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xiv

INDEX OF SUBJECTS.

PAGE

PAGB

... 435

Elizabeth, Hume on........

191 | Immortality, Consciousness of.......... 342
Elizabeth, Prescott on.....

423 Immortality, Universal Belief in..... 808
Elizabeth, Rapin on.......

122 Incarnation, Mystery of the....... 76
Elizabeth, Scott on.....

310 Incomprehensibility of God.......... 77
Elizabeth, Literature of the Age of...... 345 Indians, Employment of.......

177
Eloquence, Webster on ........

364 Inferior Animals, Cruelty to............ 172
English Literature, Progress of ....... 313 Ingratitude an Incurable Vice.... 106
English People, Best.

488 | Inquiry and Private Judgment in Re-
Enthusiasm, Defence of..
499 ligion ........

48
Everett, Hillard on...
476 Insanity, Symptoms of........

481
Evil Speaking, Selden on...
50 Inventions, Revival of.....

507
Excellency of the Christian Religion..... 93 Irish Village and School-Housc.......
Exercise, Combe on

430 Irving and Scott's last Interview..... 371
Exercise, Elyot on ........

52 Isabella of Spain and Elizabeth of Eng-
Existence of God..
78 land..........

423
Faith in Providence....
454 Johnson, Macaulay on.

447
Fame, Love of...........
188 Judgments of God....

58
Faults, Beecher on....
504 Junius to the King.

293
Feast in the Manner of the Ancients.... 213
Fire in London, 1666...
81 Knowledge, God's.........

86
Fortune, Petrarch on...
18 Knowledge, Love of........

51
Fossils of the Old Red Sandstone...... 453
France, Critics and Moralists of 216 Labour, Division of......

220
Francis of Assisi........
20 Ladies, Unmarried..

158
Franklin, Overbury on a......
48 Language, Changes in .......

433
Franklin, Jefferson on......
260 Languages, Harris on........

180
Franklin and the American Revolution 250 Languages, Spencer on.....

524
French, Character of the.......
57 Last Judgment....

105
French Revolution .......
285 | Latin and Greek......

299
Friendship in Heaven ......
386 Laughter, Hobbes on.........

51
Friendship and Benevolence...
153 Law Studies, Sharswood on............

483
Future State, Berkeley on.......... 151 | Law, Study of the, Blackstone on......... 221

Laws in General, Blackstone on ...........
Genius, Emerson on....
460 Laws, Sleeping, Bentham on .....

271
Golden City, Approach to the
90 Learning, Useless.......

145
Good Breeding, Chesterfield on. 166 Lexicography, Johnson on ....... 182
Good Breeding, Warton on...
218 Liberty and Government.

83
Good Works, Franklin on
173 Libraries, Roman.

247
Government, Burke on ......
235 Life, Conduct of.........

59
Grant, Sir William .........
338 | Life Not too Short......

115
Great Seal, More's Resignation of the... 46 Literary Aspirations.....

62
Greatness, Inconvenience of........... 30 Literature, National..

353
Greek and Roman Authors.....
137 Loneliness, Vaughan on...

509
Lord's Supper.......

334
Hamlet, Hazlitt on.........
348 Love, Bacon on .......

89
Happiness, Butler on.....
69 Lovo, Power of

458
Happiness of Others...
343 Luther, Robertson on.........

211
Happiness and Misery

197
Harley, Death of....
262 Mahomet, Gibbon on..........

257
Hastings, Impeachment of ..
236 Mambrino's Helmet .......

33
Hastings, Trial of ..

442 Man's Writing a Memoir of Himself..... 295
Heathen, Future State of the........ 242 Marriage, Prospect of......

162
Henry VIII., Froude on.......

514 Marriages, Early...
Henry VIII., Hume on...

190 Mary, Queen of Scots, Execution of...... 515
History, Credit due to

75 Mary, Queen of Scots, Robertson on..... 210
Homer, Blackwall on .......
137 Mathematical Learning..

141
Homer, Fox on ....
272 | Matrimonial Happiness..

162
Homer and Virgil, Pope on........ 157 Matrimony, Dickens on........

497
Honour to God....
95 Melancholy and Contemplation.....

44
Horace, Spence on..
169 Memory, Fuller on..........

61
Human Life, Shortness of....
146 Memory, Stewart on.........

276
Humility, Selden on ......
50 Memory, Watts on.........

139
Hypocrite, Hall on the......
43 Memory, Winslow on......

482
Men and Women.

160
Image-Breakers of the Netherlands...... 505 | Mercy, God's.

155

992

173

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Mexico, Prescott on...

