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I cannot forbear, in these circumstances, shall hear of his own with bitterness of pausing a little, and considering whence heart. this happy scene just at this time arises, Of much speaking cometh repentance, but and whither it tends. Whether God is about in silence is safety. to bring about me any peculiar trial, for A talkative man is a nuisance to society; which this is to prepare me; whether he is the ear is sick of his babbling, the torrent shortly about to reinove me from the earth, of his words overwhelmeth conversation. and so is giving me more sensible preliba- Boast not of thyself, for it shall bring tions of heaven, to prepare me for it; or contempt upon thee; neither deride another, whether he intends to do some peculiar for it is dangerous. services by ine just at this time, which many A bitter jest is the poison of friendship; other circumstances lead me sometimes to and he that cannot restrain his tongue shall hope ; or whether it be that, in answer to have trouble. your prayers, and in compassion to that Furnish thyself with the proper accomdistress which I must otherwise have felt in modations belonging to thy condition ; yet the absence and illness of her who has been spend not to the utmost of what thou canst 80 exceedingly dear to me, and was never afford, that the providence of thy youth may more sensibly dear to me than now, he is be a comfort to thy old age. pleased to favour me with this teaching ex- Let thine own business engage thy atten. perience; in consequence of which, I freely tion : leave the care of the state to the gov, own I am less afraid than ever of any event ernors thereof. that can possibly arise, consistent with his Let not thy recreations be expensive, lest nearness to my heart, and the tokens of his the pain of purchasing them exceed the paternal and covenant love. I will muse no pleasure thou hast in their enjoyment. further on the cause. It is enough the effect

Neither let prosperity put out the eyes of is so blessed.

circumspection, nor abundance cut off the TO Mrs. Doddridge, from Northampton, hands of frugality: he that too much in. Netober, 1742.

dulgeth in the superfluities of life shall livo to lament the want of its necessaries.

From the experience of others do thou

learn wisdom ; and from their failings corROBERT DODSLEY, rect thine own faults. born 1703, died 1764, after serving as ap- yet mistrust not without reason : it is un.

Trust no man before thou hast tried him ; prentice to a tradesman, and subsequently

charitable. acting as a footman, became author and bookseller by profession. _He published A

But when thou hast proved a man to be Muse in Livery, or The Footman's Miscel. honest, lock him up in thine heart as a lany, Lond., 1732, small 8vo; A Select Col

treasure; regard him as a jewel of inesti

mable value. lection of Old Plays, Lond., 1744, 12 vols.

Refuse the favours of a mercenary man; 12mo; Miscellanies, Lond., 1745, 2 vols. 8vo; The Preceptor, Lond., 1748, 2 vols: they will be a snare unto thee: thou shalt 8vo; The Economny of Iluman Life, Lond.,

never be quit of the obligations. 1751, 8vo; Fugitive Pieces, Lond., 1764, neither leave that to bazard what foresight

Use not to-day what to-morrow may want: 2 vols. small 8vo; was the author of The Toy Shop, The King and the Miller of

may provide for, or care prevent. Mansfield, and The Blind Beggar of Bethnal wise man always successful; yet never had

The fool is not always unfortunate, nor the Green (these three are plays), and other proJuctions, and published The Annual Regis- wise man wholly unhappy:

a fool a thorough enjoyment; never was a ter, Lond., 1758, etc., suggested by Edmund Burke.

Economy of Human Life, Part I.
Hear the words of Prudence, give heed
unto her counsels, and store them in thy

SOAME JENYNS, heart: her maxims are universal and all the virtues lean upon her: she is the guide born 1704, died 1787, noted as a politician, and mistress of human life.

essayist, in fidel, and subsequently as a chamPut a bridle on thy tongue; set a guard pion of Christianity, was author of A Free before thy lips, lest the words of thine own Enquiry into the Nature and Origin of Evil, mouth destroy thy peace.

