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FAMILY 41.—GYMNOPTHALMIDÆ. (5 Genera, 14 Species.)
NEOTROPICAL NEARCTIC | PALÆARCTIC ETHIOPIAN I ORIENTAL I AUSTRALIAN SUB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS.
-9.4 ---- 1.2.3-1-8-4
The Gymnopthalmidæ, or Gape-eyed Scinks, so called from their rudimentary eyelids, form a small group, which is widely and somewhat erratically distributed, as will be seen by the following account of the distribution of the genera :
Lerista (1 sp.) and three other species for which Dr. Gray has established the genera-Morethria (1 sp.), and Menetia (2 sp.), are confined to Australia ; Cryptoblepharus (4 sp.), is found in West Australia, Timor, New Guinea, the Fiji Islands, and Mauritius; Ablepharus (4 sp.), inhabits Eastern and Southeastern Europe, Persia, Siberia, West Africa, and the Bonin Islands; and Gymnopthalmus (3 sp.), is found in Brazil and the West Indies.
FAMILY 42.—PYGOPODIDÆ. (2 Genera, 3 Species.).
NEARCTIC PALÆARCTIC ETHIOPIAN | ORIENTAL | AESTRALIAN SUB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS.
1 SUB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS. I SUB-REGIONS.
This small family of two-legged Lizards, comprising the genera Pygopus and Delma, is found only in Australia proper and Tasmania.
FAMILY 43.-APRASIADÆ. (1 Genus, 2 Species.)
NEOTROPICAL | NEARCTIC | PALÆAROTIC | ETHIOPIAN ORIENTAL AUSTRALIAN SCB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS. SUB-RECIONS. SUB-REGIONS.
The genus Aprasia, constituting this family, is found in West and South Australia.
FAMILY 44.—LIALIDÆ. (1 Genus, 3 Species.)
PALÆARCTIC SCB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS. | SUB-REGIONS.
This family is also confined to Australia, the single genus, Lialis, inhabiting the Western and Northern districts.
FAMILY 45.-SCINCIDÆ. (60 Genera, 300 Species.)
NEOTROPICAL | NEARCTIC | PALÆARCTIC
ETHIOPIAN I ORIENTAL 1 AUSTRALIAN SUB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS. SUB-REGIONS.
184.108.40.206.2.3 - 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199
The Scincidæ, or Scinks, are an extensive family of smoothscaled lizards, frequenting dry and stony places, and almost universally distributed over the globe, being only absent from the cold northern and southern zones. The family itself is a very natural one, and it contains many natural genera ; but a large number have been established which probably require careful revision. The following include the more important and the best established groups :
Scincus (2 sp.), North Africa and Arabia; Hinulia (20 sp.), most of the Australian and Oriental regions; Cyclodina (1 sp.), Hombronia (1 sp.), and Lygosomella (1 sp.), all from New Zealand; Keneuxia (1 sp.), Philippines, Moluccas, and Papuan Islands; Elania (1 sp.) New Guinea; Carlia (2 sp.), North Australia and New Guinea; Mocoa (16 sp.), Australia and New Zealand, with species in Borneo, West Africa, and Central America; Lipinia (3 sp.), Philippine Islands and New Guinea; Lygosoma (12 sp.), Australia, New Caledonia, Pelew and Philippine Islands ; Tetradactylus (1 sp.), Hemierges (2 sp.), Chelomeles (2 sp.), Omolepido. (1 sp.), Lissolepis (1 sp.), Siaphos (1 sp.), Rhodona (3 sp.) Anomalpus (1 sp.), Soridia (2 sp.), and Ophioscincus (1 sp.) all confined to Australia; Cophoscincus (3 sp.), Philippine Islands, Celebes, and Queensland; Plestiodon (18 sp.), China and Japan, Africa, and America as far north as Pennsylvania and Nebraska ; Eumeces (30 sp.), South Palæarctic, Oriental and Australian regions, to