NOBILITY AND CIVILITY
Harvard University Press, 2004 - 272 pages
Globalization has become an inescapable fact of contemporary life. Some leaders, in both the East and the West, believe that human rights are culture-bound and that liberal democracy is essentially Western, inapplicable to the non-Western world. How can civilized life be preserved and issues of human rights and civil society be addressed if the material forces dominating world affairs are allowed to run blindly, uncontrolled by any cross-cultural consensus on how human values can be given effective expression and direction?
In a thoughtful meditation ranging widely over several civilizations and historical eras, Wm. Theodore de Bary argues that the concepts of leadership and public morality in the major Asian traditions offer a valuable perspective on humanizing the globalization process. Turning to the classic ideals of the Buddhist, Hindu, Confucian, and Japanese traditions, he investigates the nature of true leadership and its relation to learning, virtue, and education in human governance; the role in society of the public intellectual; and the responsibilities of those in power in creating and maintaining civil society.
De Bary recognizes that throughout history ideals have always come up against messy human complications. Still, he finds in the exploration and affirmation of common values a worthy attempt to grapple with persistent human dilemmas across the globe.
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founder help to explain what had happened to the idea of the community
compact and why sixteenth-century reformers like Wang Yangming had tried to
resurrect it. Civility, Imperial Style The founder of the Ming dynasty, Chu
... think of wanting to escape alone.5 This oath or compact invokes the same
values of commonality, parity, mutual assistance, and shared benefit, as in the
community compact (xiangyue); the same Chinese term yue (Japanese yaku)
This new organization is just the supplementation and transformation of what
earlier Chinese called, "the community compact" (xiangyue). . . . But the
community compact referred to here is not the community compact promoted in
the Ming and ...
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