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Peace, has been of most benefit to mankind. Our work here at the end of the nineteenth century is the direct result of bis at the beginning of the seventeenth century." On our Dational holiday in 1899, the American delegates, carrying out the instructions of our Government, leid upon the tomb of Delft, a spot which should be a Vecca for the lovers of liberty and peace regulated by law, a wreath made of the precious metals and inscribed,

“ To the memory of Hugo Grotius lo Reverence

and Gratitude

From the United States of America." Perhaps there were some in the company, then gathered there, who remembered the words of the pioneer and prophet himself, wbich should stimulate the courage and hope of all who are labouring for the triumph of the principles which he advocated : “ If the trees we plant do not shade us, they will at least serve for our descendants." – From address delivered before the Virginia Bar Association, 1910.

become more direct and effective as the spirit of nationalism, barmonising and centralising, and yet not centralising to the poiot of endangering a reaction in favour of Imperialism, has strengthened that system. In the recent period that spirit bas been actively at work. To illustrate, during the last century feeble and restless oommunities, under the lead of Cavour, were welded into what is now the Italian nation, and other communitier, under the lead of Bismarok, were welded into what is now the German nation, and a little earlier thirteen American communities have been welded into the plural unit which is our Republic. And we have seen our Constitution so mcdified--the federation so completely nationalised —that no question can now be raised by any of our states which is inca pable of peaceable settlement.

Moral Obligation of Nations. Grotius declared as a fundamental premise that a nation, like an individual, is able by reason to discern what is just, and, having dove so, is bound by moral obligation to refrain from what is uojust. He thus found in the nataral law, the everlasting existence of wbicb, as be assumed, is not dependent on experience, and is not affected by the alteration of creeds and manners, the basis of international law.

Injustice of War. He unreservedly condemned the excesses of wir as unjust. He said: “I saw in the whole Christian world a licence of fighting at which even barbarians'might blush; war begun on trilling pretexto, or none at all, and carried on without reverence for soy Divine or human law, and as if a single declaration of war warranted any crime."

He did not condemo every war as necessarily udjust, but he took issue with those who considered any war desirable. One of his contemporaries was Machiavelli, who in his treatise called Tbe Prince, said : A prince is to bave no other design, nor thought, nor study but war and the art and discipline of it. For, indeed, that is the only business worthy of a prince.” This treatise was published with the approval of the papal authority. The same authority-and the statement is not made as & reproach, but to indicate the dominant sentiment of the times--placed the ban of its censure upon the merciful and pacific work of Grotius.

He did not delude himself by believing that armed conflict would soon cease, but he condemned as unjust any war which is possible to be avoided, and he was convinced of the availability in most instances of some method of avoiding war.

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Arbiiration. He was specific in pressing upon nations the duty of settling their differences by conference, by arbitration, or even sometimes by lot, jather than by war. As a most competent critic has said, Grotius planted the germ of international arbitration, as know it, ia modern thought. Along the same line he urged that conventions be held in which those nations, not themselves interested in pending controversies, might decide those controversies and arrange for the enforcement of the decisions. 80 as to remove any ground for conflict between the nations immediately interested. Again he was forecasting the future.

Looking over the interval since the death of Grotius, there is no diffioulty in perceiving how bis views have gained ground, and how extensively the evolution of the law of nations has been guided by the principles which he advocated.

THE COMMONWEALTH LAND TAX. The decision of the High Court of Australia in Osborne v. Commonwealth, which has been recently heard in Melbourne, is of such importance to many persons in the United Kingdom that an extended consideration of it should find place in these pages. People are apt to forget that an enormous amount of British money is in vested in Australia, in ventures mostly connected with the ownership of land, and they are inclined to fall ioto a state of forgetfulness of risk to their capital in a country where the war against capiralists is most actively waged. The bolders of sbares in banks pastoral companies, and financial and business concerns coppected witb Aus:ralian land, will be a ffected by this decision, as well those who may actually hold real estate bere. As the holdings of all these can be adversely smitten by the imposition of a land tax imposed by the Commonwealth, they will be compelled to try and protect themselves Dow that. the High Court has decided that the Commonwealth has the power to impose a land tax upon the whole of the land of Australia, and that such a tax is now in operation. It has always been the aim of the Labour Political Party to break up the large landboldings, so that tbe mass of the people may be enabled to settle on the soil. To buy cut the landlords was not practically possible, so the party had to cast about for some way to gain the end desired. When the Labour Party first occupied the Federal Government benches some years ago, Mr. Watson, the Premier, stated the intention of bis party to be the taxation of the land to such a degree that the landlords would be compelled to put their land on ihe market. A glut was hoped for, 10 tbat meo of emall means should be able to acquire farms of a living area. Tbis desire for a land tax has been gratified, and we bave the Land Tax Acts of 1910 in operation. Besides this Federal land tax, there are in the States local municipal Acts imposing a land tax, and in Victoria tbere has been an additional State Laud Tax At pagged in 1910. So the acre of land bas to carry two--in Victoria three-taxes. It is not surprising that the landowning worm should bave turned-bence the ouse of Osborne v. Com. monwealth was brought to test the right of the Commonwealth to tax land in the several States. Sect. 5l of the Commonwealth Con. stitution sets out : “ The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have power to make laws for the peace, order, and good goverment of the Commonwealth with respect to: il. Taxation; but po as not to discriminate between States or parts of States.” The challenge was thrown out that in substance the Laud Tax Act was not an exercise of the taxing power of the Commonwealth, but that its real purpose was not so much to raise revenue as to prevent the holding of large areas of land by single persons. Io dealiog with this point the learned Chief Justice said that it may be that that was contemplated and desired by the Législature, but it is pointed out in R: 2 v. Burger (76 C.·L. R. 41) that although it is a frequent resuls of taxation to bring about indirect consequences which could not practically, or could not so easily, be brought about by other means, the circumstance tbat taxation bas such a risult is irrelevant to the question of competence to impose the tax. In my opinion, the Azts are in substance, as well as in form, Acts imposing taxation, although there may be some provisions in the open to objection on other grounds. This objection, iber: fore, faile.” Another challenge was that, assuming that the Act was intra vires cf the Commonwealth, there were certain Eections-notably se:te. 39 and 41--wbich were in valid, and cosequenily Euch invalidity extended to the whole Act. This based upon

BSct. 55 of the Commonwealth Constitution, which rung as follows: 6. · Luws imposing ta xatio.) shall deal only with the imposition of taxation, and any provision ther in dealing with any other matter shall be of no effect. Luws imposing taxation, exoe pt la we imposing duties of customs or of excise, sball deal with one subject of taxation only; but laws imposing duties of customs shall dial witb duties of customs only, and laws imposing duties of excise sball deal with duties of excise oply." By sect. 32 of the Land Tax Act Joint owners are taxable in proportion to their interests, and, by eect. 39, all lands held]by a company are to be held as owned by the shareholders as joint owners in proportion to their interests in the paid-up capital of the company, Dzaliog with this point, the judgment of the learned Chief Justice declared tbat “in Bect. 39 Parliament has clearly proceeded on the agsumption that members of a joint stock company that owns land are in substanos beneficial cwers of the land in proportioa to their interests in the

Adoption of His View8. He knew that nations, without their consent, cannot be subjected to the natural law which imposes upon them moral obligations. But he insisted that they should consent to be thus subjected. He meant that their poeitive law sbould express their moral sense.

