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is a personal offer, which must be personally 8vo; Chemical Nomenclature, 1802. 12po; accepted or personally rejected. It requires, Mineralogical Systems, 1811, 8vo; The Manfirst, that we see our necessity, and are tuan Rivals, a Coinedy ; Ilenry Seventh, a therefore ready to apply for help; that we Historical Tragedy, 1812, 8vo; An Essay feel our desert of punishment, and therefore upon National Character, 1832, 2 vols. Svo desire a ransom. But it requires inore also: 1 (posthumous); and Chemical Papers in Philfor one might feel his necessity, and wish osophical Transactions, Nicholson's Jourfor relief, and yet doubt the power of him nal, and Transactions of the Irish Academy, who offered it: it requires therefore a firm See Edinburgh Review, July, 1812, and persuasion that he who makes the offer is Gentleman's Magazine, June, 1830, 562 able to make the offer good; and, in the (Obituary). special case of Christ, it requires us to believe that he can and will save us; has ran- THE INDUSTRY Of The British Nation. somed us; is able to bestow on us his Holy Spirit, and to prepare us for an eternal One of the most remarkable and fortunate kingdom, into which he will hereafter re- circumstances in the above statement is, that ceive us if we follow him obediently here.

the domestic and proper industry of EnglishSuch is the corresponding movement on

men-the produce of their hands and minds our parts by which his gracious offer must

-furnishes four-fifths of their exports. Of be met; such is the willing hand which we all the modes of traffic, the most advantamust stretch out to receive the proffered geous would be for one and the same people boon, or it is proposed to us in vain. to perform every operation relating to it; that • Faith is not merely a speculation, but a is to say, for thein to grow the raw material, practical acknowledgment of Jesus as the and fabricate it at home, and then export the Christ; an effort and motion of the inind manufactured commodity in ships of their towards God; when the sinner, convinced own construction, and manned by themof sin, accepts with thankfulness the prof-selves. To complete this process in all its fered terms of pardon, and in humble confi- stages has not fallen to the lot of any empire dence applying individually to himself the extensively engaged in industry; nor could benefit of the general atonement," in the ele- it be possible for the same country to produce vated language of a venerable father of the all the materials employed in manufactures, church, "drinks deep of the stream which some of which belong to the coldest, others flows from the Redeemer's side." The ef- to the warınest climates. But if the soil be fect is, that in a little time he is filled with occupied in producing what it can best prothat “perfect love of God which casteth out duce, and if the returns of trade bring home fear," —he cleaves to God with the entire other materials, the advantage is nearly as affection of the soul. And the question, great; and the rationale of industry is fully whether we are abiding in Christ, comes to satisfied by the proportion of labour which this: Have we that confidence, that trust, remains to be bestowed upon them. Now, that dependence upon him, which induces though England does not produce the silks us to accept his offer; and are we ready to

which she weaves, or the dyes with which commit ourselves—I should rather say, liave she colours them; though all the wool which we committed ourselves-into his hands, she spins, all the iron which she converts both for this world and the next, instead of into steel, may not be of native growth, yet taking our chance for what may come, or

her commercial superiority enables her to instead of trusting to our own power, our procure those primary substances at as low own goodness, our own views of religion? à price as they would cust her were they the Then we can say with the Apostle, “I know produce of the land. It is, then, with great in whom I have believed ; and that he is wisdom that she has turned her attention, able to keep that which I have committed not to compel an unpropitious soil and clito him against that day.” This acceptance mate to yield the drugs and spices of the of his offer is Faith; and to have so ac- East, but to import them ; not to work uncepted it as to be habitually living by it, grateful ores into imperfect instruments, but and depending on it, is to “abide in Christ:" to purchase the crude matter wherever it is then he is to the Christian what the stem is best, and to bestow upon it that which gives to the branch, the sole support on which it it value,-labour. Neither is she the only leans.

