« EelmineJätka »
the doctrine of constitutional peculiarity, drive home the improbability of the victim ever being able to touch alcohol like other people, and plead for abstinence in the inebriate's own interest and in that of those for whom he has sufficient affection to make sacrifices. In the writer's experience the moderate drinker has been much more successful in this phase of the work than the teetotaller, in whom, as a rule, the drunkard has no confidence. In any effort of this kind the co-operation of an intelligent medical practitioner is invaluable, in order that the result may not be endangered by the physical distress, mental anxiety, and insomnia that invariably follow the withdrawal of an intoxicant to which the body has become accustomed.
When simple encouragement fails, it becomes necessary to call in the aid of any further supplementary influences that are available without interference with personal liberty. The word 'supplementary" is used here with intent, because throughout treatment, whether mild or severe means are employed, personal influence remains the most potent factor.
In the search for additional measures the individuality of the inebriate must be taken into account. What is wanted is something in which he has some measure of belief; something that will imbue him with sufficient hope of deliverance to stimulate him to exercise his neglected self-control. Amongst such influences may be mentioned special medical treatment, suggestive therapeutics, electrical treatment, strict religious discipline, and the magical influence of some well-advertised drug cure. A change of occupation from one that is uncongenial to one that is congenial, love of sport and a desire to keep in fitness for it, promises of reward, and threats of disinheritance, are also inducements or spurs that have proved useful in some instances. But it is obvious that a choice of one, or a combination of more than one, of these influences, must depend upon the mental attitude of the inebriate and the circumstances of each individual case.
Inebriety, in a fair percentage of cases where constitutional peculiarity exists, is caused by organic disease or functional derangement, and has been maintained in consequence of the continuance of an untreated morbid condition. This is often so in women, where alcoholic relief from neurotic or periodic pain has given rise to habit; in men as one of the first symptoms of nervous breakdown from overwork; and in both sexes as a result of injury, mental instability, debility after exhausting disease, or nerve shock. Simple encouragement is not likely to be successful in such cases until medical treatment has modified or removed the cause.
Without granting all that its advocates claim for it, there is probably a useful future for suggestive therapeutics, practised scientifically by medical men with special training and experience. At any rate, as a supplementary measure for dealing with inebriates without physical restraint, it is well worth a trial, with some prospect of success in suitable cases. Unfortunately, here again the treatment of inebriety is handicapped, as it is at every turn, by absence of facility. If the practice of hypnosis had proved to be of value in the treatment of consumption, even to the limited extent that it has already proved to be of value in the treatment of inebriety, institutions would have been provided before this for the advantage of the impoverished and destitute; as it is, any advantage that may be obtained from its application is restricted to those who are able to pay well for attention and treatment. The same remarks may be applied with equal force to the use of electricity as an aid to treatment.
Concerning religious exercises as an auxiliary agency in the treatment of drunkenness, little can be said. So much depends upon training and individual capacity for belief in the efficacy of prayer, fasting, and religious observances. Given such belief, trust in the assistance of a higher power will doubtless afford the necessary · stimulus to self-help, and self-restraint in other matters will also tend to increase self-control in the direction desired.
The writer has no intention whatever of advocating an indiscriminate resort to drug "cures," seeing that he disbelieves entirely in the existence of any specific remedy or in the possibility of such ever being discovered. Notwithstanding this, so long as attention is confined to "cures" advocated by philanthropic associations, to the entire neglect of those sold for commercial purposes by trading companies and quacks, some benefit may occasionally arise from their use. The advertisements, the promise of cure, the magic of secrecy, and the system of adminstration, are all factors tending towards the birth of a belief in the possibility of recovery, and towards the utmost use of existing, but neglected, self-control. At best it is nothing short of trickery; but, in view of the possible advantage to be gained, even trickery is sometimes justifiable. There are so few remedial agencies available that use must be made of everything presenting the smallest prospect of value. Moreover, so long as the medical profession continues to give such scant attention to a morbid state that is responsible for so much bodily ill and domestic distress, no surprise can be felt when a suffering public, turning in despair from those who should help, resorts to unorthodox and unscientific methods.
Simple encouragement, even when supported by supplementary measures such as are outlined above, often fails to produce the desired effect-fails, in fact, in the majority of cases. We may safely assume, however, if these suggestions have been carried out, that every known possibility of treating inebriates without restriction to personal liberty has been employed. Failure to produce good result now means a choice between two alternatives. either (1) resort to interference with personal liberty, or (2) abandonment of any further attempt at help. The latter course, nothing short of a policy
of despair, is unwarrantable on all grounds, and especially so on the ground that properly applied restraint affords a chance of recovery superior to any other means that may be devised.
Interference with personal liberty ensures abstinence from alcohol for a time; if it does not do so, it is insufficient and useless. Any indulgence by the patient should be impossible during the weaning process, and during the days or weeks that follow, whatever subsequent procedure is adopted. The total removal of alcohol permits a study of personality that is impossible so long as any is being taken, enables a decision to be arrived at as to the means most likely to be advantageous, gives facility for medical attention and treatment, and provides opportunity for the application of those supplementary measures that failed during freedom and indulgence. Restraint, to be effectual, and at the same time protective to the interests of the patient, should be applied by legal process, and carried out by capable individuals under suitable regulations and supervision.
