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INDEX.

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335

B.

LEADING ARTICLES.
Mechanics in H. M. Dockyards, The Wages of, 261

MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES.
Mechanics’ Institute, The London, 38, 213, 229

A.
Address, Editorial, 5, 21

Mineral Discoveries in France, 149 Admiralty Committees, The, 277

Munitions of War, Patents for Instruments and, 197. | Actinism, light, heat, and, 95 America, The Shortest Way to, 215

213. 244 “Adcock's engineer's pocket book for the year 1859," 30

Admiralty committee on doekyards, the, 410, 411 Arms for our Volunteer Riflemen, 357

tables, the, 143, 152 Armstrong and Whitworth Guns, The, 166, 247, 261 Naval Architecture, 6

Agricultural apparatus, Hall's patent, 218 , (Sir William) The Elevation of, 133

,
, Captain Fishbourne on, 53, 389

, implements, “Delta's” patent, 394 Armstrong's (Sir William) Speech, 325

»

,
»
The Present State of, 198

> Society of England, Royal, 251, 314, 345, 379, Artillery, Another Novelty in, 151

399 Engineers, Royal, 150, 214, 293 Navies of England and France, 31, 37, 85, 117, 149,

7 BK 114 149. Algeria, observatory in, 60

Allan's Atlantic cable, 91 Boiler Construction, Steam, 5

181

Alloys, new, 283
Buildings, The Preservation of Stone, 86
Navy, Engines and Engineers in Her Majesty's, 293

Aluminium bronze, 257
Estimates for 1869-60, The, 117

» production of, 46, 224, 225
Civil Service, The, 134, 230
,, of France, the Steam, 37

the new metal, 190 Our Steam, 117, 151

Amendment bill, patent law, 199 Coinage Designs, 390

Ammunition, Whitworth's improvements in guns, gun-
introd
Sir John Pakington's Speech on the, 149

carriages and, 285
a Decimal, 277
The Increase of the, 85

Arches, cast-iron, 200 o of the Realm, The, 357

The Ships of the Royal, 181, 245

Arkell and Melhado's apparatus for submerging telegraph The Improvement of our, 296

cables, 157 > The Silver, 69, 326

Armstrong gun, Gosling's improvements upon the, 315, 348 Offices, The New Foreign, 6 Committees, The Admiralty, 277

, gun, the, 91, 105, 140, 159, 175, 239, 332, 343,

366, 383, 400 Cort Case, The, 261 Pakington (Sir J.) versus Sir C. Wood, 245

»' gun, the poetry of the, 210 Cultivation of Flax, The, 342 Patent-law Reform, 85, 101

(Sir William) on his gun and projectiles, 320, Decimal Coinage in England, The Practicability of

„ Office Building, The New, 197

| Armstrong's (Sir William) improved water-pressure ma19 "

Part":

Patents for Instruments and Munitions of War, 197, Introducing a, 277

chinery, 219, 236, 252

213, 247 | Arts, fine, 11 Discoveries in France, Mineral, 149

, Inventions Communicated from Abroad, Association, geologists', 111, 171 Dockyard Factories, Economy of the, 184

230

„ of foremen engineers, the, 55, 110, 176, 239, Dockyards, The Wages of Mechanics in H.M., 261

313, 379 , Specifications of, 69 Drawing on Wood, Photographic, 21

Astronomical clock, Cole's portable, 408
Photographic Drawing on Wood, 21

Astronomy, queer, 384
Fleetrie Telegraphs, Government, 325
Polytechnic Institution, The New, 357

Atlantic cable, Allan's, 91, 238
Engineers in Her Majesty's Navy, Engines and, 293
Premiums for Inventions, 21

Atlantic paying-out machinery, the, 319 »

Australia by balloons, exploration of, 79
Preservation of Stone Buildings, The, 86
Royal Naval, 150, 183, 214, 293

, scientific progress in, 40, 87 Engines and Engineers in Her Majesty's Navy, 293

telegraphs to China and, 283, 320 of Her Majesty's Ships of War, 310, 327, Rams, The Iron Steam Frigates or, 325

Averill's mills for grinding, 202 341 Reward of a Military Inventor, The, 247

Axle-boxes, 251, 281 England and her Soldiers, 359

Riflemen, Arms for Our Volunteer, 357 The War Resources of, 309

Rifle, The Enfield, 246
Eshibition of 1861, The, 38

Baggs' improved electrical apparatus, 78
Science and Liberty, 374

Balance, new chemical, 223
Factories, Economy of the Dockyard, 184

Balloons, exploration of Australia by. 79 Fishbourne (Capt.), On Naval Architecture, 53, 389 „ High, 149

Mr. Coxwell on the construction and uses of, 352 Screw Propellers, 390 Flax, The Cultivation of, 342

to war purposes, application of, 399
Secrets, Government, 166

Bank-notes, how to detect false, 368
Foreign Offices, The New, 6
Shipbuilding, On Timber for, 326

Bath, Griffith's patent chair, 281
Frigates or Rams, The Iron Steam, 165, 325
Shipping Interest, The, 183

Batteries, floating, 127

Beeton and Sherer's “Dictionary of Universal Information" Gas, On the Production of Illuminating, 87 Ships of War, The Engines of Her Majesty's, 310,

314

327, 341 Government Cone Telegraph System, The, 261

Bergue's (De) submarine telegraph cables, 157
Silver Coinage, The, 69, 326
Electric Telegraphs, 325

Bessemer on the manufacture of malleable iron and steel,
Society of Arts' Exhibition of Inventions, The, 278

397, 406 Secrets, 166

Bessemer's improved furnace for the manufacture of iron Gunpowder Manufactories, 230

Soldiers, England and Her, 359
Specifications of Patents for Inventions, 69

and steel, 317 » Works, Explosions at, 277, 309, 342

, iron-making process, 286
State of the Thames, The, 373

Betts v. Menzies, 271, 368, 399
Houses We Live In, The, 358
Steam Yachts, 373

Bills, railway and canal, 121
Stone Buildings, The Preservation of, 86

Blacklead, improved, 93
Mluminating Gas, On the Production of, 87
Submarine Telegraph Cables, 295

Boats, Captain Kynaston's method of lowering, 139, 305, 383,

398 Institution, The National Life-Boat, 246

„ Warfare, 37
Superannuation Bill, The Civil Service, 230

,, Clifford's method of lowering, 235, 288, 305, 383, 398 The New Polytechnic, 357

"" Instructions for the management of open, 345 Instruments and Munitions of War, Patents for, 197,

raising and lowering canal, 26
247
Telegraph Cables, Submarine, 295

Boiler explosions, Wright's method of preventing, 318

flues, steam, 31 Laventions Communicated from Abroad, Patents for Telegraphs, Government Electric, 325

