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INDEX OF SUBJECTS.
Elizabeth, Hume on........
191 | Immortality, Consciousness of.......... 342
423 Immortality, Universal Belief in..... 808
122 Incarnation, Mystery of the....... 76
310 Incomprehensibility of God.......... 77
364 Inferior Animals, Cruelty to............ 172
488 | Inquiry and Private Judgment in Re-
430 Irving and Scott's last Interview..... 371
52 Isabella of Spain and Elizabeth of Eng-
Laws in General, Blackstone on ...........
442 Man's Writing a Memoir of Himself..... 295
514 Marriages, Early...
190 Mary, Queen of Scots, Execution of...... 515
75 Mary, Queen of Scots, Robertson on..... 210
Mexico, Prescott on...
426 Ravenswood and Lucy Ashton..... 308
114 Religion and Moral Conduct.......... 198
186 Religion not Hostile to Pleasure.........., 106
301 Russell, Lady R., to Doctor Fitzwilliam 109
59 Sacred Writers, Simplicity of the......... 169
404 Scripture and the Law of Nature.... 36
113 Scriptures, Confirmation of the.. 513
326 Sidney, Sir Philip, and Lord Brooke..... 331
393 Soul, Immortality of the, Gibbon on the 257
87 | Soul, Immortality of the, Hughes on the 144
35 | Taste, Formation of the Right........... 419
INDEX OF SUBJECTS.
Taste, Reflections on........
123 View of the Divine Government...... 110
129 Virtue and Vice.........
491 Virtue More Pleasant than Vice........... 110
522 Wakefield Family in Affliction..... 228
121 Washington, Farewell Address of......... 358
461 William the Conqueror...
ALL A GES
ened by a long acquaintance, and warm in an illustrious Athenian statesman and orator,
his affections, may quickly pronounce every. died B.C. 429.
thing unfavourably expressed, in respect to
what he wishes and what he knows; whilst “The history of eloquence at Athens is remark- the stranger pronounceth all exaggerated, able. From a very early period great speakers through envy of those deeds which he is had flourished there. Pisistratus and Themistocles are said to have owed much of their influence to For the praises bestowed on others are then
conscious are above his own achievement. their talents for debate. We learn, with more certainty, that Pericles was distinguished by ex- only to be endured when men imagine they traordinary oratorical powers. The substance of can do those feats they hear to have been some of his speeches is transmitted to us by Thu- done; they envy what they cannot equal, cydides, and that excellent writer has doubtless and immediately pronounce it false. Yet, faithfully reported the general line of his arguments."-LORD MACAULAY: On the Athenian Orar from the authority of our ancestors, it is my
as this solemnity has received its sanction tors: Knight's Quarterly Magazine, August, 1824, and in his works, complete, 1866, 8 vols., 850, vii? duty to obey the law, and to endeavour to 668.
procure, so far as I am able, the good will “ His oration upon those who fell in the first and approbation of all iny
audience. campaign of the Peloponnesian war has been I shall therefore begin first with our fore. pronounced the most remarkable of all the com- fathers, since both justice and decency repositions of antiquity,"REV, JAMES TAYLOR, quire that we should, on this occasion, D.D.: Imperiul Dict. of Univ. Biog., iii, 644.
bestow on them an honourable rememTe Oration WHICH WAS SPOKEN BY Peri- brance. In this our country they kept CLES AT THE PUBLIC FUNERAL
themselves always firmly settled; and, ATHENIANS WHO HAD BEEN FIRST KILLED
through their valour, handed it down free THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR. (From
to every since succeeding generation. THUCYDIDES.)
Worthy, indeed, of praise are they, and yet
more worthy are our immediate fathers; Many of those who have spoken before since, enlarging their own inheritance into me on occasions of this kind have com- the extensive empire which we now possess, mended the author of that law which we they bequeathed that, their work of toil, tó are now obeying, for having instituted an us their sons. Yet even these successes, oration to the honour of those who sacrifice we ourselves, here present, who are yet in their lives in fighting for their country. the strength and vigour of our days, have For my part, I think it sufficient for men who nohly improved, and have made such
prohave approved their virtue in action, by ac- visions for this our Athens, that now it is tion to be honoured for it-by such as you see all-sufficient in itself to answer every exithe public gratitude now performing about gence of war and of peace. I mean not this funeral; and that the virtues of many here to recite those martial exploits by ought not to be endangered by the manage- which these ends were accomplished, or the ment of any one person, when their credit resolute defences we ourselves and our fore. must precariously depend on his oration, fathers have made against the formidable which may be good, and may be bad. Difti- invasions of Barbarians and Greeks. Your cult indeed it is, judiciously to handle a own knowledge of these will excuse the long subject where even probable truth will detail. But by what methods we have rose hardly gain assent. The hearer, enlight- I to this height of glory and power; hy what
polity, and by what conduct, we are thus ship like men; but we, notwithstanding our aggrandized, I shall first endeavour to show, easy and elegant way of life, face all the and then proceed to the praise of the de- dangers of war as intrepidly as they. This ceased. These, in my opinion, can be no may be proved by facts, since the Lacedeimpertinent topics on this occasion; the dis- monians never invade our territories barely cussion of them must be beneficial to this with their own, but with the united strength numerous company of Athenians and of of all their confederates. But when we instrangers.