country that has pursued the same prudent system : almost all commercial nations have

adopted it. But there never did exist an RICHARD CHENEVIX,

empire which bestowed so much of its own

-of itself—upon the raw productions of an eminent chemist, a native of Ireland, died nature, and spun so large a portion of its 1830, was author of Dramatic Poems, 1801, wealth out of the unsubstantial, intangible, abstract commodity, composed of time, in- bar, 1805 ; removed to Boston, 1816; M.C. tellect, and exertion, and which is market-1813–17 and 1823-27, and U. S. Senator able only in the staples of civilization. In 1828-41 and 1845–50 ; visited England, the ten millions of foreign or colonial pro- Scotland, and France, 1839; Secretary of duce which England exported in 1823, there State under Harrison, 1811, under Tyler, was much important labour,-much nauti- 1841-43, and under Fillmore, July 20, 1850, cal skill and industry; but in the remaining until his death, at his seat at Marshfield, forty millions, there was not merely four Mass., October 24, 1852. His Speeches and times, but perhaps sixty times, as much Forensic Arguments were published in Boshappy application of time, intellect, and ex- ton, 1830–35–43, 3 vols. 8vo, 8th edit., 1841; ertion; and they who appreciate her by her bis Diplomatic and Official Papers whilst colonies, and by her mere transport of ex- Secretary of State were issued in New York, ternal produce, have a feeble idea of her 1818, 8v0; and The Speeches, Forensic Ar state of improvement.

guments, and Diplomatic Papers, with a Could any single principle suffice to desig. Notice of his Life and Writings, by Ilon. nate, with absolute precision, the difference Edward Everett, were published at Boston, between civilization and luxury, it might be 1851, 6 vols. 8vo, large paper, royal 8vo, the value of time. Time must be estimated 11th edit., 1858, new edit., 1864. These rolby what it produces; and superior under- umes should be accompanied by The Pri: standing can make a minute bring more vate Correspondence (1798-1852) of Daniel blessings to mankind than ages in the hands Webster, Edited by [his son) Fletcher Webof idleness. Neither is it by the selfish en- ster, Boston, 1857, 2 vols. 8vo, large paper, joyments of luxury that our moments can royal 8vo, 4th edit., 1857, new edit., 1861, and be rendered precious, but by the acquisition The Life and Letters of Daniel Webster, by and application of intellectual force, and George Ticknor Curtis (one of his literary their productive power is the justest meas- executors], N.Y., 1870, 2 vols. 8vo; The Great ure of civilization.

Orations and Speeches, Boston, 1879, r. 8vo. Now, the productive power of time must

“The best speeches of Webster are among the be estimated by the quantity and the quality, very best that I am acquainted with in the whole

- by the usefulness and the multitude of its range of oratory, ancient or modern. They have productions. The most civilized and en- always appeared to me to belong to that simple lightened nation is that whose industry can

and manly class which may be properly headed by pour upon the world the greatest proportion sometimes bring before my mind the image of the

the dame of Demosthenes. Webster's speeches of the best and most valuable commodities

Cyclopean walls,-stove upon stone, compact, firm, in the shortest time.

and ground. After I had perused, and aloud, too, From the rapidity with which such a na- the last speech which you sent me, I was desirous tion fabricates good things, is derived a of testing my own appreciation, and took down necessary appendage to this mode of appre: lessen my appreciation of Webster's speech. You

Demosthenes, reading him aloud too. It did not ciating civilization,-cheapness.

know that I insist upon the necessity of entire not, however, be supposed that this is un

countries for high, modern citizenship: and all limited, or that a low price of manufactures

my intercourse with Webster made me feel that can compensate for their mediocrity. Civil

the same idea or feeling lived in him, although ization does not make bad things for noth- he never expressed it. Webster had a big heart, ing: this is the work of idleness, or of --and for that very reason was a poor party-leader luxury affecting to be industrious. The bent in our modern sense.”—Dr. Francis Lieber to S. of civilization is to make good things cheap:

Austin ALLIBONE, Jan. 16, 1860. It is a proud and true distinction, that, in

Pride Of ANCESTRY, this island, the average consumption of woollens per head is more than double of

It is a noble faculty of our nature which what it is in the most favoured country of

enables us to connect our thoughts, our Europe ; and more than four times as much sympathies, and our happiness with what is as the average of the entire Continent, in

distant in place or time; and, looking before cluding even its coldest region.

and after, to hold communion at once with An Essay upon National Character. our ancestors and our posterity. Human

and mortal although we are, we are nevertheless not mere insulated beings, without

relation to the past or the future. Neither DANIEL WEBSTER, LL.D.,

the point of time nor the spot of earth in

which we physically live, bounds our rational an eminent American orator and statesman, and intellectual enjoyments. We live in the was born in Salisbury, New Hampshire, past by a knowledge of its history, and in January 18, 1782; graduated at Dartmouth future by hope and anticipation. By ascend. College, 1801 ; was admitted to the Suffolk ing to an association with our ancestors ; hy contemplating their example and studying whelm the mind, than those in which it their character; by partaking their senti- presents the moving and speaking image ments, and imbibing their spirit; by accom- of the departed dead to the senses of the panying them in their toils; by sympathiz- / living. This belongs to poetry only because ing in their sufferings, and rejoicing in their it is congenial to our nature. Poetry is, in successes and their triumphs,

