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while ago.

years ago, in J.J. Hofmann's 'Lexicon Universale' Jobo Richter, tried in 1794, with Hardy and (Basilie, 1677), 8.v. Bernardus.” The passage Horne Tooke, for high treason, Henry Richter and concludes with the words : “Nullos habuit præ- Wm. Woodburne, artists, and Alexander Copland, ceptores præter quercus et fagos. Hinc proverb : government contractor for buildings. Liston, Neque enim Bernardus vidit omnia." I admit the comedian, was also for a time connected with that I omitted to give this reference in 1889; but the establishment, either as master or assistant. that, to a student who is always learning, is a long Raimbach died at Greenwich on Jan. 17, 1843. WALTER W. SKEAT. It may be of interest to add that the inscription

on a tombstone in Hendon Churchyard, co. Middle‘FROM OXFORD TO ROME'(8th S. iii. 207, 272).–

sex, furdishes the information that his father, Mr. MR. Redford's query about this book is not per- Peter Raimbach, late of the parish of St. And, fectly correct in its statements. He says that it Westminster, died December 16, 1805, aged sixtywas published anonymously in 1847, at the time

two. of the famous Oxford Tracts." He is correct as to husband, died January 27, 1807, aged sixty-five,

Martha, his mother, who survived ber the date of its publication, but the Oxford Tracts and lies buried in the same place (begun in 1833) came to an end in February, 1841,

DANIEL HIPWELL. and Newman, their chief promoter, joined the 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N. Church of Rome in 1845. The book was one of two or three written by persons who had been

LINES BY TENNYSON (gib S. iii. 269).-J. D. is ardent admirers of Newman in the early days of evidently thinking of the Tract movement, and who had been shocked

Ring sudden laughters of the jay, and alienated from the Tractarian party by wbat the last line of the fourth stanza in the poem 'To they considered his betrayal of them. The two ; published in 'Poems,' 1833, p. 2. In the works which had by far the largest circulation of volume of Selections, 1865, two of the original this class were From Oxford to Rome,' and seven stapzas were restored (with alterations) and Hawkstone,' by the Rev. W. Sewell. This last five in the Library Edition, 1872, vol. i. p. 97. The raised very fierce accusations on both sides.

poem now commences MR. REDFORD bas been rigbtly informed that

My life is full of weary days, the "authoress made a recantation.” I could easily and the above-mentioned line runs give him the dates if I were able to go to a library; but I am at present confined to my study. The first

Ring sudden ecritches of the jay. "recaptation was the publication of a second

The article in the Quarterly Review, 1833, p. 81 book, called . Rest in the Church,' the gist of which (probably written by J. G. Lockhart), remarks iu was that, though it would be unwise for any a bantering strain :member of the Church of Eogland to go over to “Laughter, the pbilosopbers tell us, is the attribute of Rome, yet that one who had done so, could not man-but as Shakspeare found tongues in trees and revert without apostasy. This, of course, did not sermons in stonor,' this true poet endows all nature, not

merely with human susceptibilities but buman functions satisfy the Roman Catholics, and she published -the jay laughs, and we find, indeed, a little further on, a letter in the newspapers, and said, “I bitterly that the woodpecker laughs also." regret the publication of my book, and wish Í

Ralph T. BRADBURY. conld recall it.”


Redhill. 32, Finsbury Square.

VOLE (8th S. iii. 187, 274).-I have to thank ABRAHAM RAIMBACH (81b S. iii. 126). — It would your correspondents who have replied to my appear from the privately printed_Memoirs and inquiry as to tbe etymology of this word. At the Recollections of the late Abraham Raimbach, Esq., same time I must point out that none of them bas Eograver,' edited by his son, M. T. S. Raimbach, offered a satisfactory solution. The derivation from M.A., 410., Lond., 1843, that he was born in "wold,” a field or plain, is analogous to that of Cecil Court, St. Martin's Lane, Westminster, on "mole,” which is undoubtedly a contraction from Feb. 16, 1776. His father, a native of Switzer- "moldwarp," but then there are in proof of that land, who came to England at the early age of the Middle English moldwerp and the Icelandic twelve, and never afterwards quitted it, married the moldvarpa, besides Shakespeare's “moldwarp daughter of a Warwicksbire farmer of the name of (*1 Henry IV.,' III. i. 149), whereas “ wold-mouse Butler, descended by the female side, as was sup- has not been shown ever to bave been in use, posed, from the Burbages of Shakespeare's time. though“ field-vole” and “bank-vole" are common

