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vols...... London: Henry Colburn, Publisher; Great Mr. Jugging

Sir F. Booth Marlborough Street. 1844.—12mo. B.M. N. 2313. Sir Baptist Placid

Sir Eardley Wilmot Vol. i. has pp. iv, 319; vol. ii., pp. ii, 314 ; Stella

Hon. Alberic De Courcy ... Hon. Alberic Willoughby

Madlle, L. F. vol

. iii., pp. ii, 350. The dedication, “ To Henry Sir Joseph Wallinger Sir William Clay Hope,” forms pp. iii, iv, of vol. i., and is signed A. Duchesse de G

Duchesse de Grammont Io Key to the Characters in Coningsby, com

Count M-é

Count Molé

Baroness S. de Rothschild prising about Sixty of the Principal Personages of Baronees S. de R-d...

Duke D-8...

Duc de Cases the Story, published in 1844 by Sherwood, Gilbert Baron Von u–ë

Baron Von Humboldt & Piper, the names of the originals are indicated Princesse de Petit Poix Princesse de Poix by the first and last letters of the surname or Comtesse de C. de E. Comtesse de Castellano title ; but in 'A New Key to the Characters in Mr. Cassilis...

George Wombwell, Esq. Coningsby," issued by W. Strange (without date), Duke of Agincourt

Charles Mills, Esq.

Duke of Buckingham and the names of the originals are in nearly all in

Chandos stances printed in full, the names of the characters Ermengarde

Mad. de P. not being reprinted. The two lists are combined Clotilda

Madlle. C. A. in the following

Some of Lord Beaconsfield's biographers state Key to Coningsby.

that Coningsby was intended for George Smythe Coningsby Lord Littleton

(the seventh Lord Strangford). See 1846 (French Rigby ...

Rt. Hon. (J. Wilson translation), 1870, 1881, 1888, 1889 (with key),

and 1891.
Charles Ross, Esq.

(To be continued.) Tadpole

Alex. Pringle, Esq., M.P. Lord Monmouth

Lord Hertford
The Duke

The Duke of Rutland
Lord Henry Sydney
Lord John Manners

Madame Colonna
Lady Strachan

The origin and first publication of this masterPrincess Lucretia Madame Zichy

piece of our gentlest poet have been described in an Lord Eskdale Lord Lonsdale

interesting manner by his most recent biographer, Lucian Gay...

Theodore Hook
Mr. Ormsby
Quentin Dick, Esq., M.P.

Mr. Thomas Wright ("The Life of William Sir Charles Buckhurst Baillie Cochrane, Esq, Cowper, London, 1892). \ It may, however, tend


to absolute completeness of information on this Lord Vere Lord Edward Howard

topic if some note be now taken respecting the Oswald Millbank

Rt. Hon. W. E. Gladstone, first publication of the poem in a separate form.

Boots at Christopher P. Borthwick, Esq., M.P.

It may be fairly assumed that, down to now, The Duchess

Duchess of 'Buckingham particulars on this special point have not been easily and Chandos

attainable, or else 80 careful and painstaking aa Lord Fitzbooby. Lord Harrington

author as Mr. Wright would have included them Earwig... Sir G. Clerk, Bart., M.P.

in his book, containing as it does ample enough Lord Rambrooke

Lord Rosslyn Tom Chudleigh...

details about the first, and anonymous, appearance Augustus O'Brien, Esq., M.P.

of the ballad in the Public Advertiser for NovemLord Everingbam Earl of Clarendon

ber, 1782, and about Johnson (Cowper's publisher), Lady Everingham

Countess of Clarendon early in 1784, suggesting its direct publication by Lady Theresa Lady Adeliza Manners

the poet himself, who replied, in a letter dated Eustace Lyle

Ambrose Lisle Phillipps, October, 1784, saying, “I have not been without

Esq. Marquess of Beaumanoir... Marquess of Granby thoughts of adding John Gilpin' at the tail of Mr, Melton...

Hon. James Macdonald all,” i.e., of his second volume, for which he was Mr. G.O. A. Head ...

