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CRAGGS.-Alas! if I am such a creature
To grow the worse for growing greater;
ON DRAWINGS OF THE STATUES OF APOLLO, VENUS, AND HERCULES,
MADE FOR POPE BY SIR GODFREY KNELLER.
HAT god, what genius, did the pencil move,
When Kneller painted these?
'Twas friendship warm as Phoebus, kind as love,
PROLOGUE TO THE "THREE HOURS AFTER
[From the Miscellanies of Pope, Swift, Arbuthnot, and Gay.]
[THOUGH I am not aware on what evidence Roscoe and Carruthers agree in ascribing the Prologue of this farce to Pope, instead of leaving its joint honours like those of the farce itself to Gay and Arbuthnot (for both contributed to the volume of Miscellanies in which it was published) as well as him; yet the following has been inserted on account of the interest attaching to the piece, as the origin of Pope's quarrel with Cibber. A brief notice of the play, which was produced at Drury-Lane on Jan. 16th, 1717, will be found in the Introductory Memoir: and the play itself in most editions of Gay, and in Bowles' edition of Pope, vol. x.]
UTHORS are judg'd by strange capricious Rules;
The great ones are thought mad, the small ones Fools:
[See p. 442.]
Yet sure the best are most severely fated,
Cry, "Damn not us, but damn the French who made it." 10
These are the Rules of France, the Plots of Spain:
But Wit, like Wine, from happier climates brought,
Dash'd by these Rogues, turns English common Draught.
And teach dull Harlequins to grin in vain.
To fetch his Fools and Knaves from foreign_Climes,
Let him hiss loud, to show you all, he's hit.
A common Blessing! now 'tis yours, now mine.
Shows a cap with ears.
[Flings down the
PROLOGUE DESIGNED FOR MR D'URFEY'S '
[First published in Pope and Swift's Miscellanies.]
cap, and exit.
ROWN old in Rhyme, 'twere barbarous to discard
[i.e. smugglers: prop. woollers.]
2 [Lopez de Vega, the most prolific of Spanish dramatists.]
3 [Cheap salesmen.]
4 [C. Johnson, in the Prologue to his Sultaness, thus referred to this exit and the farce: 'Some wags have been, who boldly durst adven
To club a Farce by Tripartite-Indenture: But let them share their dividend of praise And their own Fools-cap wear, instead of Bays.' Which attack procured him a place in the Dunciad. Geneste's Account of the Stage, &c. 11. p. 598.]
[As to D'Urfey or Durfey, see p. 65.]
Damnation follows Death in other men;
But your damn'd Poet lives, and writes again.
Who strives to please the Fair against her Will:
Who in your own Despite has strove to please ye.
You Modern Wits, should each man bring his Claim,
If all your Debts to Greece and Rome were paid.
But 'tis substantial Happiness, to eat.
Let Ease, his last Request, be of your giving,
A PROLOGUE BY MR POPE,
To a Play for Mr DENNIS'S Benefit, in 1733, when he was old, blind, and in great Distress, a little before his Death1.
S when that Hero, who in each Campaign,
Had brav'd the Goth, and many a Vandal slain,
Lay Fortune-struck, a spectacle of Woe!
Wept by each Friend, forgiv'n by ev'ry Foe:
But pitied BELISARIUS old and blind?
1 Dennis being much distressed very near the close of his life, it was proposed to act a play for his benefit; and Thomson, Mallet, Benjamin Martin and Pope took the lead upon the occasion. The play, which was the Provoked Husband (by Vanbrugh and Cibber), was represented at the Haymarket, Dec. 18th, 1733; and Pope condescended so far as to lay aside his resentment against his former antagonist as to write a Prologue, which was spoken by Theophilus Cibber (the Laureate's son). Geneste, English Stage, Vol. III. p. 318. [The annalist adds, with much truth, that Pope's benevolence was not so pure as could be wished; for his Pro
logue was throughout a sneer at the poor old critic, who happily, either from vanity or the decay of his intellects, failed to perceive its tendency. He died twenty days afterwards. As to the general character of the relations between Pope and Dennis, see Introductory Memoir, p. xxiv.] The furious patriotism of Dennis is of course alluded to in the appeal for 'British' sympathy.]
2 Was there a Chief, etc.] The fine figure of the Commander in that capital Picture of Belisarius at Chiswick, supplied the Poet with this beautiful idea. Warburton.
Such, such emotions should in Britons rise,
How chang'd from him who made the boxes groan,
If there's a Senior, who contemns this age;
Let him to night his just assistance lend,
And be the Critic's, Briton's, Old Man's Friend.
MACER: A CHARACTER.
[First printed in the Miscellanies of Swift and Pope (1727), and interpreted by Warton to mean James Moore-Smythe (see Dunciad, Bk. II. v. 50). But Bowles thinks it more likely that the character was intended for Ambrose Philips, called 'lean Philips' by Pope (see Farewell to London, p. 472); who borrowed' a play from the French, and translated' the Persian tales. Mr Carruthers completes the identification by showing a note prefixed to this character on its first publication and speaking of Macer's advertisements for a Miscellany in 1713, to refer to such an advertisement actually issued by Philips in the London Gazette in 1715. As to Philips, see Dunciad, Bk. III. v. 326, et al.]
HEN simple Macer, now of high renown,
[The borrowed play, The Distrest Mother, was, as Carruthers says, from Racine, not, as Bowles says, from Voltaire. It is the Andromaque, and the epilogue was ascribed to Addison.]
2 [John Crown, who wrote 12 tragedies, 6 comedies, and a masque, in little more than a quarter of a century, died about 1698. As a sample of a borrow'd play, see Geneste's account of Crown's version of Part I. of Henry VI.]
So some coarse Country Wench, almost decay'd,
[From the Miscellanies. The original of the character has been variously sought in Walter Carey (a F. R. S. and Whig official), Charles Johnson and Ambrose Philips. Umbra' must in no case be confounded with the 'Lord Umbra' of the Satires.]
LOSE to the best known Author Umbra sits,
But cries as soon, "Dear Dick, I must be gone,
TO MR JOHN MOORE, Author of the celebrated Worm-Powder.
[From the Miscellanies.]
WOW much, egregious Moore, are we
[Button's coffee-house in Covent Garden
was the resort of Addison's circle.]
2 [Charles Johnson, a second-rate dramatist.