Lond., 1757. 12mo (ridiculed by Dr. Johnson Let him that scoffeth at the lame take in The Literary Magazine), with his Poems, care that he halt not himself: whosoever | 1761, 2 vols. 12mo; View of the Internal speaketh of another's failings with pleasure, | Evidence of the Christian Religion, Lond., 172



1776, 12mo; Bohn, 1850, 8ro, and other and murdering each other? whose power productions, for which see The Works of over thein was employed in assisting the Soame Jenyns, Esq., etc., with Life by C. rapacious, deceiving the simple, and opN. Cole, Lond., 1790, 4 vols. 8vo.

pressing the innocent? who, without provo“ His Poetry does not rise above mediocrity : cation or advantage, should continue from indeed, it scarcely deserves the name: but the day to day, void of all pity and remorse, style of his prose is smooth and lucid, his turns thus to torment mankind for diversion, and of thought are neat and unexpected; and when he at the same time endeavour with his utmost sports in irony, in which he apparently delights to care to preserve their lives, and to propagate indulge, he is uncommonly playful and airy. Jenyns has evidently a predilection for parodoxi- of victims devoted to his malevolence, and

their species, in order to increase the number cal opinions: and why, he might reasonably urge in his defence, should a man address the Public, be delighted in proportion to the miseries he who has nothing new to offer to it?"--GREEN? occasioned? I say, what name detestable Diary of a Lover of Lit.

enough could we find for such a being ?

Yet, if we impartially consider the case, CRUELTY TO INFERIOR ANIMALS.

and our intermediate situation, we must We see children laughing at the miseries acknowledge that, with regard to inferior which they jnflict on every unfortunate animals, such a being is a sportsman. animal that comes within their power, all savages are ingenious in contriving and happy in executing the most exquisite tortures; and the common people of all coun- BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, LL.D., tries are delighted with nothing so much as bull-baiting; prize-fightings, executions, and born in Boston, 1706, emigrated to Phila

spectacles of cruelty and horror. Though delphia, 1723 ; worked as a printer in Loncivilization may in some degree abate this don, 1724 to 1726, when he returned to Philnative ferocity, it can never quite extirpato adelphia ; Clerk of the Provincial Assembly, it: the most polished are not ashamed to be 1736; Deputy Postmaster at Philadelphia, pleased with scenes of little less barbarity 1737, and Postmuster-General for British and, to the disgrace of human nature, to

America, 1753 ; Agent for Pennsylvania in dignify them with the name of sports. They England, 17.57 to 1762, and again for several arm cocks with artificial weapons, which of the colonies, 1764 to 1775; Minister Plennature had kindly denied to their malevo- | ipotentiary to France, 1776 to 1785, when he lence, and, with shouts of applause and returned to Philadelphia; President of Penntriumph, see them plunge them into each sylvania, 1785 to 1788, and in 1787 was a other's hearts: they view with delight the member of the Federal Convention which trembling deer and defenceless hare, flying framed the Constitution of the United States; for hours in the utinost agonies of terror died in Philadelphia, 1790. For a detailed acand despair, and at last, sinking under count of his services to politics, science, and fatigue, devoured by their merciless pur

philosophy, see his Autobiography prefixed suers: they see with joy the beautiful to his Works, new edition, by Jared Sparks, their flight, weltering in their blood, or per: 1868, 8vo, his Life of Franklin as told by pheasant and harmless partridge drop from Phila., 1858, 10 vols. 8vo, and especially Big

elow's edition of Franklin's Autobiography, haps perishing with wounds and hunger llimself,'3 vols. 8vo, and James Parton's under the cover of some friendly thicket to which they have in vain retreated for safety: Life and Times of Franklin, new edit., Bost., they triumph over the unsuspecting fish 1867, 2 vols. 12mo. whom they have decoyed by an insidious

“Science appears in his language in a dress wonpretence of feeding, and drag him from his derfully decorous, best adapted to display her native native element by a hook fixed to and tear- loveliness. He has in no instance exhibited that ing out his entrails: and, to add to all this, false dignity by which philosophy is kept aloof they spare neither labour nor expense to

from common applications; and ho bas sought preserve and propagate these innocent ani- rather to make her an useful inmate and servant mals for no other end but to multiply the in the common habitations of man, than to pre

serve her merely as an object of admiration in objects of their persecution.

temples and palaces."-Sir Humphry Davy. What name would we bestow on a superior “His style has all the vigour and even concisebeing whose whole endeavours were em- ness of Swift, without any of his harshness. It is ployed, and whose pleasure consisted, in in no degree more flowery, yet both elegant and terrifying, ensnaring, tormenting, and de- lively. The wit, or rather humour, which prevails

in his works, varies with the subject. Sometimes stroying mankind; whose superior faculties

he is bitter and sarcastic; often gay and even were exerted in fomenting animosities among droll: reminding us in this respect far more frethem, in contriving engines of destruction, quently of Addison than of Swift