,—we mingle this respect, but the handmaid of true phiour own existence with theirs, and seem to losophy and morality. It deals with us as belong to their age. We become their con- human beings, naturally reverencing those temporaries, live the lives which they lived, whose visible connection with this state of endure what they endured, and partake in being is severed, and who may yet exercise the rewards which they enjoyed. And in we know not what sympathy with ourselves; like manner, by running along the line of -and when it carries us forward, also, and future time; by contemplating the probable shows us the long-continued result of all the fortunes of those who are coming after us; good we do in the prosperity of those who by attempting something which may pro- | follow us, till it bears us from ourselves, mote their happiness, and leave some not and absorbs us in an intense interest for dishonourable memorial of ourselves for what shall happen to the generations after their regard when we shall sleep with the us, it speaks only in the language of our fathers,—we protract our own earthly being, nature, and affects us with sentiments which and seem to crowd whatever is future, as belong to us as human beings. well as all that is past, into the narrow com- Discourse delivered at Plymouth, Dec. 22, pass of our earthly existence. As it is not 1820, in Commemoration of the First a vain and false, but an exalted and relig- Settlement of New England, Boston, ious imagination which leads us to raise our 1821, 8vo. thoughts from the orb which, amidst this universe of worlds, the Creator has given us

The PRESERVATION OF THE Union. to inhabit, and to send them with something I profess, sir, in my career hitherto to of the feeling which nature prompts, and have kept steadily in view the prosperity teaches to be proper among children of the and honour of the whole country, and the same Eternal Parent, to the contemplation preservation of our federal union. It is to of the myriads of fellow-beings with whom that union we owe our safety at home and his goodness has peopled the infinite of our consideration and dignity abroad. It is space; so neither is it false or vain to con- to that union that we are chiefly indebted sider ourselves as interested or connected for whatever makes us most proud of our with our whole race through all time; allied country. That union we reached only by to our ancestors; allied to our posterity; the discipline of our virtues, in the severe closely compacted on all sides with others; school of adversity. It had its origin in the ourselves being but links in the great chain necessities of disordered finance, prostrate of being, which begins with the origin of commerce, and ruined credit. Under its our race, runs onward through its succes- benign influences these great interests imsive generations, binding together the past, mediately awoke, as from the dead, and the present, and the future, and terminating sprang forth with newness of life. Every at last with the consummation of all things year of its duration has teemed with fresli at the throne of God.

proofs of its utility and its blessings; and There may be, and there often is, indeed, although our territory has stretched out a regard for ancestry, which nourishes only wider and wider, and our population spread a weak pride; as there is also a care for farther and farther, they have not outrun its posterity, which only disguises an habitual protection or its benefits. It has been to us avarice, or hides the workings of a low and all a copious fountain of national, social, grovelling vanity. But there is also a moral and personal happiness. and philosophical respect for our ancestors, I have not allowed myself, sir, to look hewhich elevates the character and improves yond the union, to see what might lie hidthe heart. Next to the sense of religious den in the dark recess behind. I have not duty and moral feeling, I hardly know what coolly weighed the chances of preserving should bear with stronger obligation on a liberty, when the bonds that unite us toliberal and enlightened mind than a con- gether shall be broken asunder. I have not sciousness of alliance with excellence which accustomed myself to hang over the preciis departed; and a consciousness, too, that pice of disunion to see whether, with my in its acts and conduct, and even in its sen- short sight, I can fathom the depth of the timents, it may be actively operating on abyss below; nor could I regard him as a the happiness of those who come after it. safe counsellor in the affairs of this governPoetry is found to have few stronger con- ment, whose thoughts should be mainly ceptions, by which it would affect or over- bent on considering not how the union should be best preserved, but how tolerable taught in the schools, the costly ornaments might be the condition of the people when and studied contrivances of speech, shock it shall be broken up and destroyed. and disgust men when their own lives and