426 Ravenswood and Lucy Ashton..... 308
Milton, Country Retreat of..
263 Reading, Gibbon on.......

258
Milton, Ellwood on.......

114 Religion and Moral Conduct.......... 198
Mind, Knowledge of the.......

186 Religion not Hostile to Pleasure.........., 106
More, Sir Thomas, Mackintosh on........ 286 Religion, Sherlock on.......

148
Remorse, Godwin on........

277
Names, Sterne on.........
195 Repentance, Death-Bed.....

72
Narrative, Hawkesworth on......... 195 | Revelation, Evidences of.....

128
Natural Philosophy and Religion.... 88 Revolution, Riccabocca on........

469
Nature, Love of....
253 Rewards and Punishments....

164
Neapolitan Church......
284 Richard the Third and Macbeth..

349
Neglect, Felltham on....
60 Richmond, Countess of.....

20
New Commandment........
249 | Right and Wrong.........

142
New England, Quincy on.....
312 Rill from the Town Pump..

462
Nile, Battle of the....
319 Roast Pig, Lamb on..........

324
Nimroud, Excavations at...
512 Rome in 1621......

56
Noble Birth, Pride of....
119 Rural Life in Sweden......

471
Noodle's Oration.....

301 Russell, Lady R., to Doctor Fitzwilliam 109
Oblivion, Browne on...

59 Sacred Writers, Simplicity of the......... 169
Obscurity, Cowley on.
78 Sallust and Cicero......

264
One Niché the Highest.....
486 Schoolmaster of Ascham...

28
Opium, Effects of..
381 Science and its Methods..

408
Science, Influence of........

401
Pacific Ocean, Discovery of the........ 511 Scott, Sir Walter, Hall on..

399
Partridge at the Playhouse......
175 Scottish Rebellion.....

200
Paul at Athens.....

404 Scripture and the Law of Nature.... 36
Paul's Walk.........

113 Scriptures, Confirmation of the.. 513
Pecksniffi.
493 Scriptures, Style of the.........

89
Peloponnesian War...
9 Scrooge's Christmas........

495
Penn's Advice to his Children ........ 120 Sea, Purchas on the.....

46
Plague in London in 1665, De Foe on... 125 Self-Culture.

352
Plague in London in 1605, Pepys on..... 101 Self-Deceit.

165
Pleasure, Utopian.....
24 Self-Denial

112
Pleasures, Natural and Fantastical....... 152 Self-Love, Immoderate.....

108
Poet, a Small........
69 Shakespeare, Johnson on......

183
Poetry, Modern, Defects in....... 518 Shakspeare, Jeffrey on......

317
Poetry of the Age of Elizabeth....... 237 Shakspeare, Beaumont and Fletcher, and
Poetry, Steele on........
130 Ben Jonson.....

98
Poetry, What is ?...
337 Shakspere's Later Years..........

527
Politeness, True and False......
205 Shepherds of Bethlehem....

23
Poor Relations......

326 Sidney, Sir Philip, and Lord Brooke..... 331
Pope, Milton, Thomson..
269 Snow-Storm

376
Pope to Atterbury..
158 Solitude, Happiness of......

193
Pope's Translation of Homer...
185 Sorcery and Witchcraft.....

41
Power and Activity...

393 Soul, Immortality of the, Gibbon on the 257
Power, God's.......

87 | Soul, Immortality of the, Hughes on the 144
Poyser, Mrs., and the Squire...
530 Spenser and Milton.......

99
Practice and Habit....
103 Spring, Pleasures of the....

156
Prayer, Bacon's.....
40 Squire Bull and his Son.....

350
Preaching, Moral...
354 Stateliness and Courtesy.

459
Prescott, Death of......
406 Stoicism and Christianity.

199
Press, Censorship of the....
64 Studies, Bacon on........

40
Princeton, Battle of..
245 Study, Course of........

16
Private Judgment in Religion......... 92 Study, Haste in......

104
Procrastination.....
79 Style, Blair on.......

202
Prophetic Language.....
118 Style, Melmoth on.......

187
Protestant Infallibility..
143 Sublime, Felton on the......

149
Proverbs, Philosophy of.....
288 Success, Macchiavelli on..

21
Prudence, Dodsley on...
171 Suicide, Lecky on..

529
Psalms, Beauties of the.......
241 Sunday Amusements..

273
Purity and Propriety.....
203 Sunday, Autobiography of..

206
Sunrise in the Woods.......

224
Rainy Sunday in an Inn......

367
Raleigh, Three Rules of....
35 Taste, Cultivation of........

202
Raleigh to Prince Henry....

35 | Taste, Formation of the Right........... 419

xvi

INDEX OF SUBJECTS.

[graphic]

PAGE

96.