JA Roebuck, Esq., M.P. preparing' The Task,' the Tirocinium,' &c., and Mr. Millbank Mark Phillips, Esq., M.P.

in which volume it actually did appear in June, Edith

Miss Mac Tavish
Jawster Sharp
John Bright, Esq., M.P.

1785. The Russian Ambassador Prince Lieven

The first separate publication of 'John Gilpin' The Russian Ambassadress Princess Lieven

took place, however, rather more than two months The Grand Duke The Czarowitch

previously, namely, on March 25, 1785, by I. Lady St. Julians

Lad v Jersey
Lord Gaverstock
Lord Pollington

Wallis, Ludgate Street, London. Whether this
Lady Gaverstock
Lady Pollington

was done with the sanction of Cowper I know Villebecque M. Laporte


It will, therefore, oblige if some one of your Flora Madile. A. D.

luciferous correspondents can solve that question. Mr. Gay Flouncey

Sir Charles Shackerley Wallis's edition was printed in broadside form, giving Mrs. Guy Flouncey Mrs. Mountjoy Martin

the two hundred and fifty-two lines of the ballad Sidonia

Baron A. de Rothschild, of

in five closely-printed columns, and surmounted by Mr. Donald Macfarlane Mr. M.

the words, "Johnny [sic] Gilpin of Cheapside, Mr. Gingerly Browne Captain Layard, M.P. going farther than he intended ; Droll Story,


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read by Mr. Henderson at Freemasons' Hall." object to furnish bis patrons with “designs for At top of all (if we may be allowed to slightly furniture, cradles, boots, and petticoats.” А copy the poet's prose, at tail of all”) is a large Flemish sculptor named Scheemakers—the inand very cleverly executed engraving, oval, nine structor of Nollekons—was appointed to execute and a half by soven and a half inches, depicting the the work. He had considerable command over the creditable and renowned citizen Gilpin (wbo, by mechanical details of his art, but not over its higher the way, has been successfully identified with one qualities. Boyer, a linendraper, of 3, Cheapside, deceased, at When the monument was finished, Horace the ripe age of ninety-eight, in 1791) arriving, but Walpole exclaimed :unable to dismount, at the “Bell” hostelry in “What an absurdity to place busts at the angles of a Edmonton. It is regrettable that no engraver's pedestal, and at the bottom of that pedestal! Whose name or sign is on this engraving, but, if I may choice the busts were I do not know; Queen Elizabeth's bazard a conjectare, I would suggest that its style head might be intended to mark the era in which the is very like that of Isaac, the father of George selected? Are the pieces under the names of these

poet flourished; but why were Richard III. and Henry V. Cruikshank.

Princes two of Shakspero's most capital works; or what The date on this engraving seems to fix Hender- reason can be assigned for giving them the preference ?" son, the popular actor's, recitations of 'Joba Gil- Allan Cunningham, who quotes this passage in pin' at a somewhat earlier month in 1785 than the his 'Lives of the Painters,' &c. (iv. 306), goes on one mentioned by Mr. Wright (at p. 314 of his to say: book). Henderson himself died shortly afterwards, “The chief defect, however, lies in the figure of Shak. on Nov. 25, 1785. The reason for my giving the spore himself-be leans upon a pedestal, like a sort of precise date of his death is that, besides my own sentimental dandy—there is no mark of intellectual broadside above described, I have seen another power in his face, and his whole air is mean and conseparate edition of John Gilpin' in small chap-ceited. This thing belongs to the “Cockney school of

sculpture." book form, published without a date, or rather " printed for W. Lane," price 2d, or 3d., I forget from the reply of Pope in answer to a request that

That these opinions were not peculiar is evident which. A copy was, I believe, sold at Sotheby's this year, and described as

is the first edition,

he would write an inscription for the monument printed before the first collected edition of Cowper's ferred to place it not on the monument, but in tho

He would write an inscription, indeed, but pre*Poems,' vol. ii.” The date was given, on sap

• Danciad': position, thus, (1785). But, even if it appeared at all in that year, it must have been in December, or

Thus Britons love me, and preserve my fame,

Free from a Barber's, or a Benson's name, at least eight months after the broadside, and six months after Cowper's volume ii. The proof of

