« EelmineJätka »
John Lyly, George Peele, Robert Greene, Christopher work even more important for Englieh readers than the Marlowe. Ricbard Hooker, and a host of other worthies one before us. We trust that when it appears it may more or less known to fame. We miss the “ Last Leaves." have copious additional annotations, and that in every which have always been a feature of the “ English case the new matter may be distinguished from tbe old. Writers," and the bibliography, which was deferred from the eigáth volume, is still absent. We trust that Prof.
The Ancient Laws of Wales. By the late Hubert Morley will be able to find room for it in the next
Lewis. Edited by J. E. Lloyd. (Stock.) volume, which is to treat of Shakespeare and his Time.' We have been in the habit of calling ourselves Anglo
Saxons, and assuming that all our institutions were Stoke d'Abernon: its Church and Manor. (Privately derived from a Teutonic source. The late Mr. Kemble, Printed.)
Sir Francis Palgrave, and other students of the first We have here, in a thin and handsomely illustrated rank have given currency to this idea. It was po fault volume, an account, historical, antiquarian, and artistic, of theirs; they were far too well instructed to assume of what, in spite of restorations, must be regarded as one that all our institutions came from Germanic sources; of our most interesting parish churches. It is written but careless readers with a prejudice in favour of those in a becoming spirit of reverence, and supplies the kind things which were easily grasped by the understanding of information we should be glad to poBee88 with regard have jumped to the conclusion that they rejected every. to scores of other churches of the class. Both the inside thing upon which they have not dwelt at length. This and the outside of the church are depicted, and two prejudice against everything Celtic has been fostered monumental brasses of unique interest are reproduced by the wild surmises of certain Welsh and Irish men, and described, as are other objects of interest. The who have written in a way to lead people to suppose workmansbip is thorough, and we can only commend to that they believed that all our institutions came from local antiquaries an imitation of this important work,
Celtic sources. The fact is, as every unprejudiced zealously and anonymously accomplished,
modern must admit, the Celts and the Teutons were
very near kinsmen, and their institutions much alike. Hierurgia ; or, the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. With
The Celts seem to have arrived in this island before Notes and Dissertatione by Daniel Rock, D.D. Tbird
their Teutonic cousins, but the relationship was so close Edition, revised by W. H. Weale. 2 vols. (Hodges.)
that it does not appear likely that we shall ever be able to The first edition of Dr. Rock's well-known book on the
separate those things which are derived either from one ceremonial of the Eucharistic service was published well
stock or the other. The late Mr. Lewis did a great service nigh sixty years ago. It was soon succeeded by a second.
to historical science by showing that it is possible-proBoth have become so scarce that when copies occur
bable, in fact-that many of the institutions which we for sale they commonly realize much more than the
are in the habit of regarding as more especially Teuoriginal price.
tonic may with equal probability be derived from Celtic Mr. Weale bas done & service to the public by bring
sources. It is impossible to follow him step by step, ing out this new edition. He has done little more than
but we may remark that no student of institutions can correct the text and in a few instances enlarge the notes,
for the future afford to overlook his chapters on “The except in the case of the annotations on the rubrics of the
Hundred and the Riding," on “ Manor Courts," and on missal. We do not doubt that these are in almost every
“ Trial by Jury." They are all of them important concase improvements, but we wish that Mr. Weale had
tributions to knowledge. We cannot say so much for furnished the reader with some means of distinguishing
all other parts of the volume. The chapter on “ Com. between the work of the author and bis editor. Half
mon Fields and Local Nomenclature" contains stateof the work is devoted to tbe theology of the Latin
ments which we feel bound to question. Church. With this ‘N. & Q.' has no concern; but the rest is of the greatest importance for every antiquary whose tastes lead him in the direction of the mediæval Church and her offices.
