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BEAUTIES OF JOHNSON:

CONSISTING

MAXIMS AND OBSERVATIONS,

MORAL, CRITICAL, AND MISCELLANEOUS,

Accurately extracted from the Works of

DR. SA MU ÉL JOHNSON,

And arranged in Alphabetical Order, after the manner of

the Duke de la Roche-FOUCAULT's Maxinis.

“ We frequently fall into error and folly, not because the true principles

“ of action are not known, but because for a time they are not re-
“ membered : he may therefore be justly numbered among the bene-
« factors of mankind, who coNTRACTS THE GREAT RULES OF

LIFE INTO SHORT SENTENCES, that may be easily impressed
“ on the memory, and taught by frequent recollection to recur habi.
" tually to the mind."

RAMBLER.

FOURTH EDITION,
Enlarged and corrected, and the References added.

LONDON:

Printed for G. KEARSLY, at No. 46, in Fleet-street.

M.DCC.LXXXII:

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P R E F A C E

TO THE

FIRST EDIT TO N.

THE

HE works of Dr. Johnson have been, oco

cafionally, somuch the objectofmy reade ing, for their fancy, judgement, and above all, the interesting and moral observations which they contain upon life and manners, that in order to impress those observations the better on my mind, I availed myself of some leisure months last summer, to select them under proper heads, and arrange them in alphabetical order. As I proceeded in this work, I found myself bringing out, into one view, a body of maxims and obfervations, which I imagined would be more than useful to myself; hence I thought it a duty incumbent on me to publish them. I reflected that if the maxims of the Duke

de la Rochefaucault have been considered by the whole class of French writers, as instrumental in forming the taste of the age the author lived in; maxims, which however modified, contain but this single pofition, That felf-love is the spring of all our actions,” what must the maxims and obfervations of a Johnson produce? An author, who, though unsupported by the patronage of the great, and who has been obliged to spend much of his life in making provision for the day that was passing over him*, yet has ever scorned to accommodate liimself to the licentiousness and levity of the present age, but uniting the greatest learning with the greatest taferits, has' uniformly supported the cause of morality,

by giving an ardour to virtue, and a confidence to truth."

Such is the origin of the present publication, à publication, that as I feel it has benefited myself in the compiling, so

I trust * Vide the Preface to Johnson's Dictionary, folio lition, last page.

(v) I trust it will others in the perufal and happy shall I be, if, by any economy of mine in the works of such a writer, I can contribute to make them more generally known, or remembered, as by it I am sure I shall perform an essential service to mankind..

It

may be objected, that as most people are in the possession of Dr. Johnson's works a selection from them may not bee altogether so necessary.

But such are to be informed that very few are in the possession of the whole of his works ; many of them being published in the early parts of his famė; and at such distant periods of time, as render them now very difficult to be found; and it was owing to the indulgence of a literary friend, who is too critical a colo lector to omit: adding to his library any production of this, writer, that: I' was favoured with a perufal of "all. his pieces ; so that the generality of the public are here presented with some povelty in the matter as well as in the manner. In

refpec.

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