NOBILITY AND CIVILITY
Globalization has become an inescapable fact of contemporary life. Some leaders, in both the East and the West, believe that human rights are culture-bound and that liberal democracy is essentially Western, inapplicable to the non-Western world. How can civilized life be preserved and issues of human rights and civil society be addressed if the material forces dominating world affairs are allowed to run blindly, uncontrolled by any cross-cultural consensus on how human values can be given effective expression and direction?
In a thoughtful meditation ranging widely over several civilizations and historical eras, Wm. Theodore de Bary argues that the concepts of leadership and public morality in the major Asian traditions offer a valuable perspective on humanizing the globalization process. Turning to the classic ideals of the Buddhist, Hindu, Confucian, and Japanese traditions, he investigates the nature of true leadership and its relation to learning, virtue, and education in human governance; the role in society of the public intellectual; and the responsibilities of those in power in creating and maintaining civil society.
De Bary recognizes that throughout history ideals have always come up against messy human complications. Still, he finds in the exploration and affirmation of common values a worthy attempt to grapple with persistent human dilemmas across the globe.
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THE SWORD UNSHEATHED The literature of the medieval period is replete with
accounts of the violence and suffering that attended the rise to dominance of the
warrior class as successors to the court nobility . Both the epic novels of the ...
... Japan reached a climax in the period known as Sengoku ( 1478 1568 ) ,
which can mean the country at war or the warring states a period riven by
internal strife , but not perhaps to be understood as civil war if by that one
And , in point of historical fact , this gave rise to two tendencies in the late
Muromachi period . On the one hand , within the samurai class there arose a
tendency referred to as the lower overcoming the higher ( gekokujõ ) (
upsetting the ...
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