Ho nas adversely criticised for theorising and dreaming about what the law of nations should be, and, as some believed, never would be, rather tban announcing what it was. But as I understand, the validity of his promise has for a long time been uncontested. Uole89 I mis. apprehend, it has from the foundation of our Government been approved in this country. It seems to pervade the utterances of our courts. As far back as 1781, the Federal Court of Appeals, at Paila. delphia, said in an Admiralty case, “ As the state of nature was a state of peace, and not a state of war, the natural state of nations is a state of peace and society, and hence it is a maxim of the law of nations, founded on every principle of reason, justice, and morality, that one nation ought not to do an injury to another. As the natural state (that of nations) is a state of peace and benevolence, nationa are morally bound to preserve it.” In another Admiralty case, Chief Justice Marshall, speaking for the Supreme Court, depounced tbe slave trade as contrary to the law of nature, and as a practice which should be forbidden by the law of nations. Iu passing, it is of interest to observe that in the same case Mareball said : No principle of general law is more universally acknowledged than the perfect equality of nations,” thus stating the doctrine which was elowly gathering streogth in Grotius's time.

America's Tribute to Grotius. In opening the first conference at The Hague its president remarked : It is here, as one may say, that the cradle of the science of international law has stood.” The sobolar and diplomat, Andrew D. White, who beaded the delegation from the United States, wrote in the delightful diary which he kept during the sessions of ihet conference,

More than ever it is clear to me that of all bɔoks ever written, poi claiming Divine jospiration, that great book of Gro'iu:, War and

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request to the London County aod Westminster Bank to repay to the Birkbeck Bank the amount of his loan and interest, less the balance due to him on current or deposit account, inclosing with this roquest a letter addressed to Sir William Plender autborising the delivery of the collateral security in exchange. The London County and Westminster Bank will then effect the transfer of his account immediately, and he thus becomes a client of the London County and Westminster Bank, who will extend to him the facilities bitherto accorded him by the Birkbeck, including the transaction of business by post. As regards those who, not having received advances, can only withdraw 50 per cent. of their money at present, the transfer may be carried through with equal promptitude on application being made by them to the London County and Westminster Bank.

HEIRS-AT-LAW AND NEXT OF KIN. Bee (James), Humberstone. Nephews and nieces, children of testator's

brothers, living at the death of his daughter, Mary Story Chapman (Jan. 15, 1906), or the legal personal representatives of any who have since died, claiming under inquiries made in the matter of the trusts of a legacy of £500 bequeathed by the will of James Bee, deceased, to come in, by Nov. 1, at chambers of Warrington and Parker, JJ.

Hearing Nov. 8, at 12, at said chambers, GWILLIAM (Mary Alice), Leigh, Next of kin to send in, by July 25, to

Stans. Baron, sol., Wigan. HAMILTON (Andrew), Parkstone, who died Nov. 23, 1876. Nephews and

nieces. children of his brothers Francis and Alexander Hamilton, and his sister Fanny, or their issue or legal personal representatives. claiming under inquiries made in the matter of the trusts of the will, dated Feb. 14, 1876, of Andrew Hamilton, deceased, to come in, by Oct 19, at chambers of Swinfen Eady and Neville, JJ. Hearing Oct. 26, at 11.30, at said chambers, Room 706.

paid up capital of the company. If the case is considered apart from the positive law relating to jurisdictional relations inter se of joint stock companies and their members, the assumption is in accordance with the actual facts. It is true that members have no legal estate in the land, but why should Parliament not act on the basis of their substantial interest? The only ground assigoable is this, to do so is ullra vires, as interfering with a matter pertaining exclusively to the States. The objection reduced to its naked form is that Parliament bas attempted to make persons who are not owners of land liable to pay land tax in respect of it. Suppose it bag. The subjeot of taxation is purely land. It is not necessary to express any opinion as to the validity of the provision itself, but I do not encourage anyone to act on the assumption that it is invalid”

Seot. 41 provides that land owned by a mutual insurance society shall be deemed to be held by the society as trustee for the policy. holders in proportion to the surrender value of their policies. Tbis section is covered by the remarks of the learned Chief Justice in sect. 39. Dealiog with both sections, the judgment proceeds to say that “in each case the provisions, if valid, may render a person liable, directly or indirectly, for land tas opon land in wbich he has no intorest, legal or equitable ; but whether the provision is valid or not, the subject matter of taxation is still land. “It is pot necessary to refer in detail to the other sections, which it is contended are open to tho same objection. ... The only effect is that if the Act is a law imposing taxation, any provisions which do not deal with tbe imposition of taxation are of no effect, but the rest of the Act remains in force.”

After dealing with several other sections which he held not to affeot the validity of the Act as imposing taxation on land, the learned Chief Justice concluded : “Sect. 48, giving, power to the Commonwealth to aoquire land which has been undervalued, is intended by way of penalty. The argument that such wholesale acquisition of land by the Commonwealth to be beld free from taxation raises a ques. tion of difficulty, because such a question is not only not authorised by the Constitution, but is impliedly forbidden by it. But I regard this as a section standing apart from the taxation provisions. Even if these sections are invalid, as to which I do not express any definite opinion, they are clearly severable from the rest of the Act, because Acte without those sections would not be substantially a different law. As to tbe subject-mattor, I have only one other observation to make. When an Act creates a debt payable by A. and also endeavours to enforce payment of it as a debt bu B., I think that the law, so far as regards relations between A. and his oreditor, is substantially the same, whether the attempt to enforce debt as against B. is not effective.” The other members of the court-Justices Barton, O'Connor, I.aacs, and Higgins—gave agreeing judgments. The one great point decided was that the Common. wealth may impose & tax the land in the States, and that all that has got to be done there with is to make the mode of its incidence valid. Another point is that the invalid provisions of the Act, if any, are severable without destroying the valid portions. Mr. Justice Higgins concluded bis judgment with these words: “ In this case, however, I am glad to fiod that what. over their individual opinions might be as to the proper principles of severability, all the members of the court agreed in the view that either po invalidity bad been shown, or tbat, if there was any inva. lidity, the invalid provision could be severed from the rest of the Acts which remained valid. Substantially I agree with the results at wbich the other judges have arrived."

In considering what has gone before, it must be borne in mind that sect. 114 of the Commonwealth Constitution provides : Nor shall the Commonwealth impose any tax on property of any kind belonging to a State," and that the Commonwealth oan acquire land only under the Federal Statute No. 13 of 1901.

