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moved to Florence (where, with the excep-in Dutch. Meantime, he has not been read. It tion of occasional visits to England, and a

would be an affectation to think it.”—DE QUINresidence of several years at Bath, he spent cey's Notes on Landor, Bost., 1853, 245. the most of his future life) about 1816, and died there, after about thirty years' sojourn,


PHILIP SIDNEY AND LORD BROOKE. See Emerson's English Traits, Harriet Mar

Brooke. I come again unto the woods and tineau's Biographical Sketches, Last Days of unto the wilds of Penshurst, whither my W. S. Landor, by Miss Kate Field, in Atlan- heart and the friend of my heart have long tic Monthly, April, May, and June, 1866.

invited me. Landor's publications: A Collection of

Sidney. Welcome, welcome! And now, Poems, Lond., 1795, 8vo; Gebir, a Poem, Greville, seat yourself under this oak, since, 1798, 8vo, in Latin, Gebirus, Poema, Oxon., if you had hungered or thirsted from your 1803, 12mo ; Poems from the Arabic and journey, you would have renewed the alacPersian, with Notes by the Author of Gebir, rity of your old servants in the hall. Warwick, 1800, 4to; Simoniaca, a Poem, Brooke. In truth I did so: for no otherLond., 1806, 12mo; Commentary on Memoirs wise the good household would have it. The of Mr. Fox, Lond., 1812, 8vo: suppressed; birds met me first, affrighted by the tossing Count Julian, a Tragedy, 1812; Idyllia He- of

up roica decem, Pisa, 1820, 8vo; Latin Poems, who were coming. When my palfrey eyed

caps, and I knew by these harbingers Lond., 24mo; Imaginary Conversations of them askance from their clamorousness, and Literary Men and Statesinen (First Series), shrank somewhat back, they quarrelled with Lond., 18:24-28, 3 vols. 8vo, 24 edit., Lond., him almost before they saluted me, and 18:26-28, 3 vols. 8vo, Second Series, Lond., asked him many pert questions,

What a 1829, 2 vols. 8vo; Imaginary Conversations of Greeks and Romans, new edit., 1853, 8vo; | for meditation! a solitude is the audience

pleasant spot, Sidney, have chosen here

you Gebir, Count Julian, and other Poems, Lond., chamber of God. Few days, very few in 1831, 8vo, and 1835, 12mo; Pericles and Aspasia, Lond., 1836, 2 vols. p. 8vo; Letters of in every fresh posture of the limbs, in every

our year like this: there is a fresh pleasure a Conservative, 1836, 8vo; A Satire on Satir

turn the eye takes. ists, and Admonition to Detractors, Lond., 1836, 8vo; The Pentameron and Pentalogia, Youth, crodulous of happiness, throw down 1837, post 8vo: Andrea of llungary and Upon this turf thy wallet, stored and swoln Giovanni of Naples : Dramas, 1839, post Svo; That tires thee with its wagging to and fro;

With morrow-morns, bird eggs, and bladders burst, Poemata et Inscriptiones novis auxit (Idyllia, Thou, too, would'st breathe more freely for it, Age, Heroica, Gebirus, Iambi, etc.), Lond., 1817, who lackest heart to laugh at life's deceit. 18mo; Imaginary Conversations of King Carlo Alberto and the Duchess Belgioioso It sometimes requires a stout push, and on the Affairs and Prospects of Italy, 1848; sometimes a sudden resistance in the wisest Popery, British and Foreign, Lond., 1851, men, not to become for a moment the most p. 8vo, 1853, p. 8vo; Last Fruit off an Old foolish. What have I done? I have fairly Tree, Lond., 1853, cr. 8vo; Letters of an challenged you, so much my master. American, 1854, 12mo: published under the Sidney. You have warmed me; I must name of Pottinger; Antony and Octavius cool a little, and watch my opportunity. So (Scenes for the Study, No. 1), Lond., 1856, now, Greville, return you to your invita12mo; Dry Sticks Fagoted, Lond., 1857, tions, and I will clear the ground for the 8vo. Collected Works, Lond., 1846, 2 vols company; youth, age, and whatever comes med. 8vo, again, Lond., 1853, r. 8vo; edited between, with all their kindred and dependby John Forster, Lond., 1876, 8 vols. 8vo. encies. Verily we need few taunts or ex

“Landor is strangely undervalued in England, postulations, for in the country we have few usually ignored, and sometimes savagely attacked vices, and consequently few repinings. I in the Reviews. The criticism may be right or take especial care that my labourers and wrong, and is quickly forgotten; but year after farmers shall never be idle. In church they year the scholar must go back to Landor for a mul

are taught to love God, after church they are titude of elegant sentences,--for wisdom, wit, and indignation that aro unforgettable." - EMERSON : practised to love their neighbour; for busiEnglish Trails.