Raimbach was privately educated at Highgate, termg. MR. WALLER is good enough to refer me and afterwards entered the Library School of St. to Webster's ‘Dictionary'; but the derivation from Martin-in-the-Fields, under the mastership of Mr. French voler, to steal, is absolutely unsupported by Powdall. Here he had for schoolfellows Henry any evidence ; it is mere guess-work, a pursnit Winchester, afterwards Lord Mayor of London, any one can follow, if so disposed, for himself. Charles Mathews and Wm. Lovegrove, actors, Obviously, that is the meaning of a

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écarté. What I desire to obtain is evidence of the Waterings." It is needless to say that there is earliest use and forms of this word expressing the no real connexion between the names “St. Thomas genus Arvicola.

HERBERT MAXWELL. Aquinas” and “St. Thomas à Waterings,” though St. Jeron (8th S. iii. 129). —No doubt St. the display of that kind of conventional wit which

the shadowy verbal connexion gave occasion for Iero is meant. The 'Acta Sanctorum,' under has sometimes found its exercise in places having date of Ang. 17, will probably give all that is significant names. I known about him. I have a note to the effect Ben Jonson, quoted by Mr. Wheatley and Dr.

may give one example from that he was a native of Scotland and a priest, and Nares : that he was killed in Holland in the ninth century

He may perhaps take a degree at Tyburn by the Normans, one of wbom ran a sword through A year the earlier ; come to read a lecture his neck. His attribute is a falcon. L. L. K.

Upon Aquinas at St. Thomas å Waterings,

And so go forth a laureat in hemp-circle. TAE CATALOGUE OF BOOKSELLERS' CATALOGUES

•The New Inn,'i, 3. (8th S. iii. 208). — The Birmingham Reference The actual locality is thus defined in Ogilby's Library has given special attention to booksellers' Traveller's Guide': “There at 1 mile leaving catalogues and auction sales. One hundred and the town cross a brook called St. Thomas Water. fourteen separate entries (often in several volumes) ing." In later surveys it is marked at the two include catalogues wbich are "curious or valu: miles. Io Carey's map of fifteen miles round able as illustratiog prices, classification, &c.” A London, A.D. 1786, at the two-mile stone on the large and lofty room is nearly filled with biblio- Old Kent Road appears Waterings Bridge, a grapby, including 180 entries of " Sale Catalogues survival of the old dame. At the present day of Important and Interesting Collections, often (see the ‘Post - Office London Directory') at with Prices and Purchasers' Names." ESTE. No. 322 in the Old Kent Road we have a public

house called the “ Thomas à Beckett,” which proSt. Thomas OF WATERINGS (8th S. iii. 249) bably marks the historic site. The house stands took its name from a chapel dedicated to St. at the corner of the Arundel Road from which St. Thomas of Canterbury, situated by a small brook Thomas's Road branches out. Those who know which bere crossed the Old Kent Road, exactly the locality will be able to say whether it corat the second milestone of later days. It was the responds with the site of the old two-miie stone. first stage out of London for the convoy of pilgrims

EDMUND VENABLES. bound to the shrine of St. Thomas, where they made their first balt and watered their horses.

Walter Long (866 8. iii. 207).- According to HERMENTRUDE will doubtless remember that it Burke's 'Landed Gentry,' Mr. Walter Long, of is here that Chaucer makes the "host » « his hors Muchelney, Somerset (who is, I suppose, the same

I a rest,” and propose that the pilgrims should person after whom MR. G. Deeks inquires), died draw cuts” who should tell the first tale :

uomarried, He had five half-sisters, two of whom And forth we riden a litel more than pas,

died unmarried ; one married, but died sine prole; Unto the watering of Seiot Thomas,

two more married, but as to the children of one of It was the ordinary place for executions for the these Burke is silent; but the eldest, Philippa, who county of Surrey, as Tyburn was for Middlesex, and married Grove, of Fern House, Wilts, he tells us abuodant references to it in this character appear search the pedigree of that family, now represented

" left issue.” For these MR. DEKKS will have to in our old dramatists and other early writers, a selection from which is given in Nares's Glog: by Sir Tbos. Grove, Bart., nf Fero.