Notices to Correspondents. Dr. Rock was by far the greatest of English ritualists,
We must call special attention to the following notices : using the word in its true meaning of one learned in ritual. Until the issue of Hierurgia' there was no On all communications must be written the name and book in our language which gave any reasonable in- | address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but formation as to the old rites and the objects connected as a guarantee of good faith. with them. The most cultured people fell into what We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. would now be considered the strangest mistakes. One
To secure insertion of communications correspondents eminent poet speaks of a cross as a crucifix, and another must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, makes one of his characters talk of seeing an archbisbop or reply be written on a separato slip of paper, with the celebrate mass in a cope. Since those days many books
signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to of a not dissimilar kind have appeared, but not one of
appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested them has in any way superseded Dr. Rock's monu.
to head the second communication “Duplicate." mental work. He had not only a thorough knowledge of the ritual of mediæval England, but had also spent
| Contributors will oblige by addressing proofs to Mr. many years in the study of that of Italy, France, and Slate, Athenæum Press, Bream's Buildings, Chancery the churches of the East. The engravings given of the Lane, E.C. vestments of the Greek clergy will be found most useful | SANDRIDGE (“Children's Hospital ").-The phrase you by those who desire to trace the ancient vestments up to quote is grammatical. their earliest forms.
NOTIOR. It is not possible for us to give in the space at our Editorial Communications should be addressed to “ The command an idea of the treasure of knowledge of all | Editor of Notes and Queries '"-Advertisements and kinds to be found in these volumes, and we are sorry to | Business Letters to “ The Publisher"-at the Office. find that the index furnishes but a very imperfect key Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C. to them. It ought to have been more copious. . We beg leave to state that we decline to return com.
We believe that the same publisher is about to issue munications which, for any reason, we do not print ; and a new edition of Dr, Rock’s ‘Church of our Fathers,' a to this rule we can make no exception.
THE YEAR ROUND,
Conducted by CHARLES DICKENS.
A NEW SERIAL STORY,
A VALIANT IGNORANCE.
MARY ANGELA DICKENS,
Author of 'Cross Currents,'' A Mist of Error,''Her Inheritance,'' A Social Success,'
*Kitty's Victim,''An Outstanding Debt,'&c.
LONDON: 12, ST. BRIDE-STREET, LUDGATE-CIRCUS, E.C.
Sold at all Railway Bookstalls, Booksellers', and Newsvendors'.
CHATTO & WINDUS'S NEW BOOKS.
The WANDERING JEW: a Poem. By NEW THREE-AND-SIXPENNY NOVELS. ROBERT BUCHANAN. Crown 8vo. cloth extra, 6s.
Crown 8vo. cloth extra.
The AMERICAN CLAIMANT. By MARK TWAIN, EIGHTEENTH CENTURY VIGNETTES.
With 81 Ilustrations by Hal Hurst and Dan Beard. By AUSTIN DOBSON. With a Frontispiece. Crown 8vo. buckram, gilt top, 6s.
The FATE of HERBERT WAYNE. By E. J. FOUR FRENCHWOMEN. By AUSTIN DOB. GOODMAN, Author of 'Too Curious.'
SON. A New Edition, with 4 Portraits. Crown 8vo. buckram, gilt! MY FLIRTATIONS. By MARGARET WYNMAN top, 6s.
(Shortly. With 13 Illustrations by J. Bernard Partridge. HAND-MADE PAPER EDITION OF WORKS BY
The DOWNFALL. By ÉMILE ZOLA. Translated RICHARD JEFFERIES.
by ERNEST A. VIZETELLÝ. Third Edition. The LIFE of the FIELDS.--NATURE NEAR Thi
The DREAM. By ÉMILE ZOLA. Translated by LONDON. The OPEN AIR. A New Edition of these Three Books
ELIZA E. CHASE. With 8 Full Page Illustrations by Georges is now in the press, printed on hand-made paper, and bound in buck
[Shortly. ram, gilt top, 6s. each.
BLOOD-ROYAL. By GRANT ALLEN, Author of The POETS and NATURE: Reptiles, Fishes, "The Tents of Shem.' and Insects. By PHIL ROBINSON. Crown 8vo. cloth extra, 6s.
SUSY. By BRET HARTE. With a Frontispiece (Shortly.
and Vignette by J. A. Christie. Also, uniform, by the RAME AUTHOR, crown 8vo. cloth extra, 6s. each.
A SOLDIER'S CHILDREN. By John STRANGE The POETS' BIRDS. | The POETS' BEASTS. WINTER, Author of Cavalry Life,' &c. With 34 Illustrations,
PRETTY MISS NEVILLE. By B. M. CROKER. The AUTOCRAT of the BREAKFAST A BIRD of PASSAGE. By B. M. CROKER.