, feed apparatus for, 285
Telegraph System, The Government Cone, 261

feeder for steam, 367
Premiums for, 21
Tent Architecture, 214

Greenwood's improved steam, 170
Specifications of Patents for, 69
Thames, The State of the, 373

on improved modes of constructing the flues of 5 The Society of Arts Exhibition of, 278 Timber for Shipbuilding, On, 326

steam, 8 Inreator, The Reward of a Military, 247 Tonnage Laws, The, 21, 133

Bombay water-works, the, 108, 170

Bonelli's electric law, 239
Irun Serew Frigates, The New, 165
Tubal Cain of Our Country, The, 182

Books, cheap, 89
Steam Frigates or Bams, The, 325

, 'list of new, 30, 46, 65, 79, 127, 187, 176, 185, 208, Warfare, Submarine, 37

224, 235, 251, 271, 279, 315, 345, 407

Boots and shoes, machinery for making, 31
War, Patents for Instruments and Munitions of, 197,
Brat Institution, The National, 245

Boot, the Cremerian, 351
Line-of-Battle Ships, Defective, 85

213, 247

Botanic gardens, the national, 345 Livingstone's (Dr.) Expedition, 21

,, Resources of England, The, 309

Bradbury's (Mr. Henry) new method of printing from Landen Mechanics Institute, The, 38, 213, 220 Whitworth Guns, The Armstrong and, 168

engraved plates, 257 Wood (Sir C.), Sir J. Pakington versus, 245

Breech-loading cavalry rifle, the new, 57 Viezfactories, Gunpowder, 230

...rifled small arms, Leetch's, 408

Bricks, fire, 279 Vester Shipwrights, The Newly-Appointed, 21 | Yachts, Steam, 373

Bridges," Latham's " Construction of wrought-iron, 72

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Bright's (Sir Charles) patent insalators for over-ground | Docks, Thames graving, 331

Furnaces for manufacturing iron, Maudslay's improved, 28
telegraph wires, 364
, the Plymouth Great Western, 177

Furnace, Slate's improved blast, 204
British Workman," "The, 235
Dockyard, Portsmouth, 31

Yate's patent, 94
Brown o. Oxley and others, 400
Dockyards, the Admiralty committee on, 410, 411

Fuzes, concussion, 42, 238
Brunel's bridge at Saltash, 173

Dodd and Phillips's improved slide valve, 106
Brussaut's weighing machines, 122

Douglas (Sir Howard) on “Naval warfare with st
Buildings, an improved method of drying, 43

Downton's ships' pumps, Roberts's and, 44
Buildings, Sir Joseph Paxton's improved horticultural, 29 Drainage of London, the, 10

Galvano-plastic process, an improved, 240
Burn's Illustrations of Carpentry and Framing," 199 Drains and water-courses, the clearing of, 363

Gardner's chaff-cutting machines, 42
Draughts and chess for the pocket, 248

Gas apparatus for heating test-tubes, 225
Drawer-knobs and handles, improved, 94

Gas-burner, Hart's patent economizing, 92

Gaseliers, improved, 47
Drills, Taylor's patent horse-hoes and, 92
Cable, Allan's Atlantic, 91, 238
Druid cloak, the, 111

Gaslight in railway trains, 46
Cables, Conybeare's patent apparatus for laying submarine
telegraph, 93

Gas, Malam's patent portable apparatus for making, 363
Drying buildings, &c., an improved method of, 43
Canada, decimal coins for, 187, 257

,

, meters, 187
chambers, Hand's patent for, 127

the sale of, 231
Dwelling model, domestic, 368
Canal boats, raising and lowering ships or, 26
Cannon, the French Emperor's, 305

Gauges, Johnson and Varley's improved pressure and
E.

vacuum, 74
Capstans and Windlasses, Wardill's improvements in, 316
Carbonic acid, sensation of heat caused by, 46

Generating, superheating, and condensing steam, Cony.
Eastern counties, notes from the, 18, 32, 48, 63, 80, 96, 112,
Carpenter and joiner's assistant," "The, 30, 345

beare's patent apparatus for, 172

128, 144, 160
Carpentry and Framing,” Burn's "Illustrations of, 199

e

Generation, spontaneons, 94
railway, 268
Educational year-book for 1859," " The Literary and, 15, 72

Geographical Society, Royal, 251, 399
Carriage, pedo-motive, 46
Carriages for the King of Prussia, 167
Edwards' (Mr. H.) improved pipe-stem or tube for smok-

Geological Society of London, 267, 331, 379
Carter v. Cockhead, 400

Geologists' Association, 111, 171

ing, 74
Cartridge, new army blank, 176
Electrical apparatus, Baggs' improved, 78

Geometry of shipbuilding, laying-off, or the, 38, 70, 138,

186, 266, 349
Cartridges, Norton's submarine, 138, 193

experiments. 352, 367
Cartridge, the Enfield rifle, 256
Electric conductor, new, 74

Gibraltar, telegraph to, 400
Casting, Jobson's improved moulds for, 218

Gilding textile fabrics, 46
gun, Mr. Andrew Smith's, 200

Glycerine manufacture, 32, 176
Cast-iron arches, 200

"Electricity and the Electric Telegraph," Wilson's, 73
Cecconi's musical instruments, 240

"Mr. A. Varley on, 216, 232, 254, 271

Gold separator, Colonel Fremont's, 240
Chafl-cutting machines, Gardner's, 42

Gosling's improvements upon the Armstrong gun, 315, 348
Electric law, Bonelli's, 239
Chambers, Hand's patent for drying, 127

Gosport, the Cort foundry at, 25

light apparatus, Harrison's. 48
Chambers's Encyclopaedia," 234

telegraph cables, Hall and Wells' improved, 300,

Gossip, our weekly, 176, 192, 208, 224, 240, 257, 272, 305,
Chandler and Oliver's steam plough, 9

351, 361

320, 337, 352, 368, 383, 400, 411

Grates, Young's smokeless domestic, 157
Chandler's improved machines for cutting hay and straw, Electro-magnetism, 208, 224, 321

Greenwich, representation of, 136
Richmond and, 125
» -physiognomy, 224

Greenwood's improved steam boilers, 170
Charcoal, 31

, -telegraphy, progress of, 406

Griffith's patent chair-bath, 281
Cheese press, “Delta's" patent, 347

Elongated ritled iron shot and shell, penetration by, 11
Chemical balance, new, 223
Embroidery by machinery, 251

► screw propeller, 73, 177

. Turner, 159
Cherbourg, the naval arsenal at, 289

Enfield rifle cartridge, the, 256
Chess and draughts for the pocket, 248

Gullick and Timbs' k. Painting popularly explained,” 30

, the, 225, 230, 205
China and Australia, telegraphs to, 283, 320
“Engineering precedents for steam machinery," Isher-