E. WALFORD, M.A. dary' and Wheatley's 'London, New and Old.'

Veatnor. Mr. Wheatley gives a curious instance of a ro. currence to the old form by Sir John Campbell ALDERMAN CURTIS (8th S. iii. 185). — PROF. (afterwards Lord Chaocellor) in 1834, when Tomlinson asks whether there is any pbysioAttorney-General, to prevent the defeat of justice logical reason for the very common omission and tbrough a squabble between the sheriffs of the misuse of this letter in London and Wiltshire. county and of the city of Chester as to who was I doubt whether it is more frequently misused to carry a sentence of execution into effect. Comp- there than here. It was a Yorkshireman that I bell “boldly adopted a form of proceeding which beard some time since recite,had not been resorted to for many ages," had the

From Greenland's hicy mountains, convicts brought before the King's Bencb, by the

From Hindia's coral strand, judges of which court they were ordered to be

Where Hafric's sunny fountains, &c. executed at St. Thomas à Waterings, ia the As regards its omission, which is comparatively horough of Southwark. Gerard records in bis a venial offence, is it not a fact that speech * Herbal' his finding water plants “in the ditch generally is softer in the South, and that a softer right against the place of execution at the end of speech naturally tends to the omission of the Southwarke, nere London, called St. Thomas aspirate ? This I understand to be the reason wby,



as Marsh notes in his 'Lectures,' the h bas dis- which formed part of the screen of “the Choir”—that appeared from the speech of Southern Europe. It is to say, of the only part of the church used for is suggested that perhaps the board schools will worship—that “Madam Sarah Ellys built the lofts correct our speech in these particulars. I doubt it. in the north aisle at her own charge, for bachelors Marsh thinks the h will ultimately be lost to sit in."

St. SWITHIN. altogether.

C. C. B. Epworth.

A parish book of Eastbourne records that

1703, August 8. A vestry orders the churchwardene When a boy I was sailing past Stromboli at night, to prosecute certain persons for misbehaviour in church. watching the fire of the volcano, when a sailor told It is aleo stated that a gallery was lately erected at the me that it was well known that the ship's crew of west end of the church, for young men and bachelors."a man-of-war saw the devil carrying a sack up the

'Sussex Arch. Colls.,'xiv. 133. mountain and throwing out of it into the crater

EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. a man called Sir William Curtis. A few months

The Braesey Institute, Hastings. after, when repeating this story in England, a

“TO THREEP" (8th S. ii. 325, 452, 491; iii. 53, gentleman said:

114).—Will your correspondent at the last reference "That is true.. Curtis was a contractor for the navy, pardon me if I point out that there is no such book and any shortcomings in victuals or stores were laid to his as 'Glossographia Anglicum Novo'? What such account, He was, therefore, unpopular with sailors ; and the story of his being thrown into Stromboli was

a title could mean it is impossible to say. The same repeated on the authority of a captain and crew of a man. title appears subsequently at p. 133, col. 1, hence of-war. Curtis brought an action against the captain, the reason for my correction. I thought that the and the case was tried for defamation of character."

title as first given might be a misprint ; its reIf s so, there be must be some report of such a appearance forbids the thought. I have a copy of trial. Can any one say if there was a trial ? the book dated 1707, and its title is 'Glogso


graphia Anglicana Nova.' [The story is wrongly told of Alderman Curtis. See

F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. Old Booty. 4th S. v. 31, 79, 185, 305; ‘Booty's Ghost,' 5th S. ii. 508 ; iii. 20.]