, as might natuand inciting them to use them in maiming I rally be expected from his admirable temper, or


the happy turn of his investigation."-LORD JEF- orthodox priest and sanctified Levite; and free: Edin, Rev.: see viii. 327–344, xxviii. 275- those who gave food to the hungry, drink to Good WORKS.

the thirsty, raiment to the naked, entertain

ment to the stranger, and relief to the sick, For my own part, when I am employed though they never heard of his name, he in serving others I do not look upon myself declares shall in the last day be accepted ; as conferring favours, but as paying debts. when those who cry Lord ! Lord ! who value

In my travels, and since my settlement, I themselves upon their faith, though great have received much kindness from men to enough to perform miracles, but have negwhom I shall never have an opportunity of lected good works, shall be rejected. He making the least direct return; and number- professed that he came not to call the rightless mercies from God, who is infinitely above eous, but sinners to repentance, which imbeing benefited by our services. Those kind- plied his inodest opinion that there were nesses from men I can therefore only return some in his time who thought themselves so on their fellow-men; and I can only shew good that they need not hear even him for my gratitude for these mercies from God by improvement: but now-a-days we have scarce a readiness to help his other children, and a little parson that does not think it the duty my brethren. For I do not think that thanks of every man within his reach to sit under and compliments, though repeated weekly, his petty ministrations, and that whoever can discharge our real obligations to each omits them offends God. I wish to such other, and much less those to our Creator. more humility, and to you health and hapYou will see in this my notion of good piness, being your friend and servant. works: that I am far from expecting to TO Rev. Georye Whitefield: Philadelphia, merit heaven by them. By heaven wo un- June 6, 1753. derstand a state of happiness, infinite in degree and eternal in duration : I can do

EARLY MARRIAGES. nothing to deserve such rewards. He that for giving a draught of water to a thirsty Dear Jack,—You desire, you say, my person should expect to be paid with a good impartial thoughts on the subject of an plantation would be modest in his demands early marriage, by way of answer to the compared with those who think they deserve numberless objections that have been made heaven for the little good they do on earth. | by numerous persons to your own. You Even the mixed, imperfect pleasures we enjoy may remember, when you consulted me on in this world are rather from God's goodness the occasion, that I thought youth on both than our merit: how much more such hap- sides to be no objection. Indeed, from the piness of heaven!

marriages that have fallen under

my obserThe faith you mention has certainly its vation, I am rather inclined to think that use in the world: I do not desire to see it early ones stand the best chance of happidiminished, nor would I endeavour to lessen ness. The temper and habits of the young it in any man.

But I wish it were more pro- are not yet become so stiff and uncomply. ductive of good works than I have generally ing as when more advanced in life: they seen it: I mean real good works : works of form more easily to each other, and hence kindness, charity, mercy, and public spirit; many occasions of disgust are removed. not holiday- keeping, sermon - reading, or And if youth has less of that prudence which hearing ; performing church ceremonies, or is necessary to manage a family, yet the parmaking long prayers, filled with flatteries ents and elder friends of young married perand compliments, despised even by wise sons are generally at hand to afford their men, and inuch less capable of pleasing the advice, which amply supplies that defect; Deity. The worship of God is a duty; the and by early marriage youth is sooner hearing and reading of sermons are useful; formed to regular and useful life ; and posbut if men rest in hearing and praying, as sibly some of those accidents or connexions too many do, it is as if a tree should value that might have injured the constitution, or itself on being watered and putting forth reputation, or both, are thereby happily preleaves, though it never produced any fruit. vented. Particular circumstances of par

Your great Master thought much less of ticular persons may possibly sometimes make these outward appearances and professions it prudent to delay entering into that state ; than many of his modern disciples. He pre- but in general, when nature has rendered ferred the doers of the word to the mere hear- our bodies fit for it, the presumption is in ers; the son that seemingly refused to obey his nature's favour, that she has not judged father and yet performed his commands, to amiss in making us desire it. Late marhim that professed his readiness, but neg- ringes are often attended, too, with this farlected the work; the heretical but charita-ther inconvenience, that there is not the ble Samaritan to the uncharitable though same chance that the parents shall live to