Gun and projectiles, Serjeant Warry's improved, 270
Chromo-lithography, 138

wood's, 117

Gunboats, French, 382
Chuck and lathe vice, 30
Engineers in Scotland, institution of, 216, 267, 296

Gun-making at Woolwich Arsenal, 269, 281, 330, 342, 400

Gunnery, 239
Civil engineering,” Conybeare's “Principles and practice of,

institution of civil, 108, 171, 174, 206, 207,

Gunpowder, Fairbairn on, 231
345

251, 281, 313, 397, 399
of North America," Stevenson's, 251

on the nature of the action of fired, 360

mechanical, 89, 313
Clark and Colburn's "Recent practice in the locomotive

of the Royal navy, 158, 176, 286

works, explosions at, 297, 319, 336
engine," 279, 344

pocket-book for the year 1859," "Adcock's, 30

Guns, Cunningham's non-recoil carriage for naval, 237
Clarke's "Handbook of languages,” 30

the association of foremen, 55, 110, 176, 239,

» gun carriages, and ammunition, Whitworth's im-
Clayton and Fearnley's apparatus for paying-out telegraph

provements in, 285
313, 379

Mr. Andrew Smith's electric, 200
cables, Moxon, 42

the South Wales Institute of, 297

Whitworth's rified, 192
Clifford's system of boat lowering, 235, 289, 305, 383 Engine, on a quick working power, 91, 121, 158, 190
Cloak, the druid, 111
Engines, Mr. Scott Russell's patent three-cylinder, 60

Gun, the Armstrong, 91, 105, 140, 159, 175, 239, 320, 335,

383, 400
Clock, Cole's portable astronomical, 408

,, of war, destructive, 238

Guthrie's improved mainsail, 378
Coal, machine, and shipping trades, current events in the England and France, the navies of, 39,
centres of the metal, 17, 18, 32, 33, 48, 49, 64, 79, England, •. Welsh coal, North of, 239

Gyroscope, optical experiments with the, 369
81, 95, 97, 111, 112, 128, 143, 159

English and French navies, the estimates of the, 249, 264, 280
North of England v. Welsh, 239
Engraving, improvements in, 231

H.
Coast defence committee, the, 305

Excess, the spherical, 31
Coinage, decimal, 337
Excursion round the world, a scientific, 192

Hair, artificial, 321
Coins, cracked, 272
Exhibition of inventions, 38, 89

Hale's improved war-rockets, 348
, 'for Canada, decimal, 187, 257
Expansion of steam, hyperbolic construction for estimating

Hall and Well's improved electric telegragh cables, 300,
Colburn and Clark's “Recent practice in the locomotive the, 89

351, 367
engine," 279, 344
Explosions, unaccountable, 270, 286, 297, 319, 336

Hall's patent agricultural apparatus, 218
Cole's portable astronomical clock, 408

Hand labour, wood carving by machinery and, 63
Collars, improved horse, 92

F.

Handles, improved drawer-knobs and, 94
Colombo, the screw steamer, 401

Hands' patent for drying chambers, 127
Complete specifications, patents applied for with, 81, 19,
Fabrics, gilding textile, 46

Harbours of refuge, 185
Factory smoke, 155
66, 130, 178, 194, 210, 226, 242, 258, 273, 289, 306, 322,

Harke's plough and pulverizer, 268
338, 369
22, Fairbairn (Mr. W.) on gunpowder, 231

Harrison's electric light apparatus, 48
Concussion fuzes, 42

, improved modes of constructing the | Hart's patent economizing gas-burner, 92

flues of steam boilers, 8
Conductor, new electric, 74

Hart v. Dacosta, 271
Conolly's rifle rest, 284, 304
Falmouth Docks and Harbour, 192

Hasting's “ Transactions of the National Association," 250
Faraday, a defence of, 235
Conservation of force, on the, 16, 27, 75, 107, 167, 185, 203,

Hattersley's type-composing machine, 363
Fearnley's apparatus for paying-out telegraph cables,
283

Hay and straw, Richmond and Chandler's improved ma-
Congbeare's patent apparatus for generating, superheating,

Moxon, Clayton, and, 42

chines for cutting, 125
Feeder for steam boiler, 367
and condensing steam, 172

Heat, and actinism, light, 95
Fencing for irrigation, tubular, 26
laying submarine tele-

, caused by carbonic acid, sensation of, 46
Figian paper, 265
graph cables, 93

,, the relative power of metals and alloy to conduct,
File-cutting machine, patent, 369
, “Principles and practice of civil engineering,

279
Fincham's "Laying-off," 314
345

Hedley's “Who invented the locomotive engine ?" 73
Fine arts, 11
Cord, Zahn's machine for making covered or plated twist

Hennessy's "Liscourse on the study of science," 73
or, 204
Fire-arms, Manceaux's metallic stocks for, 188

Hewitt's patent screw propeller, 381
Fire-bricks, 279
Correspondents, Notices to, 16, 31, 47, 63, 95, 208, 224, 411

Hills v. the London Gas-light Company, 400

Hood's patent stable fittings, 76
queries and replies, 16, 47, 95, 127, 143,

Fire-engine, Fowke's patent, 284

new, 41
159, 191, 240

Hooks, Kynaston's life-boat, 239
Cort and his inventions in the manufacture of British iron.

Shand and Mason's steam, 124

Horeau's scheme of sewerage, 106
Fire-engines, steam, 154, 188
the case of Henry, 22, 94, 102, 134

Horse collars, improved, 92
Fires in 1858, London, 153, 175, 191, 206
, fund, the, 411

, hoes and drills, Taylor's patent, 92
Fish, artificial parchment from, 193
* foundry at Gosport, the, 25

, railroads, 280
Fishbourne (Captain) on the effect of the Armstrong gun
Cotton-gin, M'Arthy's, 193

, rake, "Delta's” patent, 352

on naval architecture, 332, 343, 366, 409
Couches for India, patent, 143

Horticultural buildings, Sir Joseph Paxton's improved, 29
Fishing requisites, 202
Crinolines, steel for, 192

Hounslow explosion, the, 286, 336
Crushing apparatus, 30, 237

, tackle, improvements in, 238

Houses, a plan for dwelling, 238
Flax, the cultivation of, 231
Cultivation of flax, the, 231

Hughes' (Professor) electric telegraph apparatus, 301
Cunningham's non-recoil carriage for naval guns, 237
Flexible screw propeller, 381

Humboldt, Alexander von, 312
Floating batteries, French, 143
patent topsails, 127, 256

Hyperbolic construction for estimating the expansion of
Floors, coverings for, 62

stcam, 89
D.

