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Then we have Mr. Walford's authority for the
statement, in the fourth volume of Cassell's Old CONTENT 8.-No 62.
and New London,' that the house once inhabited NOTES :-Judge Jeffreys's House, 161-Lord Tennyson, 182 by Jeffreys " has been demolished during sub-Seventeenth Century Commonplace Book, 163—"The New Humour" * Becket' Shagreen, 164 – Sterne sequent improvements." There is no reference to Flowers on Graves-- " Corporal Violet" Joy Glory, 165– Walcott, though the passage quoted above from genets--Letter of Edward, Prince of Wales--Purl, Punch, that writer's 'Westminster is mutatis mutandis and Toddy-Christian Lilly, 166—“ Sperate," 167. repeated (on p. 29) almost word for word, and the QUERIES: The Shepherd's Farewell'—Kilburn Wells-publishers, for reasons best known to themselves, Arthur Onslow-Sir Trevor Corry, History of Leicester- do not print a date anywhere to give the reader shire 'Bryan Tunstall.-- Dictionary - Col. W. H. Adams, some clue as to the date of the book. Then again, Woodstock - " Altar" --- Origin of Phrase --- Chandler on turning to p. 36, one is greatly sarprised to Browne, 188-Urian-Relics of our Lord-Maccabees, 169. find an engraving of "Judge Jeffreys's House in REPLIES :-Shakspeare and Molière, 169–Tennyson's Cam- Duke Street," from a sketch made in 1853) by T. bridge Contemporaries Italian Idiom-"Five astounding (osmer) Shepherd (in the Crace Collection), Events" – The Followers of Bruce .. Busby, 171- Books showing small portions of the old chapel and the written in Prison-Wild Horses - Universal History: The Chimes of Ware, 172--Thomas Milton "Oasts south wing, both demolished since, and in the "Burn the bellows"-Rubbers—"Member of Parliament, centre the identical house that was pulled down 113–Telephonic-Oboe, 174-"What cheer?"-Anne Vaux only last year. Hence the information supplied Thunderstorm, 115–Lamb as a Ritualist -The Fairy Vase, by Messrs. Cassell's book is somewhat confusing 176-The Holy Thorn--King and Queen of the Sandwich for more reasons than one. As neither of the two Islands, 171– One Hearth Hen", Tennyson's Crossing modern historians of Westminster could enlighten the Bar' _"Sacerdotes Coronati," 178—"Crocodile," 179.
me, nothing remained but to commence ab ovo, NOTES ON BOOKS - Maisey's 'Sanchi and its Remains -Maddison's Anderson's Lincoln Pocket Guide -Hart's and investigate the matter myself.
Epochs of American History'--O'Hagan's 'Joan of Arc.' All the old maps published before the reign of Notices to Correspondents.
William and Mary show St. James's Park bounded on the east by a wall, the ground between the
park wall and King Street being occupied by a Notes.
more or less irregular conglomeration of gardens,
detached houses, and houses clustered round courts JUDGE JEFFREYS'S HOUSE IN DUKE STREET. Street, it appears, was not formed till about the
and alleys in the most haphazard fashion. Duke (see 2nd S. iv. 142; 7th 8. ii, 275, 391, 451.)
reign of James II., when, among others, Moses At the beginning of last Jane bills were posted Pitt, the bookseller of London and Oxford, turned on the houses numbered 7 and 9, Delahay Street speculative builder, and built several houses in (formerly 27 and 25, Duke Street), announcing a King Street and Dake Street, one of which he subsale of furniture that was to take place on the sequently let to Judge Jeffreys. The whole transpremises, which were described on the bills as action between them was published in 1691, by konce the property of the renowned Judge Jeffreys." Pitt, in a book under the title “The Cry of the Sabsequently, about the beginning of October, the Oppressed." A perfect copy of this book is in the buildings got into the hands of "housebreakers"
British Museum, and a long extract from an im. of the non-criminal class, when most papers pab- perfect copy was printed in N. & Q.' at the first lished the news that Lord Chancellor Jeffreys's reference. house was being demolished. One paper, the Daily Between the park wall and the back gardens of Telegraph, devoted a long, leader to the subject, the houses on the west side of Duke Street there the conclusion arrived at by its author being that was a long, narrow strip of ground, about which the house in question was not that of Jeffreys, there is a good deal of information to be found in that we did not know where his house really stood, the Treasury Papers. According to Pitt, it was and that it really did not matter where it stood. twenty-five feet wide and near seven hundred long The subject having excited my curiosity, I first (to the best of his memory); but Sir William Harturned to Walcott's 'Westminster,' wherein the bord, their Majesties' Surveyor-General, measured following statement is made :
it and found it to be thirty feet wide and five "The house once inhabited by the infamous judge,' hundred and seventy feet long. Such strips, we Sir George Jeffreys......is easily distinguished......by a are told, formed, in Sir William's opinion, “a freeflight of stone steps, which King James II. permitted bord of right belonging to all tho royal parks," the cruel favourite to make into the Park for his special that is to say, so much vacant ground without the accommodation : they terminated above in a small court, on three sides of which stands the once costly wall as was necessary for erecting scaffolds, and house...... The present Duke Street Chapel was the north bringing and laying materials for building or rewing in which Judge Jeffreys heard causes."