Taste, Reflections on........

123 View of the Divine Government...... 110
Tears, Steele on.....

129 Virtue and Vice.........
Temple, Knights of the.........

491 Virtue More Pleasant than Vice........... 110
Teufelsdröckh's View of the City......... 417
Tezcuco, King of.........
424 Wakefield, Family of..........

227
The Seal! The Seall....

522 Wakefield Family in Affliction..... 228
Themistocles, Aristides, and Composition 379 Wakefield Family in Prosperity. 229
Thoughts and Aphorisms...
127 War, Horrors of......

280
Thurlow, Josephus, and Tacitus......
........ 243 Warburton to Hurd....

167
Time and Eternity, Hall on..... 281 Washington Abroad and at Home........ 412
Time and Eternity, Heber on... 365 Washington Appointed Commander-in-
Time, Employing our..
72 Chief........

437
Tinker, Overbury's........
47 Washington, Fame of......

174
Titles of Honour......

121 Washington, Farewell Address of......... 358
Trafalgar, Battle of.......
322 Westminster Abbey.....

134
Translation, Dryden on...
100 Wife, Economical.....

266
Travelling, Emerson on.....

461 William the Conqueror...
Trenton, Battle of.....
244 Wisdom, God's....

87
Truth and Sincerity.
95 Wisdom, True......

107
Wit, Barrow on...

94
Unbelievers, Expostulation with.......... 84 Wit, Ready and Nimble.

80
Understanding, Weakness of......... 102 Wit, Slow but Sure.......

80
Union, Preservation of the....... 363 Witches, Travel of.......

42
Wolsey and Henry VIII..

26
Vanities, Burning of.........
533 Women in Politics......

289
Vanity, Mrs. Montagu on.......... 204 Women, Learning of...

160
Venice, Ruskin on.....
520 Words, Morality in..

474
Ventriloquism, Dick on........
304 Words, Study of.....

474
Verres, Cicero against...
12 Work, Carlyle on.....

415

1890
OF WISCONSIN. !

GREAT AUTHORS

OF

ALL A GES

PERICLES,

ened by a long acquaintance, and warm in an illustrious Athenian statesman and orator,

his affections, may quickly pronounce every. died B.C. 429.

thing unfavourably expressed, in respect to

what he wishes and what he knows; whilst “The history of eloquence at Athens is remark- the stranger pronounceth all exaggerated, able. From a very early period great speakers through envy of those deeds which he is had flourished there. Pisistratus and Themistocles are said to have owed much of their influence to For the praises bestowed on others are then

conscious are above his own achievement. their talents for debate. We learn, with more certainty, that Pericles was distinguished by ex- only to be endured when men imagine they traordinary oratorical powers. The substance of can do those feats they hear to have been some of his speeches is transmitted to us by Thu- done; they envy what they cannot equal, cydides, and that excellent writer has doubtless and immediately pronounce it false. Yet, faithfully reported the general line of his arguments."-LORD MACAULAY: On the Athenian Orar from the authority of our ancestors, it is my

as this solemnity has received its sanction tors: Knight's Quarterly Magazine, August, 1824, and in his works, complete, 1866, 8 vols., 850, vii? duty to obey the law, and to endeavour to 668.

procure, so far as I am able, the good will “ His oration upon those who fell in the first and approbation of all iny

audience. campaign of the Peloponnesian war has been I shall therefore begin first with our fore. pronounced the most remarkable of all the com- fathers, since both justice and decency repositions of antiquity,"REV, JAMES TAYLOR, quire that we should, on this occasion, D.D.: Imperiul Dict. of Univ. Biog., iii, 644.

bestow on them an honourable rememTe Oration WHICH WAS SPOKEN BY Peri- brance. In this our country they kept CLES AT THE PUBLIC FUNERAL

themselves always firmly settled; and, ATHENIANS WHO HAD BEEN FIRST KILLED

through their valour, handed it down free THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR. (From

to every since succeeding generation. THUCYDIDES.)

Worthy, indeed, of praise are they, and yet

more worthy are our immediate fathers; Many of those who have spoken before since, enlarging their own inheritance into me on occasions of this kind have com- the extensive empire which we now possess, mended the author of that law which we they bequeathed that, their work of toil, tó are now obeying, for having instituted an us their sons. Yet even these successes, oration to the honour of those who sacrifice we ourselves, here present, who are yet in their lives in fighting for their country. the strength and vigour of our days, have For my part, I think it sufficient for men who nohly improved, and have made such

prohave approved their virtue in action, by ac- visions for this our Athens, that now it is tion to be honoured for it-by such as you see all-sufficient in itself to answer every exithe public gratitude now performing about gence of war and of peace. I mean not this funeral; and that the virtues of many here to recite those martial exploits by ought not to be endangered by the manage- which these ends were accomplished, or the ment of any one person, when their credit resolute defences we ourselves and our fore. must precariously depend on his oration, fathers have made against the formidable which may be good, and may be bad. Difti- invasions of Barbarians and Greeks. Your cult indeed it is, judiciously to handle a own knowledge of these will excuse the long subject where even probable truth will detail. But by what methods we have rose hardly gain assent. The hearer, enlight- I to this height of glory and power; hy what