Flotilla, the Indus steam, 332

Flues, steam boiler, 31
Deane-Harding revolver, the, 345

Force, on the conservation of, 16, 27, 75, 107, 167, 185, 203,
Decimal coinage, 337

283 | Improvements in fishing-tackle, 238
, coins for Canada, 187
Foundry at Gosport, the Cort, 25

shipbuilding. 111
Defence, Macintosh's system of national, 135
Fowke's patent fire-engine, 284

India, light-draught steamers for, 103
“Delta's" patent agricultural implements, 394
Fowler's steam ploughing apparatus, 395

» patent couches for, 143
cheese press, 347

France, the navies of England and, 39, 219, 264, 280, 377, , steamers wanted for, 91
horse-rake, 352

392

the new patent law of, 287, 303
Designs for articles of utility registered, lists of, 82, 210, 290 Fremont's (Col.) gold separator, 240 .

Indian items, 46, 63, 79, 105, 159
356, 412 French floating batteries, 143

Indus steam flotilla, the, 3
“Dictionary of Universal Information," Beeton & Sherer's,

naval affairs, 191

Inman, the late Dr., 142
314

navies, the estimates of the English and, 249, 264, Institution of Great Britain, Royal, 361
Dock at Port Louis, Mauritius, new, 142

280 Intention to proceed with patents, notices of, 20, 31, 49, 66,
» Lenox's iron floating, 28, 47

patent law, 239

82, 98, 114, 130, 145, 261, 178, 194, 210, 226, 342, 258,
Docks and harbour, the Falmouth, 192

Furnace for the manufacture of iron and steel, Bessemer's 273, 289, 306, 322, 338, 353, 369, 383, 401, 412
, at East Greenwich. proposed, 31

improved, 317

Invention, priority of, 321

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Inventions and inventors of tools, 94

Mechanics' institution, the founder of the London, 63 | Patents published, specifications of, 20, 34, 49, 66, 82, 98,
Captain Norton's, 126, 151
“Rankine's" manual of applied, 118, 136, 234

114, 130, 145, 161, 178, 194, 210, 226, 242, 256,
exhibition of, 38, 89
Melhado's apparatus for submerging telegraph cables,

274, 290, 306, 322, 338, 334, 369, 385, 401, 412
in the manufacture of British iron, the case of Arkell and, 157

sealed, weekly lists of, 20, 34, 49, 66, 82, 98, 114,
Henry Cort and his, 22, 94, 102, 134
Men-of-war, the steam power of, 346

130, 145, 161, 178, 194, 210, 226, 242, 258, 274,
premiums for, 25
“Mental Arithmetic," Reid's, 377

290, 306, 322, 338, 354, 369, 385, 401, 412
Inventor, an unrewarded, 158
“Mersey" steam frigate, the, 207, 208

Patridge's apparatus for superheating steam, 47
Iron and puddled steel, wrought, 174, 200
Mersey wrought-iron gun, the great, 224

Paxton's (Sir Joseph) improved horticultural buildings, e9
steel, Bessemer on the manufacture of malleable, Metal aluminium, the new, 190

Paying-out machinery, the Atlantic, 288
397, 406 " coal, machine, and shipping trades, current events in Peculation is prevented at the Royal Mint, how, 360 ,
, Bessemer's improved furnace for the manu-

the centres of the 17, 18, 32, 33, 48, 49, 64, 79, | Pedo-motive carriage, 46
facture of, 317

81, 95, 97, 111, 112, 128, 143, 159 Percussion caps, Pursell, 193
coated ships, 11
Metals by rotation, dividing, 236

Permanent way of the Madras Railway, the, 251, 281
dwelling-houses, a plan for, 238
, to conduct heat, the relative power of, 279

Phillips's improved slide-valve, Dodd and, 106
fioating dock, Lenox's, 28, 47
Metropolitan board of works, the, 238

Photography, the uses of, 321
making process, Bessemer's, 296
Micro-electric telegraph, the, 126

Physiognomy, Electro, 224
Maudslay's improved furnaces for manufacturing, 28 | Micro-photography, 200, 240

Pig-iron trade, the Scotch, 64
ships, 47

Midworth's improvements in threshing and dressing Pipes, new mode of joining, 248
shot and shell, penetration by elongated rifled, 11
machines, 138

, paper water, 289
steamships for the navy, the new, 296
Military and other tents, on, 201, 220

Pipe-stem or tube for smoking, Mr. H. Edwards' improved,
the case of Henry Cort and his inventions in the manu Millboard, &c., Whiteley's apparatus for making, 76
facture of British, 22, 94, 102
Mills, Esq., the death of George, 55

agh and pulverizer, Harke's, 268
, trade of the north, the, 91
Mills for grinding, Averill's, 202

Chandler and Oliver's steam, 9
Irrigation, tabular fencing for, 26
Mill's “Liberty" 376

Ploughing apparatus, Fowler's steam, 395
Isherwood's "Engineering precedents for steam machinery," Mint, how peculation is prevented at the Royal, 360

Plymouth Great Western Docks, 177
, money making at the Royal, 375, 391, 405

Pocket-books and porte-monnaies, improved, 89
, rapid money-making at the, 216

Poetry of the Armstrong Gun, the, 240
the Royal, 143

Polarized light, 239
James's improved band-sawmachines, Powis and, 173
Model domestic dwelling, 368

Porte-monnaies, improved pocket-books and, 89
Jetty for the British, Irish, and Foreign Steam Packet Money making at the Mint, rapid, 216

Port Louis, Mauritius, new dock at, 142
Company, new, 55
" " " Royal Mint, 375, 391, 405

Portsmonth Railway, direct, 94
Jobson's apparatus for crushing and sifting, 237

Moxon, Clayton, and Fearnley's apparatus for paying-out Power-engine, on a quick-working, 91, 121, 158, 190
improved moulds for casting, 218
telegraph cables, 42

Powis and James's improved band-saw machines, 173
Johnson and Varley's improved pressure and vacuum
Muirhead's" Life of James Watt," 278, 314

Premiums for inventions, 25
ganges, 74
Musical instruments, Cecconi's, 240

Press perversion, 29
Joiner's assistant," "The carpenter and, 30, 345

. wheel rollers, 256
Joining pipes, new mode of, 248

Printing from engraved plates, Mr. H. Bradbury's new
Nalder v. Clayton and another, 272

method of, 257
National Association," Hastings', “Transactions of the, 250

Prisley's street lamps, 193
... life-boat institution, the, 79, 253

Proceedings, parliamentary, 103, 119, 136, 152, 170, 187, 199,
Kane, (Dr.) Monument to, 75
Natural History," " Routledge's illustrated, 235

216, 235, 247, 407
Keels of vessels, sails and, 264
Naval affairs, French, 191

Projectiles, Sergeant Warry's improved gun and, 270
Knowledge, the taxes on, 264

, architecture, Captain Fishbourne on the effect of the

Provisional protections, 19, 33, 49, 65, 87, 97, 113, 129, 144,
Kynaston's life-boat hooks, 239, 305, 383

Armstrong gun on, 332, 343, 366, 409

160, 177, 193, 209, 226, 241, 258, 273, 289,
, architecture, the theory of, 22, 56, 103, 120, 168, 217,