ness on work-days keeps them apart and ** Had Mr. Landor, therefore, been read in any scattered, and on market-days they are prone extent answering to his merits, he must have be- to a rivalry bordering on malice, as competicome, for the English public. an object of prodig- tors for custom. Goodness does not more ious personal interest. We should have had novels upon him, lampoons upon him, libels upon him; makes them good. We must distinguish be

certainly make men happy, than happiness he would have been shown up dramatically upon the stage; he would, according to the old joke, tween felicity and prosperity, for prosperity have been traduced in French, and also 'overset leads often to ambition, and ambition to dis

What ap

appointment; the course is then over; the because fitted for every duty. wheel turns round hut once, while the reac-pears the dullest may contribute most to tion of goodness and happiness is perpetual. our genius; what is most gloomy may

Brooke. You reason justly, and you act soften the seeds and relax the fibres of gairightly. Piety, warm, soft and passive as ety. Sometimes we are insensible to its the æther round the throne of Grace, is kindlier influence, sometimes not. We enmade callous and inactive by kneeling too joy the solemnity of the spreading oak much ; her vitality faints under rigorous and above us; perhaps we owe to it in part the wearisome observances.

mood of our minds at this instant; perhaps Sidney. Desire of lucre, the worst and an inanimate thing supplies me while I am most general country vice, arises here from speaking with all I possess of animation. the necessity of looking to small gains. It Do you imagine that any contest of shepis the tartar that encrusts economy.

herds can afford them the same pleasure Brooke. Oh, that anything so monstrous that I receive from the description of it; or should exist in this profusion and prodigal- that in their loves, however innocent and ity of blessings! The herbs are crisp and faithful, they are so free from anxiety as I elastic with health; they are warm under am while I celebrate them? The exertion my hand, as if their veins were filled with of intellectual power, of fancy and imaginasuch a fluid as ours. What a hum of satis- tion, keeps from us greatly more than their faction in God's creatures ! Ilow is it, Sid-wretchedness, and affords us greatly more ney, the smallest do seem the happiest ? than their enjoyment. We are motes in the

Sidney. Compensation for their weak- midst of generations; we have our sunbeams nesses and their fears; compensation for to circuit and climb.' Look at the summits the shortness of their existence. Their of all the trees around us, how they move, spirits mount upon the sunbeam abore the and the loftiest the more so; nothing is at eagle; they have more enjoyment in their rest within the compass of our view except one summer than the elephant in his cen- the grey moss on the park-pales. Let it eat tury.

away the dead oak, but let it not be comBrooke. Are not also the little and lowly pared to the living one. in our species the most happy?

Imaginary Conversations. Sidney. I would not willingly try nor over-curiously examine it. We, Greville, IMAGINARY CONVERSATION BETWEEN ROGER are happy in these parks and forests; we

AscuAM AND LADY JANE Grer. were happy in my close winter-walk of box, and laurestinus, and mezereon.

Ascham. Thou art going, my dear young earlier days did we not emboss our bosoms lady, into a most awful state; thou art with the crocuses, and shake them almost passing into matrimony and great wealth. unto shedding with our transports? Ah, God hath willed it. Submit in thankfulness. my friend, there is a greater difference both | Thy affections are rightly placed and well in the stages of life and in the seasons of the distributed. Love is a secondary passion year than in the conditions of men : yet the in those who love most, a primary in those healthy pass through the seasons, from the who love least. Ile who is inspired by it clement to the inclement, not only unreluc- in a high degree is inspired by honour in a tantly, but rejoicingly, knowing that the higher: it never reaches its plenitude of worst will soon finish, and the best begin growth and perfection but in the most exagain anew; and we are all desirous of alted minds." Alas! alas ! pushing forward into every stage of life ex

Jane. What aileth my virtuous Ascham? cepting that alone which ought reasonably What is amiss? Why do I tremble ? to allure us most, as opening to us the Via

Ascham. I remember a sort of prophecy, Sacra, along which we move in triumph to made three years ago; it is a prophecy of our eternal country. We may in some meas- thy condition and of my feelings on it. ure frame our minds for the reception of Recollectest thou who wrote, sitting upon happiness, for more or for less; but we should the sea-beach, the evening after an excurwell consider to what port we are steering sion to the Isle of Wight, these verses? in search of it, and that even in the richest Invisibly bright water! so like air, we shall find but a circumscribed and very On looking down I fear'd thou couldst not bear exhaustible quality. There is a sickliness My little bark, of all light barks most light, in the firmest of us, which induces us to And look'd again, and drew me from the sight, change our side, though reposing ever so

