's Cross, financier. June 16. LYONS, L. N., West End-la, West Hampstead. June 15. WALKER, FREDERICK A., late Foots Cray. June 15.
WEISHEIT, KARL HERMANN ALBERT (trading as A. Wisdom and Co.), Charles-pl, Drummond-st, Hampstead-rd, sheet metal worker.
To surrender at their respective District Courts BOOTH, GEORGE, Eckington, licensed victualler. Ct. Chesterfield. June 15. CROSIER, EDWARD JAMES (trading as Crosier, Stephens, and Co.), Newcastle-upon-Tyne, engineer. Ct. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. June 16. DENNIS, WALTER, Skegness, cab driver. Ct. Boston. June 16. ELLIOTT, JOSEPH, Sheffield, late licensed victualler. Ct. Sheffield. June 15.
FEARN, WILLIAM, late Burton-on-Trent, eating-house proprietor.
GOODWIN, JOSEPH, Longton, butcher. Ct. Stoke-upon-Trent and Longton.
GARDNER, JOHN, Morecambe, builder. Ct. Preston. June 16.
MITCHELL, ISAIAH (trading as I. Mitchell, Son, and Co.), Halifax, cloth manufacturer. Ct. Halifax. June 16.
PLUMMER, SIDNEY BERTIE, Isworth, plumber. Ct. Bury St. Edmunds. June 15.
PAYLOR, JOHN CUSSONS, Batley, farmer. Ct. Dewsbury. June 17.
RYMER, GILBERT, Kingston-upon-Hull, late physical culture instructor. Ct. Kingston-upon-Hull, June 16.
SAVAGE, WILLIAM JOSEPH, late Lincoln, boot repairer. Ct. Brighton. June 16.
TURNER, JOSEPH THOMAS, Sturry, farmer. Ct. Canterbury. June 17. TUCKER, AARON PHIPPS, Colchester, clerk. Ct. Colchester. June 17. TURNBULL, ROBERT FENWICK (trading as Robert Fenwick), Blackpool, draper. Ct. Preston. June 16.
W. G. JONES AND CO., Acton, wine merchants. Ct. Brentford. June 16. WRAGG, MATTHEW WILLIAM, Isleworth, magnetic healer. Ct. Brentford.
WHITWELL, EDWARD LEATHAM, Croft, company director. Ct. Stockton-onTees. June 16.
WILSHAW, HENRY JAMES, Stoke-on-Trent, architect. Ct. Stoke-upon-Trent and Longton. June 15. WALSH, JOHN THOMAS (trading as J. T. Walsh and Co.), Swansea, ship broker. Ct. Swansea. June 15.
WARD, EDWARD, Sheffield, dealer in fish. Ct. Sheffield. June 16.
Amended notice substituted for that published in Gazette, June 16. ROYLE, THOMAS, and ROYLE, JONATHAN (trading as Thomas Royle and Brother), Eccles, corn dealers. Ct. Salford. June 14.
GAZETTE, JUNE 23.
To surrender at their respective District Courts.
ALLEN, JAMES ALFRED, Reading, newsagent. Ct. Reading. June 19. BATCHELAR, FREDERICK WILLIAM, Carshalton, director of a public company. Ct. Croydon. June 19.
BELL, WILLIAM THOMAS, Yeovil, foreman motor engineer. Ct. Yeovil.
BAIN, P. H., Leeds, director of a public company. Ct. Leeds. June 17.
CROLY, ARTHUR ENGLAND JOHNSON, Bordon Camp, captain in the army. Ct. Guildford and Godalming. June 20.
CAPLE, WILLIAM, Mountain Ash, collier. Ct. Aberdare and Mountain Ash. June 19.
DARLEY, HANNAH LOUISA, Pontefract, builder. Ct. Wakefield. June 19. DAVIS, WALTER, Oxford, baker. Ct. Oxford. June 20.
EBBUTT, JOHN THOMAS, Stapenhill, nurseryman. Ct. Burton-on-Trent. June 20.
FRANCE, SH, Kenyon, licensed victualler. Ct. Bolton. June 20. JEFFERSON, WALTER WRIGHT (trading as Walter Jefferson), Leeds, furniture broker. Ct. Leeds. June 20.
KNIGHT, JOHN CHARLES, Crewe, licensed victualler. Ct. Nantwich and Crewe. June 20.
MACADAM, SUSAN KATE, and MACADAM, MARGARET, Upper Norwood, spinsters. Ct. Croydon. June 19.
MAURICE, A., Dorking, dentist. Ct. Croydon. June 20.
MURRAY, PERCY JAMES ALEXANDER, Blackdown, lieutenant in the army. Ct. Guildford and Godalming. June 20.
MURPHY, MICHAEL ROBERT, Middlesbrough, late tobacconist. Ct. Middlesbrough. June 16.
ORGEL, ELEAZER, Plymouth, furniture dealer. Ct. Plymouth and East Stonehouse. June 19.
SMITH, ARCHIBALD HENRY, Sutton, auctioneer. Ct. Croydon. June 19. SPEAR, HARTLEY, Skirlaugh, joiner. Ct. Kingston-upon-Hull. June 20. SYKES, HARRY, Leeds, bookmaker. Ct. Leeds. June 17.
VOSPER, HENRY GODFREY, Upper Parkstone, builder. Ct. Poole. June 20. WHITING, THOMAS (late trading as Thomas Whiting and Co.), East Challow, late timber merchant. Ct. Oxford. June 19.
GAZETTE, JUNE 27.
To surrender at the High Court of Justice, in Bankruptcy. ALFRED, REUBEN, Jamaica-st, Whitechapel, secretary to a public company. June 19.
BEWICKE, IVAN C E., Albemarle-st, gentleman. June 19.
CARIDIA, A., Devonshire-ter, Lancaster-gate. June 20.
CHAPMAN, SIDNEY HOWARD, Wilsons-yd, Liverpool-rd, Highbury, coach builder. June 20.
CHEVAU, GEORGE CHARLES, Norfolk-st. Strand, financier. June 20.
COHEN, HARRIS, Clark-st, Ratcliff, tailor. June 19.
COOPER, ALBERT WILLIAM, Ryder-st, St. James'-st, insurance broker.
CRONBACH, R., Great Winchester-st, finance broker. June 20.
DANKS, C. E., Fairfield-rd, Crouch End, produce agent. June 19.
MILLS, OSCAR, late Windsor-rd, Holloway, actor. June 19.
POND. WILLIAM EDWIN, High-st, Camden Town, coffee-house keeper. June 20.