POISONING BY ARSENIC (8th S. iii. 189). — There

was a remarkable trial for poisoning by arsenic in CAESNEY Family (8th S. ii. 387, 478 ; iii. 58, Scotland in the last century, which I only know by 135, 214). - PROF. Skeat at the last reference the report in the 'Appual Register,' that of Lieut. derives the family name of Chesney from Fr. Patrick Ogilvy and Mrs. Catherine Ogilvy, otherchênaie, an oak plantation, chênaie from Lat. wise Nairne, for the murder of Thomas Ogilvy, *quercinētum, and chêne, an oak, from Lat. *quer brother of the former and husband of

the latter. cinum. In the first place, I would point out that They were convicted, and Lieut. Ogilvy was chênaie does not correspond exactly to the Latin banged, but Mrs. Ogilvy escaped from prison after forms quoted by Prof. SKEAT, De Caynoto, De giving birth to a child. Judging from the report Kaisneto, Do Chaisneto, as chênaie is evidently in the ' Annual Register,' the case was very weak. of the feminine gender; it cannot, therefore, be Can any reader state what became of Mrs. the original of the name Chesney, the derivative Ogilvy and the child, who was probably legitimate of the above Latin forms. Secondly, may I (she was convicted of incest as well as murder) point out that a popular Latin type *quercinum and the rightful heir to the estate ? could not possibly become chêne in modern French ? The case of a girl named Eliza Fenning created The O.F. forms of chêne are chesne, chaisne, caisne, a great sensation early in the present century. pointing to a popular Latin type *caxanum. In She was accused, I think, only of attempting to the third place, querc'num could not have been re- murder, which was then a capital offence. She presented by an O.F. caisne, as re'n could never have was convicted and hanged, notwithstanding a become on; compare popular Latin circinum, which very general belief in her innocence. There was a became in French cerine, cerne, the r remaining. public funeral, attended by a vast concourse of Fourthly, a Latin que- could never have given a persons. A somewhat remarkable trial took place French word beginning with ch.

in Styria a little over forty years ago, when a girl A. L. Mayhew. was acquitted of poisoning an officer with arsenic.

The defence turned on the prevalence of arsenicBACHELORS' DOOR OR PORCA (gth S. iii. 208). eating in Styria, which it appeared ended fatally -At Grantham, Lincolnshire, down to the time in many cases—more especially with girls, who took when St. Wolfram's Church was restored, some- it in considerable quantities to improve their looks thing like five-and-twenty years ago, the free and complexion. One remarkable fact given in sittings for men were in pows on the north side of evidence was that the sudden cessation of arsenicthe middle alley and those for women on the south. taking produced symptoms similar to those of In 1806, according to Turnor, the best-known his poisoning by arsenic. The question whether Mr. torian of the town, it was recorded on a panel Maybrick was an arsenic-eater seems worthy of

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more consideration than it received, though the In the case of Dr. Alexander, published in Med. overdose which he took on the first day of bis Times and Gazette, April 18, 1857, death did not illness seems to bave been of some medicine which occur until the sixteenth day; and, although it was included strychnine. The defence of arsenic- known a large quantity of arsenic had been taken, taking was, I believe, also set up for Madame done was found in the body after death. Laffarge in Paris.

M. In Taylor (“Manual of Med. Jurisprudence,' See 'Forensic Medicine,' by Drs. Guy and Hospital, in October, 1847, is reported as occurring

ninth edition, p. 104) a death of a man at Guy's Ferrier, p. 458, where

seven days after swallowing 220 grains of arsenic. “ the reader is referred to the following cases: Messrs. Turner and Mr. Gadsden, poisoned by Eliza Fenning, in

Some interesting cases of suspected arsenical Mr. Marshall's Remarks on Arsenic"; those of the poisoning (bomicidal) may be found in Caspar's Mitchells, reported by Mr. Alexander Murray, in the * Forensic Medicine,' N. Syd. Society's edition, Edin. Med. and Surg. Journal, vol. xviii. p. 167; and vols. i. and ii. Among other celebrated arsenicthree cases given by Mr. Alexander McLear, in the same poisoning cases were those of Eliza Fenning, 1815 journal, vol. xv. p. 533."