And, banging back, breathed each fresh gale aghast, softly; yet, wittingly or unwittingly, we

And held the bench, not to go on so fast. turn again soon into our old position. God Jane. I was very childish when I comhath granted unto both of us hearts easily posed them; and, if I had thought any contented; hearts fitted for every station, inore about the matter, I should have hoped

In our

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you had been too generous to keep them in thee right well. These are the men for men: your memory as witnesses against me. these are to fashion the bright and blessed

Ascham. Nay, they are not much amiss creatures whom God one day shall smile for so young a girl, and there being so few upon in thy chaste bosom. Mind thou thy of them, I did not reprove thee. IIalf an husband. hour, I thought, might have been spent Jane. I sincerely love the youth who hath more unprofitably; and I now shall believe espoused me; I love him with the fondest, it firmly, if thou wilt but be led by them to the most solicitous affection; I pray to the meditate a little on the similarity of situa- Almighty for his goodness and happiness, tion in which thou then wert to what thou and do forget at times, unworthy supplicant! art now in.

the prayers I should have offered for myself. Jane. I will do it, and whatever else you Never fear that I will disparage my kind, command; for I am weak by nature and religious teacher by disobedience to my husvery timorous, unless where a strong sense band in the most trying duties. of duty holdeth and supporteth me. There Ascham. Gentle is he, gentle and virtuous; God acteth, and not His creature. Those but time will harden him : time must harden were with me at sea who would have been even thee, sweet Jane! Do thou, complaattentive to me if I had seemed to be afraid, cently and indirectly, lead him from ameven though worshipful men and women bition. were in the company; so that something Jane. He is contented with me, and with more powerful threw my fear overboard. home. Yet I never will go again upon the water. Ascham. Ah, Jane! Jane! men of high

Ascham. Exercise that beauteous couple, estate grow tired of contentedness. that mind and body, much and variously,

Jane. He told me he never liked books but at home, at home, Jane! in-doors, and unless I read them to him : I will read them about things in-doors ; for God is there too. to him every evening; I will open new We have rocks and quicksands on the banks worlds to hin, richer than those discovered of our Thames, 0 lady, such as Ocean never by the Spaniard: I will conduct him to heard of; and many (who knows how soon!) treasures-oh, what treasures!—on which may be ingulfed in the current under their he may sleep in innocence and peace. garden walls.

Ascham. Rather do thou walk with him, Jane. Thoroughly do I now understand ride with him, play with him, be his fairy, you. Yes, indeed, I have read evil things his page, his everything that love and poetry of courts ; but I think nobody can go out have invented: but watch him well; sport bad who entereth good, if timely and true with his fancies, turn them about, like the warning shall have been given.

ringlets round his cheek; and if he ever Ascham. I see perils on perils which thou meditate on power, go toss up thy baby to dost not see, albeit thou art wiser than thy his brow, and bring back his thoughts into poor old master. And it is not because Love his heart by the music of thy discourse. hath blinded thee, for that surpasseth his

Teach 'him to live unto God and unto thee; supposed omnipotence; but it is because thy and he will discover that women, like the tender heart, having always leant affection plants in woods, derive their softness and ately upon good, hath felt and known nothing tenderness from the shade. of evil.

Imaginary Conversations. I once persuaded thee to reflect much : let me now persuade thee to avoid the habitude of reflection, to lay aside books, and to gaze carefully and steadfastly on what is under

RICHARD MANT, D.D., and before thee.

Jane. I have well bethought me of my du- born 1776, Fellow of Oriel College, 1798, ties: Oh, how extensive they are! what a Bishop of Killaloe and Kilfenora, 1820, of goodly and fair inheritance! But tell me, Down and Connor, 1823, and of Dromore, would you command me never more to read 1842, died 1848. IIe is best known as coCicero, and Epictetus, and Plutarch, and editor with the Rev. Richard D'Oyly of a Polybius? The others I do resign : they are Bible published by the Society for Promoting good for the arbour and for the gravel walk: Christian Knowledge, - the Bible, with Notes yet leave unto me, I beseech you, my friend Explanatory and Practical, taken from the and father, leave unto me for my fireside and most Eminent Writers of the Church of Engmy pillow, truth, eloquence, courage, con- land, Oxford, 1817, 3 vols. 4to; edited by stancy.