Unfortunately, there are no powers available to enforce restraint except on the initiative of the inebriate himself and with his full consent. Seeing that about one only out of every three or four hundred inebriates, on the lowest computation, can be induced to consent, before poverty and degradation makes consent practically useless, the actual condition is obvious. After trying our best with measures of an admittedly tentative nature, which are expected to fail in the majority of cases, we come to a point where all further action is barred, and the abandonment of any further attempt to help is the course that must be adopted, because there is no alternative. The admission of patients to retreats on their own initiative, after many years of drunkenness, and the committal of disorderly and criminal drunkards to reformatories after they have sunk to the level of degenerates, are available much too late for obtaining a large percentage of good results-as large as might reasonably be expected from timely interference.
The matter would be entirely different were legislation forthcoming on the lines recommended by the Departmental Committee of 1908, who gave very careful consideration to the possible improvement of the law in all directions. It would then be practicable, after trying the means detailed above, to proceed with the mildest possible measure of restraint the appointment of a friendly guardian, endowed with sufficient power to stop the supply of drink, encourage self-help, and employ such supplementary procedure as seemed likely to prove advantageous. If that failed, there would still be institution treatment to fall back upon as a last resortthe handing over of patients into the care of persons who have made the treatment of drunkenness their life work, and who are therefore best fitted to make the fullest use of every possible chance of recovery. Even then detention should be for short periods in the first instance, to be followed by longer terms as occasion required.
But the complete fulfilment of this scheme for the logical treat ment of the inebriate still remains a possibility for the future.
HEIRS-AT-LAW AND NEXT OF KIN. PALING (Francis), Lowdham, who died March 31, 1911. His cousins, or the issue of any who died during his lifetime, to communicate at once with Kirkland and Lane, sols., Southwell.
APPOINTMENTS UNDER THE JOINT STOCK
NOTICES OF APPEARANCE AT HEARING MUST REACH THE SOLICITORS BY 6 P.M. ON TO
GRIMSBY TRAWL ROLLER AND BOX-MAKING COMPANY LIMITED-Creditors to send in, by Sept. 30. to W. R. Boyd, Waby's-chmbrs, Cleethorpe-rd, Grimsby. Brown and Son, Grimsby, sols. for liquidator.
GOWGANDA SILVER LIMITED.-Creditors to send in, by Sept. 30, to C. J.
March, 23, Queen Victoria-st, E.C.
LOGS LIMITED.-Creditors to send in, by Sept. 25, to H. Haggett., 228,
inn, sols. to liquidator.
LONDON AERODROME LIMITED (in voluntary liquidation for the purpose of selling the whole of its undertaking to Mr. C. Grahame-White)Creditors to send in, by Sept. 2, to W. A. Pearce, 1, Broad-st-pl, E.C. LIMITED. -Creditors to send in, by Sept. 1, to J. Paterson, 1, Walbrook. MARKS AND CO. LIMITED. Creditors to send in, bs Sept. 14, to A. Pack, 28, King-st, Cheapside. Biddle, Thorne, Welsford, and Sidgwick,
22, Aldermanbury, E.C., sols. to liquidator.
RINKING by Aug. 24, to H. J. MAGNUM STEEL COMPANY LIMITED.-Creditors to send in, by Sept. 15, to
E. O'Dwyer, St. Helens Junction, Lancaster.
Blanch, 291, Gracechurch-st,
SWABLE PG church, LIMITED-Creditors to send in, by Sept 12, to E. G. Wilding, Arima, Denbridge-rd, Bickley.
CREDITORS UNDER ESTATES IN CHANCERY.
LAST DAY OF PROOFS.
RAYMOND-MURRAY (Rona), otherwise Rachel McKerrow, Maidenhead. Oct. 1; E. F. Hunt, of Redfern, Hunt, and Co., sols., Dauntsey House, Frederick's-pl, E.C. Oct. 13; Eady and Neville, JJ., at 12.
CREDITORS UNDER 22 & 23 VICT. c. 35.
LAST DAY OF CLAIM AND TO WHOM PARTICULARS TO BE SENT. ASKWITH (Ven. William Henry), Taunton. Sept. 30; Kite, Broomhead, and Kite, Taunton.
ASH (Georgina Mary Isabel), Crowhurst. Sept. 15; Johnson and Clarence, Midhurst.
AUSTIN (Maria), Taffs Well. Sept. 8; R. R. Morgan, Cardiff.
AITKEN (Frances Mary), Ashfield, Fallowfield. Sept. 30; Addleshaw, Sons, and Co., Manchester.
APKWRIGHT (Margaret Eleanor), Sloane-sq. Sept. 19; T. Eggar and Co., Brighton.
Denton. Sept. 19; A. H. Malim and Son,
BEVAN (Anne), Mumbles. Sept. 23; Strick and Bellingham, Swansea. BUCKETT (Edward Biggs), Oxford. Sept. 29; T. Mallam and Co., Oxford. BULKELEY (William Alfred), Henley-on-Thames. Oct. 1; Mercer and Blaker, Henley-on-Thames.
BLACKWELL (Elizabeth), Burnham. Sept. 23; E. Lee Michell, Wellington, Somerset.
BELL (Henry Hunter), Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Sept. 26; Wilkinson and Marshall, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
BEET (Maria), Redmile. Sept. 14; R. H. and S. A. Gibson, at the offices of Hodgkinson and Beevor, Newark-on-Trent.
BROOKS (Job Edwin), Great Malvern. Sept. 14; Porter, Amphlett, and Co., Conway.
CROSS (Walter Thomas), Bedford Park. Sept. 26; W. A. G. Davidson, Acton, W.