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see their offspring educated. “ Late chil- however, from the time of his arrival at dren,"

says the Spanish proverb, are eariy Paris ; and his zeal for the honour of our orphans," -a melancholy reflection to those country, his activity in our affairs here, and whose case it may be. With us, in America, his firm attachment to our cause, and to marriages are generally in the morning of you, impressed me with the same regard and life ; our children are therefore educated and

esteem for hjin that your excellency's letter settled in the world by noon ; and thus, our would have done had it been immediately business being done, we have an afternoon delivered to me. and evening of cheerful leisure to ourselves; Should peace arrive after another camsuch as our friend at present enjoys. By paign or two, and afford us a little leisure, these early marriages we are blessed with I should be happy to see your excellency in more children; and from the mode among Europe, and to accompany you, if my age and us, founded by nature, of every mother suck- strength would permit, in visiting some of ling and nursing her own child, more of its ancient and most famous kingdoms. You them are raised. Thence the swift progress would on this side the sea enjoy the great of population among us, un paralleled in Eu- reputation you have acquired, pure and free rope. In fine, I am glad you are married, from those little shades that the jealousy and and congratulate you most cordially upon it. envy of a man's countrymen and contemYou are now in the way of becoming a use- poraries are ever endeavouring to cast over ful citizen;


have escaped the unnat- living merit. Here you would know, and ural state of celibacy for life,—the fate of enjoy, what posterity will say of Washingmany here [in England), who never intended ton: for a thousand leagues have nearly the it, but who, having too long postponed the same effect as a thousand years. The feeble change of their condition, find, at length, voice of those grovelling passions cannot exthat it is too late to think of it, and so live, tend so far either in time or distance. At all their lives, in a situation that greatly les- present I enjoy that pleasure for you: as sens a man's value. An odd voluine of a set || frequently hear the old generals of this of books bears not the value of its proportion martial country (who studied the maps of to the set: what think you of the value of America, and mark upon them all your the odd half of a pair of scissors ? It can't operations) speak with sincere approbation well cut any thing; it may possibly serve to and great applause of your conduct; and scrape a trencher.

join in giving you the character of one of Pray make my compliments and best the greatest captains of the age. wishes acceptable to your bride. I am old I must soon quit the scene, but you may and heavy, or I should, ere this, have pre- live to see our country flourish, as it will sented them in person. I shall make but amazingly and rapidly after the war is over : small use of the old man's privilege, that like a field of young Indian corn, which long of giving advice to younger friends. Treat fair weather and sunshine had enfeebled and your wife always with respect: it will pro- discoloured, and which, in that weak state, cure respect to you, not only from her, but by a thunder-gust of violent wind, hail, and from all that observe it.

rain, seemed be threatened with absolute Never use a slighting expression to her, destruction; yet, the storm being past, it recven in jest ; for slights in jest, after fre- covers fresh verdure, shoots up with double quent bandyings, are apt to end in angry vigour, and delights the eye not of its owner earnest. Be studious in your profession, only, but of every observing traveller. and you will be learned. Be industrious and The best wishes that can be formed for frugal, and you will be rich. Be sober and your health, honour, and happiness ever temperate, and you will be healthy. Be in attend you, from yours, &c. general virtuous, and you will be happy. To General Washington : Passy, March 5, At least you will, by such conduct, stand 1780. the best chance for such consequences. I pray God to bless you both; being ever your affectionate friend.

HENRY FIELDING, To John Alleyne, Esq., Craven Street, August 9, 1708.

one of the greatest of English novelists,

born 1707, died 1754, was a son of LieuTIE FAME OF WASHINGTON. tenant-General Fielding and great-grandson

of William, third Earl of Denbigh, a descendSir,-I have received but lately the letter ant of the Counts of Hapsburg, the German your excellency did me the honour of writ- branch of which has counted among its ing to me in recommendation of the Marquis members Emperors of Germany and Kings de la Fayette. Ilis modesty detained it long of Spain. in his own hands. We became acquainted, In addition to his novels of The Adren.

upon the

stage is

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tures of Joseph Andrews, Lond., 1742, 2 vols. could do one no harm at such a distance, 12mo, History of Tom Jones, à Foundling, and in so much company; and yet if I Lond., 1749, 2 vols. 12mo, and Amelia, was frightened I am not the only person." Lond., 1752, 4 vols. 12mo, he also published - Why, who," cries Jones, “dost thou take llistory of Jonathan Wild the Great, Love to be such a coward here beside thyself?'' in Several Masks, The Author's Farce, The “Nay, you may call me coward if you will; Grub Street Opera, The Modern IIusband, but if that little man there many other comedies, and poems, and es- not frightened, I never saw iny man fright