305, 321, 337, 353, 369, 384, 400, 411

registrations, 82, 210, 290

297
,, science, Sir John Pakington on, 184

Prusell's percussion caps, 193
Ladies, machinery for the, 47
“ Naval warfare with steam," Sir Howard Douglas on, 13

Prussia, carriages for the King of, 167
Lamb and White's life boats, 193, 268
Navies of England and France, the, 39, 249, 264, 280, 377, 392

Pulverizer, Harke's plough and, 268
Lamps, Prisley's street, 193

the estimates of the English and French, 249, 264, 280

Pumps, Roberts's and Downton's ships', 44
Lancaster's breech-loading rifle, 13, 265
Navy, our steam, 152

. Suffield's improved ships', 12
Land, a new plotting scale for surveying, 207

, screw propulsion in Her Majesty's stcam, (see
Languages, " " Clarke's handbook of, 30

supplement)
Lardner, (Dr.) the death of, 312

the engineers of the Royal, 158, 176, 286
Latham's * Construction of wrought-iron bridges,” 72

the new iron steam-ships for the, 296

Quick-working power-engine, on a, 91, 121, 158, 190
Latbe for re-turning railway wheels, 380

the United States', 59
, vioe, an improved lathe cluck and, 30
Navy's rejoinder to Lord Clarence Paget, tho Surveyor of

R.
Law cases, 63, 159, 208, 239, 271, 336, 368, 399

the, 248
Laws, the tonnage, 169
Normand's improvement in screw ships, 282

Rafts, Captain Raymond's life, 74
" Laying Off," Fincham's, 314
Normandy's patent marine fresh-water apparatus, 77, 88

Raft shipping, 47
or the geometry of shipbuilding, 38, 70, 138,
North, the iron trade of the, 91

Railroads, horse, 280
186, 266, 349
Norton's (Captain) fuze, 238

Railway and canal bills, 121
Lead, Mr. Phillips on the metallurgy of, 281

liquid fire-shells, 305

" communication in Turkey," Sir Macdonald Ste-
Leathers, vegetable, 378

rifle bullet, 95, 107, 126, 127, 151, 257

phenson, 110
Leeteh's breece-loading rifled smal arms, 408

submarine cartridges, 138, 193, 257

direct Portsmouth, 94
Lenor's iron floating dock, 28, 47

registered shawl, 63

trains, gas-light in, 46
“Liberty," Mill's, 376
Norton v. Nicholls, 336

work of the session, the, 142
Liebig on sewage, 72
Notes from Scotland, 113, 128, 144, 160

Rankine's “Manual of Applied Mechanics," 118, 136, 234
Life, expectation of, 127

» the eastern counties, 18, 32, 48, 63, 80, 96, 112, Raymond's (Captain) life rafts, 74
- boat institution, the national, 79, 253

128, 144, 160

Redl's cone telegraph for the navy and war departments,
Life-boats, Lamb and White's, 193, 268

, the south west, 48, 64, 80, 96, 112, 128, 144, 160 269, 282
Licht, beat, and actinism, 95

Notices of intention to proceed with patents, 20, 34, 49, 66, Reeve's patent revolver, 345
Liquid-fire shells, 265, 305

82, 98, 114, 130, 143, 161, 178, 194, 210, 220, 242, 238,

Reform, patent law, 142
Literary and educational year-book for 1859, the, 15, 72

273, 289, 306, 322, 338, 353, 369, 385, 401, 412

Refuge, harbours of, 185
philosophical socieży, Manchester, 54, 78, 111, 1 Notices to correspondents, 16, 31, 47, 63, 95, 208, 224, 411

Regina v. Bond, 208
207, 231, 251, 297, 331
Novello-craft and the Velocivane, thé, 362, 384

Registered, lists of designs for articles of utility, 82, 210,
Lithography, 268

290, 356, 412
Locomotive engine,” Clark and Colburn's, “Recent practice

0.

Register for vehicles, 281
in the, 270,34
Tocomotive engine,” Wilson's, “Who invented the, 73

Registrations, lists of provisional, 82, 210, 290, 356, 413
Observatory in Algeria, 60

Reid's “Mental Arithmetic," 377
Logarithms," Sang's, “Five-place, 30
Oliver's steam plough, Chandler and, 9

Revolver, Reeve's patent, 345
London, fires in, 1858, 132, 175, 191, 206
Optical experiments with the gyroscope, 368

.. The Deane-Harding, 345
. mechanics' institution, the founder of the, 63

, stereoscope, 368
Ordnance, new committee on naval, 151

Rhodes' "Tents and tent life," 234
o the drainage of, 10

Richmond and Chandler's improved machines for cutting
Lovering ships' boats, 239, 305, 383, 398

P.

hay and straw, 125

Rifle bullet, Captain Norton's, 95, 107, 127, 257
Paget, the Surveyor of the Navy's rejoinder to Lord ... Lancaster's brecch-loading, 13, 265

Clarence, 248
Machine, and shipping trades, current events in the centres

is rest, Captain Connolly's, 284, 304
" Painting popularly explained," Gullick and Timbs', 30

shot, 59
of the metal, coal, 17, 18, 32, 33, 48, 49, 64, 79, 81, 95, Pakington (Sir John) on Naval Science, 184

,, the Enfield, 225, 230, 265
97, 111, 112, 128, 159 | Paper duty, the repeal of the, 271

the new breeeh-loading cavalry, 57
Machinery for turning, 189, 205

, making, materials for, 331

Rifled small arms, Leetch's breech-loading, 408
the Atlantic paying out, 319

5, papier mâché, &c, specifications of patents for the
Machines, Brussant's weighing, 122

Rifles, Government, 237
manufacture of, 279

Rig for ships of war, Captain Schomberg's improved, 365
Powis and James's improved band-saw, 173

water-pipes, 289

Rigging vessels, Webster's method of masting and, 26
Wheeler's patent washing, 90
Paramatta, the royal mail steamer, 382

Roberts's and Downton's ships' pumps, 44
Macintosh's system of national defence, 135
Parchment, artificial, 193, 305, 337

Rollers, press wheel, 256
Macnee and others e. Nimmo, 239
Paris Notes, 46

“Routledge's Illustrated Natural Histery," 235
Madras railway, the permanent way of the, 251, 281 Parliamentary proceedings, 103, 119, 136, 152, 170, 187, 199, Russell's (Mr. Scott) patent three-cylinder engines, 60
Mainsail, Guthrie's improved, 378

216, 235, 247, 407
Malam's patent portable apparatus for making gas, 363 Patent law amendment bill, 199
Xallet's Military and paval uses of large shells,” 73