TABLE, and The PROFESSOR at the BREAKFAST-TABLE. By
PROPER PRIDE. By B. M. CROKER. LONDON. By WALTBB BESANT. With 124 Illustrations. Demy 8vo. cloth extra, 18s.
HANDY NOVEL S.
Fcap. 8vo. cloth extra, ls. 6d. each. The BRIGHTON ROAD. By CHARLES G. HARPER With 90 Illustrations. Demy 8vo. cloth extra, 16s. Y The OLD MAID'S SWEETHEART. By ALAN
ST. AUBYN. Two HAPPY YEARS in CEYLON.By A LOST SOUL: being the Confession and Defence C.F. GORDON CUMMING. A New Edition, with 28 Illustrations.
of Charles Lindsay. By W. L. ALDEN. Small demy 8vo. cloth extra, 8s. 6d.
TAKEN from the ENEMY. By HENRY NEWBOLT. HOW to PLAY SOLO WHIST. With Illus.
trative Specimen Hands and Revised Code of Laws. By ABRAHAM MODEST LITTLE SARA. By ALAN ST. AUBYN. S. WILKS and O. F. PARDON. A New Edition. Post 8vo. cloth
The SEVEN SLEEPERS of EPHESUS. By limp, 28.
M. E. COLERIDGE.
(Shortly. NEW LIBRARY NOVELS.
The GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. One The IVORY GATE. By WALTER BESANT, Author Shilling Monthly; or 148. per year, post free. In addition to Articles of Dorothy Forster.' 3 vols.
upon Subjects in Literature, Science, and Art, .PAGES on PLAYS,'
by Justin H. McCarthy, and TABLE TALK,' by Sylvanus Urban, TIME'S REVENGES. BY DAVID CHRISTIE
appear monthly. MURRAY, Author of Joseph's Coat,'&c. 3 vols.
SCIENCE-GOSSIP: an Illustrated Medium of The MASTER of ST. BENEDICTS. By ALAN ST.
Interchange for Students and Lovers of Nature. Edited by Dr. AUBYN, Author of A Fellow of Trinity,'&c. 2 vols.
J. E. TAYLOR, F.L.S., &c. 4d. Monthly; or 58. per Year, post free. BARBARA DERING. By AMÉLIE RIVES, Author
WALFORD'S WINDSOR PEERAGE, of The Quick or the Dead ?' 2 vols.
BARONETAGE, and KNIGHTAGE (1893). Crown 8vo. Windsor A FAMILY LIKENESS. By Mrs. B. M. CROKER,
cloth, 12s. 60. Author of Diana Barrington,' &c. 3 vols. Second Edition.
WALFORD'S COUNTY FAMILIES of the MRS. JULIET. By Mrs. ALFRED HUNT, Author
UNITED KINGDOM (1893). Containing Notices of the Descent. of Thornicroft's Model.' 3 vols.
Birth, Marriage, Education, &c., of more than 12.000 distinguished
Heads of Families, their Heirs Apparent or Presumptive, the Offices GEOFFORY HAMILTON. By EDWARD H. COOPER.
they hold or have held, their Town and Country Addresses, Clubs, 2 vols. crown Svo.
&c.' Royal 8vo. cloth gilt, 50s.
[Just ready. The CLOISTER and the HEARTH. By WALFORD'S SHILLING PEERAGE (1893).
CHARLES READE. With an Introduction by WALTER BESANT Elzevir Edition. 4 vols. post 8vo. each with Frontispiece, cloth extra, gilt top, 14s. the Set.
WALFORD'S SHILLING HOUSE of COM. The THOUSAND and ONE DAYS: Persian
MONS (1893). Tales. Edited by JUSTIN H. M CARTHY. With Photogravure Frontispiece to each Volume by Stanley L. Wood. 2 vols. crown WALFORD'S SHILLING KNIGHTAGE Svo. hall-parchment, 12s.
(1893). TERESA ITASCA: a Novel. By AVERY WALFORD'S COMPLETE PEERAGE.
MACALPINE, Author of Broken Wings.' A New Edition, Crown BARONETAGE, KNIGHTAGE, and HOUSE of COMMONS (18903) 8yo. cloth, ls.