Among the collective editions of his ened in my life. Ay, ay; go along with Works are those of Chalmers, 1821, 10 vols. you! Ay to be sure! Who's fool then ? 8vo, and Roscoe, 1840, etc., imp. 8vo. Novels, Will you? Lud have mercy upon such foolwith Memoir by Sir W. Scott, Edin., 1821, hardiness ! Whatever happens, it is good 8vo.

enough for you. Follow you! I'd follow the “Smollett and Fielding were so eminently suc

devil as soon. Nay, perhaps it is the devil,cessful as novelists that no other English author for they say he can put on what likeness he of that class has a right to be mentioned in the pleases. oh! here he is again. No farther! same breath. We readily grant to Smollett an No, you have gone far enough already; equal rank with his great rival, Fielding,—while farther than I'd have gone for all the king's we place both far above any of their successors in

dominions." Jones offered to speak, but the same line of fictitious composition. Perhaps no books ever written excited such penis of inex Partridge cried, “Hush, hush, 'dear sir, haustible laughter as those of Smollett." --Sır don't you hear him?" And during the WALTER Scott.

whole speech of the ghost he sat with his “I go to Sterne for the feelings of nature; eyes fixed partly on the ghost, and partly Fielding for its vices; Johnson for a knowlodge on IIamlet, and with his mouth open; the of the workings of its powers; and Shakspeare for

same passions which succeeded each other in every thing." —ABERNETHY.

"Fielding being mentioned, Johnson exclaimed, Hamlet succeeding likewise in him. Ile was a block head !' and upon expressing my

When the scene was over, Jones said, astonishment at so strange an assertion, he said,

Why, Partridge, you exceed my expectaWhat I mean by his being a block head is, that tions. You enjoy the play more than I he was a barren rascal!' Boswell: “Will you conceived possible.” "Nay, sir,” answered not allow, sir, that he draws very natural pictures Partridge," if you are not afraid of the of human life?' Johnson: Why, sir, it is of very devil, I can't help it; but to be sure, it is low life.'"- Boswell: Life of Johnson.

natural to be surprised at such things, PartriDGE AT THE PLAYHOUSE.

though I know there is nothing in them :

not that it was the ghost that surprised me As soon as the play, which was Hamlet, neither; for I should have known that to Prince of Denmark, began, Partridge was have been only a man in a strange dress ; all attention, nor did he break silence till but when I saw the little man so frightened the entrance of the ghost; upon which he himself, it was that which took hold of me." askeď Jones, “What man that was in the " And dost thou imagine, then, Partridge, stranye dress : something," said he, "like cries Jones, “ that he was really frightened ?" what I have seen in a picture. Sure it is "Nay, sir," said Partridge, "did not you not armour, is it ?" Jones answered, “That yourself observe afterwards, when he found is the ghost." To which Partridge replied, it was his own father's spirit, and how he with a smile, “ Persuade me to that, sir, if was murdered in his garden, how his fear you can. Though I can't say I ever actually forsook him by degrees, and he was struck saw a ghost in my life, yet I am certain I dumb with sorrow, as it were, just as I should know one if I saw him better than should have heen had it been my own case. that comes to. No, no, sir; ghosts don't But hush! O la! what noise is that? There appear in such dresses as that neither.” In he is again. Well, to be certain, though I this mistake, which caused much laughter know there is nothing at all in it, I am in the neighbourhood of Partridge, he was glad I am not down yonder where those suffered to continue till the scene between men are." Then turning his eyes again the ghost and IIamlet, when Partridge gave upon Hamlet, “ Ay, you may draw your that credit to Mr. Garrick which he had sword: what signifies a sword against the denied to Jones, and fell into so violent a

power of the devil ?": trembling that his knees knocked against During the second act Partridge made each other. Jones asked hiin what was the very few remarks. IIe greatly admired the matter, and whether he was afraid of the fineness of the dresses ; nor could he help warrior upon the stage? “O la! sir,” said observing upon the king's countenance. he, “ I perceive now it is what you told me. “Well," said he, “how people may be deI am not afraid of anything, for I know it is ceived by faces! Nulla files front is, I find, but a play; and if it was really a ghost, it a true saying. Who would think, by look


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