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[THIS unfinished piece was communicated to Warton by Dr Wilson, formerly Fellow and Librarian of Trinity College, Dublin, to whom it had been lent by a grandson of Lord Chetwynd, 'an intimate friend of the famous Lord Bolingbroke, who gratified his curiosity by a box full of the rubbish and sweepings of Pope's study, whose executor he was, in conjunction with Lord Marchmont.' It is possible that Bowles' conjecture may be correct, according to which '1740' was to grow into the third Dialogue which Pope at one time intended to add to the Epilogue to the Satires. See the Verses on receiving from Lady Frances Shirley a Standish, &c. ante, p. 448]. Roscoe doubts whether so mediocre a production be Pope's: Carruthers also hesitates on the subject; and the piece is at most to be taken as a few rough jottings accidentally discovered.]

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WRETCHED B1! jealous now of all,

What God, what mortal, shall prevent thy fall?
Turn, turn thy eyes from wicked men in place,
And see what succour from the Patriot Race.

C- -2, his own proud dupe, thinks Monarchs things
Made just for him, as other fools for Kings;
Controls, decides, insults thee every hour,
And antedates the hatred due to Pow'r.

Through Clouds of Passion P- -'s views are clear,
He foams a Patriot to subside a peer;

Impatient sees his country bought and sold,

And damns the market where he takes no gold.

He finds himself companion with a thief.



Grave, righteous S jogs on till, past belief,

To purge and let thee blood, with fire and sword,


Is all the help stern S- -5 would afford.

That those who bind and rob thee, would not kill,
Good C6 hopes, and candidly sits still.
Of Ch-s W- -7 who speaks at all,

No more than of Sir Har-y8 or Sir P



Whose names once up, they thought it was not wrong
To lie in bed, but sure they lay too long.
Gr10, Cm11, B-t12, pay thee due regards,
Unless the ladies bid them mind their cards.

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must needs

Whose wit and

equally provoke one,

Finds thee, at best, the butt to crack his joke on.
As for the rest, each winter up they run,
And all are clear, that something must be done,
Then, urged by C--t1, or by C- -t stopp'd,
Inflam'd by P-2, and by P dropp'd;
They follow rev'rently each wondrous wight,
Amaz'd that one can read, that one can write:
So geese to gander prone obedience keep,
Hiss, if he hiss, and if he slumber, sleep.
Till having done whate'er was fit or fine,



Utter'd a speech, and ask'd their friends to dine;
Each hurries back to his paternal ground,
Content but for five shillings in the pound;
Yearly defeated, yearly hopes they give,


And all agree, Sir Robert cannot live.

Rise, rise, great W-3, fated to appear,
Spite of thyself, a glorious minister!
Speak the loud language Princes

And treat with half the

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Tho' still he travels on no bad pretence,
To show

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Or those foul copies of thy face and tongue,
Veracious W- -6, and frontless Young7;
Sagacious Bubb8, so late a friend, and there
So late a foe, yet more sagacious H- 9?

Hervey and Hervey's school, F—, H- -y, H−n,
Yea, moral Ebor, or religious Winton11.

-w, what can D


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The wisdom of the one and other chair,

How! what can O

N- -13, laugh, or D- -S14 sager,

Or thy dread truncheon, M.'s mighty peer15?

What help from J's16 opiates canst thou draw,
Or H- -k's quibbles voted into law 17?
C. that Roman in his nose alone 18,

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10 Fox, Henley, Hinton. Bowles.

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11 Blackburn, Archbishop of York, and Hoadley, Bishop of Winchester. Bowles.

12 Speaker Onslow and Lord Delaware, chairmen of committees of House of Lords. Bowles. 13 Duke of Newcastle. Bowles..

14 Duke of Dorset. Bowles.

15 The (second)Duke of Marlborough. Bowles. 16 Sir Joseph Jekyll. Bowles. Probably; but he died in 1738. Carruthers.

17 Lord Chancellor Hardwicke. Bowles.

18 Probably Sir John Cummins, C. J. of the Common Pleas. Bowles. Or Spencer Compton, Lord Wilmington, President of the Council. Carruthers.

1 Britain.

Who hears all causes, B-1, but thy own,
Or those proud fools whom nature, rank, and fate
Made fit companions for the Sword of State.

Can the light packhorse, or the heavy steer,
The sousing Prelate, or the sweating Peer,
Drag out, with all its dirt and all its weight,
The lumb'ring carriage of thy broken State?
Alas! the people curse, the carman swears,
The drivers quarrel, and the master stares.
The plague is on thee, Britain, and who tries
To save thee, in th' infectious office, dies.
The first firm P--y3, soon resign'd his breath.
Brave Sw1 lov'd thee, and was lied to death.
Good M-m-t's fate tore P -th from thy side,
And thy last sigh was heard, when W--m died.
Thy nobles Sl-s, thy Se-s bought with gold,
Thy Clergy perjur'd, thy whole people sold.
An Atheist a ""'s ad

Blotch thee all o'er, and sink

Alas! on one alone our all relies?,

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2 Sherlock. Carruthers. [Cf. Dunciad Bk. 11. v. 323, where 'his pond'rous grace' may correspond to 'the sweating peer' in this passage.]

3 Pulteney. Carruthers.

4 Earl of Scarborough (ow). Bowles.



warth. Bowles. The former died in Jan. 1740. Carruthers.

6 Sir William Wyndham. Bowles.

in June, 1740. Carruthers.

He died

7 [Obviously the Pretender, concerning the intrigues with whom in this year see Chap. xxi.

5 Earl of Marchmont and his son, Lord Pol- of Lord Stanhope's Hist. of Engl.]






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"Contains some of the wisest and most melodious verse that this age has proAthenaum.


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Edited by PROFESSOR DOWDEN. With Portrait.


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