While this case must be interesting to students of constitutional law, it must be equally go to persons owners of laod in Australia, be they joint or several owners of particular paroele, or shareholders in companies in terested in land. They will find that their interests will be affected, and tbat their capital accounts must endure some writing off. But to the very large class of those whose means have sbut them out from obtaining land, this decision opens the vista of acres of fruitful land available to the small settler, and it announces tbat increase of population in Australia so much desired. Osborne v. Commonwealth should be a finger beckoniog the intending emigrant to turn to Australia as bis future home.

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APPOINTMENTS UNDER THE JOINT STOCK

WINDING-UP ACTS. NOTICES OP APPEARANCE AT JEARING MUST REACH THE SOLICITORS DY 6 P.X. ON THE

DATE GIVEX, UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED. ACOUSTIC PATENTS LIMITED.-Petition for winding-up to be heard

July 25, at Royal Courts of Justice. A. Burnett, 5 and 6, Clement's

inn, Strand, W.C., sol, for pet. Notices of appearance by July 24. ALGERNON PRESS LIMITED.-Petition for winding-up to be heard July 25,

at Royal Courts of Justice. Lendon and Carpenter. 31, Budge-row,

E.C., sols. for pets. Notices of appearance by July 24. BOMBAY HYDRO ELECTRIC SYNDICATE LIMITED. --Creditors to send in, by

Aug. 14, to F. J. Horne, 214, Gresham House, Old Broad-st. E.C. BOURNEMOUTH MOTORS LIMITED.-Creditors to send in, by Aug. 31, to

J. W. H. Byrne, 81, Gracechurch-st, E.C. Cox AND ARMSTRONG LIMITED.-Creditors to send in, by July 25, to J. E.

Parker, 55, John-st, Sunderland. W. Bell and Sons, Sunderland,

sols. to liquidator. CANFIELD STORES LIMITED.-Creditors to send in, by Aug. 14, to J. E. C.

Maryon, 180, Broadway, Hendon. CITY ROLLER SKATING PALACE LIMITED, Fishergate, York.-Petition for

winding-up to be heard Aug. 8, at York County Court, at 9.30. A. Wood, York, sol. for pets. London agents, Eland, Nettleship, and Butt. 4, Trafalgar-sq. Notices of appearance by Aug. 9, to the sol.

or his London agents. COCKAYNE AND Co. (Walsall) LIMITED.-- Petition for winding-up to be

heard Aug. 2, at Walsall County Court, at 12. Skardon Wearing and Flewker, 'Wolverhampton, sols. for pet. Noticee of appearance

by Aug. 1. GRANDE MAISON D'AUTOMOBILES LIMITED.- Order for continuation of

voluntary winding-up subject to supervision of the court, and appointment of George Edward Teale, of 56, Great Marlborough-st, as liquidator, in place of H. J. Gully, resigned, made by Neville, J. on July 7. H. Hilbery and Son, 4, South-84. Gray's-inn. W.C., sols.

for pets. H. J. CHAPMAN AND CO. LIMITED.-Creditors to send in, by Aug. 26, to

0. Berry, Monument House, Monument-sq. E.C. ILKLEY SPA HYDROPATHIC COMPANY LIMITED.--Petition for winding up to

be heard Aug. 10, at Leeds County Court, at 10.30. A. Boldon,

Bradford, sol. for pets. Notices of appearance by Aug. 9. METROPOLITAN AUTO-CAB COMPANY LIMITED.--Petition for winding-up to

be heard July 25, at Royal Courts of Justice. Devonshir, Monkland, and Co., 1. Frederick's-pl, Old Jewry, E.C., sols. to pets.

Notices of appearance by July 24. Moultons LiMiTED.--Petition for winding-up to be heard July 28, at

Liverpool County Court. Gradwell, Abercromby, and Co., Liver

pool, sols. for pet. Notices of appearance by July 27. POLYCOLOR SYNDICATE LIMITED.-Petition for winding-up by or subject to

supervision of the court, to be heard Oct. 17. at Royal ('ourts of Justice. J. A. White, Stevenage House, 40-44, Holborn-viaduct, E.C.

Notices of appearance by Oct. 16. STANDARD INVESTMENT TRUST LIMITED. -Creditors to send in, by Aug. 31,

to H. Ashford, 39, Waterloo-st, Birmingham. WALDEN SPINNING COMPANY LIMITED.-Petition for winding-up to be heard

July 25, at Bradford County Court. M. R. Knowles. Skipton, sol. for pets. London agents. Turner and Co., Rolls.chmbrs, 89, Chan.

cery-la, W.C. Notices of appearance by July 24. WATSON (PLAISTOW) LIMITED. Creditors to send in, by Aug. 31, to 0.

Berry, Monument House, Monument-sq. E.C.

BIRKBECK BANK LOANS. The absorption of the Birkbeck banking basiness by the London County and Westminster Bank appears to be proceeding at a rapid pace, and the recent order for the payment of 50 per cent. of the A sharebolders' capital to those who are also Birkbeck customers will still further relieve the position. At present no forecast has been made of tbe amount that the depositors and shareholders are likely to receive ultimately, but some indication may be forthcoming at the meeting next Monday. On the whole, Birkbeck customers who received an advance from the bank are perhaps most to be congratulated. It appears that the whole of the balance due to them on current or deposit account may be set off against their loans, and not merely the 50 per cent. that is being distributed to those who have banking accounts or A shares unhampered by morigage. Any customer baving had a loan may therefore close his connection with the Birkbeck Bank at once, without any loss whatever, by sending a

CREDITORS UNDER ESTATES IN CHANCERY.

LAST DAY Op Proof9. HOLMAN (Thomas), East Hoathly. Sept. 30; F. G. Evan Joncs, sol., 2,

New-ct, Lincoln's-inn. W.C. Oct. 13; Warrington and Parker, JJ.,

at 12. POWELL (William Kershaw), Blackpool and Preston. Aug. 19; W. G.

Finch, sol., Preston. Sept. 20; Registrar of Preston District of

Chancery of Lancaster, at 11. THURMAN (Frederick Charles), Walton. Sept. 1; W. Temple, of Temple

and Geoghegan, sols., Felixstowe. Oct. 13; Neville, J., at 11.30. WENGE (Carl Heinrich Walter), otherwise Professor Dr. Charles H.

Walter, East Finchley. Aug. 31; E. W. L. U. Peters, sol., 53 and 54, (hancery-la, W.C. Oct. 17; at chambers of Eve, J., at 12.

