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convinced the Jews and that publickly, shewing by Review for October, 1843, Washington Irving was the scriptures that Jesus was Christ.” Other in- referred to (p. 472) as “the American who abstances from the Bible might be adduced, but these solutely loved Stratford-upon-Avon, and Falstaff's may suffice. See Eastwood and Wright's 'Bible London baunts, and the old-fashioned merriment Word Book.' In ‘Bible English' (p. 123), Mr. T. of Christmas at Brereton Hall." Washington Lewis 0. Davies quotes—
Irving, of course, was then still living, and it will Bishop Hall, who addressing the Saviour says, 'But be noted that the Brereton Hall theory was stated even against these_(Arians) art Thou justified in the as a matter of course. ALFRED F. ROBBINS. Spirit, speaking in Thy divine Scriptures, whose evident demonstrations do fully convince their calumnies and THE MOTHER OF QUEEN ELIZABETH WYDfalse suggestion.—'Mystery of Godliness,' sec. 8.” VILLE (8th S. ii. 309, 431). — The following quota
Seeing, then, that convinced=refuted, the truth tion comes very handy:of the couplet
“A Mother at Fourteen.-A girl named Laming, of A man convinced against his will
Ringswould, near Dover, fourteen years of age, was adIs of the same opinion still
mitted to the union several weeks ago, and gave birth to may not be questioned. People who argue for a child which, though strong and healthy, died suddenly
on New Year's Eve.' the sake of victory and not for truth seldom change their opinion ; you may convince them completely
The death was thought suspicious, but the jury in one sense of the word, but rarely in another, in summoned for the inquest brought in a verdict of that of satisfying their minds by evidence that
LYSART. you are right and they are wrong.
“ LETTERED EASE” (8th S. ii. 368, 494, 511).– St. SWITHIN.
In the third and fifty-second chapters of WaverI believe MR. Cass should have written the ley,' Scott uses the variants "learned ease” and lines as I bave often heard them :
Feast OF ST. MICHAEL (8th S. iii. 209).—The Though convinced, he doggedly professes to hold an change of style does not affect the days on opinion which in reality he is convinced is unten. consists in this : if there had been no change of
which saints are celebrated. The sole difference able. Such men are not rare. A. W. CORNELIUS HALLEN.
style in 1752, then the name of Sept. 29 would
have been given to a day different from that Is not the word "will" constantly and colloquially which now receives it-such, for instance, is the used in two sense that of determination (Bovañ case in Russia. In 1396 Michaelmas day fell on and desire (Bélnuá)? A man is “convinced against Friday, Sept. 29. For 1396, a leap-year, the Sanhis will ” when he is constrained to believe that day-letters are B and A. Now A marks Oct. 1, true which he strongly desires to find untrue, and which proves the point. WALTER W. SKEAT. which he struggles not to believe as long as he can. That being so, when the pressure is removed, he is
There cannot be a doubt that the feast of very likely to return to the old delusion. Ís not St. Michael the Archangel was celebrated in tho this the meaning of the popular version of this Middle Ages, as now, on September 29. I have couplet !
a MS. English calendar of about 1440 where it is
entered under that day, so is it also in a calendar Your correspondent has not quite correctly given now before me, printed at Augsburg by Erhard his quotation from 'Hudibras.' The passage is :- Ratdolt in 1499. "What, however, puts the matter He that complies against his Will,
almost beyond question is the statement of Alban Is of bis own Opinion still ;
Butler, in his 'Lives of the Saints,' that
" this festival has been kept with great solemnity on the Pt. iii. canto iii. 11. 547-550.