Bishop Hobart, with additions, New York, Ascham. Read them on thy marriage-bed, 1818–20, 2 vols. 4to. Mant also published on thy child-bed, on thy death-bed. Thou An Appeal to the Gospel : Bampton Lecture, spotless, undrooping lily, they have fenced | Oxf, and Lond., 1812, 8vo; The Book of

For as

Common Prayer, Selected with Notes, 1820, must know that obedience to the command4to ; The Book of Psalms in an English Met-ments of Christ is on every account the duty rical Version, with Notes, Oxf., 1824, 8vo; of him who calls himself a Christian. Is, Biographical Notices of the Apostles, Evan- then, the partaking in the sacrament of the gelists, and other Saints, Oxt., 1828, 8vo; Lord's Supper one of the commandments of The Clergyman's Obligations Considered, 2d Christ? Hear and consider the words of one edit., Oxf., 1830, 18mo; The Gospel Miracles: of His Apostles, and then answer for yourin a Series of Poetical Sketches, etc., 1832; selves. The British Months; a Poem, 1835, 2 vols. “I have received of the Lord" (saith St. fp. 8vo; IIistory of the Church of Ireland, Paul in his first Epistle to the Corinthians) 1839–41, 2 vols. 8vo; alsu Poems, Oxf., 1806, " that which also I delivered unto you, That sm. 8vo, and five volumes of Sermons, 1813 the Lord Jesus the same night in which he -38.

was betrayed took bread : and when he had

given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, NECESSITY AND BENEFITS OF THE LORD's eat: this is my body, which is broken for SUPPER.

you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the


when Y know that the Son of God undertook he had supped, saying, This cup

he new to redeem and save mankind from the sad testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as state (of sin) into which they had fallen ;- ye drink it, in remembrance of me. to satisfy the offended justice of His Father; often as ye eat this bread, and drink this to suffer in IIis own person, and thereby to cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he make atonement, for the sins of men ;-and come.”' (1 Cor. xi. 23–26.) If you attend to at the same time to repair and renew that this passage, you will find an express comnature, which was so fatally polluted and mandment positively and clearly given hy diseased, by giving to men a new spirit, and our Saviour, Jesus Christ, in these words, by enabling thein both to will and to do which occur twice in the course of the pasthings pleasing unto God. You know that sage: "This do in remembrance of me." in order to this, the Son of God was made Christ, then, commanded something to be man ;-that in that form Ile took upon Him-done. self the nature and the sins of men ;-that If again you consider the passage, you He then submitted to a cruel and disgraceful will find what it was that He commanded to death, for the redemption and salvation of be done. He was blessing and giving bread you and all mankind; whom He thus re- and wine, when He told the persons to whom stored to the favour of God, and thereby Ile gave them, to do the same things in remade it possible for you to recover that hap- membrance of Him. To bless and give bread piness which had been lost by the original and wine, then, are the things which Christ fall of our first parents. Finally, you know commanded to be done. that God was so pleased with the wonderful If again you consider the passage, and love and goodness shown in this precious sac-compare it with the accounts given of the rifice of Ilis Son, that He promised to par- institution of the Lord's Supper by St. Matdon all men who through faith in IIis bloodthew, St. Mark, and St. Luke, you will pershould truly repent of their sins, and should ceive that the commandment of Christ to prove their repentance by obeying the com- bless and give bread and wine in rememmandments of Iris Son, and should thus fulfil brance of Ilim, was first committed to His the conditions which IIe was pleased to ap- Apostles, at that time the ministers of His point for their salvation.

word :—and if you further consider it, you These things (I say) you all know; and will perceive tħat it was not meant to be knowing these things, must you not think, confined to them alone, but was also comnay, rather, must you not know, it to be a mitted to those who should succeed the duty which you owe to Christ, to obey any Apostles as ministers of the Gospel, because commandment which lle inay lay upon you, St. Paul speaks of “shewing the Lord's death in return for the sufferings which He en- till he come." And as the Lord will not dured for your sakes and for the blessings come again before the end of the world, the which IIe has purchased for you? Must you commandment must remain in force as long not know it to be a duty, which you owe to as the world shall last. yourselves, to obey IIis commandments, if on You see, then, that the ministers of Christ your obedience to His commandments de- are commanded by Him to bless and to give pends the question, whether or not you shall bread and wine in remembrance of Him. receive any share in those blessings which And to whom are they to give them? Why He died to purchase ?

certainly to the people committed to their Surely the most inattentive and thought- spiritual charge ; who are therefore as much less man amongst you, if he think at all, I bound to attend and partake in the Lord's


Supper as the minister is bound to attend and bread and wine, which represents the body distribute it: for we cannot give as we are and blood of Christ; and thus perform that commanded, unless you are ready to receive. act which Christ has made a mark of dis