TRUMAN (Henry Lindley), 1, St. James's-st. Aug. 15; E. C. E. Lamb,

17, Ironmonger-la, Cheapside, E.C. Todd '(Charles Edgar), Norwich. Aug. 12; Bridgman, Willcocks, Cow

land, Hill, and Bowman, 4, College-hill, Cannon-st. EC. Turner (Henry John), Vauxhall. Aug. 15; Chapman and Holland, 8,

Warwick-ct, Gray's-inn, W.C. WASMUTH (Susan Anna), Walthamstow. July 29; Drury, Freeman, and

Brindley, 438-40, Lea Bridge-rd, Leyton. Essex. WILKES (John), Abberler. Aug. 19; C. H. Watson. Stourport. WALKER (Anne), Cheltenham. Aug. 14; Jessop and Son, Cheltenham. WORSNOP (Annie), Sheffield. Aug. 18; W. Smith and Sons. Sliefheld. WILD (George), Bolton. Aug. 12; James Dutton and Son, Bolton.

Messrs. C. and S. Harrison and Co., of 19, Bedford-row, W.C, owing to the expiration of their lease, are moving into Vernon House, (Sicilian-avenue), Bloomsburg-square, W.C. Their telegraphic address ja unaltered, viz., “ Wotas, London,” but their new telephone number will be “City 7576.”

Tbe partnership heretofore subsisting between Mr. John William Carter and Mr. Henry Crellin, solicitore, of 25, Richmond-terrace, Blackburn, bas been dissolved. All debts due to and owing by Messrs. Carter and Crellin will be received and paid by Mr. Jobo William Carier.

CREDITORS UNDER 22 & 23 VICT. C. 35.

LAST DAY OP CLAIM AND TO Wnom PARTICULARS TO BE SENT. ASHWORTH (Thomas), Blackburn. Aug. 15; T. J. Backhouse, Blackburn. ADAMS (Henrietta), Edgbaston. Aug. 19; W. H. Stoddard, Birmingham. ALEXANDER (Marianne Helen), Eastbourne. Aug. 7; A. W. Arnold,

Eastbourne. BROWN (John), Pendleton. Aug. 18; F. 0. S. Leak and Pratt, Man

chester. BROskom (John), Shipley. Claims of creditors, and of his nephews or

nieces, or nephews or nieces of his wife, Elizabeth Broskom. Aug. 31;

W. Dunn, Bradford. Boyce (Sir Rubert William), Liverpool. Aug. 31; Alsop, Stevens,

Crooks, and Co., Liverpool. Brown (John), Upper Holloway. Aug. 11: A. Leaver, at the offices of

Leslie, Field, Brownjohn, and Co., 27, Essex-st, Strand, W.C. Brown (Ann), Tiverton. Aug. 31; Murray, Hutchins, Stirling, and Co.,

11. Birchin-la, E.C. BiddiSCOMBE (Frank Bond), Blackpool. Aug. 31; Doughty and Fraser,

Manchester. Boddy (Fanny), Liverpool. Aug. 22; J. Whitham and L. P. Gibbons,

at the office of Radcliffe-Smith and Co., Liverpool. BARKER (Mary Ann), Todmorden. Aug. 1; J. 0. Sager, Todmorden. BELL (Charles Frederic Moberly), Park-cres, Portland-pl. Aug. 31;

Soames, Edwards, and Jones, Lennox House, Norfolk-st, Strand,

W.C. BUTLIN (Charles Montague), Acton. Aug. 14; W. A. G. Davidson,

Acton. CONSTIEN (Henry), Chailey. Sept. 1; H. J. Hillman, Lewes. Carter (Alfred), Upavon. Aug. 18; Dixon and Mason, Pewsey. CHITTENDEN (Thomas Richard), Southborough. Aug. 11; T. Buss, Tun

bridge Wells. CHEESMAN (Ann Maria), St. John's, Deptford. Aug. 19; Hatten. Winnett,

and Hatten, Gravesend. Donston (William), Tottenham. Sept. 8; F. J. East, 10, Basinghall-st,

E.C. Dear (John Arnitt), Edgeworth, Bebington, and Liverpool. Aug. 15;

W. Boyle, Liverpool. Dring (Thomas Walker), Lutton Marsh. Aug. 12; Mossop and Mossop,

Holbeach. DEACON (Emma Esther), Arundel-grdns. Kensington Park-rd. Aug. 23 ;

W. A. and G. A. Brown, 27. Lincoln's-inn-fids, W.C. DAVIES (Mary Frances), Cardiff. Aug. 31; G. David and Evans, Cardiff. ELKAN (Charles (otherwise Israel]), Brighton. Aug. 16; E. M. Marx,

Brighton, Edwards (John Passmore), Hampstead. Aug. 12; Lyell and Betenson,

4, Lloyd's-av, E.C. Fearn (George), Wilmslow. Aug. 25; H. Green, Steckport. Fond (Edward), Liverpool.

Aug. 25; Banks, Kendall, and Taylor, Liverpool. GREEN (Caroline Emma Eliza), Hayes Park. Aug. 25; Lee and Pember

tons, 44, Lincoln's-inn-fids, W.C. GWILLIAM (Joseph), Leigh, and GWILLIAM (Mary Alice). July 25; Stans.

Baron, Wigan GOWAN (Édith Eliza). Wimbledon. Aug. 24; Taylor, Stileman, and

Underwood, 7, Bedford-row. HATHERLY (Henry), Hove. Aug. 14; Nye and Clewer. Brighton. HOOPER (Frederick), Newport. Aug. 31: H. H. Howells, Newport. HENRY (Mitchell), Leamington. Aug. 10; Field and Sons, Leamington. HAYWARD (Emma Agnes), Holloway. Aug. 11; Leslie, Field, Brownjohn,

and Co., 27, Essex-st. Strand, W.C. HOOKER (Henry), Tankerton. Sept. 1; Harris and Harris, Sittingbourne. HUTCHINSON (Joseph), Cowling. Aug. 8; Brown, Charlesworth, and

Wood, Skipton. HOLLAND (Daniel), Anderton. Aug. 31; J. H. Neville, Chorley. HALSTEAD (Thomas), Clitheroe. Aug. 18; J. J. Briggs, Padiham. JENKINS (Emma), Sheffield. Sept. 1; Smith, Smith, and Fielding, Shof

field. KINCAID (Maior Willie Alexander Scotland). who died at Lahore.

