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Thefe he writes not; nor for thefe written payes,
Therefore fpares no length (as in those first dayes
When Luther was profeft, he did defire
Short Pater nofters, faying as a Fryer

Each day his Beads; but having left thofe laws,
Adds to Chrift's prayer, the power and glory clause)
But when he fells or changes land, h'impaires
The writings, and (unwatch'd) leaves out, fes heires,
As flily as any Commentator goes by

Hard words, or fenfe; or, in Divinity

As controverters in vouch'd Texts, leave out

Schrewd words, which might against them clear the doubt.

Where are these fpread woods which cloath'd heretofore

Thofe bought lands? not built, not burnt within door.

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NOTES.

1

VER. 104. So Luther &c.) Our Poet, by judiciously transpofing this fine fimilitude, has given new luftre to his Author's thought. The Lawyer (fays Dr. Donne) enlarges the legal inftruments for conveying property to the bignefs of gloss'd civil Laws, when it is to fecure his ov ill-got wealth. But let the fame Lawyer convey property for you, and he then omits even the neceffary words; and becomes as concife and hafty as the loofe poftils of a modern Divine. So Luther while a Monk, and, by his Inftitution, obliged to fay Mafs, and pray in person for others, thought even his Pater - nofter too long. But when he fet up for a Governor in the Church, and his business was to dire& others how to pray for the fuccefs of his new Model; he then lengthened the Pater-nofter by a new claufe.

This re

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But let them write for you, each rogue impairs
The deeds and dextroufly omits, fes heires:
No Commentator can more flily pafs
O'er a learn'd. unintelligible place;

Or, in quotation, fhrewd, Divines leave out
Those words, that would against them clear the
doubt.

100

So Luther thought the Pater- nofter long,
When doom'd to fay his beads and Even-fong; 105
But having caft his cowle, and left thote laws,
Adds to Chrift's pray'r, the Pow'r and Glory clause.

The lands are bought; but where are to be
found

Those ancient woods, that fhaded all the ground?
We fee no new-built palaces afpire,

No kitchens emulate the vestal fire.

110

NOTES.

presentation of the first part of his conduct was to ridicule his
want of devotion; as the other, where he tells us, that the ad-
dition was the power and glory clause, was to fatirize his ambi-
tion; and both together to infinuate that, from a Monk, he was
become totally fecularized. About this time of his life Dr. Donne
had a strong propensity to Popery, whic
appears from several
Strokes in these fatires. We find amongst his works, a fhort fati-
rical thing called a Catalogue of rare books, one article of which
is intitled, M. Lutherus de abbreviatione Orationis Dominica, alluding
to Luther's omiffion of the concluding Doxology, in his two Cate-
chifmes, which fhews he was fond of the ioke; and, in the
firft inftance (for the fake of his moral) at the expence of truth.
As his putting Erafmus and. Reuchlin in the rank of Lully and
Agrippa fhews what were then his fentiments of Reformation.

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Where the old landlords troops, and almes? In
halls
Carthufian fafts, and fulfome Bacchanals

Equally I hate. Mean's bleft. In rich men's homes

I bid kill fome beasts, but no hecatombs,

None ftarve, none furfeit fo. But (oh) we allow

Good works as good, but out of fashion now,

Like old rich wardrobes. But my words none draws

Within the vaft reach of th' huge ftatutes jawes.

NOTES.

I will only obferve, that this Catalogue was written in imitation
of Rabelais's famous Catalogue of the Library of St. Victor. It is one
of the finest ftrokes in that extravagant farire (which was then
the Manual of the Wits) and fo became the fubject of much imi-
tation; the best of which are this of Dr. Donne's and one of Sir
Thomas Brown's.

VER. 120. These as good works, &c.) Dr. Donne fays,

But (oh) we allow

Good works as good, but out of fashion now.

The popish Doctrine of good works was one of thofe abuses of
Religion which the Church of England condemns in its Articles.
To this the Poet's words fatirically allude. And having through-
out this fatire had feveral flings at the Reformation, which it

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Where are thofe troops of Poor, that throng'd of yore
The good old landlord's hofpitable door?
Well, I could wifh, that still in lordly domes
Some beafts were kill'd, tho' not whole hetacombs; 115
That both extremes were banifh'd from their walls,
Carthufian fafts, and fulfomne Bacchanals:

And all mankind might that just Mean observe,
In which none e'er could furfeit, none could ftarve.
Thefe as good works, 'tis true, we all allow; 120
But oh thefe works are not in fashion now:
Like rich old wardrobes, things extremely rare,
Extremely fine, but what no man will wear.

Thus inuch I've faid, I truft, without offence;
Let no Court Sycophant pervert my sense,
Nor fly Informer watch thefe words to draw
Within the reach of Treafon, or the Law.

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But my words none draws

Within the vaft reach of th' huge ftatutes jawes.

NOTES.

was penal, and then very dangerous, to accufe, he had reafon to bespeak the Reader's candor, in the concluding words,

125

VER. 127. Treason, or the Law.) By the Law is here meant the Lawyers.

SATIRE

IV.

WELL; I may now receive, and die. My fin

Indeed is great, but yet I have been in

A Purgatory, fuch as fear'd hell is

A recreation, and scant map of this.

My mind, neither with pride's itch, nor hath been

Poyfon'd with love to fee or to be seen,

I had no fuit there, nor new fuit to show,

+

Yet went to Court; but as Glare which did go

NOTES.

VER. 1. Well, if it be e.) Donne fays,
well; I may new receive and die.

which is very indecent language on fo ludicrous an occafion. VER. 3. I die in charity with fool and knave,) We verily think he did. But of the immediate caufe of his departure hence there is fome fmall difference between his Friends and Enemies. His family fuggefts that a general decay of nature, which had been long coming on, ended with a Dropfy in the breast. The Gentlemen of the Dunciad maintain, that he fell by the keen pen of our redoutable Laureat. We ourselves fhould be inclined to this latter opinion, for the fake of ornamenting his ftory; and that we might be able to fay, that he died, like his immortal namesake, Alexander the Great, by a drug of fo deadly cold a nature, that, as Plutarch and other grave writers tell us, it could

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