CRESSWELL (Sophia Edith), Highgate, Birmingham. Sept. 21; W. Ful. ford, 58, Station-rd, King's Heath, or his sol., C. Parkhouse, Bir. mingham.
CUMMING (Edwin), Ilsington. Sept. 12; Hacker and Michelmore,
COLLIER (William George), Teddington. Sept. 24; E. M. and M. L.
CRAGGS (Frances), Fulham. Sept. 4; Pierron and Ellis, West Kensington.
COLE (Elizabeth Bromell), Holsworthy. Oct. 4; Peter and Peter, Holsworthy.
DAVIS (Margaret), Sunderland. Sept. 18; W. Priestly, Sunderland.
ESTLIN (Mary Thompson), Nuneaton. Sept. 19; C. Blakeway, Nuneaton ERBACH (Caroline), Tottenham. Sept. 30; Syrett and Sons, 46, Finsburypave, E.C.
FOULKES (Mary), Chester. Sept. 18; Walker. Smith, and Way, Chester. FAIR (Jacob Wilson), Wigan. Sept. 18; Wilson, Wright, and Wilsons, Preston.
GILBERT (Sir William Schwenck), Harrow Weald. Sept. 30; Horne and Birkett, 4, Lincoln's-inn-fids, W.C.
GRIMES (John Ralph), St. Leonards-on-Sea. Sept. 16; Harris and Son, sols
GIBBONS (Ebenezer), Enfield Town. Sept. 25; P. G. Vanderpump, Enfield Town.
GODDEN (Edward Benjamin), Liscard. Sept. 50; Cornish and Forfar,
HEWITT (Henry George), Kirkella. Sept. 26; Budd and Co., 33, Bedford-row, W.C.
HULL (Walter Curle), Reigate. Sept. 30; Keith, Blake, and Co., Norwich. HULL (Flora), Reigate. Sept. 30; Keith, Blake, and Co., Norwich. HANMER (Jane Sarah), Bonchurch. Sept. 14; Fardells, Ryde.
HART (Mary), Richmond. Sept. 16; Richardson, Sadlers, and Callard, 28, Golden-sq, Regent-st, W.
JAMFS (Sarah), Camden Town.
Somerset-st, Portman-sq. W.
Sept. 25; Saxton and Morgan, 29,
JAMES (Rev. Alan Charles Thomas), Bury. Sept. 30; Pyke, Parrott, and Co., 63, Lincoln's-inn-filds, W.C.
KEOGH (George Peterson Francis), Sloane Gardens-mansions, Sept. 30; Witham, Roskell, Munster, and Weld, 1, Gray's-inn-sq, W.C. LIGHTFOOT (David), Wednesbury. Sept. 16; T. Jones, Wednesbury. LEPPINGTON (William Earnshaw), Torquay. Sept. 12; Hacker and Michelmore, Newton Abbot.
LANDOU (George William), Islington. Sept. 8; H. Snowman and Co., 23, Aldgate, E.C.
MACKENZIE (Joseph Duke), Chiswick. Sept. 25; H. W. Newton, 37, Queen Victoria-st, E.C.
MERLY (Teresa), Brighton.
Sept. 23; Sheard, Breach, and Wace, 2,
MORTON (James), Sunderland. Aug. 31; Burnicle and Morton, Sunderland.
MAAS (Edward), 24, Eastcheap, and Maidenhead. Oct. 18; E. Betteley, 23, Surrey-st, Victoria Embankment, W.C.
MEYERS (John), Hove. Sept. 29: Ruston, Clark, and Ruston, Brentford. MOODY (Henrietta Annabella), Southampton. Sept. 22; Page and Gulliford, Southampton.
MASTIN (Thomas Bycroft), Hastings. Sept. 29; Chalinder and Herington, Hastings.
MASON (John), Levenshulme. Sept. 26; F. Hamer, Ashton-under-Lyne. NEWTON (George). Shipley. Oct. 2; Greaves and Greaves, Bradford. NEWELL (Francis William), Poplar, and Southend-on-Sea. Oct. 1; Marcus and Co., 47 and 48, Broad-st-av. E.C.
PEARSON (Mary), Addison-rd, Holland Park-av. Sept. 29: Wild and Collins, St. Lawrence House, Trump-st, King-st, Cheapside, E.C. PACK (Hannah), Walsworth. Sept. 21; Hawkins and Co., Hitchin.. PALING (Francis), Lowdham. Sept. 23; T. Haslam, the elder, Lowdham. Sols., Kirkland and Lane, Southwell.
PITTMAN (Mary Deborah Garrett), Hastings. Sept. 29; Chalinder and Herington, Hastings.
PHELPS (Rev. Thomas), Burley. Sept. 27; Andrews, Barrett, and Wilkinson, Weymouth.
POTTER (Philip), Mitchett, Ash. Sept. 4; Hollest, Mason, and Nash,
PRICE (David), Clapham. Sept. 20; J. T. Goddard, 5 and 6, Clement'sinn, Strand, W.C.
RUSSELL (Dame Charlotte), Hyde Park. Sept. 22; T. B. Lodge, 2, New-ct, Lincoln's-inn.
READING (William), Ealing. Sept. 18; the executors, at the office of W. H. Smith, 10, Fenchurch-bldgs, E.C.
STOKES (Mary Ann), Deal. Sept. 18; Brown and Brown, Deal
SIMPSON (Adam), Middleton. Sept. 21; Bingham, Hall, and Ritchie, Manchester.