Sept. 14; Hopwood and Sons, 13, South-sq. Gray's-inn. LILLINGSTON (Leonard William), Herne Hill. Sept. 1; Gibson, Usher,

and Co., Portugal-st-bldgs, Lincoln's-inn, W.C. LEIGH (Samuel), Gorton. Aug. 23: F. Ellieon, Ashton-under-Lyne. MATTHEWS (Francis Wride), Chandler's Ford. Aug. 19; Wilson and Sons,

Salisbury. MACKENZIE (Louisa), Bayswater. Aug. 2; Welman and Sons, 763, West

bourne-gr, Bayswater, W. MURPHY (Henrietta Louisa), West Kensington. Aug. 21; A. C. Ham

mersley, at the offices of Fladgate and Co., 2, Craig's-ct, Charing

Cross, S.W. Pain (Wyndham Charles), Newport. Aug. 16; D. Roger Evans, New

port, Mon. PORTMAN (Hon. Edward William Berkeley). Taunton, and Great Cumber

land-pl. Sept. 1; Wilde, Moore, Wigston, and Co, 21, College-bill,

E.C. PAYNE (William Percy). Nottingham. Aug. 19; G. L. Haslehurst,

Lincoln. PYE (William Henry), Daisy Bank Farm. near Lancaster. Aug. 1;

Maxsted, Gibsons, and Sturton, Lancaster. PARKINSON (Sarah Halstead), Harrogate. Aug. 1; Maxsted, Gibsons, and

Sturton, Lancaster. RcLandi (Frederick), Ridgmount-grdns, Gower-st, W.C. Aug. 12; Biddle,

Thorne, Welsford, and Sidgwick, 22. Aldermanbury, E.C. Rolls (Eliza), Arundel. Aug. 16; Verrall and Son, Worthing. Robson (Louisa), Jarrow. Aug. 21; R. Brown and Son, Newcastle-upon

Tyne. RusCoE (William), Kelsall, or RUSCOE (Ellen). Aug. 31; J. C. Bate,

Chester. SIME (John), Ealing. Aug. 12; A. H. Procter, Falin. STANSFIELD (Charlotte), Blackpool. Aug. 23; R. W. Robinson, Black

pool, SLATER-HARRISON Edward), Bicester. Sept. 1; Lowe and Co., 2. Temple

grdns, E.C. STIYSON (Edward), Brixton-hill, S.W. Aug. 26; H. G. Stimson, Salis

bury House, London-wall, E.C. SPARKE (Henry Bowyer), Gunthorpe, Briningham, and Bushev Heath.

Sept. 1; Fladgate and Co., 2, Craig's-ct, Charing Cross, S.W. SWAN (James), Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Aug. 24; Dickinson, Miller, and

Turnbull. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. STEVENS (William Henry), Ealing. Aug. 28; S. Rawclifle, 7, New-sq,

Lincoln's-inn, W.C. STANDEN (Elizabeth), Ticehurst. Aug. 11; T. Buss, Tunbridge Wells. Scott (Hugh), Cumwhitton. Aug. 18; J. Sewell, ('arlisle THORNBURN (Mary Jane), Bothel Low Moor and Papcastle. Aug. 15;

Waugh and Musgrave, Cockermouth TOPHAM (Isabella), Lancaster. Aug. 1; Marstod, Gibsons, and Sturton,

Lancaster.

PROMOTIONS AND APPOINTMENTS, Information intended for publication under the above heading should reach us

not later thau Thursday morning in each cek, as publication is otherwise delayed. Sir William RYLAND DENT ADKINS, barrister-at-low, bas been appointed Recorder of the City of Nottingbam, in the room of His Honour Judge Henry Yorke Stanger, K.C, resigned. Sir William was called by the Inner Temple in 1890.

Mr. ALBERT ROWLAND CLUER has been appointed & Judge of County Courts in place of the late Judge Bacon. Mr. Cluer was called by Lincolo's.ion in 1877.

Mr. EDWARD HARE PICKERSGILL, M.P., has been appointed & Metropolitan Police Magistrate in the place of Mr. A. R. Cimer. Mr. Pickersgill was called by the Ioner Temple io 1884.

Dr. Thomas HUNTER, town clerk of Edinburgh, bas received the honour of Knighthood.

Mr. Robert WESTON CRACROFT has been appointed a Revieing Barrister for the Lincoln District on the Midland Circait.

Mr. Cracroft was called by the Inger Temple on the 17th Nov. 1883.

Mr. Charles LEETE ATTENBOROUGH has been appointed a Revising Barrister for the Leicester District on tbe Midland Circuit. Mr. Attenborough was called by the Inner Temple on tbe 22nd April 1891.

Mr. LEONARD POWNEY EBDEN bas been appointed Judicial Commissioner of the Federated Malay States. Mr. Ebden was called by the Inner Temple in 1904.

Mr. F. BILFIELD has been appointed Legal Adviser of the Federated Malay States.

Mr. JOSEPH C. JUDD, K.C., of the City of London. Ontario, Canada, has succeeded the late Mr. Francis Love as Police Magistrate for that city.

Mr. MontagUE FLAMANK EDYVEAN, of Bod min, has been appointed a Commissioner for Oaths. Mr. Edyrean was admitted in 1905.

LAW SOCIETIES.

SOCIETY OF PUBLIC TEACHERS OF LAW. The third appual general meeting of the Society of Public Teachers of Law was held on the 14th inst., in the Refreshment Room, Lincoln's. ion Hall, by permission of the Treasurer and Masters of the Bench. The chair at the opening of the meeting was taken by the president for 1910-11, Sir Alfred Hopkinson, K.C. There was a fair attendance of members. The report, which was adopted, showed a slight increase in the ordinary membership of the society, and contained an account of the work of the committee in various directions. The president, in a short address, reviewed the events of the past session, and indicated several directions in which the energies of the society might profitably be employed in the future. On behalf of the committee, he moved the election of officers for the year 1911.12 --namely : President, Dr. W. Blake Odgers, K.C. ; vicepresident, Sir John Macdonell, C.B.; treasurer, Mr. Harold D. Hazel. tine; and honorary secretary, Mr. Edward Jenks. lhe nomipations

unanimously confirmed by the meeting Tbe meeting discussed a special report the education of the articled clerk, which bad been drawn up by a special committee appointed at the previous general meeting. The report, after being a mended in various particulars, was in the end unanimously adopted, and left in the hands of the president and retiring president to deal with an occasion should arise. Various other matiere, including a resolution to urge upon all students of law the desirability of attending tbe courts, and instructing the general committee to take such steps as might be necessary to overcome difficulties in this direction,

:

:

were

on

July 22, 1911.]

THE GAZETTES.

were dealt with by the meeting. The members of the society and their guests dined together at the Waldorf Hotel, when the company included Dr. Blake Odgere, the Treasurer of Gray's.inn (Mr. Edward Clayton, K.C.), the President of the Law Society (Mr. W. J. Humfrys), Mr. Balfour Browne, K.C., Professor Goudy, Sir Francis Maclean (formerly Chief Justice of Bengal), Sir Edward Candr, Mr. H. F. Mapisty, K.C., Mr. J. F. P. Rawlinson, K.C., M.P., the Official Solicitor (Mr. W. H. Winterbotbam), and the Principal of King's College, London (Rev. A. C. Headlam, D.D.).

Professional Partnerships Dissolved.

GAZETTE, JULY 18. WIGHTMAN, Dossey, and PARKER, JAMES KENYON, solicitor3, Sheffield.

April 30, 1911. Debts by J. K. Parker.

Bankrupts.
THE BANKRUPTCY ACTS 1883 AND 1890
RECEIVING ORDERS

GAZETTE, JULY 14,
To surrender at the High Court of Justice, in Bankruptcy.
CORONEL, SIDNEY, Sackville-st, Piccadilly, cigar merchant. July 11.
DANKS, C. L., Lower Regent-st, insurance broker. July 10.
NAISBIT, JOHN CUTHBERT, and NAISBIT, ALBERT, late Forest-la. Forest

Gate, coal merchants. July 10. PLANUS, JEAN (trading as Jean Planus and Co.), late Cullum-st, stamp

dealer. July 12. PRIMROSE, R., Ennismore-grdns, Kensington. July 12. SITCH, ALFRED, Brecknock-rd, metal worker. July 10.

