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far as was practicable, obviated, though at the risk of some repetition. The Compiler, however, being fully aware of the justice of the complaints, so frequently made of the great and increasing prolixity of modern law books, and anxious to preserve the original design and character of these volumes, has expunged all those portions of the work, which were inconsistent with the law as it stands at present; excepting only those statutes and decisions, which are necessary for the explanation of the new law, and those to which the later statutes have reserved a temporary or partial operation.

Some cases have been inserted for the first time in the present edition, transcribed from a valuable collection of MSS.* lately presented to the library of the Society of Lincoln's Inn by the munificence of John Lucius Dampier, Esq., Vice Warden of the Stannaries of Cornwall.

* These MSS.consist of the paper books of Ashhurst, J., Buller, J., Lawrence, J., and Dampier, J., in an uninterrupted series from T. T. 9 Geo. 3. to M. T. 56 Geo. 3. They are referred to in the following pages as P. B. Dampier MSS. L. I. L., preceded by the initial of the Judge.

PRE FACE.

THE object of the following work is to investigate and explain that branch of jurisprudence, which teaches the nature and extent of the remedies prescribed by the law of England for the redress of private wrongs, or, as they are frequently termed, civil injuries. Considering the utility and importance of the subject, it cannot fail to excite the surprise of the reader, when he is informed that a well digested treatise on the law of actions remained for so great a length of time a desideratum in the profession, that it was not until the year 1767, that an anonymous compilation (the first deserving any notice,) entitled “An Introduction to the Law relative to Trials at Nisi Prius," was published. The same work was republished by the late Mr. J. Buller, in the year 1772. Although the title page is silent as to this being a second edition, yet, from an examination of the contents, it appears very clearly that Mr. J. Buller's book is merely a republication of the anonymous treatise published in 1767. It is very remarkable, that so many different opinions should have existed as to the real author of this compilation ; some persons having ascribed it to Mr. Ford, others to the late Mr. J. Clive, and others to Mr. Bathurst. It was the received opinion at the bar, ut ego audivi, upon the first appearance of this work, that it had been compiled by Mr. Bathurst, (who was created Lord Apsley in 1771, and succeeded his father Allen, Earl Bathurst, in 1775), for his own private use: but the dedication by Mr. Buller to Lord Apsley, prefixed to the edition in 1772, which must have escaped the notice of those persons who ascribed this work to a different author, places the question beyond the reach of controversy. That dedication expressly recognises this treatise as owing its origin to a collection of notes formerly made by Lord Apsley for his own private use. This book, having passed through several editions,* was succeeded by a similar work, entitled "A Digest of the Law of Actions and Trials at Nisi Prius,” by Mr. Espinasse, of which there have been four editions. The compiler of the following pages conceived that a treatise, intended as a companion at the sittings in London and Middlesex, and on the circuit, might be cast into a more convenient form than that adopted by either of the former writers: and that the cases might be abridged with greater accuracy and precision. Under this impression, the Abridgment of the Law of Nisi Prius was prepared and published in three parts successively, in the years 1806, 1807, 1808; the second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth editions followed, in the years 1809, 1812, 1817, 1820, 1824, 1827, and 1831. The ninth edition is now submitted to the candour of the Profession.

* Second edition, 4to. 1775; third edition, 4to. 1781; fourth edition, 4to. 1785; fifth edition, 8vo. 1790; sixth edition, 8vo. 1793; seventh edition, 8vo. 1817.

Lincoln's Inn, November, 1837.

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