Barber was a printer and sometime Lord Mayor

of London. this rests on the internal evidence of the chap

He erected in 1731 an honorary book itself describing the reciter of the ballad at monument to the author of 'Hudibras.' Benson, Freemasons' Hall as the late Mr. Henderson,” the in 1737, set up, a bust of Milton, and in the infull title being : “ History of John Gilpin as re- scription, according to Dr. Joboson," he bestowed lated by the late Mr. Henderson, showing how he more words upon himself than upon Milton," a went further than he intended, and came back safe circumstance to which Pope also called attention in at last.'


the Dunciad':-Kongington,

On Poets' tombs see Benson's titlos writ.

But to return to Shakopere's monument. It THE SHAKSPEARE MONUMENT IN WESTMINSTER stands faoing the main transept under the last aisle ABBEY.- In pointing out the "painful contrast "arch, which is walled ap. It is what is called “an between the obsequies of Shakspere and those of honorary monument," that is, the person to whom Molière, M. L. NOTTELLE states (ante, p. 70) that it is erected is buried elsewhere. It is said to in 1740,

have been the intention of the subscribers to “ the ladies of England made a subscription among to the Abbey, but that the

solemn words on his

transfer the remains of Shakopere from Stratford themselves to raise a monument to him [Sbakspero) in Westminster Abbey, that Pantheon of illustrious Eng- tomb naturally interfered with such a design :lisbmen, wbich should be worthy, in their estimation, of Kind friend, for Jesus sake, forbeare, the glory shed on England by the Bard of Avon."

To dig the dust inclosed heare. Whether this monument is "worthy” either of Since writing the above, a friend has sent me a the subscribers' intention, or of the object of their copy of a sixpendy book, labelled outside, “Combounty, will appear after a brief inquiry.

plete Guide to Westminster Abbey. Printed for The choice of an artist who was to furnish a the Vergers, 1892." Inside, it has the grander design for the monument was unfortunate. Kent title, ' A Historical Description,' &c. It will be was selected-a man who had already been the amusing, if not instructive, to contrast the opinion object of Hogarth’s keen satire—and who did not of the vergers with the criticisms of Horace Wal

pole and Allan Canningham, both of whom knew and both the palms of his hands had been broken something of art, and the latter, associated as he off upon the threshold (this last word, oddly was with Chantry, a good deal about sculpture. enough, the LXX. leaves untranslated as ’Aưapèő, But according to the vergers, —

though it is translated in the next verse), there "both the design and the workmanship of this monu

comes the further statement that both the wrists ment are extremely elegant. The figure of Shakspere of the hands bad fallen into the porch. I cannot and his attitude, his dress, his sbape, bis genteel air, belp doubting whether páxis suggested" trancas." and fine composure, all so delicately expressed by the In some figures of the fish.god there is the whole sculptor, cannot be sufficiently admired.” The heads on the pedestal are

body of a man with a fish occupying only a part

of the back. Probably the LXX. had a figure of proper ornaments to grace his tomb. Io sbort, the this kind in view ; but it is not likely, from the taste that is hero shown does honour to those great names description

in the chapter before us, that such was under wboso direction, by the public favour, it was 80 elegantly constructed; namely, the Earl of Burlington, fish would seem rather to have taken the place of

the Philistine representation of it, in which the , I do not find any statement that the sabscription legs than of back. A good translation of the to this monument was limited to the ladies of passage is very difficult to make; bat I would England ; bat at the time it was going on Sir submit that my own suggestion above is worth Thomas Hanmer was bringing out his edition of consideration. It seems to have no ambiguity.

W. T. Lynn. Shakspere in six volumes quarto, printed at the

Blackbeath. Oxford University Press. He says :

" As a fresh acknowledgment hath lately been paid How TOPOGRAPHY IS WRITTEN. - The followto bis (Shakepere's) merit, and a high regard to his ing paragraph, which I cat from a recent number name and memory by orecting his statue at a public of a society

newspaper, contains about as many expense, so it is desired that this new edition of his blanders as it would be possible to crowd into 80 works, which hath cost some attention and care, may be looked upon as another small monument, designed and small a space ; and as these blanders refer to two dedicated to his honour."

or three "historic places,” it would be well to The reader will doubtless remember Collins's correct the statements in · N. & Q.':complimentary poetical epistle to Sir Thomas on “In connexion with the fact that Mr. Coningsby this occasion.