9

THOSE

IN

a

polity, and by what conduct, we are thus ship like men; but we, notwithstanding our aggrandized, I shall first endeavour to show, easy and elegant way of life, face all the and then proceed to the praise of the de- dangers of war as intrepidly as they. This ceased. These, in my opinion, can be no may be proved by facts, since the Lacedeimpertinent topics on this occasion; the dis- monians never invade our territories barely cussion of them must be beneficial to this with their own, but with the united strength numerous company of Athenians and of of all their confederates. But when we instrangers.

vade the dominions of our neighbours, for We are happy in a form of government the most part we conquer without difficulty, which cannot envy the laws of our neigh- in an enemy's country, those who fight in bours; for it has served as a model to defence of their own habitations. Tho others, but is originally at Athens. And strength of our whole force no enemy hath this our form, as committed not to the sew, ever yet experienced, because it is divided but to the whole body of the people, is by our naval expeditions, or engaged in the called a democracy. Low different soever different quarters of our service by land. in a private capacity, we all enjoy the same But if anywhere they engage and defeat a general equality our laws are titted to pre- small party of our forces, they boastingly serve; and superior honours, just as we give it out a total defeat, and if they are excel. The public administration is not beat, they were certainly overpowered by confined to a particular family, but is at- our united strength. What though from a tainable only by merit. Poverty is not a state of inactivity, rather than laborious hindrance, since whoever is able to serve exercise, or with a natural, rather than an his country meets with no obstacle to pre- acquired, valour, we learn to encounter danferment from his first obscurity. The offices ger: this good at least we receive from it, of the state we go through without obstruc- that we never droop under the apprehension tions from one another, and live together in of possible misfortunes, and when we hazard the mutual endearments of private life with the danger, are found no less courageous out suspicions ; not angry with a neighbour than those who are continually inured to it. for following the bent of his own humour, In these respects our whole community denor putting on that countenance of discon- serves justly to be admired, and in many we tent which pains, though it cannot punish; have yet to mention. In our manner of so that in private life we converse together living we show an elegance tempered with without diffidence or damage, whilst we dare frugality, and we cultivate philosophy, not, on any account, offend against the pub- without enervating the mind. We display lic, through the reverence we bear to the our wealth in the season of beneficence, and magistrates and the laws, chiefly to those not in the vanity of discourse. A confesenacted for redress of the injured, and to sion of poverty is disgrace to no man: no those unwritten, a breach of which is al- effort to avoid it is disgrace indeed. There lowed disgrace. Our laws have further | is visibly, in the same persons, an attention provided for the mind most frequent inter- to their own private concerns and those of missions of care, by the appointment of pub- the public; and in others engaged in the lic recreations and sacrifices throughout the labours of life there is a competent skill in year, elegantly performed with a peculiar the affairs of government. For we are the pomp, the daily delight of which is a charm only people who think him that does not that puts melancholy to flight. The grand-meddle in State affairs--not indolent, but eur of this our Athens causes the produce good-for-nothing. And yet we pass the of the whole earth to be imported here, by soundest judgment, and are quick at catchwhich we reap a familiar enjoyment, noting the right apprehensions of things; not more of the delicacies of our own growth | thinking, that words are prejudicial to than those of other nations.

actions, but rather the not being duly preIn the affairs of war we excel those of our pared by previous debate before we are enemies who adhere to methods opposite to obliged to proceed to execution. IIerein our own; for we lay open Athens to general consists our distinguishing excellence, that in resort, nor ever drive any stranger from us, the hour of action we show the greatest whom either improvement or curiosity hath courage, and yet debate beforehand the exbrought amongst us, lest any enemy should pediency of our measures. The courage of hurt us by seeing what is never concealed : others is the result of ignorance; deliberawe place not so great a confidence in the tion makes them cowards. And those unpreparatives and artifices of war as in the doubtedly must be owned to have the greatest native warmth of our souls, impelling us to souls who, most acutely sensible of the action. In point of education, the youth of miseries of war and the sweets of peace, are some people are inured, by a course of la not hence in the least deterred from facing bcricus exercise, to support toil and hard- | danger.

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