» » French, 239
Malta, telegraph to, 400

» » of India, the new, 287, 303
Mancaux's metallic stocks for fire-arms, 188

reform, 142

Sails and keels of vessels, 264
Manchester literary and philosophical society, 54, 78, 111,

marine fresh-water apparatus, Normandy's, 7

Sang's “ Five-place logarithms," 30
207, 231, 251, 297, 331 Patents, abridged specifications of, 20, 34, 50, 66, 82, 98, Saw machines, Powis and James's improved band, 173
Manufacture of British iron, the case of Henry Cort and

114, 130, 145, 161, 178, 191, 210, 226, 242, 259, Scale for surveying land, a new plotting, 207
bis inventions in the, 22, 94, 102, 134

274, 290, 306, 322, 338, 354, 370, 385, 401 Schomberg's (Captain) improved rig for ships of war, 365
Vap of England and Wales, 225

applications for (see “Provisional protections") Science, Sir John Pakington on naval, 184
Marine engine-room telegraphs for H. M. navy, 343, 383

applied for with complete specifications, 34, 4 Scientific Progress in Australia, 40, 87
. fresh water apparatus, Normandy's patent, 77, 88

66, 130, 178, 194, 210, 226, 242, 258, 273, 289, Scoffern's "New Resources of Warfare," 279, 303, 320
YArthy's cotton gin, 193

306, 322, 338, 369

Scotch pig-iron trade, the, 64
Mason's steam fire-engine, and Shand, 124

on which the third year's stamp duty has been Scotland, institution of engineers in, 216, 267, 296
Kreting and rigging vessels, Webster's method of, 26

paid, 20, 34, 49, 66, 82, 98, 114, 130, 145, 161, ► notes from, 113, 128, 144, 160
Maadslay's improved furnaces for manufacturing iron, 28

178, 194, 210, 226, 242, 258, 274, 290, 306, 322, Scott's patent apparatus for dressing, separating, and
Mechanical engineers, institution of, 89

338, 351, 369 385, 401, 412

cleaning seeds, 58

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113, 1. nties,

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Hines, Brum and Janent washintence, 135

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Serew propeller, flexible, 381
Steam ploughing, J. H. Selwyn, on, 271

Tonnage laws, the, 169
Griffiths', 73, 177
power of men-of-war, the, 346

Tools, inventions and inventors of, 94
Hewitt's patent, 381
ships for the navy, the new iron, 296

Topsails, Cunningham's patent, 127, 256
the thrust of the, 363, 382

Sir Howard Douglas on naval warfare with, 13 Trials made with H. M. screw vessels of all classes, official
> propellers, experiments with, 382

yachts, 321

tables of the results of, (see supplement)
» propulsion in Her Majesty's steam navy (see supple-

sloop "Icarus," H. M. sorew, 8

Tubular fencing for irrigation, 26
ment)

superheating, 105, 127

Tuck v. Silver, 336
» ships, Normand's improvements in, 282
Steamer Paramatta, the royal mail, 382

Turning, machinery for, 189, 205
steamer “Colombo," the, 401
Steamers for India, light-draught, 105

Twist or cord, Zahn's machine for making covered or
» vessels of all classes, official tables of the results of

wanted for India, 91

plated, 204
trials made with Her Majesty's (see supplement) Steel, Bessemer on the manufacture of malleable iron and, Tyne piers, 216
Sealed Patents, weekly lists of, 20, 34, 49, 66, 82, 98, 114,

397, 406 Type-composing machine, Hattersley's 363
130, 145, 161, 179, 194, 210, 226, 242, 258, 274, 290, 306, for crinolines, 192

United service institution, 296, 332, 345
322, 338, 354, 369, 385, 401, 413

Spence's patent improvements in the manufacture of, United States' navy, the, 59
Seeds, Scott's patent apparatus for dressing, separating,

302
and cleaning, 58

steamer “Windsor Castle,” the new, 368
Select committee, the Woolwich, 303

tinplates, manufacture of, 82
Selwyn (J. H.) on steam ploughing, 271

wrought iron and puddled, 174, 200
on telegraphic cables, 123, 155

Stephenson's "Civil engineering of North America." 251 Valve, Dodd and Phillips's improved slide, 106
Sewage, Leibig on, 72

... (Sir Macdonald) railway communication in

Varley (Mr. A.) on electricity, 216, 232, 254, 271
Sewerage, Horeau's scheme of, 106

Turkey, 110

Varley's improved pressure and vacuum gauges, Johnson
Sewing machines, statistics of, 406
Stephenson," Smiles' “ Story of the life of George, 314

and, 74
Shand and Mason's steam fire-engine, 124
Stone, list of patents for preserving, 95

Vegetable, leathers, 378
Shell, penetration by elongated rifled iron shot and, 11 Straw, Richmond and Chandler's improved machines for

Vehicle register, 281
Shells for defending hilly countries, 320

cutting hay and, 125

Velocivane, the Novello-craft and the, 362, 384
» warfare, incendiary, 270, 280
Street-sweeping machine, Tindall's patent, 60

Vessels, Webster's method of masting and rigging, 26
liquid fire, 265
Study of Science," Hennessy's "Discourse on the, 73

Vice, an improved lathe chuck, and lathe, 30
,'Mallet's "Military and naval uses of large, 73 Submarine telegraph cables, Conybeare's patent apparatus
Shipbuilding, improvements in. 111
laying-off, or the geometry of, 38, 70, 138,

De Bergue's, 157
186, 266, 349

company, 401

War, destructive engines of, 238
on the Wear, 63

telegraphs, 410

Wardill's improvements in capstans and windlasses, 316
timber for, 318, 335, 337, 351
Suffield's engine-room telegraph, 107

Warfare, chemical agents for, 225, 305
Shipping Statistics, 24, 43, 71
» improved ships' pumps, 12

incendiary shells for, 225, 270, 280, 805
trades, current events in the centres of the
, marine engine-room telegraph, 169

naval, 399
metal, coal, machine, and, 17, 18, 32, 33, 48, Superheating and condensing steam, Conybeare's patent

Scoffern's work on new resources of, 279, 303, 320
49, 64, 79, 81, 95, 97, 111, 112, 128, 143, 159

apparatus for generating, 172

with steam," Sir Howard Douglas on "Naval, 13
Ships' Boats," Clifford's "How to Lower, 235

steam, Patridge's apparatus for, 47

War-rockets, Hale's improved, 348
» improvements in screw, 282

105, 127, 320

Washing machines, Wheeler's patent, 90
iron-coated, 11

Surveyor of the Navy's rejoinder to Lord Clarence Paget, Water apparatus, Normandy's patent marine fresh, 77
or canal boats, raising and lowering, 26
the, 248

pipes, paper, 289
Shoes, machinery for making boots and, 31
Shot and shell, penetration by elongated rifled iron, 11

, pressure machinery, Sir W. Armstrong's improved,
T.