New Ireland and North Australia ; Mabouya (20 sp.), Oriental region, AustroMalaya, North Australia, the Neotropical region, and to Lat. 42° 30' in North America; Amphixestus (1 sp.), Borneo; Hagria 1 sp.), and Chiamela (1 sp.), India; Senira (1 sp.), Philippine Islands; Brachymeles (2 sp.). Philippine Islands and Australia ; Ophiodes (1 sp.), Brazil ; Anguis (3 sp.), West Palæarctic region and South Africa; Tribolonotus (1 sp.), New Guinea ; Tropidophorus (2 sp.), Cochin-China and Philippine Islands; Norbea (2 sp.), Borneo and Australia ; Trachydosaurus (1 sp.), Australia ; Cyclodus (8 sp.), Australia, Aru Islands, and Ceram; Silubosaurus (2 sp.), Egerina (2 sp.), and Tropidolepisma (6 sp.), all peculiar to Australia; Heteropus (7 sp.), Australia, Austro-Malaya, and Bourbon; Pygomeles (1 sp.), Madagascar; Dasia (1 sp.), Malaya; Euprepes (70 sp.), Ethiopian and Oriental regions, AustroMalaya, South America (?); Celestus (9 sp.), peculiar to the Antilles, except a species in Costa Rica ; Diploglossus (7 sp.), the Neotropical region ;-with a number of other genera founded on single species from various parts of the world.
Family 46.—OPHIOMORIDÆ. (2 Genera, 2 Species.)
The snake-like Lizard constituting the genus Ophiomorus, is found in Southern Russia, Greece, and Algeria; while Zygnopsis having four weak limbs, has been recently discovered by Mr. Blanford in South Persia. The family is therefore confined to our Mediterranean sub-region.
FAMILY 47.—SEPIDÆ. (7 Genera, 22 species.)
The Sepidæ, or Sand-Lizards, are a very natural group, almost confined to the Ethiopian region, but extending into the desert country on the borders of the Oriental region, and into the south of the Palæarctic region as far as Palestine, Madeira, Spain, Italy, and even the South of France. The genera are :
Seps (10 sp.), South Europe, Madeira, Teneriffe, Palestine, North Africa, South Africa and Madagascar ; Sphenops (2 sp.), North Africa, Syria, West Africa ; Scelotes (3 sp.), Angola to South Africa, Madagascar ; Thyrus (1 sp.), Bourbon and Mauritius; Amphiglossus (1 sp.), Madagascar; Sphenocephalus (1 sp.), Afghanistan; and Sepsina (4 sp.), South-west Africa.
FAMILY 48.—ACONTIADÆ. (3 Genera, 7 Species.)
ETHIOPIAN I ORIENTAL
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This small family of snake-like Lizards has a very curious distribution, being found in South and West Africa, Madagascar, Ceylon, and Ternate in the Moluccas. Acontias (4 sp.), is found in the four first-named localities; Nessia (2 sp.), is confined to Ceylon ; Typhloscincus (1 sp.), to Ternate.
FAMILY 49.-GECKOTIDÆ. (50 Genera, 200 Species.)
The Geckoes, or Wall-Lizards, form an extensive family, of almost universal distribution in the warmer parts of the globe ; and they must have some exceptional means of dispersal, since they are found in many of the most remote islands of the great oceans,—as the Galapagos, the Sandwich Islands, Tahiti, New Zealand, the Loo-Choo and the Seychelle Islands, the Nicobar Islands, Mauritius, Ascension, Madeira, and many others. The following are the larger and more important genera :
Oëdura (3 sp.), Australia; Diplodactylus (8 sp)., Australia, South Africa, and California ; Phyllodactylus (8 sp.), widely scattered in Tropical America, California, Madagascar, and Queensland ; Hemidactylus (40 sp.), all tropical and warm countries; Peropus (12 sp.), the Oriental region, Papuan Islands, Mauritius, and Brazil; Pentadactylus (7 sp.), Oriental region and Australia ; Gecko (12 sp.), Oriental region to New Guinea and