Disraeli is now the owner of Hughenden, I find it is Higbgato, N.

generally believed that the manor purchased by his

uncle was the original home of Edmund Burke. This is “TAE STUMP OF DAGON.”—The Revisers of old Beaconsfield home, which, however, has undergono

an error. Sir Edward Lawson occupies the great orator's the Old Testament have retained this expression

80 many alterations and improvements since its present in 1 Sam. v. 4, though it is well known that owner entered into possession that the ghost of Burke “Dagon" alone stands in the original Hebrew. would, I suspect, find it difficult to find its way about

The idol in question consisted in all probability of the modern version of ' Butler's Court." But Sir Edward, a figure, the upper part of which was human, the with as many rolics of Burke as he has been able to lower a representation of a fish. In this verse we gather together in the twenty years since he purchased are told that the image fell to the ground and the the placo from the Du Pré famliy.” upper part was broken off, the fish part(to which the First, it is not only "now" that Mr. C. Disraeli word, Dagon, dimipitive of 27, fish, was specially is the owner" of Hughenden, for he has owned applicable) only being left. Of course it would it ever since the death of his illustrious uncle, who have read awkwardly if translated that after Dagon made him his heir. Secondly, no one that I know was broken, only Dagon was left. Benisch renders of has believed anything so foolish as that Hugben“only a fish stump had remained of him.” The den was “the original home of Burke.' (This expression "stump,” however, is hardly applicable house was called" Gregories," and was burnt down to a fish, which has neither legs nor arms, so that many years ago.) Thirdly, Sir Edward Lawson the whole of it is here intended. Sarely the best does not occupy " the old Beaconsfield home of course would have been a very simple one,—to the great orator," but that of the post Waller, translate the word Dagon in this last clause of the Fourthly, his house is known as Hall Barns, and verse, and read “only the fish was left of him."

pot as

Butler's Court." Fifthly, Sir Edward has In the Speaker's Commentary it is stated that not filled his house with relics of Burke, but with the word “stump” in this place was suggested those of Waller. Sixthly, he did not buy the by Þúxes, supplied in the Septaagint. No doubt estate from the Du Pré family, but from that of it came into the English versions from the Vul- the Yoange, baronets, of Hughenden. Seventhly, gate, “Dagon solus truncus remanserat.” But if the and lastly, 'Wilton Place, near Beaconsfield, of Greek páxus suggested Jerome's "truncus," he fol- which the writer speaks as having formerly belowed the Septuagint only partially. That version longed to the Du Prés, is still in possession of that has an additional clause, which does not appear in family.

E, WALFORD, M. A. our Hebrew copies. After saying that Dagon's head Ventnor.

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'EUPAUES ': PARALLEL PASSAGES. - If wis- wich,' and deals with the details of city life in the dom always went with sage aphorisms, and if far- thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, giving a most fetched conceits were true learning, there would curious insight into that life as set forth in the be fow wiser or more learned books than Lyly's Leet Rolls of the city. The Rev. W. Hudson has

Euphues.' Re-reading it recently I have been edited the rolls with a fulness of knowledge and a led to the conclusion that Lyly has been much laid carefulness that are admirable. I am anxious to under contribution by better-known writers, though quote from it three illustrations of Chaucer. On it is, of course, impossible always to distinguish p. 9 is this “ presentation": between plagiarism and accidental resemblance. It “ Matheus cum serviente Jobannis Beumond et alii is bardly likely, for instance, that Burns, when he ...asportaverunt colobium Rogeri de Rokhathe et wrote

apnelacum suum et bursam suam. Auld nature swears, the lovely dears

We may suppose that Roger came into town Her noblest work she classes, 0;

from Rackheath, and as in the case of the FrankeHer prentice han' she tried on man, And then she made the lasses, 0,

