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THE ATHENÆUM

JOURNAL OF ENGLISH AND FOREIGN LITERATURE, SCIENCE,
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L'INTERMÉDIAIRE

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FRENCH NOTES AND QUERIES.

Founded in 1864.

Literary, Historical, and Artistic Correspondence and Notes.

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Among literary men, learned men, professors, artists, persons forming collections of pictures and other art objects, bibliophiles, lovers of prints and autographs, archæologists, collectors of coins, there is not one who does not sometimes find that he has got beyond his own knowledge and needs that of others. He has consulted his friends, the library of his town, the societies of his district, he has written many letters he has not obtained the information that he wants. Another wishes to find whence comes a quotation which his memory does not correctly supply, or to find a particular book, a manuscript, an art object, heraldic bearings, a family descent, or to verify the authenticity of a text or of an autograph, or to learn the commonness or scarcity and the consequent value of some object; to know whether the subject which occupies his mind has already been studied, whether a particular document has already been published, whether librarians or custodians of archives or museums or other collectors can give him hints or supply documents which will help him in his studies. He has looked at everything that he can find, and consulted all easily available works of reference, and yet is at a standstill. Here comes in L'INTERMEDIAIRE. That paper prints his ques

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N

LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 6, 1893.

tween subject and subject, so far as cognizance was taken of it by the Crown or by a court of law.

CONTENT 8.-N° 71. Take first the records of the Court of Chancery. NOTES:-Our Public Records, 341-The Pope's Golden Rose, We all know of what paramount importance and 343-Elizabeth and Mary, Queen of Scots, 344-Glendoveer "Like a bolt from the blue"-The Garden of the Hes- of what antiquity was the office of Chancellor. The perides, 345-Cogers' Hall-Stephen Gosson-Charles Rossi Chancellor was the sovereign's principal secretary, -"Step-girl "-Shakspearian Relics-"We are seven"the supervisor of royal grants, and, indeed, of all Rents in 1699-Chester, 346-" Practical Politics," 347. business transacted under the Great Seal, of which QUERIES:-" Fargood"-Works of King Alfred-Epiphany he was the keeper. From the reign of Richard I. Offering- The Confederation of Kilkenny'-'Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers-Heraldic Castle-Foreigners' the Chancery has been a court of justice, and its Descriptions of England-Duel-Enfield and Edmonton-business rapidly assumed very large proportions. Kennedy-Lord Robert Douglas, 347-Copper Seal It is obvious, therefore, how very large is the mass Captain Rush-One Pound Scots-S. Storace-Hablot"Every mickle makes a muckle"-St. Martin's-in-the- of documentary evidence belonging to the Chancery. Fields Library School-Maize, 348-Hilcock-R. Newland Let me enumerate and describe some of the im-Handie-Authors Wanted, 349. portant classes of Chancery records, dealing with those not of a legal nature first.

NOTES ON BOOKS:-Wheatley's The Diary of Samuel
Pepys'-Cass's East Barnet.'
Notices to Correspondents.

REPLIES-Abbey Churches, 349-St. Victor-Octagonal
Fonts, 351-Quadruple Births-Anecdote of Queen Victoria
There is the record of royal grants, be those
-Trollope's Novels-George Eliot, 352-Rhymed Deeds
Eating Poor Jack"-Titus Oates, 353-Folk-lore-grants of property, office, or what not, and to sub-
"Ventre-saint-gris," 354-Cause of Death-Lady of the jects, clerical or lay. These we find chiefly in the
Bedchamber, 355-Walter Long-Celtic-"Whether or
no"-Goethe's Faust, 356-George Isham-The Poets Charter, Patent, or Close Rolls. The Charter
Laureate-Feast of the Windy Sheet-Palfrey and Post-Rolls are the smallest series of the three, and
Tennyson's Crossing the Bar-"God save the Queen," extend from the first year of King John to
357-English Sapphics-George Robins-Lines by Tenny-
son-Charles Steward-E. Hoppus-Tolny or Udny, 358- the eighth of Henry VIII. On them are en-
Manila-Authors Wanted, 359.
rolled original grants and confirmations of those
previously made, so that we may here look for
accurate copies of donative charters of a much
earlier date than the commencement of the series,
and, indeed, of grants not made by the Crown at
all, but inter partes. The whole of the Charter
Rolls down to the close of John's unfortunate
reign are printed in full with a good index nomi-
num and locorum, a copy of which is placed in the
Record Office Search Room, so there is no need to
refer to the rolls themselves. Of those from
Henry III. to Edward IV. there is a printed
calendar, but a very poor and incomplete one-
numerous charters on the rolls are not even noticed

Notes.

OUR PUBLIC RECORDS.

In this and the following short papers on the contents of the great repository of our national archives-which stands near the headquarters of N. & Q.'-I do not propose to waste words in enlarging upon the wonders of the public records and their preservation; the recent visit of the Prince of Wales to the Public Record Office afforded to the press an excellent opportunity of doing this, which it did not neglect. I aim rather at making the readers of N. & Q.' acquainted with what they may reasonably hope to find if they pay a visit to the Record Officewhat points in antiquarian research they may hope to elucidate. The writer wishes to be perfectly frank, and not to be a sucker of other men's brains without due acknowledgment, and therefore desires to say that, though he has brought his own experience to bear in compiling his work, he has used-as every sensible man would use the valuable 'Handbook' to the records issued some years back by Mr. ScargillBird, F.S.A., the best book on the subject ever compiled.

Let me say at the outset that within this vast building are kept the whole of the public documents of the kingdom, and, roughly speaking, every record, from the time of King John onwards, of the dealings between sovereign and subject, and be

the indexes to which are badly compiled. The rolls for Richard III., Henry VII., and Henry VIII. are calendared in contemporary writing in MS., the calendar being incorporated with that to the Patent Rolls, kept in the Legal Search Room.

The next great class of Chancery enrolments is the Patent Rolls. Here we have the same kind of entries as are on the Charter Rolls, and also a great many others besides. We have not only charters and grants, but the promulgation of public instruments of every description; entries as to our diplomatic relations with other powers, to the discharge of the judicial affairs of the kingdom, the enrolment of letters of safe conduct, credence, or protection, the appointments of ambassadors, licences for the election of bishops and other ecclesiastical dignitaries, restitutions of temporalities, presentations to ecclesiastical benefices, creations of nobility, liveries of lands, proclamations, and what not; the later rolls do not contain so much as the earlier ones, but for all practical purposes the foregoing may be taken as a

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