Is it not, then, the commandment of your tinction to flis followers. Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ that you par- The partaking in the holy communion is take in the holy communion of His body and also a duty which you owe to yourselves on blood? Is not the partaking in it a duty account of the benefits which you may rewhich you owe to Christ who died for you, ceive from it: not only that benefit which and to whom you promised obedience at your may be expected by all who generally fulfil baptism? And is it not a duty which you God's commandments, but those particular owe to yourselves, if you would receive any benefits which follow upon a hearty and benefit from His death ?

conscientious performance of this. And this I say, Christian brethren, even Sermons, Vol. i., 249. supposing this to be no more than an ordinary commandment of our Saviour. But there are circumstances which distinguish this from all other commandments, and make HENRY HALLAM, LL.D., it in an especial manner your duty. It is the last and, as it were, the dying Eton and Oxford, died 1859, was the author

born at Windsor, 1777, and educated at commandment and request

of your Saviour. He who was on the right hand of God the of three great works, “either of which,'' as Father, in whom shone the fulness of His I have remarked in another place, " is of Father's glory, and who was the express im- sufficient merit to confer upon the author aye of his person : He humbled IIimself for literary immortality'': A View of the State you ; lle took your nature and form upon 1818, 2 vols. 4to (supplementary Notes,

of Europe during the Middle Ages, Lond., Him ; He became obedient unto death, even the cruel and ignominious death of the cross ; | 1848, 8vo), 11th edit., 1855, 3 vols. cr. 8vo, and when He was now upon the point of Popular edition, 1857, 3 vols. p. 8vo, New fulfilling IIis surprising love towards you

York, Widdleton, 3 vols. cr. 8vo, in French, by laying down Ilis life for your sakes, "He by P. Dudouit and A. R. Borghers, Paris, gives you this commandment, that you eat 1830–32, 4 vols. 8vo, 2d edit., 1837, 4 vols. and drink the bread and wine offered you by land, from the Accession of Henry VII. to

8vo; The Constitutional Ilistory of EngHis ministers! Is not the last request of a dying friend entitled to some regard? And the Death of George II., 1760, Lond., 1827, of Him, too, who was such a friend ?

2 vols. 4to, 8th edit., 1855, 3 vols. cr. 8vo, It is the way by which you are to show Popular edition, 1857, 3 vols. post 8vo, New that you “remember” Christ, and have a

York, Widdleton, 3 vols. cr. 8vo, in French, just sense of His goodness towards

edited by Guizot, Paris, 1828, 4 vols. 8vo:

you. * This do” (said He) "in remembrance of add to it Constitutional History of Engme." You may indeed say that you re

land since the Accession of George III., member Christ, that you have a just sense

1760–1820, by Sir T. E. May, Lond., 1871, of His goodness, although you do not par

3 vols. 8vo; New York, 1880, 12mo; Introtake in the communion of Ilis body and duction to the Literature of Europe, in blood. But if He has appointed a particular the 15th, 16th, and 17th Centuries, Lond., way by which He would have you remember 1837–39, 4 vols. 8vo, 5th edit., 1856, 4 vols. Him, i know not how you can show that you

cr. 8vo, New York, 4 vols. cr. 8vo, in French, do remember Him, except by following that by M. A. Borghers, Paris, 1839, 4 vols. Svo. one way; and I know not how you can stand

“ The cold academic style of Robertson may suit acquitted of forgetfulness and ingratitude to the comparative calmness of the eighteenth century, Him, unless you perform this IIis command- but the fervour and animation of its close commument.

nicated itself to the historical works of the next. The partaking in the Lord's Supper is HALLAM was the first historian whose style gave again the only proper act of Christian wor

token of the coming change; his works mark the ship. The professors of other religions, another. In extent and variety of learning, and

transition from one age and style of literature to Jews, Turks, and Heathens, worship God

a decp acquaintance with antiquarian lore, the by praying too, by thanking, and by prais- historian of the Middle Ages may deservedly take ing Hiin. In addition to these acts of wor- a place with the most eminent writers in that ship, Christians perform that of eating and style that Europe has produced : but his style is drinking bread and wine, as Christ has com

more imaginative than those of his laborious premanded. So that however devoutly you may pression often reveals the ardour which the heart

decessors, and a fervent eloquence or poetic exworship God in general when you come to stirring events of his time had communicated to Church, you do not in so strict a sense wor- his disposition.”—Sir Archibald Alison : Hist. of ship as Christians unless you partake in the Europe, 1815-1852, ch. v.

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