Royal 32mo. cloth extra, gilt edges, 58.
Besed WALFORD'S SHILLING BARONETAGE
London: CHATTO & WINDUS, 214, Piccadilly, W.
Printed by JOHN C. FRANCIS, Athenxum Press, Bream's-buildings, Chancery-lane, E.C. ; and Published by the said
JOHN C. FRANCIS, at Brear's-buildings, Chancery-lane, E.C.-Saturday, January 14, 1893.
CLARENDON PRESS LIST.
NEW AND RECENT BOOKS. ITALY and HER INVADERS. By Thomas Hodgkin, D.C.L. Litt.D.,
Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. 2 vols. In 3 Parts, demy 8vo. cloth, with Maps and Illustrations, 428.
Fellow of University College, London.
Vol. I. (in 2 Parts).-The VISIGOTHIC INVASION.
Vol. II. --The HUNNISH INVASION--The VANDAL INVASION and the HERULIAN MUTINY. NOTE.-The Author has rewritten and considerably enlarged the greater part of the First Volume, which is now published in Two Parts, though for the convenience of those who already possess the later volumes, the numbering is unchanged. Part of the Second Volume has also been rewritten
Previously published, Vols. III. and IV. price 36s.
Vol. IV.--The IMPERIAL RESTORATION.
Crown 8vo. with Map, cloth, 28. 6d.
LORD LAWRENCE: and the Reconstruction of India under the Crown.
By Sir CHARLES UMPHERSTON AITCHISON, K.C.S.I. LL.D., formerly Foreign Secretary to the Government of India, and late
Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjaub.
" Sir Charles Aitchison brings to Ins task profound knowledge, mature judgment, and great literary skill. Hence his biography is an admirable piece of work, eminently worthy of the excellent series in which it appears."--Times.”
A COMPANION VOLUME TO “RULERS OF INDIA."
A BRIEF HISTORY of the INDIAN PEOPLES, from the Earliest Period
to the Present Time. By Sir W. W. HUNTER, K.C.SI, M.A. LL.D., &c., Editor of “The Rulers of India " Series. “By far the best manual of Indian history that has hitherto been published.-Times of India.
Demy 8vo. half-roan, gilt top, 8s. 6d. The TABLE-TALK of JOHN SELDEN. Edited, with an Introduction
and Notes. by S. H. REYNOLDS, M.A., late Fellow and Tutor of Brasenose College, Oxford, Editor of the Clarendon Press Edition of • Bacon's Essays.
"One of the finest gems of our literature. Times. "Undoubtedly the best edition."-Scotsman. "This handsome and scholarly edition is the best and most authoritative that has been seen."--Notes and Queries.
2 vols. 8vo. cloth, 32s.
NOTES on the NICHOMACHEAN ETHICS of ARISTOTLE. By J.
STEWART, M.A., Student and Tutor of Christ Church, Oxford, . The Text adopted in these Notes' is that of Mr. Bywater's Edition of the Nichomachean Ethics, published at the Clarendon Press in 1890
"Mr. Stewart's book is extremely learned, lucid, and a most valuable aid to the studies, not only of undergraduates, but of every one who wishes to understand the encyclopædic system and significance of Aristotle."--New Review.
Twelfth Edition, crown 8vo. cloth, 2s. 6d.
Crown 8vo. cloth, 6s.
Crown 8vo. cloth, 78. 6d.
ELEMENTARY MECHANICS of SOLIDS and FLUIDS. By A. L. Selby, A MANUAL of CURRENT SHORTHAND, ORTHOGRAPHIC and PHO
M.A., Fellow of Merton College, Oxford.
NETIC. By HENRY SWEET, M.A. Ph.D. LL.D.
Just published, Fasciculus III. Euangelium secundum Lucam, 4to. 128. 6d.
NOUUM TESTAMENTUM DOMINI NOSTRI IESU CHRISTI LATINE.
secundum Editionem Sancti Hieronymi. Ad codicum Manuscriptorum fidem recensuit IOHANNES WORDSWORTH. ST.P. Episcopus Sarisburiensis: in operis societatem adsumpto HENRICO IULIANO WHITE, A.M., Societatis S. Andreae, Collegii Theologici Saris. buriensis Vice-Principali. Also published, Fasc. I.' Euangelium secundum Mattheum, 12s. 6d. ; Fasc. II. Euangelium secundum Marcum, 78. 60.
