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arrived before this ill-fated place on April 11, 1822. He ing to doubtful authority, of a son William, of landed several thousand men, and at the same time Broclosby. Idonia Beauchamp left three sons and Vehib Pacha, who was in the citadel, made a sortie with three daughters, but her posterity survived only in the garrison. Upon this commenced a scene equal in horror and bloodshed to the ransacking of Tripolizza; the female line, in the issue of her daughters, Maud 9,000 persons, of every age and of both sexes, being Mowbray, Beatrice Montchensey, and Ela Wake. slain. On the 16th the disorder was somewhat abated, These, therefore, are the lines along which to look and the Sciotes were taken and chained together like for the descent, besides that of the heiress of cattle; and by the end of May 25,000 Sciotes had fallen victims to the fury of the Turks, and 45,000 had been Longespée, Margaret de Lacy. HERMENTRUDB carried away into slavery. In consequence of this disaster, the Greek islands fitted out a numerous fleet with

Your correspondent MR. WILLIAMS thinks it brulots. Caparis commanded one of them, and, while possible John of Gaunt may have been a descendthe Turks were at anchor, attached his vessel to Kara ant of Alice de Laci, and thus of Rosamund ClifAli's large vessel of war, which ultimately blew up at ford. This could not have been the case. two o'clock in the morning. The Turks were furious at

John of Gaunt was the son of Edward III. and this, and made fresh attacks upon the poor Sciotes; they hunted them in the villages like wild beasts, so that Philippa of Hainault. If an ancestress of John of by June 19, 1822, there were not 1,800 Greeks upon the Gaunt, Alice must have been an ancestress of island out of a population of 100,000. Such a frightful either Edward or Philippa. Now Edward and destruction of mankind, in so small a spot, is perhaps Philippa were married in 1329, and in 1322, when unparalleled in the annals of history. The account given Alice married Eubolo le Strange, she had had no by General Gordon is that, of the 100,000 Greeks of Scio: children. She died childless in 1348, as I men, 45,000 were made slaves and 1,800 only were left on the island; consequently, 50,000 men, women, and children tioned in my former reply; but whether she had must have been massacred."

had children or not, she could not have been an “ Brulots" were fire-ships. General Gordon was ancestress of John of Gaunt. one of the Philhellenic executive committee after If John of Gaupt was descended from Fair Rosathe death of Lord Byron. For a more detailed mund, so also were his brothers and sisters ; and account of the massacre I would refer MR. the descent must have been either through PICKFORD to Gordon's History of the Greek Philippa of Hainault (their mother), Isabella, Revolution,' published in 1832.

daughter of Philip IV. of France (their grandBASIL A. COCHRANE. mother), or Eleanor, daughter of Ferdinand III. of POWELL OF CAER-HOWELL (86h S. iii. 268, 373). other person through whom they could possibly

Castile (their great-grandmother). There was no May I ask for a correction? I wrote Eineon have been descended from Fair Rosamund. Efell, and not “Simeon Sfell.” Perhaps my handwriting was in fault. Eineon and his brother lished fact (see the reply of Canon VENABLES)

And, after all, it does not seem to be an estabCypric both bore the appellation of Efell," the that William Longeword, through whom the twin.” A Welshman would be borrified with the descent is supposed to bave come, was the son of words as they now stand. THOMAS WILLIAMS.

Fair Rosamund.

C. W. Cass. FORYE FAMILY (8th S. iii. 68, 118). —Lieut.Col. Furye was killed in action at Sachsenhausen, of HERMENTRUDE, and yet it seems permissible to

It it rather a bold thing to question a statement July 10, 1760. See despatches of the Marquis of doubt the assertion that will de Longespée's Granby, July 14, 1760, to Viscounts Ligonier and daughter Ida was mother of Hugh Bigod. The Barrington, Hist. MSS. Com., Twelfth Report,'| Lacock Book' says she married Walter Fitz, Appendix, Part V., vol. ii. pp. 219, 220.


Robert, I presume one of the Clares (the second

Walter as he stands in my notes, with a query). Heaton.

Certainly she might have married Roger Bigod, JOAN OF GAUNT (8th S. iii. 109, 231, 292). - but I cannot see how she could have been mother Alice (or, more correctly, Aloyse) de Lacy, was of Hugh. Hugh did homage on his father's death tbrice married ; first to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, in 1221, and he must then have been of age, as he secondly, to Sir Ebulo L'Estrange, and thirdly, to died four years after leaving at least three children. Sir Hugh de Fresne. She left po issue, as is Hugh's mother, admitting she was Ida, could not shown by her Inquisition, 22 Edw. III., 34. Wil. in 1221 have been more than five-and-twenty. liam, Earl of Salisbury, son of Henry II., had Her father and mother, it seems clear both from issue four sons and four daughters, of whom four Matthew Paris and Hoveden, were not married only-William, Stephen, Nicholas, and Idonia before the death of William d'Evreux, her (Ida's) Beauchamp-left issue. His son William had mother's father. The marriage might have been three sons and two daughters, of whom William after 1196. I do not think she was the eldest and Ela Audley left issue. The two daughters of child; anyhow, she could not have been the mother Stephen, Elena La Zouche, and Emelina Fitz- of a son aged twenty-one and probably much more maurice, both left issue. Nicholas was the father in 1221. By-the-by, who was Lucia, wife of of Agnes, Abbess of Shaftesbury, and also, accord. Robert de Berkeley and neptis of William Earl