SMITH (Isabella), Richmond. Sept. 16; Richardson, Sadlers, and Callard, 28, Golden-sq, Regent-st, W.
SLOCOMBE (Frederick), Teignmouth. Sept. 12; Hacker and Michelmore, Newton Abbot.
SHAPLEY (William Henry), Chudleigh. Sept. 12; Hacker and Michelmore, Newton Abbot.
SIMPSON (James), Melbourne. Sept. 15; H. S. Powell, Pocklington.
SEAR (William), Walsworth. Sept. 21; Hawkins and Co., Hitchin.
THE LAW SOCIETY.-ANNUAL PROVINCIAL MEETING.
PROGRAMME OF ARRANGEMENTS.
IN connection with the annual provincial meeting of the Law Society to be held at Nottingham on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, the 25th, 26th, 27th, and 28th Sept., the Nottingham Incorporated Law Society have issued a detailed programme of arrangements and general information to the following effect:
Monday, Sept. 25.-The inquiry office will be open from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. at the University College, Shakespeare-street, for the registration of addresses, selection of works and other places to be visited on Tuesday, and for general business.
In the evening a smoking concert will be given, on the invitation of the Nottingham Incorporated Law Society, at the Victoria Hall, commencing at nine o'clock. Light refreshments will be provided. Carriages may be ordered at 11.15 p.m.
Tuesday, Sept. 26.-The meeting for business purposes will be held at the University College at 10.30 a.m. Members attending the meeting will be welcomed to the city by the Mayor (Sir Edward Fraser), after which the President of the Law Society (Mr. W. J. Humfrys) will deliver an address. This will be followed by the reading and discussion of papers. There will be an adjournment for lunch at 1.30 p.m., which will be provided by the Nottingham Incorporated Law Society, in the Victoria Hall. Tickets must be obtained at the inquiry office, between the hours of 9.45 and 12 o'clock. The reading and discussion of papers will be resumed at 2.30 p.m. and continue until 4.30 p.m.
PLACES OF INTEREST.
Arrangements have been made for enabling members to visit churches, manufactories, and places of interest during the afternoon. It is requested that members wishing to visit any such places will obtain tickets at the inquiry office in the morning, and will state the places they wish to visit. Ladies accompanying members are invited to all functions except the dinner.
A dinner will be held in the Exchange Hall at 7.15 for 7.30 p.m. The chair will be taken by Sir Edward Fraser (President, Nottingham Incorporated Law Society). Tickets, 258. each (inclusive of wine), must be obtained from the honorary secretaries of the reception committee, Mr. Arthur Barlow or Mr. T. F. Walker, at the Law Library, St. Peter's Gate, Nottingham, on or before the 1st Sept., and a cheque for the ticket should be sent with the application. Any member who, after taking a dinner ticket, finds that he is unable to attend may have the money returned, provided he gives notice to the honorary secretaries on or before the 20th Sept.
Law Society) and Mrs. Crewdson will give a reception at the Nottingham Castle Museum and Art Gallery, from 4 to 6 p.m.
In the evening a performance, commencing at 9.15 o'clock, will be given at the Hippodrome, Theatre-square, to which the President and members of the Law Society, and the ladies accompanying them, are invited by Mr. J. J. Spencer (Vice-President, Nottingham Incorporated Law Society) and Mrs. Spencer. Refreshments will be provided.
Thursday, Sept. 28.-The Nottingham Incorporated Law Society have arranged an excursion (as far as practicable by motor-cars) to the Dukeries. Luncheon will be provided at Welbeck Abbey by permission of His Grace the Duke of Portland. Members wishing to join must fill up the necessary form and return it to the honorary secretaries on or before the 1st Sept. It is anticipated that on the return journey visitors will arrive at the Victoria Station Hotel, Nottingham, about 5.30. Tea will be provided at the hotel on arrival. The excursion is open to members of the Law Society and ladies accompanying them, but no member can have more than one lady's ticket. Those who have filled up the form and returned it as stated can obtain excursion and lunch tickets at the inquiry office on Tuesday and Wednesday, the 26th and 27th Sept., between 9.45 a.m. and 4 30 p.m. The committee regret that it has been found impossible to arrange for the excursion to Belvoir Castle announced in the preliminary circular which was issued in June.
On showing their tickets members may visit the Law Library, St. Peter's Gate. By the courtesy of the respective committees, members will be admitted to temporary membership of the following clubs on production of their tickets of membership and entering their names and adddresses in the respective strangers' books-viz.: Borough Club, King street; Constitutional Club, Market-street; Liberal Club, Wheeler Gate. By the courtesy of the respective committees, the following golf courses will be open to members on production of their members' tickets and subject to complying with the special regulations, which can be ascertained at the inquiry office: Notts Golf Club, Hollinwell (about twenty minutes by rail from the Victoria Station); Bulwell Hall Golf Club, Bulwell Hall Park, Nottingham (about ten minutes by rail from the Victoria Station); and Bulwell Forest Golf Club, Bulwell Common (about ten minutes by rail from the Victoria Station).
An inquiry office and a reading and writing room will be open at the University College on Monday from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m., and on Tuesday and Wednesday from 9.45 a.m. to 4.30 pm.
TELEGRAMS AND LETTERS.
Telegrams addressed to any member care of "Oyez, Nottingham," and letters addressed care of The Solicitors' Law Stationery Society Limited, at the University College, Nottingham, will be taken charge of and handed to members at the society's table in the University College, or, if desired, will be forwarded by post to the member's address in Nottingham as supplied to the hɔnorary secretaries.