leyn, Prologue, 357-8,

An anlas and a gipser al of silk knew that Lyly had been before him with his

Heng at his girdel, “ Artificers are wont in their last workes to excell themselves,” &c. Was Cowper, in his verses,

so he was set upon by the cutpurses and robbed in

the year 1287.
Tbe bud may bave a bitter taste,
But sweet will be the flower,

Among the pledges taken in 1364 instead of

money fines was this, “From Henry Carleton referring to Lyly's comparison of love to "the unum cortepi pro muliere furratum pro ijs:" (p. 77). Apple in Persia, whose blossome sauoreth lyke Being for a lady and furred, it was better, no doubt, Honny, whose budde is more sower then Gall”? than the clerk's, Elsewhere he says contrariwise : “Seeing there

Ful tbredbare was his overeste courtepy. fore the very blossome of loue is sower, the budde

Prol., 290. cannot be sweete.

The cooks at Norwich were not unlike the cook I cannot but think it a pity this book should of whom the host said, — have fallen out of favour. With all his absurdities, Lyly is often admirably pithy; and though a good

And many a Jack of Dover hast thou sold

That hath been twies hot and twies cold, deal of his natural history appears to be of his for in 1287 presentation was made that "all the own invention, yet his book reflects much of the cooks and pasty-makers warm up pasties and meat more curious learning of his time. C. C. B.

on the second and third day, per biduum et Novel Notions OF HERALDRY.—A friend who per triduum”(p. 13), and Adam Tiffanye was fined has just returned from the

Roman pilgrimage has next year two shillings for the same thing (p. 32). given me a pamphlet in English relating to the The practice was not stopped by the fine, and we tomb of Pius IX., which was published at Milan may suppose the host's language was not more The title is ‘To a beloved Father.



Little Waltham.
Eternal Monument of Love, of Gratitude, of
Admiration, erected by his Children of every WROTH MONEY.-
Language, of every Nation, of every Race.'

“ Warwickshire bistorians are divided as to the origin No author's name is given. It is evidently of the custom of paying 'wroth money' between 'ward the work of a foreigner. After describing money' paid by tenants in the Middle Ages in lieu of the tomb, and stating that all who make a cer castle guard or military service, and 'wroth money,' tain contribution will have their arms shown tribute laid upon districts as compensation for the in mosaic on the wall near the tomb, we come

murder of some notable person. This ‘wrotb money! upon the following passage :

was yesterday paid to the Duke of Buccleuch, as Lord of

the Hundred of Knightlow, in amounts varying from ld. “The Armorial Bearings of American Families. A to 2s. 31d." difficulty may arise from the fact that American families do not use any armorial bearings, and therefore no last year, and may be interesting for a record.

This paragraph appeared towards the end of American armorial bearings could appear on the monument, The Executive Committee took care to remove

W. P. sucb an obstacle, and ordered their Heraldry Depart- [See 1" 8. x, 448; 6th S. ii. 386; 7th S. xii. 442, 493.] ment to supply regular armorial bearings for the American families willing to render homage to the blessed memory « TROUTS."-Grammarians give trout as one of of the beloved Pontiff.”


those words that have the same form for singular

and plural-salmon, deer, &c., being similar subCHAUCERIANA.—There are some useful illus- stantives. Sir Walter Scott was notoriously his trations of Chaucer's phrases in the Selden Society's own authority and guide in all matters concerned fifth volume, the issue for 1891, lately published with style ; and yet, when we find him writing The book is entitled 'Leet Jurisdiction in Nor. trouts, we naturally infer that he and his friends

last year.

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actually used the form in speaking. When a man of crow and rook (if used) in their own districts. is an authority on a subject he is entitled to a Address Dr. Murray, Oxford. J. A. H. M. hearing, and Scott, of course, understood angling. Here is an extract from his Diary,' telling of

“ CURSE OF SCOTLAND."-In Annandale's 'ImLoch Scavaig, Skye, in which, it will be observed, perial Dictionary,' after mentioning, among many he uses trouts deliberately:

other ingenious and baseless guesses, a bypothetical

connexion of the card with the Battle of Culloden, "Round this place were assembled hundreds of trouts

the author says, and salmon struggling to get up into the fresh water;

“but the phrase was in use before." with a net we might have had twenty salmon at a haul, I shall be grateful to any one who will send me a and a sailor, with no better hook than a crooked pin, quotation or reference for the “curse of Scotland” caught a dish of trouts during our absence.”—Lockbart's before Culloden, 1745, or indeed before 1791, wben • Life,' iii. 233, ed. 1837.

it is mentioned in the Gentleman's Magazine, p. 141. Do anglers still speak of “trouts”!