(banged), and of Thom, both reported in Sir The same useful manual states that, before the R. Christison's work on · Poisons' (1832), where, passing of the Act 14 Vict., xiii., arsenous acid also, many other cases are noted. Of modern caused 34 in 100 of all the deaths by poison ; instances was the woman Cotton. But any good after it, the proportion fell to 1 in 10.". And were modern manual of jurisprudence or toxicology will not the chambre ardente, and the trial of Brin- contain many reports of such crimes. The reports of villiers, and her succession powders, episodes in such cases abound in instances of conflict of medical the history of this poison ?

evidence, even in cases where, as in Mrs. MayEDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. brick's, there was really no room for reasonable Cases of arsenic poisoning-criminal, accidental, doubt of the prisoner's guilt. acute, and chronic-abound. Iodeed, it is one of

So far from arsenic being a poison often omthe commonest forms of poisoning. It would not ployed by members of the medical profession for be difficult to fill a number of N. & Q.' with homicidal purposes, it is essentially one avoided details of cases of this kind. I, however, give by them, and patronized by laymen and women, references to a few such, which may help J. W. in for the reason that it is cheap, of slow action, and his search.

easily procurable, and, as is unknown to the latter 'An Account of several Cases of Poisoning with class, as easily, for the most part, detected on Arsenic,' by Sir R. Christison, in Edinburgh analysis. Since the days of aqua tofana (a

, Medico-Chirurgical Transactions, 1826, ii. 273. solution of arsenic) it has remained a popular * Account of a late Remarkablé Trial for Poison. criminal drug.

W. Sykes, F.S.A. ing with Arsenic' (the notorious Wooler case), by

RELICS OF OUR LORD AND ROD OF MOSES Sir R. Christisod, in Edin. Med. Journal, 1855–6, (gib S. iii. 169).-In Dr. John Smith's edition of i. 625, 707, 759.

Beda's - Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum' In Paris and Fonblanque's 'Medical Juris- (Cantab., 1722) there is given an index of the prudence, London, 1823, 3 vols., there are mode relics belonging to the Cathedral Church of rately full reports of the following cases of arsenic Durbam, printed from a MS. list bearing, date poisoning:

A.D. 1372. In this list mention is made of “ una 1. The Nicholls, at Alford. Here the only member of the family who died, William, lived pars virge Moysi.” There is no record of hairs of

our Lord, but a number of relics more or less six days after taking the one fatal dose adminis- directly connected with Him are mentioned. tered. The poisoning was homicidał, done by a There are fragments:brother-in-law (pot a medical man), who afterwards confessed his guilt (ii. 191).

"De petra super quam natus fuit, de præsepio (4), de

cunabulo, de circumcisione, de lapidibus trans Jordanem, 2. Ogilvy and Nairne, for poisoning Thomas de Querentayn, de pane verso in lapidem, de lapide in Ogilvy (ii. 184, note).

quo scripsit, de Monte Thabor, de Monte Oliveti, de 3. Mary Blandy, tried (and condemned) at Ox. templo D'ni, de palma D’ni, de Vaso in quo lavabantur ford, 1752, for poisoning her father (iii., appendix, pedes Apostolorum, de menea D’ni, de pane q'm bene

dixit, de lapide super q'm sedebat in Pretorio, de columna 236).

ad q'm ligatus fuit, do sudario, de tunica, de spongia (2) 4. Robert Sawle Donsall, surgeon, &c., for the de Monte Calvarie (2), de lapido super q'm crucifixus murder of his mother-in-law, Mrs. Elizabeth Down- est, de ligno (4), de sepulchro (7), de petra super q'm ing. Tried at Launceston, March 31, 1817 (iii., ascendit

, de throno ubi sedebat Jesus cum xii. discipulis." appendix, 277).

There were also “spina Corona” and “particula in the above case of Mr. Blandy, poisoned by Crucis (2).” bis own daughter, as above mentioned, he survived Hairs of many saints are mentioned, although the administration of the first dose of poison nine none of our Lord occur. Thus we have, days.

fiola cristallina cum capillis et peplo sancte Marie


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Magdalene"; and hair of the same saint is pre- oral authority for the expression leads me to think served, with other relics, “in duabus bursis cum that he has got hold of a perversion of a phrase uno signo de albo velvetto."

familiar to me from childhood, and derived pro“In bursa cum scutis varii coloris," along with bably from some old play, viz., “Keep your eye other small matters, are contained some hairs of on the corporal.”