PUBLIC BUILDINGS, PLACES OF INTEREST.
The following places may be visited on production of members' tickets-viz.: 1. The Guildhall. The town clerk (Mr. J. A. H. Green) will show the city regalia and charters from 10 a.m. to 11 a.m. on Wednesday morning. The Guildhall can be seen at any time. 2. The Castle Museum and Art Gallery, top of Park-street. Admission may be obtained to the dungeons and Mortimer's Hole. The following churches are worth a visit: St. Mary's, High Pavement; St. Peter's, St. Peter's Gate; the Roman Catholic Cathedral, Derby-road; Southwell Minster (distant about fifteen miles). The following manu. factories may be visited on Tuesday only, at 3 p.m.: Messrs. Birkin and Co., Gladstone-street, Basford, lace manufacturers; the Imperial Tobacco Company Limited (John Player and Sons), Radford Boulevard, tobacco and cigarette manufacturers; the Raleigh Cycle Company Limited, Faraday-road, Lenton, cycle manufacturers. Tickets to visit these manufactories for members and ladies can be obtained at the inquiry office not later than Tuesday morning
The committee regret that they have been unable to make arrangements with the railway companies for the issue of special tickets.
SOLICITORS' BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION.
The annual meeting of the Solicitors' Benevolent Association will te held at the University College, Shakespeare-street, Nottingham, n Wednesday, the 27th Sept., at 10 a.m.
This department being open to free discussion on all Professional topics, the Editor does not hold himself responsible for any opinions or statements contained in it.
MRS. PROUDLOCK'S CASE.-The case of Mrs. Proudlock, a European married woman, who was convicted and sentenced to death at Kuala Lumper, in the Straits Settlements, on the charge of murdering Mr. Stewart, will probably be discussed before the English public but imperfectly acquainted with the conditions of life of Europeans in the tropics. By reason of five years' residence in West Africa, partly as Attorney-General and partly as a lawyer in private practice, I am conversant with the conditions of the social life of Europeans in the tropics. I may also mention that I have visited Kuala Lumper in my travels. From the reports to hand, it would appear that Mr. Stewart called on Mrs. Proudlock at her home at 9 p.m., when her husband was dining out. In my view, it is somewhat contrary to ordinary etiquette in the tropics for a European to call on a European married woman unless her husband is known to be in the house; but this view, I am well aware, is not shared by all. Be that as it may, however, it is certainly contrary to social usage in the tropics for a European to call on a European married woman if her husband is known to be absent-namely, travelling up-country or visiting neighbouring towns in the course of duty or on matters connected with his business; and absolutely against the conventions of social life in the tropics for a European to call on a European married woman at such an hour as 9 r.m. if it is known that her husband is absent. The evidence produced by the prosecution was to the effect that Mr. Stewart had been dining out, and that at 9 p.m. he left his hosts stating that he had an appointment. The customary dinner hour in the tropics amongst Europeans is about 8 p.m., and the departure of the guests rarely takes place before ten or half-past nine at the earliest. By leaving at 9 p.m., and excusing himselt to his hosts by stating that he was called away as he had an appointment, Mr. Stewart doubtless may have given cause for the subsequent belief, commented on by the prosecution, that he had been given an assignation with Mrs. Proudlock at 9 p.m. that evening. A woman's life being in peril, it is well that the facts of European life in the tropics should be placed before the British public. They are, happily, not the facts of English life, but one must judge life as it exists, at all events in connection with criminal trials. That Mrs. Proudlock killed Mr. Stewart is admitted, but to this criminal problem there are three answers: (a) Murder; (b) manslaughter; (c) justifiable homicide. The jury took the sternest view. As to what passed between Mr. Proudlock and Mr. Stewart that evening we have only Mrs. Proudlock's evidence. Even granted that her evidence is incredible, it is for the prosecution to prove the charge. Have the prosecution proved that there was a trap to bring Mr. Stewart to the house, or that Mrs. Proudlock had any motive whatever for killing him beyond what she has admitted ? It is not credible that people, more especially of the weaker sex, take human life without some grave motive. WILLIAM NEVILL M. GEARY.
Lagos, West Africa.
CUSTODY OF OLD DEEDS AND ABSTRACTS.-In reply to "X. Y.'s" inquiry in your issue of the 12th inst., as to whether any society exists which collects intelligently old deeds and abstracts for topographical or genealogical purposes, I may inform him that in May last the Society of Genealogists of London was incorporated as a limited company (without the word "limited ") as an association not for profit and having as one of its objects "the preservation of records likely to be of service or interest, whether the same be public records or documents in private possession." I have no doubt this society would (free of charge) take over the custody of deeds and other documents upon the terms suggested by "X. Y.," subject to non-liability for loss, damage, &c. Moreover, the society would index all such documents on the slip index system. The hon. secretary of the society is Mr. George Sherwood, of 227, Strand, W.C., who would, I am sure, be pleased to furnish further information if desired.
E. F. B.
INTESTATE'S ESTATE-BRINGING INDEBTEDNESS INTO ACCOUNTSHARES OF WIDOW AND CHILDREN.-The concluding words of my previous letter under the above heading, instead of being "one-third to the widow, and the remaining two-thirds to the children equally, excluding C. D. and E. F.." should have read thus: "One-third to the widow and one-ninth of two-thirds to each of the children, other than C. D. and E. F., the two latter not taking their ninths, and each being credited with his ninth on account of his indebtedness to the estate." J. RATCLIFFE.