pairing the wall, formed part and parcel of the This was published in 1849. The italics are mine. royal park. This was, no doubt, correct generally speaking ; in the present instance, however, the poetry might sleep secure. We could, indeed, scarcely strip. was probably the dry bed of the “ Long think of England without Tennyson any more than Ditch," shown on some old plans of St. James's without Queen Victoria herself, the achievements
of Park.' The "freeboard” was continually encroached however, the great mountain that overtopped a!l lesser upon without asking the Crown's leave. The strip heights, and towered aloft in lonely grandeur, is withat the rear of Duke Street has also had many drawn into the shades of a night that has no ending, owners and occupiers in its time, and would bave and will
never again flush crimson at the approach of had more if all those who coveted its possession dawn. This is no place to deal at length with the rich at one time or another had been successful in with critical nicety the paltry less or more of praise or their applications to the king.
blame; we can but bow our heads reverently before such The earliest information we have about it is a manifestation of genias, and thank the powers above that one Jolley, an old servant of Charles I., had for, permitting it to have been made to us in all its an equitable interest in it by virtue of a grant divine completeness."- Atheneum, No. 3402, pp. 19, 20. received from the Duke of Albemarle, as radger of
The idea of the withdrawing of a mountain into St. James's Park, which interest Charles II. the shades of night, is, I think, scarcely correct purchased from Jolley for 2601. in favour of John imagery, but we grasp unmistakably the sense, Webb, the keeper of his fowls in the park. Webb and so can palliate what is perhaps amiss. Have was put in possession of the land in 1663, and con- we fully estimated the significance of our loss, the tinued therein till 1690, though several applications aching void which bis absence displays ! He has were made to the sovereign for the lease of the been mourned for as few public men have been property. The grant included the ground on which mourned for ; the symbolic cypress which in faney stood Webb's house and the aviary, both situated we see laid on his tomb glistens with the dew of a at the northern end of the strip, and also the house nation's tears ; the love, the reverence, the adoraat its southern extremity occupied by William tion, “ this side of idolatry," have been expressed Storey, another keeper and feeder of the king's in sorrowing verse, in impassioned prose, in broken birds and beasts in the park. There was a passage exclamation ; the aversion, or perhaps inability, to into the park on the north side of Webb's house, fill the office which he so uniquely adorned are which with the aviary and Webb's house occupied all indicative of this deep palpitating sense of seventy-one feet out of the five hundred and seventy national disaster ; but the blinding grief has of the strip. Two yards south of Webb's house, dimmed our vision to the most appalling aspect of of an aggregate length of a few inches over fifty his demise. We have suffered mach in the loss of feet, were used by his wife, Aderana, "to breed a Poet Laureate without a peer; in the removal of and purse young and weak fowl in." "To this plot the high priest and prophet of his age, for these of ground there was no access except through offices were as surely his as they were those of Webb's house. The rest of the strip was
Moses and Isaiah ; but in his death Britain loses joyed by the owners and possessors ” of the houses the literary kingship of the world. Cosmopolitan as in Duke Street, whose “back front," as Pitt calls are the influences and fame of Tolstoi, of Ibsen, of it, was towards the park, for which enjoyment they Zola, they could not come into competition with paid an acknowledgment first to Webb, who Tennyson, insomuch as a great poet, by an acknowclaimed the custody of the land "in right of his ledged law of literary precedence, ranks before a office," and subsequently to Moses Pitt (also called great prose writer. Goethe, Victor Hugo, TennyMr. Pitts, "the builder," and Mr. Pitch in the son, respectively dominated over the literature of official documents), to whom Webb let the ground. the century. It is only when we reach this apex
L. L. K. of survey that a sense of gaping ineffectual loss (To be continued.)
seizes us—the empty throne-the gone potentate the lost supremacy. The aspiring soul, of whatever
country, seeking the oracle for the highest and IN MEMORIAM LORD TENNYSON. most harmonious expression of human thought, The Athenceum, in its yearly retrospect of Eng. teries which the great singer of his age gives forth;
hungry for the partial interpretation of the myslish literature, pays a poble tribute to the memory eager to catch the words of inspiration from the of our dear departed Laureate. The passage is, I high priest of Nature, turned to England and think, worthy of preservation in the columns of listened to the strong but sweet-toned speech of the N. & Q.'
poet of Haslemere. Now that his attrabent pre“The year that has just closed will hold a sorrowful Bence is withdrawn we should be indeed disconsolate pre-eminence in the annals of our country's literature as did we not remember that: having witnessed the disappearance of one, the magnitude of whose fame is best realized by the contemplation of He is made one with Nature. There is heard the blank be leaves behind the length of the sword by His voice in all her music, from the moan the empty sheath.' Browning had followed Roggetti of thunder to the song of night's sweet bird ; and Matthew Arnold into the unknown, but so long as He is a presence to be felt and known the Laureate remained on earth, the lovers of English In darkness and in light, from herb and stone;