CORRESPONDENCE. This department being open to free discussion on all Professional topics, the

Editor does not hold bimself responsible for auy opinions or statements contained in it. OLD CLAIMS FOR SUCCESSION DUTY.-It would be interesting to koow if the followiog experience is a common one, and wbat is the best course to adopt with regard to it. The particulars are as follows: A testator died in 1872, leaving seven houses to his daughter for life aod then to ber children, and succession duty was paid on the value of the daughter's life interest. The daughter died in 1880, leaving two children (the eldest only two years old). The two trustees of the will do not appear to bave given notice of the daughter's death, and jo the same year (1880) they relinquished the trust and appointed the daughter's busband in their place. He likewise gave no notice of his wife's death, and probably never knew he ought to bave done so. A claim has now in 1911 been made for succeseion duty arising on the death of the daughter in 1880, based on the annual value of the property in 1880. Although this claim would be statute.barred against an innocent purchaser, there seems to be no protection for an innocent beneficiary, and in this case the property has not been sold, but the daughter's two children have been in receipt of the rents for years without the slightest idea of any pending claim for duty. It may be strictly in order and right, but it does seem hard that the omissio 13 of one generation sbould be visited on another in this way, and it gives one an unpleasant feeling of insecurity to contemplate the ferreting out of old accounts that must be proceeding at Somerset House.

P.

LEGAL OBITUARY.

To surrender at their respective District Courts. ARMSTRONG, FREDERICK, Rugby, tailor. Ct. Coventry, July 10. BARTON, JAMES, Liverpool, solicitor. Ct, Liverpool July 10. BILLINGS, HARRY REGINALD, Liverpool, hairdresser. Ct. Liverpool.

July 12. BLOXAM, WILLIAM HENRY, Leicester, fish dealer. Ct. Leicester. July 11. BROCKLESBY, DAVID, New Cleethorpes, chemist. Ct. Great Grimsby.

July 10. BATCHELOR, BENJAMIN WILLIAM (trading as B. Bridges), Brighton,

builder. Ct. Brighton. July 11. CLAYTON, MATTHIAS, Wigan, builder. Ct. Wigan. July 10. COOPER, John. Treorky, colliery rider. Ct. Pontypridd, Ystradyfodwg,

and Porth. July 11. DOWELL, EDWARD PHILIP, Bangor, grocer. Ct. Bangor. July 10. DENISON, Thomas (trading as T. Denison and Co.), Leeds, hydraulic

engineer. Ct. Leeds. July 11. Day, John, South Lowestoft. boatowner. Ct. Great Yarmouth.

July 12 FUTCHER, GEORGE, Downton. builder. Ct. Salisbury. July 12. GREENOUGH, EDWARD, St. Helens, builder Ct. Liverpool. July 11. Halton, JAMES, Aspull, late off-licence holder. Ct. Wigan. July 10. HORTON, GEORGE, Leeds, innkeeper. Ct. Leeds. July 11. HAIGH, HARRY, Huddersfield, joiner. Ct. Huddersfield. July 11. JACKSON, WOOLFE, Manchester, moneylender. Ct. Manchester. July 10. JARVIS, WILLIAM, Cannock, grocer. Ct. Walsall. July 11. JENKINS, GWILYM Thomas Nelson, innkeeper. Ct. Pontypridd, Ystrady.

fodwg, and Porth. July 10. LLOYD, John, Swansea, dairyman. Ct. Swansea. July 10. LEWIS, John, Merthyr Tydfil, collier. Ct. Merthyr Tydfil. July 11. LADKIN, RALPH, Earl Shilton, boot manufacturer. Ct. Leicester. July 10. LEA, John Orton, Burton-on-Trent, greengrocer. Ct. Burton-on-Trent.

July 12. MILLARD, THOMAS BENJAMIN, Elland, grocer. Ct. Halifax. July 10. MALT, HARRY, Colwall, hairdresser. Ct. Hereford. July 10. MALLINSON, ALFRED, late Manchester, confectioner. Ct. Dewsbury.

July 10 NOBLE, EDWARD JACOB (trading as F. and W. Dodsworth), Newcastle

upon Tyne, bookseller. Ct. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. July 10. Nixon, FREDERICK, Barnsley, fried fish dealer. Ct. Barnsley. July 10. PRICE, OLIVER JAMES, Gloucester, bricklayer. Ct. Gloucester. July 10. Smith, John William (trading as T. Smith and Sons), King's Lynn,

photographer. Ct. King's Lynn. July 11. SPOWART, JOIN WILLIAM, Manchester, music seller. Ct. Manchester.

July 11. WYLES, HORACE, Harbledown, baker. (t. Canterbury. July 11. WHEELER, HUBERT SOUTHORN, Leicester, commercial traveller (electrical).

Ct. Leicester. July 11. WRIGLEY, HERBERT HENRY (trading as H. H. Wrigley and Co.), Man.

chester, yarn agent. Ct. Manchester. July 11. WHITEMAN, THOMAS, Norwich, carpenter. Ct. Norwich. July 10. WOLSEY, HENRY KENT, Brandon, carter. Ct. Norwich. July 12. WRAY, EDWIN HAROLD (trading as Wray and Co.), Manchester, house

furnishers. Ct. Salford. July 11. WILSON, EDEN, Scarborough, spinster. Ct. Scarborough. July 11.

Mr. Thomas EDWARD CRISPE, K C., died suddeuly at his residence, Darolep-terrace, Overcliffe, Gravesend, on the 11th inst. Mr. Crispe, wbo was the only son of the late Thomas Crispe, of Malling, Kent, was well known at the Bar before his retirement for bis wit and humour, and his Reminiscences of a K.C., published about two years ago, cootain many of the anecdotes he bad gleaned in a long and varied legal experience. At the time of his death be was engaged on a second volume of reminiscences and a novel with a legal background. Mr. Crispe, w bo was born in 1833, was called by the Middle Temple in 1874, joined the South-Eastern Circuit, and took si k in 1901. He married Clara, daughter of the late Captain Edouard Maig, 2nd Netherlands Lapcere, and granddaughter of the Chevalier Jens Wolfe, State Councillor of the late King of Denmark, who survives him.