While the union lasts we have high, ex- the fate of their wives, their children, and citing, gratifying prospects spread out be- their country hang on the decision of the fore us, for us and our children. Beyond hour. Then words have lost their power, that I seek not to penetrate the veil. God rhetoric is vain, and all elaborate oratory grant that, in my day at least, that curtain contemptible. Even genius itself then feels may not rise. God grant that on my vision rebuked and subdued, as in the presence of never may be opened what lies behind higher qualities. Then patriotism is eloWhen my eyes shall be turned to behold, quent; then self-devotion is eloquent. The for the last time, the sun in heaven, may I clear conception outrunning the deductions not see him shining on the broken and dis- of logic, the high purpose, the firm resolve, honoured fragments of a once glorious union; the dauntless spirit, speaking on the tongue. on States dissevered, discordant, belligerent; beaming from the eye, informing every feaon a land rent with civil feuds, or drenched, ture, and urging the whole man onward, it may be, in fraternal blood! Let their right onward to his object, -this, this is elolast feeble and lingering glance rather be- quence; or rather it is something greater hold the gorgeous ensign of the republic, and higher than all eloquence,-it is action, now known and honoured throughout the noble, sublime, godlike action. earth, still full high advanced, its arms and Discourse in Commemoration of John Adtrophies streaming in their original lustre, ams and Thomas Jefferson, Bost., 1826, not a stripe erased or polluted, nor a single 8vo. star obscured,—bearing for its motto no such miserable interrogatory as,– What is all this worth? Nor those other words of delusion REGINALD HEBER, D.D., and folly,— Liberty first, and union afterwards, but everywhere, spread all over in born at Malpas, Cheshire, 1783, educated at characters of living light, blazing on all its Brazennose College, Oxford, where he distin. ample folds as they float over the sea and guished himself by bis Latin poem, Carmen over the land, and in every wind under the Seculare, his English poem of Palestine, anıl whole heavens, that other sentiment dear to a prose essay, entitled The Sense of Honour, every true American heart,-Liberty and in 1822 was elected Preacher to Lincoln's union, now and for ever, one and insepa- Inn, and in 1823 succeeded Dr. Middleton in rable!

the bishopric of Calcutta, where he laboured Speech in Reply to Mr. Hayne, of South with great zeal and success, until cut off by Carolina, on the Resolution of isr. Foot, an apoplectic fit whilst bathing, April 3, of Connecticut, relative to the Public 1826. Works: Palestine, a Poein, to which Lands, Washington, 1830, 8vo.

is added The Passage of the Red Sea, a

Fragment, 1809, 4to ; Europe: Lines on the ELOQUENCE.

Present War, 1809, 8vo: reprinted, with

Palestine, etc., in Poems and Translations, When public bodies are to be addressed | 1812, small 8vo, and later; The Personality on momentous occasions, when great inter- and Office of the Christian Comforter As ests are at stake, and strong passions ex- serted and Explained ; Sermons at the Bampcited, nothing is valuable in speech further ton Lecture, Oxf., 1816, 8ro, 1818, Bro; than it is connected with high intellectual IIymns Written and Adapted to the Weekly and moral endowments. Clearness, force, Service of the Year, by Bishop Heber, etc., and earnestness are the qualities which pro- Lond., 1827. 11th edit., 1842; A Journey duce conviction. True eloquence, indeed, through India, from Calcutta to Bombay, does not consist in speech. It cannot be with Notes upon Ceylon, and a Journey to brought from far. Labour and learning Madras and the Southern Provinces, Lond., may toil for it, but they will toil in vain. 1828, 2 vols. 4to (some on fine paper), again Words and phrases may be marshalled in 1828, 3 vols. 8vo, 1829, 3 vols. 8vo, 1830), 3 every way, but they cannot compass it. It vols. 8vo, New York, 1828, 2 vols. 8vo, must exist in the man, in the subject, and abridged. Lond., 1844, 2 vols. p. 8vo (sold for in the occasion. Affected passion, intense Mrs. IIeber by Sir R. H. Inglis, for £5000); expression, the pomp of declamation, all Sermons Preached in England, Lond., 18:29, may aspire after it,--they cannot reach it. | 8vo; Sermons Preached in India, Lond., It comes, if it come at all, like the outbreak-1829, 8vo; Parish Sermons on the Lesing of a fountain from the earth, or the sons, the Gospel, or the Epistle, for Every bursting forth of volcanic fires with sponta- Sunday in the Year, and for Week-day Fesneous, original, native force. The graces | tivals, Preached in the Parish Church of