SOLICITORS AS CONCILIATORS.-A solicitor is frequently regarded by a large number of people, who have never had an opportunity of realising the contrary, as a man whose chief aim in his professional life is the stirring up and stimulation of strife for his own personal advantage. The fact that his greatest work is often found in diplomacy and peaceful negotiation is not generally recognised. To-day, however, in the field of public work outside private interests the solicitor has been and is gradually but surely-and quite naturally -coming to the front as conciliator. The work of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, recognised by all, from the King downwards, is beyond praise. To Sir Albert Rollit, who arbitrated in the dockers' dispute, thanks are due, while the appointment this week of Mr. Charles Beale as a member of the commission of five elected to settle the railway unrest is a fact which the Profession may note with legitimate pride. HARVEY CLIFTON.
NOTES AND QUERIES.
This column is intended for the use of members of the Legal Profession, and therefore queries from lay correspondents cannot be inserted. Under no circumstances are editorial replies undertaken.
None are inserted unless the name and address of the writer are sent, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of bona fides.
22. ANNUITANT-EVIDENCE OF BEING ALIVE.-Where the trustees of a will are paying an annuitant by quarterly payments and the annuitant resides at a distance, what evidence, if any, are the trustees entitled to ask for as to the annuitant being alive? DOUBTFUL.
23. LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION TO CREDITOR.-I should be obliged if any reader of the LAW TIMES would inform me of a case, reported or unreported, in which letters of administration have been granted to a creditor, owing to the insolvency of the estate or other circumstances, notwithstanding there was a will and an executor named in such will. SOLICITOR.
(Q. 19) PROMISSORY NOTE.-In answer to the query (19) of "Suasorius" contained in your issue of the 12th inst, he will find an illuminating article at p. 260 of the Law TIMES newspaper of the 7th Feb. 1891, quoting authorities, which may probably answer his purpose. Something may possibly, of course, depend, in his case, upon the exact or special terms (if any) upon which the instalments were accepted; but, failing these, it would appear, from the authorities referred to, that, as the whole of the promiseory note had actually become due when the writ was issued, the instalment paid subsequently would simply be so much paid on account of the full amount of the debt and costs sued for on the promiss ry note, and, unless some fresh terms of payment were arranged, judgment could be obtained for the balance subject to the Moneylenders Act, if it applies to the transaction. I am interested in the point, and perhaps your correspondent will kindly intimate through your columns if he agrees with the above. INTERESTED.
(Q21) TENANCY-NOTICE TO QUIT.-Under this agreement the tenancy would, apparently, be a yearly ore, the rent being payable quarterly. The fact that the agreement provides for a six calendar months' notice to quit would not, unless expressly stated, do away with the common law rule that such notice must expire with the current year of the tenancy. B. would, therefore, have to give a six months' notice expiring on the 25th March. However, see Lewis v. Baker (1906) 2 K. B. 599), where the point is, I believe, fully dealt with. W T. HOWELL.
In answer to "Dubitans," it seems clear upon the authority of Lewis v. Baker (95 L. T. Rep. 10) that B. can only terminate the tenancy upon the 25th March in the current year of the tenancy. HERBERT STURTON.
The notice must expire on the 25th March. "Dubitans" will find quoted in every text-book on Landlord and Tenant the old case of Doe v. Wood (14 M. & W. 682), which decided that a general letting at a yearly rent, though payable half-yearly or quarterly, constituted a yearly tenancy; and also the case of Doe v. Donovan (1 Taunt. 555), which decided that when premises are let ona yearly tenancy, whatever length of notice the parties agree to, such notice must, in the absence of agreement to the contrary, expire at the period of the year when the tenancy commenced. W. J. N.
PROMOTIONS AND APPOINTMENTS. Information intended for publication under the above heading should reach us not later than Thursday morning in each week, as publication is otherwise delayed.
Mr. HARRY LAwrence Bevir, M.A, B C.L. Oxon, of Wootton Assistant Bassett, has been appointed by the Law Society an Examiner for the Intermediate Examination. Mr. Bevir was admitted in 1908.
HALLILAY'S CONVEYANCING.-A concise Treatise on the Law and Practice of Conveyancing, together with the Solicitors' Remuneration Act 1881, and General Order 1882, and the Land Transfer Acts 1875 and 1897, and the Rules and Orders thereon. Second Edition, price 18s., 750 pages.-HORACE COX, Law Times" Office, Windsor House, Bream's-buildings, E.C[ADVT.]
WHERE TO FIND YOUR LAW.-Being a Discursive Bibliographical Essay upon the various Divisions and Sub-Divisions of the Law of England, and the Statutes, Reports of Cases, and Text Books containing such Law, with Appendixes for Facilitating Reference to all Statutes and Reports of Cases, and with a Full Index. By ERNEST ARTHUR JELF, M.A., of New College, Oxford, Barrister-at-Law of the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, and of the SouthEastern Circuit. Third Edition, greatly Enlarged, price 10s. 6d., post free.-HORACE COX, "Law Times Office, Windsor House, Bream's-buildings, E. C.-[ADVT.]