29th of September ever since the fifth age, and was cerIn the case of the phrase, “A man convinced tainly celebrated in Apulia in 493.” –Ed. 1836, vol. ii. against his will,” &c., which I have usually heard
If your correspondent consults the late Augustus quoted, “A woman convinced,”. &c., we must as- De Morgan's Book of Almanacs' he will, with a sume, I suppose, that the conviction is only ap- little care, be able to ascertain the day of the week parent, not real. F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY.
on which the feast of St. Michael fell in 1396. I BRACEBRIDGE HALL (80 s. ii. 288, 371, 471, have done so, and make it out to bave occurred on 518). --MR. PICKFORD "mentions that Brereton a Friday; but on such matters I am very liable to Hall, Cheshire, has some “slight claims
He had far better not put faith in me, but considered the original of “ Bracebridge Hall.” It is work the problem for bimself. significant, in support of his contention, that in an
EDWARD PEACOCK. article upon 'American Works of Fiction,' which The principal feast of St. Michael the Archangel appeared in the Foreign and Colonial Quarterly has always been on September 29, and in 1396
to be error,
that day was a Friday (Sir H. Nicolas's Chronology field-mouse). Neither of these two latter animals of History,' p. 64). Probably this is the feast is a true mouse, nor is the water-rat a true rat, intended by A. M. S., but there was anciently (as being in many respects more like the beaver. there is still in the modern Roman calendar) These three animals belong to a genus scientifically another feast of St. Michael on May 8, and with termed Arvicola. out further particulars it is, therefore, impossible to Johnson's 'Dictionary' does not give the word be absolutely certain.
“vole," as applied to animals, but it is to be met C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. with in the Imperial Dictionary,' where it is Longford, Coventry.
suggested that it comes from “wold" (in Old
English "volde "), the meaning of which is, accord. • LUCY OF LEINSTER (8th S. iii. 109).—This, ing to Skeat, " a down," " a plain open country." perhaps, may be the portrait of a lady who went
O. W. Cass. by the same name as the heroine whom Tickell's muse celebrated in his charming ballad Colin and French voler, in its turn from Latin involare.
The derivation is given in Webster-Mahn, from Lucy':Of Leinster, fam'd for maidens fair,
Need I remind readers of N. & Q.' (perbaps MR. Bright Lucy was the grace :
PICKFORD has already anticipated me in the Nor e'er did Liffy's limpid stream
reminder) that Dickens has seized on the word Reflect eo fair a face.
with his unerring instinct for names, and has This ballad is printed in Percy's 'Reliques of immortalized Mr. Vholes, the "most respectable” Ancient English Poetry,' published in 1765, and lawyer, in 'Bleak House '? was called by Gray. " the prettiest ballad in the
EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. world.” Tickell died in Ireland, where he had Hastings. long resided, in 1740. His portrait hangs in the
As to the two sorts of voles, SIR H. MAXWELL hali of Queen's College, Oxford, where he was need go no further than Webster's big · Dictionary' educated.
JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.
for the information he asks. W. F. WALLER. " Who was she?" For answer let me refer
This is one name for the short-tailed field-mouse F. C. to Thomas Tickel's ballad Colin and Lucy; (Arvicola arvalis), a terribly destructive little commencing (see Johnson and Chalmers's "The animal, really allied to the beaver family, together Works of the English Poets,' vol. xi. p. 122);
with the water-rat or water-vole (Arvicola amOf Leinster, famed for maidens fair,
phibius), and the bank-vole or bank-campagnol Bright Lucy was the grace ;
(Arvicola glareolus). The first named is the Nor e'er did Liffy's limpid stream
destructor of forests and plantations by barking Reflect so sweet a face.
trees, and also by eating the roots. No bulbs, SAMUEL ALLEN, LL.D.
seeds, or roots are safe from them. University Club, Dublin.
B. FLORENCE SCARLETT.
In Annandale's edition of Ogilvie's Imperial D. ANGELO (8th S. iii. 187, 213). -- Domenico Dictionary' the following derivation is hazarded : Angelo Malevolti Tremamondo, of Via di Guardino,
" Also called vole-mouse, perhaps for wold-mouse, wold, Leghorn, born 1717, was the son of one of the field, plain, so that the name would be equivalent to principal merchants of that city. He removed to field-mouse : comp. 0. Southern E. volde, field, earth; England and married the step-daughter of Capt. Icel. vollr, field." Masters, commander of the Chester man-of-war,
F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. by whom he had a son Henry Angelo, whose "Its" (8th S. ii. 147, 253).-In my 'Bible * Reminiscences' were published by Hen. Colburn Word-Book' (first edition, 1866, second edition, & Richard Bentley in 1830.