Mr. ARTHUR GREY, J.P., D.L, of Sutton Hall, Easingwold, near York, died there on the 12th inst. Mr. Grey, who was in his seventy: first year, was a member of one of the oldest and best kauwn York. shire families. He was the second son of the late Admiral the Hop. Arthur Duncombe, third son of the first Baron Feversbam, of Sutton Hall. He adupted the name of Grey by Royal licence in 1905, in order to comply with the provisions of a bequest to his wife. Mr. Grey was educated at Etop and University College, Oxford, and was called by Lipcolo's.ipn. He took an active interest in county business, being chairman of the East Riding Quarter Sessions, a Deputy. Lieutenant of the North and East Ridings, and a county alderman of the North Riding. He was a stanob Conservative and Cburobman, and in 1880 contested Soarborough, but was beaten by the Right Hon. J. G. Dodson, afterwards Lord Monk Bretton. In 1883, however, he was elected member for the Howdenshire Division, and represented it until 1892, wben he retired. He married in 1869 Katherine Henrietta Venezia, daughter of the late Mr. Henry John Milbanke, who survives him, and leaves two daughters.

GAZETTE, JULY 19. To surrender at the High Court of Justice, in Bankruptcy. DOLLMANN, C., King's-grdns, Hampstead, commission agent. July 14. HATCHER, FREDERICK, Union-st, Borough, licensed victualler. July 14. Syys. THOMAS, Queen Victoria-st, solicitor. July 13. YARMOUTH, THE EARL OF, Regent-st. July 13.

Ct.

THE COURTS AND COURT PAPERS.

To surrender at their respectire Diztrict Courts. COLLINS, THOMAS, late Selby, innkeeper. Ct. York. July 14. COLBOURN. ALBERT EDWARD, Hessle Common,

fish

merchant. Kingston-upon-Hull. July 14. CPITCHLEY, JOHN ALFRED, Moreton, licensed victualler. Ct, Birkenhead.

July 13. DOUGLASS, GEORGE OXLEY, Eston, bricklayer Ct. Middlesbrough.

July 14, DE Smidt, A. G. C., Aldershot, lieutenant in the army. Ct. Guildford

and Godalming. July 11. Fishlock, John, Sheffield, licensed victualler. Ct. Sheffield. July 15. Gill, John Howard, late East Twickenhain, commercial traveller. Ct.

Kingston, Surrey. July 15.
GIRLING, FREDERICK John, late Leicester, technical instructor.

Ct.
Barnsley. July 15.
HUGHES, ROBERT Thomas, Bangor, late licensed victualler. Ct. Bangor.

July 15, HIXGLEY, GEORGE SIAS; HINGLEY, Silas; HinGLEY, WILLIAM; HINGLEY,

ALFRED (L. and S. Hingley and Sons), Wordsley, glass manufacturers.

Ct. Stourbridge. July 11. Hick. ARTHUR (trading as Hick and Co.), Leeds, fish merchant. Ct.

Leeds. July 12. HAZLEHURST. JOHN WILLIAM, Burnley, grocer. Ct. Burnley. July 13. KERSHAW. WILLIAM. late Leeds, journeyman engineer. Ct. Norwich.

July 15, Lowe, ABEL, Wellington, hardware dealer. Ct. Shrewsbury. July 13. LEWRY, ALFRED JOHN, Bótley, butcher. Ct. Southampton. July 13. MONTIN, HENRY DUNCAN, Sunbury, licensed victualler. Ct. Kingston,

Surrey. July 13.

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MARTIN, MICHAEL, Widnes, grocer. Ct. Liverpool. July 13.
MABLESON, GEORGE, Boston, grocer. Ct. Boston. July 15.
NAYLOR, WILFRED, Burnley, butcher. Ct. Burnley. July 13.
PARKER, ABEL, and PARKER, WALTER, Nottingham, joiners. Ct. Notting-

ham. July 15.
PHILBIN, EDWARD, late Bury, motor engineer. Ct. Bolton. July 15.
PALLISER, WILLIAM, Blaydon, grocer. Ct. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. July 12.
RIDPATH, WILLIAM HENRY (trading as Ridpath and Wells), Ilkeston,

electrical engineer. Ct. Derby and Long Eaton. July 14. STAPLES, WILLIAM JOHN, Kenn, wheelwright. Ct. Bristol. July 13. STILL, LAWRENCE PEEL PHILIPPS, Bristol. Ct. Bristol. July 15. TINLINE, JOHN Douglas MADDEN, Teignmouth, gentleman. Ct. Exeter.

July 14.

LEWRY, ALFRED JOHN, Botley, butcher. Ct. Southampton. July 13.
MARTIN, MICHAEL, Widnes, grocer. Ct. Liverpool. July 15.
MABLESON, GEORGE, Boston, grocer. Ct. Boston. July 15.
NEWTON, JOHN R., and BEDFORD, JOHN EDWARD (trading as Bedford and

Newton), Cudworth, builders. Ct. Barnsley. July 14.
NAYLOR, WILFRED, Burnley, butcher. Ct. Burnley. July 13.
ORGEL, ELEAZER, late Plymouth, furniture dealer. Ct. Plymouth.

July 15. PALLISER, WILLIAM, Blaydon, grocer. Ct. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. July 14. PARKER, ABEL, and PARKER, WALTER, Nottingham, joiners. Ct. Notting

ham. July 15. PHILBIN, EDWARD, late Bury, motor engineer. Ct. Bolton. July 15. PlANUS, JEAN JACQUES MARCEL (described in the receiving order as Jean

Planus, trading as Jean Planus and Co.), late Cullum-st, stamp

dealer. Ct. High Court. July 12. RILPATH, WILLIAM HENRY (trading as Ridpath and Wells), Ilkeston,

electrical engineer. Ct. Derby and Long Eaton. July 14, STAPLES, WILLIAM JOHN, Kenn, wheelwright. Ct. Bristol. July 13. STILL, LAWRENCE PEEL PHILIPPS, Bristol. Ct. Bristol. July 15. TULLY, WILLIAM (trading as William Tully and Co.), Water-la, Great

Tower-st, mica merchant. Ct. High Court. July 13. WRAY, EDWIN HAROLD (trading as Wray and Co), Manchester, house

furnishers. Ct. Salford. July 14. WALKER, FREDERICK A., late Foots Cray. Ct. High Court. July 13.

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ADJUDICATIONS.

GAZETTE, JULY 14. ALEXANDER, JAMES, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, iron merchant. Ct. Newcastle

upon Tyne. July 6. ALBERRY, ALBERT EDWARD, late Stanfree, club manager. Ct. Chesterfield.

July 11. BAXTER, MICHAEL PAGET (trading as the Autɔmobile de Luxe), Barnsbury

pk, Barnsbury, engineer. Ct. High Court. July 11. BLOXAM, WILLIAM HENRY, Leicester, fish dealer. Ct. Leicester. July 11. BROCKLESBY, DAVID, New Cleethorpes, chemist. Ct. Great Grimsby.

July 10. BATCHELOR, BENJAMIN WILLIAM (trading as B. Bridges), Brighton,

builder. Ct. Brighton. July 11. BRIGGS, JOHN (trading as Briggs Bros.), Bradford, joiner. Ct. Bradford.

July 11. COOPER, ALBERT WILLIAM, Ryder-st, St. James'-st, insurance broker. Ct.