219, 236, 253
, rifle, 59

proof stuffs, 46
Sifting, Jobson's apparatus for crushing and, 237

Tables of the trials made with H. M. screw vessels of all telegraph, 46
Silk, the production of, 47

classes, official, (see supplement)

works, the Bombay, 107, 170
Slate's improved blast furnace, 204
, the admiralty, 143, 152

,
Slave's invention, a, 57

Melbourne gravitation, 251
" Willich's Popular, 376

Watt monumental tower, the, 87
Slide valve, Dodd and Phillips's improved, 106
Taxes on knowledge, the, 256

Watt," Muirhead's “Life of James, 278, 314
Smiles' "Story of the life of George Stephenson," 344 Taylor's patent horse-hoes and drills, 92

Wear, shipbuilding on the, 63
Smithfield club show, the, 7, 24, 41, 62
Telegraph apparatus, Hughes' electric, 301

Webster's method of masting and rigging vessels, 26
Smith's (Mr. Andrew) electric gun, 200

cables, Arkell and Melhado's apparatus for sub- Wedgwood statue, the, 111
. " Squaring the Circle Solved,” 235

merging, 157
Smoke, factory, 155

Weekly gossip, our, 176, 192, 208, 224, 240, 257, 272, 305,
Conybeare's patent apparatus for laying

320, 337, 352, 368, 383, 400, 411
Smokeless domestic grates, Young's, 157

submarine, 93

Weighing machines, Brussaut's, 122
Society, Manchester literary and philosophical, 54, 78, 111,

De Bergue's submarine, 157
207, 231, 251, 297, 331

Wells and Hall's improved electric telegraph cables, 300,
"Hall and Well's improved electric, 300,

351, 361
of Arts, 216, 232, 254, 271, 281, 297, 318, 320, 345

351, 367 Wheeler's patent washing machines, 90
Bouth-west, notes from the, 48, 64, 80, 96, 112, 128, 144, 160

Moxon, Clayton, and Fearnley's appa Wheels, lathe for re-turning railway, 380
Sovereigns, pumping, 48

ratus for paying out, 42

Whiteley's apparatus for making millboard, &c., 76
Specifications of patents, abridged, 20, 34, 50, 66. 82. 98.

New, 141

White's life-boats, Lamb and, 193, 268
114, 130, 145, 161, 178, 194, 210,

for the navy and war departments, Redi's cone, Whitworth's improvements in guns, gun carriages, and
226, 242, 259, 274, 290, 306, 322,

269, 282

ammunition, 285
338, 354, 370, 385, 401
Telegraphic cables, 123, 142, 155

“Miscellaneous Papers on Mechanioal Sub.
> published, 20, 34, 49, 66, 82, 98,
» Selwyn on, 123, 155

jects," 110
114, 136, 145, 178, 194, 210, 226, Telegraphing, a novel method of, 256

rifled cannon, 192
242, 274, 290, 306, 322, 338, 354, Telegraphs for H. M. navy, marine engine room, 343, 383 Willich's “ Popular Tables," 376
369, 385, 401, 412

submarine, 287, 410
Specific gravities, measure of, 46

Wilson's “ Electricity and the Electric Telegraph," 73
Suffield's marine engine room, 107, 169

Windlasses, Wardill's improvements in capstans and, 316
Spence's patent improvements in the manufacture of steel,

the Gibralta and Malta, 400

" Windsor Castle," the new steel steamer, 368
302

the micro-electric, 126
„ tin and leaden plates, 63

Wood carving by machinery and hand labour, 63
to China and Australia, 283, 320

, engraving, statistics of, 193
Spherical excess, the, 31

water, 46

Woolwich Arsenal, gunmaking at, 268, 282, 330, 312, 400
Spontaneous generation, 94

wires, Sir Charles Bright's patentinsulators for
Squaring the circle solved. Smith's, 235

select committee, the, 305
overground, 364

Works, the metropolitan board of, 238
Stable fittings, Hood's patent, 76

“ Tents and Tent Life, Rhodes, 234
Statistics, shipping, 24, 43, 71

Wright's method of preventing boiler explosions, 318

» on military and other, 201, 220
Statue, the Wedgwood, lil

Test tubes, gas apparatus for heating, 225
Steam boiler flaes, 31

Thames graving docks, 331
Conybeare's patent apparatus for generating, super " Things not generally known,” Timbs', 344
heating, and condensing, 172

Yachts, steam, 321
Threshing and dressing machines, Midworth's improve- | Yates' patent furnace, 94
fire-engines, 154, 188

ments in, 138
hyperbolic construction for estimating the expan- | Timber, extraordinary, 171

Year-book for 1859,” “The literary and educational, 15, 72
sion of, 89

| Young's smokeless domestic grates, 157
, for ship-building, on, 318, 335, 337, 351
navy, our, 152

Timbs and Gullick's “Painting popularly explained ” 30
» screw propulsion in Her Majesty's (see supple , “Things not generally known," 344

z.
ment)

Tindall's patent street sweeping machine, 60
» packet company, new jetty for the British, Irish, and Tinplates, manufacture of steel, 89

Zahn's machine for making covered or plated twist or
Foreign, 55
Tod, Esq., death of David, 84

cord, 204

THE

connected immediately with their own vocations. tion with the classification of the abridged speciMECHANICS' MAGAZINE. We need not go back to the days of WATT and fications of Patents, &c., which will be severally

ARKWRIGHT to prove this. Every day men are explained in their respective places. The price LONDON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1858.

now studying and inventing things which lie of the Magazine is raised from 3d. to 4d., but we

more or less apart from their personal pursuits. do not for a moment anticipate that the slight EDITORIAL ADDRESS.

The best steam-plough yet produced, which is increase will, by any reader, be deemed a serious MORE than thirty-five years have passed since described on another page of this number, was drawback, or an unreasonable accompaniment of the First Number of the MECHANICS' MAGAZINE invented by an engineer and farmer together. our enlarged efforts and expenditure. In conappeared, with its memoir of JAMES WATT- The late electrician of the Atlantic Telegraph clusion, we wish our readers a Happy New its dingram of two solemn bricklayers in a Company was a doctor in Brighton. The most | Year, and request them to contribute to the diving-bell-its portrait of a winged enthusiast effective cannon which the military man has yet happiness of ours by aiding us in circulating flying in the air, (downwards, of course) -- its had given him, is the invention of Mr. W. G. this Magazine as widely as possible, that, as it cure for a cold -- its Tantalus's cup, with ARMSTRONG, an hydraulic engineer of New- flourished before many of them were born, so a despairing Tantalus in it-and its poetical castle. The standard work on Naval Gunnery, it may still flourish for the public benefit till Address to a Blacksmith on his birthday! | was written by a general. One of the latest they and we are no more. Very small and very crude was that first three schemes for draining London was propounded penny sheet, with its sixteen pages only, poetry | by a Judge. A novel mode of ship-construcincluded. But small and crude as it was, ittion is about to be produced by an eminent