LORD JAMES OF HEREFORD. LORD JAMES OF HEREFORD died suddenly of heart failure at Epsom on the 18th inst., in his eighty-third year. He was born in 1828, and was the son of a Hereford surgeon. He was educated at Cheltenham College, was prizeman at the Inner Temple in 1850-51, and was called in 1852. In 1867 he was Postman in the Exchequer, an office now extinct. Taking silk in 1869, he soon became one of the men who divided the commercial work at Guildhall. In 1873 he became SolicitorGeneral, and in 1873-74, and subsequently in 1880-85, he was Attorney General. His colleagues were Sir William Harcourt and the late Lord Herschell. One of his greatest efforts as an advocate_was his reply in the Parnell Commission. Along with the present Lord Chief Justice, the late Mr. Murphy, Mr. (now Lord) Atkinson, and Mr. Ronan, of the Irish Bar, and the late Mr. William Graham, he was counsel for the Times; and it fell to him to reply, and his speech extended over twelve days. In the Unionist Administration of 18951900 he was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. He was raised to the peerage in 1895. Lord James was unmarried, and the peerage becomes extinct.
His Honour Judge WILLIS died on the 22nd inst. at his residence at Blackheath. He had been ill for some time, and had been allowed special leave from his duties as judge of the Southwark, Greenwich, and Woolwich County Courts. Death was due to septic bronchitis. Judge Willis was born at Dunstable in 1835, and was the son of William Willis, a straw-hat manufacturer of Dunstable and Luton. He was educated at the Free Grammar School at Dunstable and at Huddersfield College. After some business experience gained at Luton and at Old Change, in the City of London, he matriculate i at London University, and took his B.A. in 1859. In the previous year he had entered as a student at the Inner Temple, and in 1860 he won a studentship given by the Inns of Court. He was called to the Bar in 1861, and in 1865 obtained his LL D. with gold medal at the London University. He was made a Queen's Counsel in 1877. He was Examiner in Common Law for the London University for five years, and, since 1886, the Recorder of Maldon and Saffron Walden. In March 1897 he was appointed to the County Court Bench, and for some nine years presided over County Courts for Norfolk and Cambridge. In 1906 he was transferred to Circuit No. 47 Some years ago he published a set of lectures he had given on the Law of Negotiable Instruments and Law of Contract of Sale. He was twice married, first to Annie, daughter of Mr. John Outhwaite, of Blackheath, and afterwards to Marie Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Thomas Moody, of Lewisham.
Mr. JAMES WARNES HOWLETT (of the firm of Howlett and Clarke) died on Wednesday, at Hove, aged eighty-three. He was admitted in 1849. Mr. Howlett was designated Father of Hove in reoognition of his early fight for the town's existence as a separate borough and his many years' labour in advancement of its prosperity. He was chairman of the Hove Commissioners from 1878 to 1890 and vicechairman of the urban council. He had been president of the Sussex Law Society.
THE BANKRUPTCY ACTS 1883 AND 1890.
GAZETTE, AUG. 18.
To surrender at the High Court of Justice, in Bankruptcy.
GRANT, HENRY GEORGE, London-wall, accountant's clerk. Aug. 11.
NUNN, JAMES STROUD (otherwise known and trading as James Wilson),
To surrender at their respective District Courts. ASHBURNER, ROBERT WILLIAM, Ulverston, solicitor. Ct. Barrow-in-Furness and Ulverston. Aug. 16.
BAINES, WILLIAM, Great Crosby. Ct. Liverpool. Aug. 15.
CALEY, LOUIS, late Hornsea, publican. Ct. Kingston-upon-Hull. Aug. 15.
FOERS, ALBERT, Rotherham, late grocer. Ct. Sheffield. Aug. 15.
PERCY, EDWIN GEORGE. Southampton, dairyman. Ct. Southampton.
To surrender at the High Court of Justice, in Bankruptcy. EDWARDS, W. J., late Conway-rd, Palmers Green, builder. Aug. 18. FIX, JOHN E., Cherry Garden-st, Bermondsey, baker. Aug. 18. GRAY, JOHN FREDERICK (also trading as Frederick Gray and Co.), Shaftesbury-av, pianoforte dealer. Aug. 18.
JENKS, G. CLEMENT, late Coventry. Aug. 18.
STEPHENSON, WILFRID REGINALD, Threadneedle-st, stockbroker. Aug. 17. YOUNG, CHARLES LAWRENCE, Kingsland High-st. Aug. 17.
To surrender at their respective District Courts.
CHISSELL, JOHN PEARCE, Wimborne, farmer. Ct. Poole. Aug. 18.
GIBBINS, ALBERT (trading as Todd and Gibbins), Wigan, tailor.
HILL, JOHN, Cwmavon, collier. Ct. Neath and Aberavon. Aug. 18.
NUNWEEK, CLARA (trading as C. and M. Nunweek), Keighley, milliner, spinster. Ct. Bradford. Aug. 19.
RUSSELL, ROBERT WILLIAM HUGH (trading as Robert Osborne and Co.), Aldershot, fishmonger. Ct. Guildford and Godalming. Aug. 18. RESTORICK. FRANK, Lyme Regis, dairyman. Ct. Exeter. Aug. 18. RAMSKIR, THOMAS, Goole, late greengrocer. Ct. Wakefield Aug. 18. WALKER. WILLIAM FREDERICK, Mallwyd, physician. Ct. Aberystwyth. Aug. 17.
WILLIAMS, ROBERT, Holyhead, watchmaker. Ct. Bangor. Aug. 17. WILLIAMS, SAMUEL ESAIAH, Treforest, collier. Ct. Pontypridd, Ystradyfodwg. and Porth. Aug. 17.
YOUNG. NATHAN JOHN, Caldecote, market gardener. Ct. Bedford. Aug. 19.
RECEIVING ORDER RESCINDED AND PETITION DISMISSED. GAZETTE, AUG. 18.