1884), I have given the earliest instances of its WM. JACKSON PIGOTT.
which I have as yet met with. These are to be Though I cannot answer MR. BUTLER's inquiry, found in Florio's Worlde of Wordes' (1598), in it way possibly assist him to know that the full his translation of Montaigne (1603), and" in name of the author of 'L'Ecole des Armes' was Sylvester's 'Du Bartas' (1605). There must be Domenico Angelo Malevolti Tremamondo. earlier examples of the word, for it is hardly likely
HOLCOMBE INGLEBY. to have been introduced by a foreigner. In the VOLE (8th S. iii, 187). – White, in bis · Natural same volume are collected all the instances of the History of Selborne,' gives the water-rat the name possessives it and its in Shakespeare.
WILLIAM ALDIS WRIGHT. of "water-vole," and I bave long been accustomed 80 to call it. There appear to be two other little COFFEE (8th S. iii. 248).-As one of the express animals common in England to which the pame of purposes of the New English Dictionary' is to "vole” is applicable, the field.vole (the short. give the biography of every word used in English, tailed field-mouse) and the bank-vole (the red and so precisely to answer questions like that of C. C. B., it is curious that that writer should not ner from his other neighbour an answer to another have acquainted himself with the facts there so question asked by the player himself. Each then fully communicated. The · Dictionary'shows that states aloud the question he was asked and the a multitude of English writers had used the word answer he received, and the results frequently "coffee” before Parkinson, in 1640; it also gives afford much amusement. There are probably many interesting details of the early spellings of the word, other ways of playing the game. which, it says, passed from Turkish into the
R. PEARSE CHOPE. Western languages of Europe about 1600 ; also
Cause of DEATH (8th S. ii. 428, 533; iii. 76, that coffee, or the Arabic gahwah, Turkish kahveh, 154). — The following is inscribed on an upright was the name not of the plant, but the beverage stope which stands near the south wall of Luttermade by its infusion, being originally a name of
worth Churchyard :some kind of wine. The earliest English quotation given in the Dictionary? is of 1598, and a Mary West, of this town, who died September 2nd, 1858,
“Sacred to the memory of William, son of John and quotation of 1601 has already the characteristically aged 27 years. He was sergeant in the E.I. Company of English form coffe. Parkinson's account is, of Sappers and Miners; was at the first battle in the Indian course, only a compilation from earlier sources, Mutiny at Gardenuzzer; was at the taking of Delhi, the one of them being Paludanus, cited in the Dic relief of Cawapore, and the taking of Lucknow. After tionary' in a translation of 1598. J. M.
passing unhurt through all the Indian Mutiny he was
appointed one of the Inspectors of Public Works at Luck. CHILDREN OF THE CHAPEL STRIPT AND Wier, now, which situation he held till the time of his death.
Whom neither sword nor gun in warr (8th S. iii. 227).—See Hazlitt's Handbook to the
Could slay, in peace a cough did marr; Popular and Dramatic Literature of England,' 'Gainst rebels he, and lust, and sin, p. 101; also the same author's Collections and
Fought the good fight, died life to win." Notes,' 1876, p. 84. A. L. HUMPHREYS.
John T. PAGE. 187, Piccadilly, w.
Holmby House, Forest Gate. “Boxing HARRY" (8th S. iii. 128, 237).-Can
In Harrow Churchyard stands a stone slab to it be possible that the story of the exemplary the memory of one Thomas Port, of Burton-onSpartan youth who stole a fox, concealed it in his Trent, hat manufacturer, whom, “near this town,' cloak, told a lie about it, submitted to be flogged, and August 7, 1838, the proverbial state of mind in his to be torn to death by his hidden spoil, has touched profession brought to a tragic end. A local muse the imagination of English orchard-robbers ? They was thus inspired :“box” their fox because they steal something
Bright rose the Morn, and vig'rous rose poor Port; which lends itself to internal concealment !