STEAM BOILER CONSTRUCTION. proved to be the beginning of a publication constructor of marine steam-engines. It is Bacon hoped for an organ which should enable which has unquestionably exerted great influences undoubtedly true that professional men require all men to construct scientific truths as a pair upon modern science-has formed the model to be informed of what is new in their own pro

e-has formed the modell to be informed of what is new in their own pro of compasses enables all men to construct for scientific journalists throughout the world

fessions ; but it is not less true that, for the circles. But, great as the progress of science and has now taken a novel form, only that it most part, they desire also to be advised of what

av desire also to be advised of what has of late been, we see no promise of any such may give a fuller development to the energy is being done in the professions of others. And organ. The chief part of those scientific truths which belongs to it. Nor was that first number it is well for the world that they do ; for many

which are essential to the advancement of the the precursor of great literary influences alone. I of the greatest improvements made in the arts useful arts, have to be produced by that cumFor in its pages Mr. ROBERTSON, its founder and manufactures are produced by men who brous and clumsy instrument-experiment. and editor, took the lead in the establishment step aside from their own occupations to make "Science moves, but slowly, slowly, creeping on from point of the London Mechanics' Institution, and them. We have no apprehensions on this sub

to point." virtually of all those kindred institutions which ject. On the contrary, we know that the And yet we have but little cause for complaint now abound in the land.

engineer will value us the more for our agricul- of this instrument. How much has it not done We, the present editors of the Magazine, tural machinery; the agricultural machinist for for us even during the present century, in refer unhesitatingly to these early triumphs, our manufactures ; the manufacturer for our bringing steam, electricity, and a thousand since we had, of course, no personal participation ship-building; and men of science generally for natural products under our control, and subin them. It was our pleasure to succeed to its all of these.

servient to our uses? Steam-ships, railroads, control after it had grown in stature and We have a word to add upon the manage iron bridges, and crystal palaces, are but a few come into favour. Nay, favour is a word that ment of the Magazine in its new form. We in- of the results attained by aid of it. And it is very imperfectly expresses the regard-we may tend to fully maintain our independence, and

tend to fully maintain our independence, and daily giving us new and valuable advantages. even say the affection-which many hundreds with it, we trust, our consistency. For some No man has laboured more usefully, or more of readers feel for the MECHANICS' MAGAZINE. cause or other, the scientific journals which do | incessantly, on experimental subjects than Mr. To some few it is like an adopted child, to this are exceedingly scarce. "We look to most FAIRBAIRN, and considering the awful destrucmany more it is as an old and favourite friend; of them in vain for a predominant unity of tion of life which boiler explosions have ocand we should be unworthy of the position we thought and purpose, from which alone the casioned, he never, perhaps, laboured to better hold were we insensible to the interest which reader can derive any real culture-any abiding purpose than when he made his late experiments such persons feel in it. We are, however, fully advantage. Such journals appear to be edited on the resistance of tubes to collapse. The sensible of it ; and it is upon the solid basis of by a staff of writers who are void of nearly all complete results of these experiments, in so far their esteem that we build our expectations of faculties but that of mutual contradiction. The as they were contributed to the Royal Society the future.

laws of science are repealed, perverted, restored, during the present year, are now, by the courtesy All the friends of the Magazine were of late, and abolished at will by them. We find the of the author, before us. On another page we however, agreed in believing that the time had Atlantic Cable crack at the bottom of the sea have given, in his own language, the practical come when a change in its form and size was one week because of the intense cold, and melt application of these results to the construction eminently desirable. Its page was too contracted there the next because of the boiling heat. This of boilers. The article needs no commendation for the engravings of many modern machines, 1 week a plough answers admirably on accour

week a plough answers admirably on account of to practical men. The experiments were inand its literary department afforded insufficient its lightness-next week it is superior to all stituted for the purpose of improving our knowscope for all the demands of modern science. others on account of its great weight. In one ledge respecting the forms of construction best A want of a weekly scientific paper, handy in number a ship steams at 15 knots because she calculated to sustain those high pressures of size, copious in information, and sound and re- is down at the head-in the next she steams at steam which have lately been rendered necesliable in its teachings was felt ; and we were the same rate because she is by the stern. Now sary by the general desire to economise fuel, looked to as the most proper persons to supply all this or rather, all of which this is a dis- and to extend the expansive principle; the the want. We have undertaken the task quised representation - is exceedingly absurd resort to these pressures having been folcheerfully, and the mere preliminary announce- and injurious. The laws of science are fixed, lowed by numerous and aggravated explosions. inent of our intention in the matter has brought and those who undertake to expound them | The worst of these have resulted from the col113 so much support that our success is already should not prevaricate. We know that perfec- lapsing of the internal flues, which have been assured. We hope and believe that this first tion is not possible of attainment in dealing with largely adopted, and the number of which lato number of our New Series will confirm our the varied facts to which experience daily gives experiments at Sheerness Dockyard will tend to present friends in their friendship for us, and rise ; but we shall, on our own parts, feel it due increase. It has been the habit of engineers to bring us many new ones.

to the public to prefer even silence to false and form these flues of boiler plate, riveted with It will be observed that to our title of ME-doubtful comment.

simple lap-joints into cylinders ; and these were | We have another word to add to corres-, considered to be of equal strength-when of the erat day, a perfectly definite designation, we pondents. From these we shall be most happy same material, diameter, and thickness--whathave appended a sub-title, viz. : “Journal of to receive whatever they may please to send us, ever their lengths. It is perfectly reasonable Engineering, Agricultural Machinery, Manufac- but we shall exercise our right of rejection more to suppose this, if the cylinders be unsupported tures and Shipbuilding." This has been done severely than heretoforo. It unfortunately at their ends ; but, it is equally reasonable to with a clear and settled purpose, which, though happens that some of our best men write very suppose that where their lengths are short and it may not be evident to some readers, we need little, and some of our worst very much. This variable, and their extremities held by rigid Dot here mention. Some gentlemen have, how- is an evil to be deplored ; but our duty, as supports, their strengths would vary materially, eter, predicted our want of success because of editors, is plain. We cannot sacrifice the In some experimental tests to prove the effithe number of the branches of practical science patience of thousands of readers for the sake of ciency of some certain boilers, Mr. FAIRBAIRN

bich we thus embrace. But very close obser- gratifying one frivolous or mistaken writer. On had some misgivings as to the strength of the vation has shown us that this prediction is based the other hand, for really useful communications internal flues to resist a force tending to colupon > fallacy. It is a very great mistake to we shall at all times tender our best thanks. | lapse them. In these experiments it was found supprige that intelligent men wish to confine! We have introduced several improvements in that flues 35 feet long were distended with contheis scientific reading exclusively to subjects l the details of the Magazine, chiefly in connec- ! siderable less force than others of similar cons

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