vade the dominions of our neighbours, for We are happy in a form of government the most part we conquer without difficulty, which cannot envy the laws of our neigh- in an enemy's country, those who fight in bours; for it has served as a model to defence of their own habitations. Tho others, but is originally at Athens. And strength of our whole force no enemy hath this our form, as committed not to the sew, ever yet experienced, because it is divided but to the whole body of the people, is by our naval expeditions, or engaged in the called a democracy. Low different soever different quarters of our service by land. in a private capacity, we all enjoy the same But if anywhere they engage and defeat a general equality our laws are titted to pre- small party of our forces, they boastingly serve; and superior honours, just as we give it out a total defeat, and if they are excel. The public administration is not beat, they were certainly overpowered by confined to a particular family, but is at- our united strength. What though from a tainable only by merit. Poverty is not a state of inactivity, rather than laborious hindrance, since whoever is able to serve exercise, or with a natural, rather than an his country meets with no obstacle to pre- acquired, valour, we learn to encounter danferment from his first obscurity. The offices ger: this good at least we receive from it, of the state we go through without obstruc- that we never droop under the apprehension tions from one another, and live together in of possible misfortunes, and when we hazard the mutual endearments of private life with the danger, are found no less courageous out suspicions ; not angry with a neighbour than those who are continually inured to it. for following the bent of his own humour, In these respects our whole community denor putting on that countenance of discon- serves justly to be admired, and in many we tent which pains, though it cannot punish; have yet to mention. In our manner of so that in private life we converse together living we show an elegance tempered with without diffidence or damage, whilst we dare frugality, and we cultivate philosophy, not, on any account, offend against the pub- without enervating the mind. We display lic, through the reverence we bear to the our wealth in the season of beneficence, and magistrates and the laws, chiefly to those not in the vanity of discourse. A confesenacted for redress of the injured, and to sion of poverty is disgrace to no man: no those unwritten, a breach of which is al- effort to avoid it is disgrace indeed. There lowed disgrace. Our laws have further | is visibly, in the same persons, an attention provided for the mind most frequent inter- to their own private concerns and those of missions of care, by the appointment of pub- the public; and in others engaged in the lic recreations and sacrifices throughout the labours of life there is a competent skill in year, elegantly performed with a peculiar the affairs of government. For we are the pomp, the daily delight of which is a charm only people who think him that does not that puts melancholy to flight. The grand-meddle in State affairs--not indolent, but eur of this our Athens causes the produce good-for-nothing. And yet we pass the of the whole earth to be imported here, by soundest judgment, and are quick at catchwhich we reap a familiar enjoyment, noting the right apprehensions of things; not more of the delicacies of our own growth | thinking, that words are prejudicial to than those of other nations.
actions, but rather the not being duly preIn the affairs of war we excel those of our pared by previous debate before we are enemies who adhere to methods opposite to obliged to proceed to execution. IIerein our own; for we lay open Athens to general consists our distinguishing excellence, that in resort, nor ever drive any stranger from us, the hour of action we show the greatest whom either improvement or curiosity hath courage, and yet debate beforehand the exbrought amongst us, lest any enemy should pediency of our measures. The courage of hurt us by seeing what is never concealed : others is the result of ignorance; deliberawe place not so great a confidence in the tion makes them cowards. And those unpreparatives and artifices of war as in the doubtedly must be owned to have the greatest native warmth of our souls, impelling us to souls who, most acutely sensible of the action. In point of education, the youth of miseries of war and the sweets of peace, are some people are inured, by a course of la not hence in the least deterred from facing bcricus exercise, to support toil and hard- | danger.