Gay on the Train he us'd his wonted Sport;
Ere Noon arriv'd, his mangled Frame they bore,
With Pain distorted, and o'erwhelm'd with Goré, STEWART's Rooms : LADY CAREY, NÉE MAR
When Evening came to close the fatal Day, GARET SMITH (8th S. ii. 8, 75).—The whole-length
A mutilated corpse the suff'rer lay. portrait of this lady by Vandyck, mentioned
W. F. WALLER. by LADY RUSSELL as formerly in the Wharton In my young days the story of Lord Russell's collection, is now at Halswell
, Somerset, the seat daughter, who died from a prick of a needle, was of Mr. Halswell M. Kemeys-Tynte, it having utilized in the nursery as follows: She died from been purchased by his great-grandfather, who was a prick of a needle because she used it on a Suna coheir to the barony of Wharton, in abeyance. day, and her statue was placed in Westminster
Abbey, pro bono publico, as a sign and a warning DANIEL LOCK (862 S. ii. 427; iii
. 73) was an archi- of the judgment to follow the use of a needle on tect of some eminence; he retired from business the Sabbatb. So easily does a simple fact become
C. A. WHITE. with an ample fortune, lived in Surrey Street, and transformed into folk-lore. was buried in the chapel of Trinity College, Cam- A different version of the lines quoted occurs on bridge. His portrait was painted by Hogarth, a tombstone in Mildenhall Churchyard, Wilts, and engraved by J. McArdell ; date of both on- recording the death of two children who died of certain. Tresler, Works of Hogartb,' 4to., 1833. small-pox : Works in architecture unknown. W. P.
In lothsome Boils our body's corrupted lay “ CROSS-PURPOSES" (8th S. iii. 27, 71).- As I Our Eyes was closed we could not see the day. have seen no reply to this query, I venture to suggest
With wasting pain death found us sore opprest that the game is the same as cross questions
Pyttid our sighs and kindly gave us rest. and crooked answers," which I have seen played
C. S. in the following manner. The players sit in a BECKET' AT THE LYCEUM (8th S. iii. 164, 216). circle, and each is asked in a whisper a question - I am obliged to Dom. Oswald for correcting me. by one neighbour, and receives in the same man. After my note had appeared it struck me that the
hymn would have been "Christe Redemptor EDITORS (8th S. iii. 186).-It is very curious to omniam," and not that now given in the Roman hear that editors of newspapers were in such low Breviary, and I mentioned my misgiving on this estimation as appears from Mr. Gosselin's note point to a friend who is an authority on so comparatively lately as 1818. MR. GOSSELIN such matters, and who was here at the time. may like to be reminded of a passage in Waverley,' However, one thing is clear, the hymn was not which throws some light on the estimation in that of the week-day, as reported in the papers which journalists seem to have been held in the which gave an account of Mr. Irving's play. decade 1740–50:
GEORGE ANGUS. "My father-my uncle--this paragraph'-he (WaverSt. Andrews, N.B.
ley) handed the paper to Colonel Talbot.
I wish to Heaven these scoundrels were condemned The Fairy VASE (8th s. iii. 125, 176).- to be squeezed to death in their own présses,' said Readers need not go so far back as Alsop's Talbot. "I am told there are not less than a dozen of Odes,' a "very scarce book in quarto, 1752," their papers now published in town, and no wonder that for a copy of 'The Drinking Match at Eden they are obliged to invent lies to find sale for their Hall.'
It is printed in extenso by Mr. E. journals.'"- Waverley,' chap. Ixvii. Walford, in his Tales of Great Families,' 1877,
Dickens's portraits of the two provincial editors, vol. ii., in his sketch of The Witty Duke of Mr. Pott and Mr. Slurk, nearly twenty years Wharton.'
MUS IN RORE.
later than the date of MR. GOSSELIN's extract, are certainly the reverse of flattering.