High Court. July 11. COOPER, JOAN, Treorky, colliery rider. Ct. Pontypridd, Ystradyfodwg,

and Porth. July 11. DOWELL, EDWARD PHILIP, Bangor, grocer. Ct. Bangor. July 10. DENISON, THOMAS (trading as T. Denison and Co.), Leeds, hydraulic

engineer. Ct. Leeds. July 11. DAY, JOHN, South Lowestoft, boatowner. Ct. Great Yarmouth.

July 12 FUTCHER, GEORGE, Downton, builder. Ct. Salisbury. July 12. HANCOCK, ERNEST JAMES, late Wandsworth, grocer. Ct. Wandsworth.

July 10. HALTON, JAMES, Aspull, late off-licence holder. Ct. Wigan. July 10. HORTON, GEORGE, Leeds, innkeeper. Ct. Leeds. July il. HAIGH. HARRY, Huddersfield, joiner. Ct. Huddersfield. July 11. JONES, WILLIAM GEORGE (late trading as W. G. Jones and Co., but now as

Allen and Co. and as T. H. Cooper and Co.), Camden Town, grocer.

Ct. Brentford. July 11. Jones, RICHARD, and EVANS, RICHARD Morgan, Walsall, builders. Ct.

Walsall. July 10. JENKINS, GWILYM THOMAS, Nelson, innkeeper. Ct. Pontypridd, Ystrady

fodwg, and Porth. July 10. JACKSON, WOOLFE, Manchester, moneylender. Ct. Manchester, July 12. KENNEDY, BART, Southampton-st, Strand, author. Ct. High Court.

July 8. LUSTGARTEN, ABRAHAM. Turner-st, Commercial-rd, wholesale confectioner.

Ct. High Court. July 7. LLOYD, JOHN, Swansea, dairyman. Ct. Swansea. July 10. LINDOP, CUTHBERT FENTON (late trading as C. F. Lindop and Co.), Liver.

pool, electrician. Ct. Liverpool. July 10. LEA, JOHN ORTON. Burton-on-Trent, greengrocer. Ct. Burton-on-Trent.

July 12. LEWIS, John, Merthyr Tydfil, collier. Ct. Merthyr Tydfil. July 11. MILLARD, THOMAS BENJAMIN, Elland, grocer. Ct. Halifax. July 10. Malt, HARRY, Colwall, hairdresser. Ct. Hereford, July 10. MALLINSON, ALFRED, 'late Manchester, confectioner. Ct. Dewsbury.

July 10. NAISBIT, JOHN Cuti ERT. and NAJSBIT, ALBERT, late Forest-la, Forest

Gate, coal merchants. Ct. High Court. July 10. Nixon, FREDERICK, Barnsley, fried fish dealer. Ct. Barnsley. July 10. NOBLE, EDWARD JACOB (trading as F. and W. Dodsworth), Newcastle

upon Tyne, bookseller. Ct. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. July 10. Price, OLIVER JAMES, Gloucester, bricklayer. Ct. Gloucester. July 10. ROSENTHAL, JACOB WOOLF, British-st, Bow, theatrical manager. Ct. High

Court. July 8 SCHOLES, RALPH, Woodley, jeweller. Ct. Stockport. July 8. SpOwart, JOHN WILLIAM, Manchester, music seller. Ct. Manchester.

July 11. SMITH, JOHN WILLIAM (trading as T. Smith and Sons), King's Lynn,

photographer. Ct. King's Lynn. July 11. WRIGHT, WILLIAM, Chapeltown, builder. Ct. Barnsley. July 12. WYLES, HORACE, Harbledown, baker. Ct. Canterbury July 11. WHEELER, HUBERT SOUTHORN, Leicester, commercial traveller (electrical).

Ct. Leicester. July 11. WRIGLEY, HERBERT HENRY (trading as H. H. Wrigley and Co.), Man

chester, yarn agent. Ct. Manchester. July 11. WHITEMAN, THOMAS, Norwich, carpenter. Ct. Norwich. July 10. WOLSEY, HENRY KENT, Brandon, carter. Ct. Norwich. July 12.

BIRTHS. COMBE.-On the 7th inst., at_25, Eldon-rd, Kensington, W., the wife of

R. G. Nicholson Combe, Barrister-at-law, of a son. WATKIN WILLIAMS.-On the 8th inst., at the White House, Stockland,

near Honiton, the wife of Robert Thesiger Watkin Williams, Master of the Supreme Court, of a son.

MARRIAGES. CRIPPS-SWITHINBANK.-On the 12th inst., at St. Mary's, Denham,

Richard Stafford Cripps, son of Sir Alfred Cripps, K.C., M.P., of Parmoor, Hambleden, Bucks, to Isobel, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.

Harold Swithinbank, of Denham Court, Denham, Bucks. TEMPLER-PRIOR.-On the 11th inst., at St. Bartholomew's, Chichester,

John Frederic, elder_son of His Honour Judge Templer and Mrs. Templer, The Hall, Eaglescliffe, to Laura Katharine, elder daughter of Edward S. Prior, F.S.A., Chichester.

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GAZETTE, JULY 18. ARMSTRONG, FREDERICK, Rugby, tailor. Ct. Coventry. July 15, ANTILL. BRENNER, Acton, builder. Ct. Brentford. July 14. Billings, HARRY REGINALD, Liverpool, hairdresser. Ct. Liverpool.

July 13. CORONEL. SIDNEY AUBREY (described in the receiving order as Sidney

Coronel), Sackville-st, Piccadilly, cigar merchant. Ct. High Court.

July 13. CLAYTON, MATTHIAS. Wigan, builder. Ct. Wigan. July 13. COLLINS, THOMAS, late Selby, innkeeper. Ct. York. July 14. Danks, CHARLES LOVITT, Lower Regent-st, insurance broker. Ct. High

Court. July 14. DOUGLASS. GEORGE OXLEY, Eston, bricklayer. Ct. Middlesbrough.

July 14. Fisulock. JOAN, Sheffield, licensed victualler. Ct. Sheffield. July 15. GREENOUGH, EDWARD, St. Helens, builder. Ct. Liverpool. July 15. GIRLING, FREDERICK JOHN, late Leicester, technical instructor. Ct.

Barnsley. July 15, Hick, ARTHUR (trading as Hick and Co.), Leeds, fish merchant. Ct.

Leeds. July 12. HUGHES, ROBERT THOMAS, Bangor, late licensed victualler. Ct. Bangor.

July 15. HOOLEY, ERNEST TERAH, King's Cross, financier. Ct. High Court.

July 15. JARVIS, WILLIAM, Cannock, grocer. Ct. Walsall. July 13. KERSHAW. WILLIAM. late' Leeds, journeyman engineer. Ct. Norwich.

July 15. LADKIN, RALPH. Earl Shilton. boot manufacturer. Ct. Leicester. July 15. LowE, ABEL, Wellington, hardware dealer. Ct. Shrewsbury. July 13.

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