NOBILITY AND CIVILITY
Globalization has become an inescapable fact of contemporary life. Some leaders, in both the East and the West, believe that human rights are culture-bound and that liberal democracy is essentially Western, inapplicable to the non-Western world. How can civilized life be preserved and issues of human rights and civil society be addressed if the material forces dominating world affairs are allowed to run blindly, uncontrolled by any cross-cultural consensus on how human values can be given effective expression and direction?
In a thoughtful meditation ranging widely over several civilizations and historical eras, Wm. Theodore de Bary argues that the concepts of leadership and public morality in the major Asian traditions offer a valuable perspective on humanizing the globalization process. Turning to the classic ideals of the Buddhist, Hindu, Confucian, and Japanese traditions, he investigates the nature of true leadership and its relation to learning, virtue, and education in human governance; the role in society of the public intellectual; and the responsibilities of those in power in creating and maintaining civil society.
De Bary recognizes that throughout history ideals have always come up against messy human complications. Still, he finds in the exploration and affirmation of common values a worthy attempt to grapple with persistent human dilemmas across the globe.
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This standard practice of the Ming was continued by the ( Manchu ) Qing dynasty
, with an increasingly authoritarian tone and content , emphasizing loyalty to the
throne and obedience to the authorities . The standard Qing vision became ...
... of the necessary corrective and balance to this idea ( so dependent on the
heroics of individuals ) in the form of institutions . This he found in the writings of
Huang Zongxi and other Qing dynasty thinkers who stressed the need for
... is not the community compact promoted in the Ming and Qing dynasties by the
government using political force , rather it refers to the community compact
launched in the beginning by villagers themselves at the outset in the Song
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The Noble Paths of Buddha and Rama
Buddhist Spirituality and Chinese Civility
Shotokus Constitution and the Civil
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