Jameson has no quotation, and knew it only as

THOMAS BAYNE. colloquial in the south of Scotland. I have not at Helensburgh, N.B.

present any ground for thinking that the phrase is

of Scottish origin. J. A. H. MURRAY. HIGALAND LIGAT INFANTRY REGIMENT.—A paper has been started to record the doings of the TENNYSON AND CARLYLE.—Who wrote the Highland Light Infantry Regiment (71st and 74th), article in the Quarterly Review for September, which carries on its colours more battles than any 1842, on Alfred Tennyson! The earlier criticism other regiment, and the officers will be greatly on him in the same periodical is generally attriobliged for any old stories sent direct to Editor, buted to Lockbart ; but the one to which I refer Highland Light Infantry Chronicle, Hamilton, is very unlike Lockhart's work. Could it possibly N.B.

L. C. R. have been written by Thomas Carlyle 7 Mr.

Froude could probably tell. I have not his life of Queries.

Carlyle at hand, but, if my memory serves me

rightly, there is some mention in it of Lockhart We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only privato interest to afix their having, much about the date which I have given, names and addresses to their queries, in order that the expressed his willingness to insert a paper of Caranswers may be addressed to them direct.

lyle's in the Quarterly, were he not afraid of Tory

prejudices—the subject dealt with being a social "Crow"AND"Rook.”—It is known to most that and political one. If so, it strikes me that Lock. the bird known in the south of England as a rook, hart, who had a great admiration for the genius of is called in the north of England, in Scotland, and the author of 'The French Revolution,' may have Ireland (Ulster at least) a crow; in the United invited him to contribute something of a less risky States also the crow is a gregarious bird, answering kind, and

that the criticism on the rising poet of to the north English and Scottish crow, the the day may have been the result.

There are southern rook. It would be interesting to know passages in the article which appear to me to be how far north the name rook is in use (naturally exceedingly Carlylian, not only in spirit but in and popularly, of course, not merely in book-lan actual phrase. There are, for example, certain guage), and how far south the name crow comes reflections on the mystery of buman life, which at for the gregarions bird. Swainson's Provincial once recall the concluding part of the chapter on Names of British Birds' gives crow in Yorkshire Natural Supernaturalism” in Sartor Resartas.' and Lancashire, but he says nothing of the Mid. I am, indeed, disposed to think that the article was lands. Now in Shakspere's time crow appears to really Carlyle's, but that Lockhart, exercising his have been the pame at Stratford; for he says in editorial privilege, even as Jeffrey used to boast 'Macbeth,' III. ii. 51 :

that he did in respect of Carlyle's essays for the Light thickens, and the Crow makes Wing to th’ Rookie Edinburgh, had freely “cut out” and written Wood.

ip.” I should, however, be glad to hear what some And in our own time it appears to be so used in better authority than myself may have to say on

this matter.

M. Dorth Lincolnshire, as exemplified by Tennyson in 'Locksley Hall,' 1. 68:

“ FAMILY PAPERS OF JAMES CRAGGS.”—The As the many · winter'd crow that leads the clanging sale of these papers at Puttick & Simpson's in rookery home.

January, 1853, was suddenly stopped. (806 In Scotland the bird to which London naturalists Atheneum, Jan. 29, 1863, p. 137.) In whose restrict the name crow is called the corbie or corbie hands are they now?

G. F. R. B. craw. I shall be glad if any readers of 'N. & Q.' living in south Lancashire, south Yorkshire, and SiR WILLIAM Petty.—In an article by the the counties thence down to the Thames will send German economist Röscher, published in the me on a post-card a statement as to the meaning Leipzig Magazine of History and Philology in



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