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THE

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

OF ANIMALS.

PART III. (continued.)

200LOGICAL GEOGRAPHY:

A REVIEW OF THE CHIEF FORMS OP ANIMAL LIFE IN THE

SEVERAL REGIONS AND SUB-REGIONS, WITH THE INDICA. TIONS THEY AFFORD OF GEOGRAPHICAL MUTATIONS.

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G.of Panama Damen Magdalena R.

Paranague
Scale I inch--1,000 miles
100
90
80
70
60
30

40
moharleston

Bermudas
Suvannah

30
R.Gde del Norte
Bahama

Tropie of Cancer
Tampico

Cos Is.
3. Blas
Pinos

20
Verano
Rippillagigeda

Tamaica
Altrominge

Հատեցua
Gundaloupe

Dominica
Mosquito

Martinique
Guatemala

e chcia
God Fonseca
Coast

st Bicent Barbados
Blowfield

roada

obago )

himad 10

R. Orinoco

Essequibo
Cocos I.

Cayenne

Liana
Popis

Esmeraldas
Galapagos

Macapa
Albemarle

CORT
Charles

Kuranhao
nda
Vanuata

Cound
Truarillo
10

fatid
LIMAS
Pised

20
20

Cobija
Tropic of Capricorn

aglan

isCatharina
PT
Cogumbo
Mona

30

Allegre
donc

Junts Pedro
Valparaiso,
Juan Fernandez
Mar = பேர்

SANTA

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Bahia

The Marine Contour of 1,000 feet
is shewn by a dotted line
Pasture lands shewn thus
Forest
Desert
The boundaries and reference numbers
of the Sub-regions are shorn in Red

C.Hora
Tierra del Fuego

190

no

100

90 Long. BO West

70

of

80 Green. 50

40

30

20

Stanforda Geographical Estab London

New York: Harper & Brothers.

CHAPTER XIV.

THE NEOTROPICAL REGION.

This region, comprehending not only South America but Tropical North America and the Antilles, may be compared as to extent with the Ethiopian region ; but it is distinguished from all the other great zoological divisions of the globe, by the small proportion of its surface occupied by deserts, by the large proportion of its lowlands, and by the altogether unequalled extent and luxuriance of its tropical forests. It further possesses a grand mountain range, rivalling the Himalayas in altitude and far surpassing them in extent, and which, being wholly situated within the region and running through eighty degrees of latitude, offers a variety of conditions and an extent of mountain slopes, of lofty plateaus and of deep valleys, which no other tropical region can approach. It has a further advantage in a southward prolongation får into the temperate zone, equivalent to a still greater extension of its lofty plateaus; and this has, no doubt, aided the development of the peculiar alpine forms of life which abound in the southern Andes. The climate of this region is exceptionally favourable. Owing to the lofty mountain range situated along its western margin, the moisture-laden trade winds from the Atlantic have free access to the interior. A sufficient proportion of this moisture reaches the higher slopes of the Andes, where its condensation gives rise to innumerable streams, which cut deep ravines and carry down such an amount of sediment, that they have formed the vast plains of the Amazon, of Para

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