Fasciculus IX, small folio, 258.
GEORGIUS HENRICUS BERNSTEIN. G. W. LORSBACH, ALBERTUS JAC, ARNOLDI, CAROLUS M. AGRELL. F. FIELD.
FULL CLARENDON PRESS CATALOGUE FREE ON APPLICATION.
London : HENRY FROWDE, Clarendon Press Warehouse, Amen Corner, E.C. 8TH 8. No. 56.
MEE ENGLISH HISTORICAL REVIEW. REMOVAL OF THE OFFICES OF
Edited by 8. R. GARDINER, MA. LL.D.,
"NOTES AND QUERIES.'
The Crown having acquired Nos. 4 and 22, 1. ARTICLES. FOLKLAND. By Professor Vinogradoff.
Took's Court, the Printing and Publishing The BULL LAUDABILITBR. By Miss Norgate.
Departments are now REMOVED to the New NARY and BOLBYN. By James Gairdner.
Offices at Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane. VILLARS. By His Honour Judge William O'Connor Morris. 2. NOTES and DOCUMENTS.-A Charter of Henry I. (1123). Edited by J. H. Round-Oistercian Students at Oxford in the Thirteenth
ANTIQUARIAN EMPLOYMENT WANTED by Centary. By A. G. Little-Sermons for the Festivals of St. Thomas
a London B.A.-ARTHUR W. DAWES, 1, Paget-road, N. Becket, &c., probably by Archbishop Strafford. Edited by the Rev. W. D. Macray-A Letter from Antonio de Guaras to the Irish Rebele. Baited by R. Garnett, LL.D.-The Defence of Jalalabad.
S O T H E R A N & CO., By Major W. Broad foot.
BOOKSELLERS and PUBLISHERS, 3. REVIEW8 of BOOKS.
Including the Works of the lato John Gould, F.R.S. 4. LIST of HISTORICAL BOOKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED.
General Agents for Libraries and other Bookbuyers at 5. CONTENTS of PERIODICAL PUBLICATIONS.
Home and Abroad,
Monthly Catalogue of Second-band Book..
BOOKS BOUGHT. THE EDINBURGH REVIEW, No. 363.
Telegraphio address, Bookmen, London.
136, STRAND, W.C.; and 7, PICCADILLY, W. Contents. 1. The PENURY of RUSSIA.
THE LEARNED and COLLECTORS will find 2. The LIFE of JOHN ERICSSON.
I at Mr. ROLLAND'S, Bookseller, 2, Rue des Chantiers, in Paris,
great Choice of Documents, Books, Pamphlets, Cuttings from Reviews 3. The PILGRIMS of PALESTINE.
and Papers, Bngravings and Pictures, on any subject wanted, perfectly 4. SIR JAMES RAMSAY'S LANCASTER and YORK.
classified. 5. COLOUR BLINDNESS.
Mr. Rolland publishing no Catalogue on account of the enormous 6. The DROPMORE PAPERS.
quantity of Small Cuttings that could not find place in it, a Manuscript 7. The LIFB and WORKS of DR. ARBUTHNOT.
List will be sent to any one requiring it, the desiderata being well
specified. 8. The ALCHEMISTS of EGYPT and GREECE. 9. The AGRICULTURAL CRISIS.
ROOKBINDING of EVERY DESCRIPTION 10. The GRBAT IRISH CONSPIRACY.
by a PRACTICAL BINDER at moderate prices. Estimates London : LONGMANS, GREEN & Co.
furnished : larse or small quantities; Libraries Bound or Repaired; Binding for the Trade.-SHELLEY, 81, Carter-lane, Broadway, Ludgate
hill, E.C.-Bstablished 1861. 8vo. 68. MHE QUARTERLY REVIEW.
NOTTS and DERBYSHIRE NOTES and No. 351, is published THIS DAY.
QUERIES. Published the 15th of each month. First Number Contents.
published Oct. 15th Price Bd. net, or 4s. 6d. per annum, post free. 11
prepaid. Remittances and Orders may be sent to Frank Murray, Moray 1. The POETRY of TENNYSON.