“ Mais nous HISTORIC HEARTS (8th S. ii. 83, 138, 193).- avons changé tout cela," I hope. The heart of the great Talbot, the "terrible Tal
JONATHAN BOUCHIER. bot," as Fuller calls him, first Earl of Shrewsbury, “And now," said Mr. Farquhar, when he and was buried, according to bis desire, under the porch other young men were smoking that fine morning of the parish church of Whitchurch, in Salop ; under the garden wall at Dunreddin, “And now, " that as they "-his body guard of Witchurch men I'm told, the poor devil's redooced to editing a _"had fought and strode over his body when living, newspaper, or something of that sort." This would as he lay wounded on the field of battle, so should be early in the thirties, about the time of the they and their posterity for ever pass over and Chartist to-do, and more than half a century after guard it when dead."
C. A. WHITE. Dodd. The author of 'Singleton Fontenoy,' in REFERENCE IN POPE (8th S. iii. 109, 192).- off the estimation in which editors were held by
which Mr. Farquhar figures, may be trusted to hit The expression to "while away the time”. is used the class to which Mr. Farquhar, an Oxford man, by Quarles, in his 'Emblems,' 1635, bk, iii. 13 - belonged. James Hannay's own opinion of an Nor do I beg this slender inch, to while
editor—be had a good deal to do with editors, The time away, or safely to beguile My thoughts with joy, there's nothing worth a smile. may have been other, or may not. It should be Tennyson, evidently perceiving that while in the noted, however, that, in the estimation of his bioabove phrase should be written wile, uses the grapher, Dodd descended even lower than newslatter word in 'The Princess,' 1872, p. 160:
paper editing : “He attempted to disengage himself
from his debts by a commission of bankruptcy, in Or thro' the parted silk the tender face
which he failed."
W. F. WALLER. Peep'd, shining in upon the wounded man With blush and smile, a medicine in themselves To wile the length from languorous hours, and draw
PENAL Laws (8th S. iii. 188, 213).-1. Towards The sting from pain.
the close of the parliamentary session of the year Decipio and fallo are similarly used, cf.:
1778 there was introduced into the House of Sic tamen absumo, decipioque diem.
Commons, by Sir George Savile, a Bill which had Ovid, .Tr.,' IV. x. 114.
for its purpose the removal of a scandal from the F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY.
statute book of England. The "relief" simply
consisted in sweeping away enactments then It has always appeared to me that the word totally unnecessary, and at all times a disgrace to while, when applied to the whiling away of time, humanity-statutes of the reign of William III., was a misspelling of wile. Richardson, it is true, which forbade a Romish priest officiating or teachgives “ To while, to pass away, or spend time in ing under the pain of treason ; gave to the nearest doing something merely to pass it,” but it seems Protestant heir the right of seizing the possessions more probable that the meaning of the expression of his father and brother and other Catholic kinsto wile away time is to cheat time by doing that men during their lifetime ; and prevented Papists which lessons its tediousness to the idle, and so from acquiring property in England. “The lowest making it appear less long than it would otherwise and basest of mankind” could compel an English do. I venture to commend this suggestion to Dr. magistrate to inflict on priests all the shameful MURRAY, as I am quite unable to substantiate it penalties of these “wicked and absurd” Acts, by a literary reference. JAMES DALLAS. which had originated in the worst days of political faction, and found a place in our code of laws not GAELIC (8th S. ii. 47, 113).-Thanks to E. R. from any malice against Catholice, but merely as the for his answer. Bhios, contracted form of bhitheas, outcome of the struggle of political parties. Un fut. subj., good. But I must quote, as I perhaps happily, the statutes were not suffered to lie dead. ought to have done before, from the N.T. (Roman Every person of the Catholic communion was Catholic translation “from Latin," A. King & Co., obliged to fly from the face of day, and the clergy Aberdeen, 1875). 1. “Is ambuil a bhios" (shali skulked in garrets of private houses, or sheltered be), Luke xvii. 26. “Fhuaras Philip" (was found), themselves under the wings of foreign ministers. Acts viii. 40. “Chunnacase” (was seen), 1 Cor. “The whole body of the Catholics," said Burke, xv. 6, 7, 8. Here, certainly, are no subjunctives. “ condemned to beggary and to ignorance in their Qy., Are the latter two perhaps Irish forms ? Cf. native land, have been obliged to learn the prin concas, seemed, clos, was heard (O'Donovan's ciples of letters from the charity of their enemies." 'Irish Grammar, pp. 225, 226). EZTAKIT. Every effort was made by the intolerant party to prevent the Catholic Relief Bill becoming law; VACCINATION (8th S. ii. 364).–At a meeting of and what the cause of Protestant intolerance lacked the Epidemiological Society, held on January 20, in numbers within the walls of St. Stephen's was 1892, Dr. E. O. Hopwood in the chair, Brigademade up for by the persistence of Lord George Surgeon R. Pringle, M.D., read a paper on 'What Gordon.