MEADE, THE HONOURABLE E., late Belgrave-sq. Ct. High Court. Aug. 9.
ADJUDICATIONS. GAZETTE, AUG. 18.
BRIGDEN, JAMES, Oakwood-ct, Melbury-rd, Kensington, commission agent.
BRADY, GEORGE, Ilkley, commission agent. Ct. Leeds. Aug. 14.
CHEVAU, GEORGES CHARLES (described in the receiving order as George
COOPER, THOMAS (otherwise Thomas Ralph Douse), South-pl, Finsbury, director of public companies. Ct. High Court. Aug. 14. CLAY, FREDERICK LAWSON, Rotherham, grocer. Ct. Sheffield. Aug. 16. COMER, JOHN WILLIAM, Mexborough, journeyman bottle maker. Ct. Sheffield. Aug. 15.
FOERS, ALBERT, Rotherham late grocer Ct. Sheffield. Aug. 15.
GREEN, ERNEST JOHN, late Cheddington, carter. Ct. Luton. Aug. 16.
GINGER, HARRY THORLEY, High-rd, Kilburn, butcher. Ct. High Court.
GROOM, ANDREW, Rushden, carter. Ct. Northampton. Aug 15.
HARRIS, WALTER GEORGE, Ash-rd, Stratford, contractor. Ct. High Court. Aug. 14.
HOWLETT, JOHN GEORGE, Fish-st-hill, fish salesman. Ct. High Court.
HOLGATE, ALBERT, and HOLGATE, JAMES EDWARD (trading as Holgate Bros.),
JONES, REES HARRIES, Cilycwm, farmer. Ct. Carmarthen. Aug 16.
NUTTALL, ARTHUR MENDALL, Mansfield, plumber. Ct. Nottingham.
PERCY, EDWIN GEORGE. Southampton, dairyman. Ct. Southampton.
Annfield Plain, joiner. Ct. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. ROBERTS, DAVID GARIC, Llandudno, licensed victualler. Ct. Bangor. Aug. 16.
SANDERSON, WILLIAM FREDERICK, Harlesden, licensed victualler Ct. High Court. Aug. 15.
SANDS, HENRY, late Kingslake-st, Walworth, licensed victualler's manager. Ct. High Court.
SENIOR, FRANK ATACK, Leeds, joiner. Ct. Leeds. Aug. 14
THOMAS, THOMAS, Abercynon, licensed victualler. Ct. Pontypridd,
TRAPNELL, EDWIN AUGUSTE, and TAYLOR, WILLIAM SYDNEY STAYT (trading as Auguste Trapnell and Co.), Bristol, coal owners. Ct. Bristol. Aug. 15.
WOODS, HARRY. Golders Green, builder. Ct Barnet. Aug. 15.
WOOD. A'DEANE GENT, Bristol, solicitor. Ct. Bristol. Aug. 16.
GAZETTE, AUG. 22.
ALIANAKTAN, MIKE (partner in the firm of Alianakian and Co., M.), Manchester, merchant. Ct. Manchester. Aug. 16.
BROWN, GEORGE CYRIL, Northampton, pastry cook. Ct. Northampton. Aug. 18.
CLARKE, CHARLES FREDERICK, Nottingham, cabinet-maker. Ct. Nottingham. Aug. 17.
CORY, FRANCIS, Chichester, commission agent. Ct. Brighton. Aug. 17.
GIBBINS, ALBERT (trading as Todd and Gibbins), Wigan, tailor.
HILL, JOHN, Cwmavon, collier. Ct. Neath and Aberavon. Aug. 18.
SMITHIES, HAYDN DENISON, Bournemouth, stockbroker. Ct. Poole.
WALKER, THEODORE ACTON BECHER (described in the receiving order as Theodore Acton Walker), Fiskerton, R.S.O. Ct. High Court (transferred from the County Court of Nottinghamshire, holden at Nottingham). Aug. 17.
WILLIAMS, ROBERT, Holyhead, watchmaker. Ct. Bangor. Aug. 17. WILLIAMS, SAMUEL ESAIAH, Treforest, collier. Ct. Pontypridd, Ystrady. fodwg, and Porth. Aug. 17.
YOUNG, CHARLES LAWRENCE, Kingsland High-st. Ct. High Court. Aug. 18.
BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.
STEBBING. On the 16th inst., at 54, Portsdown-rd, W., the wife of Mark Stebbing, Barrister-at-law, of a daughter.
BARRINGTON-COOPER.-On the 15th inst., at Galway, Cecil V. Barrington, of the Inner Temple, Barrister-at-law, to Emma Harriet Cooper, of 34, Iverna-grdns, Kensington, W., widow of the late Austin Cooper, of Killenure Castle, co. Tipperary.
GOLDIE ROWE.-On the 10th inst., at St. Anne's Church, Aigburth, Noel Barré Goldie, Barrister-at-law, to Effie Agnes Graham, second daughter of Charles Graham Rowe, of Alscott, Aigburth, Liverpool. DEATHS.
JORDAN. On the 16th inst., at The Laurels, Teignmouth, William Risdon Hall Jordan, Solicitor, aged 90 years.
ORMEROD. On the 13th inst., at 7, King-st, Pall Mall, Herbert Eliot Ormerod, K.C., aged 79 years.
WARD. On the 15th inst., at 4, Strathmore-grdns, W., John Henry Ward, of Gatwick, Billericay, Essex, Barrister-at-law, Inner Temple, aged 61 years.