House, Derby; Frank Murray, Regent House, Nottingham Frank 2. ARCHITECTURE: & BUSINESS, & PROFESSION, or an ART?
Murray, Stuart House, Leicester ; Frank Murray, Shakespeare's Head, 3. BISHOP LIGHTFOOT.
Leicester; and Marshall Brothers, Keswick House, Paternoster-row,
London, B.C. 4. ISRAEL
Or may be ordered of any Bookseller. 5. A SCHOLAR and TRAVELLER of the RENAISSANCE. 6. PERSIAN and the PBRSIAN QUESTION.
ESTABLISHED 1852 7. The NATIVE STATES of INDIA.
R I R K B E C K B A N K, 8. TOWN HOLDINGS.
Southampton Buildings, Chancery-lane.
THREE PER CENT. INTEREST allowed on DEPOSITS, repay. 9. CONSERVATISM and DEMOCRACY.
able on demand. JOHN MURRAY, Albemarle-street.
TWO PER CENT. on CURRENT ACOQUNTS, on the minimum monthly balance, when not drawn below £100.
STOOKS, SHARES, and ANNUITIES Purchased and sold.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT. DIBLIOGRAPHICAL COLLECTIONS and I deposit, and allows Interest at the rate of THREE PER CENT. per
For the encouragement of Thrift the Bank receives small sums on D NOTES (1474-1700). Third Series, Second Supplement. 8vo. annum on each completed $1. _ 106 pp. 1892, cloth, 15s.
FRANCIS RAVENSCROFT, Manager. A GENERAL INDEX to HAZLITT'S HAND. BOOK and his BIBLIOGRAPHICAL COLLECTIONS, 1867-89. By
NHISLEHURST (near the Railway Station, and G. J. ORAY. Edited by W. C. HAZLITT. 8vo. 866 pp. double U delightfully situated opposite Bickley Park).-TO BB LBT, for the cols. 1893, cloth, 368. A few copies on large paper, royal 8vo.
residue of Lease (six years unexpired), & SUPERIOR RESIDENCE. BERNARD QUARITCH, 115, Piccadilly. London.
with spacious and lofty Reception and Billiard Rooms, Nine Bed and Dressing Rooms, Stabling, Lodge Entrance, Glass Houses, &c., and all
the adjuncts of a Gentleman's Art-class establishment, surrounded by SECOND EDITION, REVISED, WITH ADDITIONS.
14 acres of perfectly charming (though inexpensive) Pleasure Grounds,
Gardens, Wilderness, and Pasture. Original rent, 360l. per annum. No CHORT CATECHISM of ENGLISH CHURCH
premium.-Detailed particulars, &c., may be had at Inglewood, ChisleHISTORY. By W. T. LYNN, B.A.F.R.A.S. Price One Penny. hurst, Kent; or from Mr. DAVID J. CHATTBLL, of 29A (corner of). Published by GEORGE STONEMAN, 21, Warwick-lane, Paternoster
Lincoln's Inn-ilelds and Chislehurst, who strongly recommends the row, E.C.
property. Now ready, price Fourpence,
HOLLOWAY'S PILLS.-Hale Constitutions.
When the human trame has become debilitated from the effects RRIEF LESSONS in ASTRONOMY. By W. T. of exposure, excesses, or neglect, these Pills will repair the mischief. LYNN, B.A. F.R.A.S.
If they be taken according to the lucid directions wrapped round each
box, Holloway's Puls exert the most exemplary tonic qualities in all G. STONBMAN, 21, Warwick.lane, E.C.
cases of nervous depression, whereby the vital powers are weakened
and the circulation is rendered languid and unsteady. They improve TUNBRIDGE WELLS.-BOARD and RESI.
the appetite, strengthen the digestion, regulate the liver, and act as
gentle aperients. The Pills are suited to all ages and all habits. A I DENCE offered in a Private Family. Central position. Close patient writes : “Your Pills to be valued require only to be known. to Common, three minutes from S.E. Rly. Station. Dry, invigorating During many years I sought a remedy in vain, was daily becoming r.-R. G.. Roxwell, Guildford-road, Grove Hill-road, Tunbridge Wells. I weakor, when your Pille soon restored me."
ess, and Pasture.orhinez pensive) Pieaurrounded by