NOBILITY AND CIVILITY
Globalization has become an inescapable fact of contemporary life. Some leaders, in both the East and the West, believe that human rights are culture-bound and that liberal democracy is essentially Western, inapplicable to the non-Western world. How can civilized life be preserved and issues of human rights and civil society be addressed if the material forces dominating world affairs are allowed to run blindly, uncontrolled by any cross-cultural consensus on how human values can be given effective expression and direction?
In a thoughtful meditation ranging widely over several civilizations and historical eras, Wm. Theodore de Bary argues that the concepts of leadership and public morality in the major Asian traditions offer a valuable perspective on humanizing the globalization process. Turning to the classic ideals of the Buddhist, Hindu, Confucian, and Japanese traditions, he investigates the nature of true leadership and its relation to learning, virtue, and education in human governance; the role in society of the public intellectual; and the responsibilities of those in power in creating and maintaining civil society.
De Bary recognizes that throughout history ideals have always come up against messy human complications. Still, he finds in the exploration and affirmation of common values a worthy attempt to grapple with persistent human dilemmas across the globe.
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Confucius spoke of this selfawareness as a sense of shame or as its corollary , a
sense of self - respect , to which the ruler , if he be truly a leader , must appeal if
he is not to rely on coercive means that eventually undo themselves .
Mencius had identified these natural sentiments as the Four Seeds or Beginnings
of virtue : the innate sense of empathy or commiseration , which if cultivated and
directed by principle would develop into the virtue of humaneness ( ren ) ; the ...
Muro ' s The General Sense of the Extended Meaning of the Six Precepts (
Rikuyu engi taigi ) was not simply a translation of Fan Hong ' s work , but rather a
digest in the same genre as Xu Heng ' s digest of Zhu Xi ' s Elementary Learning
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The Noble Paths of Buddha and Rama
Buddhist Spirituality and Chinese Civility
Shotokus Constitution and the Civil
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