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LITERATURE AND LIFE

BOOK FOUR

by

EDWIN GREENLAW
William Osler Professor of English Literature

The Johns Hopkins University

and

DUDLEY MILES
Head of English Department, The Evander Childs High School

New York City

DAN
DEPARTMENT OF
EDUCATION
RECEIVED

12 DEC 7 1927
YEAR
Reading

LLAND STANFORD
Eiteratura IOR UNIVERSITY
PROGRAM VOUCHE

SCOTT, FORESMAN AND COMPANY
CHICAGO
ATLANTA

NEW YORK

596972

с

Copyright 1924
SCOTT, FORESMAN AND COMPANY

For permission to use copyrighted material grateful acknowledgment is made to Mr. Mitchell Kennerley for the two poems by Edna St. Vincenť Millay from Renascence and Other Poems; to Venry Holt and Company for the three poems by Robert Frost from New Hampshire and Mountain Interval; for the four poems by Walter de La Mare from Poems i921-1918 and from The Veil and Other Poems; for the two poems by A. E. Huusman frum A Shropshire Lad; and for the essay by Simeon Strunsky from Belshazzar Court; to Pinker & Son, London, and to George H. Doran Company, the Ameriran publishers, for Arnold Bennett's “From One Generation to Another” from Mr. Bennett's The Matador of the Fire Towns and Other Stories; to A. P. Watt & Son and to Dodd, Mead and Company, the American publishers, for “A Defense of Nonsense” by G. K. Chesterton from A Defense of Nonsense and Other Essays, by permission of these firms and of Mr. Chesterton; to A. P. Watt & Son, London, and to Doubleday, Page and Company, the American publishers, for the three poems by Rudyard Kipling from Rudyard Kipling's Verse, Inclusive Edition, 1885-1918, by permission of these firms and of Mr. Kipling; to Harper and Brothers and to the author for Hamlin Garland's “Under The Lion's Paw" from Main Traveled Roads; to Dodd, Mead and Company for the poem by John Davidson from Ballads and Songs; for the three poems by William Watson and the three poems by Rupert Brooke from the Collected Poems of each of these poets, copyright by Dodd, Mead and Company, Inc.; to Jonathan Cape, Ltd., publishers, London, for the three poems by William Henry Davies from Mr. Davies's Collected Poems; to The Four Seas Company, Boston, for "Images” by Richard Aldington from Images Old and New by Richard Aldington, copyright, 1916, by The Four Seas Company and reprinted by their permission; to Charles Scribner's Sons and the author for E. A. Robinson's “Richard Cory” from The Children of the Night, by permission of the author and the publishers.

For copyrighted pictures reproduced as illustrations, thanks are due to Mr. Victor Albright for the cut on page 142 from his Shaks perian Stage; to Duffield and Company for the cut on page 76 from C. M. Gayley's Plays of Our Forefathers; to Mr. Maurice Goldberg for the picture on page 400, from Eugene O'Neill's dramatization of “The Ancient Mariner"; to Mr. Pirie MacDonald for the picture on page 671; to the Chicago Daily News for the picture on page 680; to Mr. Eugene Hutchinson for the pictures on pages 664, 674, and 751; to the Chicago Daily Tribune for the pictures on pages 672 and 746, copyrighted by E. 0. Hoppe; to Charles Scribner's Sons for the picture on page 677; and to Mr. Ewing Galloway for the pictures on pages 262, 317, 394, 471, 533, 545, 669, 674, 678, 681, and 682.

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PREFACE

sance.

The present volume is designed for error of supposing that literature the last year of the secondary school serves no other purpose than that of course in literature. It has been pre- pleasure or aesthetic enjoyment, thus pared in accordance with certain prin- losing entirely the discipline of humane ciples that have governed the entire letters. With the loss of the influence series, and, like the other volumes, is of the classics, we need something that the result of many years' thought and will represent to our generation what experience. The books in the series earlier periods found in Latin and are not merely anthologies, in which Greek. Now the liberalizing effect of selections have been inserted according classical humanism consisted in the to gradation or type or any other cas- fact that it helped prepare the way ual plan, but seek to gain results that for the modern idea of progress; it are quite beyond the scope both of the showed men that they could recover usual volume of selections and of a the achievements of past ages and course based on editions of separate build on these foundations a modern classics. A re-statement of the prin- civilization. Out of the philosophy, ciples of choice and organization is history, and literature of the ancient suggested by the completion of the world came the intellectual awakening series.

that was the prelude of the Renais1. The course in literature in the

Translated into present-day secondary school should not be tech- conditions, this means that in literanical, planned by scholars for those ture in the English tongue, both that who are to be experts in literary his- which is native English and that which tory, linguistics, or criticism, but hu- has been translated from other lanmanistic, the chief means for supplying guages, we have even richer stores to that introduction to the mind of the draw

upon

than those who lived at the past that is necessary to a well-rounded time of the revival of learning. education. In the secondary school, have our own great tradition; we are as in the college, modern tendencies not limited to the tradition of Greece toward specialization carry possibili- and Rome.

and Rome. Literature, therefore, is ties of evil as well as good. Not only not an aesthetic and pleasure-giving has the number of subjects in the subject alone, any more than it is a curriculum increased enormously, but field for philological and historical it has become the habit of each special- learning alone. Rightly used, it supist to look to his subject matter rather plies a humane discipline fit to take than to his pupils for the determination the place of the old classical scholarof his method. In the case of literature ship. this means that many editions of the 3. Á third error is to regard the classics are prepared from the point of classics, ancient and modern, as out view of the specialist and stress tech- of date and remote from present innical erudition rather than the needs terests. There has been a tendency of youth.

to make the popular magazine, the 2. Those who avoid the evil of tech- newspaper, and contemporary onenical scholarship may fall into the act plays take the place of all other

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