F. ADAMS. Abbat Bernard ; and, “in fiola cristallina oroata 105, Albany Road, Camberwell, S.E. argento,” some further hairs of the abbat are mentioned, along with other small relics. There are

TAE CelebRATED WAITE (8th S. iii. 228).-In also "de capillis Sancti Bartholomei eremite de 1856 a George Waite was living at No. 2, Old Farne," three portions “de capillis et barba S. and at No. 3 in the same street and date lived

Burlington Street, described as

surgeon dentist," Godrici, de capillis venerabilis Roberci de Stap

Charles Waite. hope, de capillis Sancti Boysili Presbyteri in una

This information is taken from cistula eburnea"; and, lastly

the ‘Post-Office Directory.' EMILY COLE. cum multis aliis

Teigamouth. que continentur in una albâ cistulâ ligatâ cum arecalco [sic], de capillis plurimorum sanctorum.” If Waite died in 1820, as would seem to be

In natural connexion with these hairs of the the case from MR. EOGCUMBE's extracts, the name saints, we find their combs also preserved. There was still to be found in Boyle's 'Court Guide' for are three in the Durham collections-Malacbie 1830, at 2, Old Burlington Street. The house Archiepiscopi, of St. Boisil (preserved in a black must have been, therefore, kept on for business case), and an ivory comb of St. Dunstan, “in una purposes, since if Waite married in 1819 he could bursa serici varii coloris." JOHNSON BAILY. not have been succeeded by a son at that period. Ryton Rectory.

George Waite, Dentist," is how he stands in In the first line of the Latin quotation, “ bo'i- Boyle, and there were two more of the same trade

in the street. nom” is simply hominem.

It is also interesting to note the E. WALFORD, M.A.

varied class of residents in the Old Burlington Ventnor.

Street of that period, as, besides the three dentists, (The apostrophe is used by us in place of the sign of

there was a chiropodist, a solicitor, a counsellor, contraction.]

& royal pavy captain, an honourable, a baronet,

& marquis, and two ladies whose doors had, I A PREPOSITION FOLLOWED BY A CLAUSE (8th fancy, the legend“ apartments "over the fanlights. S. 488 ; iii. 112).—One must agree in the main

JNO. BLOUNDELLE-BURTON. with all that ADAMANT says. There is no excuse

Barnes Common, for these blunders of the prose writers ; but I want

TAE POETS LAUREATE (8th S. ii. 385, 535; iii. to put in a plea for the two poets. First, they are entitled to a prescriptive license to sail perilously Hastings, MR. E. H. MARSHALL, M.A., a fauniliar

89, 131). -The librarian of the Brasgoy Institute, near to the rock of error, and anything is excuse signature in N. & Q.,' reminds me that there was enough that will bring them off safely.

a Cibber buried at the Danish Church in WellConsider who the king your father sends.

close Square, after all. He, though, was Caius Now, in this, supposing the rhythm of the line Ciabriel, the father of the Laureate by his second to have permitted it, and that Shakspere bad given wife, Jape Colley. Cibber père had a sort of preit to us thus: “Consider who it is that the king scriptive right to this burying-place, inasmuch as your father sends," I imagine that all objection be built the church, sumptibus Christian V., King would have been silenced. Do we not, and can we of Denmark, who, says the inscription over the not supply that mentally ? Undoubtedly, who door, gave it for the use of the seamen and mer. declaims better than whom. The same applies to chants, his subjects, frequenting the port of LonByron's “Whom the gods love die young," and I don. Cunningham buries the Laureate there, 48 think ADAMANT admits as much. But for sound, as well as his father; and MR. Hamilton, no correctness, and comprehension Byron would have doubt, thought Cunningham good enough to follow; done better, if I may venture to say so, if he had but Mr. Lloyd, of the Evening Post, probably written “Those the gods love die young," for knew better.

W. F. WALLER. every one would then have seen that whom was the missing word. As it now is, perhaps only one in a

VALLANCE FAMILY (8th S. iii. 229).—It is not hundred can instantly supply those as the word improbable that the Topsham Vallances might required to complete the grammatical pbrase.

have been an offshoot of the Valence family of

C. A. WARD. Greysannor, Wilts. Francis Valence was of this Chingford Hatch, E.

place, 1623, according to the Visitation of that

date. The descent of this Francis Valence from “ A FLY ON THE CORPORAL(gth S. ii. 147). Robert le Galeys of 1225 can be furnished if y. - No reply to E. X.'s query baving appeared, wants it. The family bore Checky or sa. (or az.), the fact of your correspondent having none but on foss gules three leopards' heads cab. jessant de

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