is Efficient Vaccination ?' in which he quoted a 2. At the close of the last century the penal remarkable passage from an ancient Hindu work code was ruthlessly severe. At that period there which showed that true vaccination was known were about two bundred capital felonies on the and practised in India centuries before the birth statute book. During the Lent Assizes of 1785 of Jenner. It runs thus:there were in England alone two hundred and “The small-pox produced from the udder oj the cow will forty-two capital sentences, and of these a hundred be of the same mild nature as the original disease...... and three were executed.' In the Report of the The pock should be of a good colour, filled with a clear House of Commons on the police of the metropolis, be only a slight fever of one, two, or three days, but no 1816, it is stated that in the years 1781-7 as many fear need be entertained of small-pox so long as life as twelve, sixteed, or twenty persons were hanged endures." at one execution, and on two occasions forty were “If this statement can be proved, [both] Jenner hanged at one time. In 1783 twenty were hanged [and Jesty]......[were) anticipated by the Hindoo. at two consecutive executions. Besides murder, See Lancet, February 20, 1892, for report of Dr. forgery, burglary, coining and coin clipping, steal. Pringle's paper.
JOSEPH COLLINSON. ing from the person, or in a dwelling-house or Wolsingham, co. Durham. shop, or on a navigable river to tbe amount of five shillings was punished with death. Almost
Latin PLAY TEMP. Jac. I. (7th S. viii. 28, 214). any member of Parliament, it has been said, who - Let the corrector be corrected. In the MS. was eager to do his share in legislation could at mentioned by me at the first of the above referthat time create a capital felony.
ences, and which was identified through Ruggle's 3. In 1790 the revolting borrors of the punish- 'Ignoramus', (ed. Hawkins, 1787) prior to your ment for treason-viz., cutting down alive and correspondent's reply, as that of Pedantius, the disembowelling men and burning women were dramatis personæ in question are certainly written removed, and drawing, quartering, and beheading
"Dromidotus” (not Dromodotus) and “Fusciwere abolished by an Act of 1870.
dilla” (oot Tuscadilla). When next at CamT. W. TEMPANY.
bridge I will collate the MS. with that in Trinity Richmond, Surrey.
College Library. The first edition of the comedy
(12mo., Lond., 1631) is very scarce; and the It was only on July 4, 1870, that drawing and curious full - length portrait of its author, Dr. quartering ceased to be the due reward of bigb Beard, as “Pedantius," with a birch in his hand, treason. On that day the Forfeiture Act, 1870 / which copies should, but seldom do, contain, is (33 & 34 Vict., c. 23) received the royal assent. alone valued by Caulfield at two guineas. Section 31 of this Act provides as follows:
W. I. R. V. " From and after the passing of this Act such portions of tho Acts of the thirtieth year of George the Third
WILLS ENROLLED IN THE COURT OF HUSTING chapter 48, and the fifty-fourth year of George the (76 S. xi. 323, 437).- Under this head some time Third chapter 146, as opacts that the judgment required ago I unhappily evoked the displeasure of your by law to be awarded against persona adjudged guilty of correspondent Nomad by writing “Alvena high treason shall include the drawing of the person on instead of Alveva. Will you suffer me now to a hurdle to the place of execution,
execution, make the amende honorable to you and him by of the body into four quarters, shall be and are bereby confessing that I was in the wrong? The scribe repealed.”
of Henry II.'s Pipe Rolls (peace be to his ashes !) Q. V. makes a very distinct difference between his n and