Hodnet, Salop, Lond., 1837, 3 vols. 8vo, 5th But joyful as these tidings inust at first edit., 1844, 2 vols. 8vo; The Whole Works have been, their further inquiries are said of Bishop Jeremy Taylor, with a Life of the to have been met with answers which very Author, and a Critical Examination of his deeply surprised and pained them. They Writings, Lond., 1820–22, 15 vols. 8vo, 2d learned that the greater part of those who edit., 1828, 15 vols. 8vo, 3d edit., 1839, 15 called themselves by the name of Christ, vols. 8vo: revised by C. P. Eden, 1847–54, were strangely regardless of the blessings 10 vols. 8vo: Ileber's Life of Taylor was which Christ bad bestowed, and of the oblipublished separately, 1824, 2 vols. cr. 8vo, gations which lle had laid on His followers. 3d edit., 1828, Svo. See Heber's Life and They found that, as the world had become unpublished Works by bis Widow, Lond., Christian, Christianity itself had become 1830, 2 vols. 4to, and The Last Days of worldly; and wearied and sorrowful they Bishop Heber, by Thomas Robinson, 1830, besought of God to lay them asleep again, 8vo.

crying out to those who followed them, "Learned, polished, and dignified, he was un

You have shown us many heathens who doubtedly; yet far more conspicuously kind, have given up their old idolatry without humble, tolerant, and laborious ;-zealous for his gaining anything better in its room; many church, too, and not forgetful of his station ; but who are of no religion at all; and many with remembering it more for the duties than for the whom the religion of Christ is no more than honours that were attached to it."-LORD Jef

a cloak of licentiousness; but where, where FREY: Edin. Reviero, 48: 314.

are the Christians ?" And thus they returned TIME AND ETERNITY.

to their cave ; and there God had compassion

on them, releasing them, once for all, from There is an ancient fable told by the that world for whose reproof their days had Greek and Roman Churches, which, fable as been lengthened, and removing their souls it is, may for its beauty and singularity well to the society of their ancient friends and deserve to be remembered, that in one of the pastors, the martyrs and saints of an earlier earliest persecutions to which the Christian and a better generation. world was exposed, seven Christian youths The admiration of former times is a feelsought concealment in a lonely cave, and ing at first, perbaps, engrafted on our minds there, by God's appointment, fell into a deep by the regrets of those who vainly seek in and death-like slumber. They slept, the the evening of life for the sunny tints which legend runs, two hundred years, till the adorned their morning landscape ; and who greater part of mankind had received the are led to fancy a deterioration in surroundfaith of the Gospel, and that Church which ing objects, when the change is in themselves, they had left a poor and afflicted orphan, and the twilight in their own powers of perhad “kings" for her “nursing fathers, and ception. It is probable that, as each age of queens” for her “nursing mothers." They the individual or the species is subject to then at length awoke, and entering into its peculiar dangers, so each has its peculiar their native Ephesus, so altered now that and compensating advantages ; and that thu its streets were altogether unknown to them, difficulties which, at different periods of the they cautiously inquired if there were any world's duration, have impeded the believer's Christians in the city? “ Christians !" was progress to heaven, though in appearance the answer, "we are all Christians here!" equally various, are, in amount, very nearly and they heard with a thankful joy the equal. It is probable that no age is without change, which, since they left the world, its sufficient share of offences, of judgments, had taken place in the opinions of its inhab- of graces, and of mercies, and that the coritants. On one side they were shown a rupted nature of mankind was never otherstately fabric adorned with a gilded cross, wise than hostile or indifferent to the means and dedicated, as they were told, to the wor- which God has employed to remedy its ship of their crucified Master: on another, misery. Had we lived in the times of the schools for the public exposition of those infant Church, even amid the blaze of mirGospels of which so short a time before the acle on the one hand, and the chastening bare profession was proscribed and deadly. fires of persecution on the other, we should But no fear was now to be entertained of have heard, perhaps, no fewer complaints those miseries which had encircled the cradle of the cowardice and apostasy, the dissimuof Christianity: no danger now of the rack, lation and murmuring inseparable from a the lions, or the sword: the emperor and his continuance of public distress and danger, prefects held the same faith with themselves, than we now hear regrets for those days of and all the wealth of the east, and all the wholesome affliction, when the mutual love valour and authority of the western world, of believers was strengthened by their comwere exerted to protect and endow the pro- mon danger; when their want of worldly fessors and the teachers of their religion. advantages disposed them to regard a release

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