NOBILITY AND CIVILITY
Globalization has become an inescapable fact of contemporary life. Some leaders, in both the East and the West, believe that human rights are culture-bound and that liberal democracy is essentially Western, inapplicable to the non-Western world. How can civilized life be preserved and issues of human rights and civil society be addressed if the material forces dominating world affairs are allowed to run blindly, uncontrolled by any cross-cultural consensus on how human values can be given effective expression and direction?
In a thoughtful meditation ranging widely over several civilizations and historical eras, Wm. Theodore de Bary argues that the concepts of leadership and public morality in the major Asian traditions offer a valuable perspective on humanizing the globalization process. Turning to the classic ideals of the Buddhist, Hindu, Confucian, and Japanese traditions, he investigates the nature of true leadership and its relation to learning, virtue, and education in human governance; the role in society of the public intellectual; and the responsibilities of those in power in creating and maintaining civil society.
De Bary recognizes that throughout history ideals have always come up against messy human complications. Still, he finds in the exploration and affirmation of common values a worthy attempt to grapple with persistent human dilemmas across the globe.
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Are there perhaps any living beings who , by earnestly and diligently practicing
this sûtra , have been able to attain Buddhahood quickly ? ” Manjushri replied , “
There is the daughter of the dragon king Sâgara , who has just turned eight .
Those who are able to read will be allowed to continue as clergy ; and those who
are illiterate will be ordered to return to the laity . ” The Master responded : “ I am
a rustic monk myself , I never look at scriptures and do not know a single word .
Virtue ” means being sure to act upon seeing the good and being sure to reform
upon hearing of faults ; to be able to govern oneself ; to be able to govern one ' s
family ; to be able to serve father and elder brothers ; to be able to instruct sons ...
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The Noble Paths of Buddha and Rama
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Shotokus Constitution and the Civil
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