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Sarum, avuncubi regis in 6 Hen. III.? I do If your correspondent cares to communicate with not think Maud, wife of Will de Beauchamp, was me, I could give him further information. daughter of John Fitz-Geoffrey, but of John Fitz

A. COLLINGWOOD LEE. John (Fitz-Geoffrey), his son. That John Fitz- Waltham Abbey. Geoffrey married Isabel Lacy is expressly stated

An English book which enters into the question in the ‘Annales of Ireland' at the end of Camden.

very He was then, apparently, Justice of Ireland, 1248. the Middle Ages, at pp. 113–133, Lond., 1888.

fully is Baring-Gould's Curious Myths of He died in Ireland in 1258; and his son John, A French book in which there is a similar examiwho married Margery, daughter of Philip Basset, nation is E. Fournier's 'L'Esprit dans l'Histoire,' lived to 1276. It seems certain that Richard, who ch. ii. pp. 18, 19, Paris, 1883. There are various succeeded, was this John's son, and not bis brother references to authorities. The same volume also as generally given, for in the Quo Warranto case has a full examination of the case of Joan of Arc, of 7 Ed. I. Richard Fitz-John shows that Shyre, Ch. xvii. pp. 121-6. There is a great variety of Surrey, was given by Hen. III. to his father, John reference to authorities. There is no question here Fitz-Geoffrey, but that he inherited Gorneshelve from John Fitz-Geoffrey avo predicti Ric

. Maud as to the existence of Joan of Arc="Je ne serai Beauchamp seems to have been sister and coheit pas de ceux qui doutent de l'existence de Jeanne of this Richard, and 80 (as I think) granddaughter, tions :

d'Arc” (p. 121)—but only of the mythical accreand not daughter, of the John Fitz-Geoffrey who married Isabel Lacy. THOMAS WILLIAMS.

“De nos jours l'on a douté de l'aventure, et l'on a fort

bien fait, à mon sens, Il y a tant de choses qui Aston Clinton.

prouveraient au besoin qu'elle ne dut pas être, si peu qui SILVER IN BELLS (8th S. iii. 105, 175, 269). –

témoignent qu'elle est authentique.'

."-P. 123. The report that the Californian bells, imported from

Ed. MARSHALL Spain by missionaries, are made in part of silver is 1. Joan of Arc.—The St. James's Magazine, xiii., quite in keeping with mediæval ideas and practice. has a chapter entitled 'Historic MisrepresentaMany years ago the tone of the chief bell in Ger- tions, which may be of service to your correman Erfurt struck the writer as charming, re- spondent. calling Shakepeare's "silver-sweet lovers' tongues 2. William Tell.—Dr. Ludwig Hausser, in his by night.”. The sexton assured me that this bell

, Die Sagevom Tell,' proves that a person named Tell baptized.“ Maria gloriosa,” and weighing 275 cwt. existed, but that the incidents commonly connected was half silver. My Murray also said that this with him have been borrowed from the Icelandic bell “bad much of silver in its composition,” but Sagas.

EVERARD Home COLEMAN. gave its name as Susanna. I failed to examine its 71, Brecknock Road, inscription, which was said to be :

The following cutting is from the Echo of Taes-
Ich heisse Susanna
Und treibe die Teufel von danna !

day, May 23, and seems an appropriate reply to

tho The last of great magicians, Theophrastus Para

query of your correspondent :celsus, made a bell of astrological omnipotence, for

" (1) No public records of the time (1307) mention it was compounded of all known metals. These Arnold de Melcthal, and Stauffmacher. (2) There is a

him, but only Gruttli and bis three associates, Furst, were then held to be seven, each symbolical of one perfect chronicle of the Bailiffs of Altorf, but the name of the seven planets. Hence this bell, when struck, of Gessler is not among them, and no Bailiff of Altorf called up the spirits of all the planets, and made was murdered after 1300. (3) A governor of the fortress them subservient to its owner. The seven-fold was shot dead with an arrow by a peasant in revenge, in mixture was called electrum, and held to be even legend of Tell is based on this event. (4) Not till the

1296, on Lake Lowerız, not on Lake Schweitz. The more potent than electricity has yet proved itself. end of the fourteenth century did Swiss bistorians men. Witness the bell of the sorcerer Virgil, which drove tion this legend. (5) Tell is a nickname, from Toll crazy all who heard it.

J. D. BUTLER, (German) applied to a prattler or visionary enthusiast, Madison, Wis., U.S.

16) The apple' story is told of Egil and King Nidung;

and in Norway of King Olaf and Eindridi ; and in the JOAN OF ARC AND WILLIAM TELL (8th S. iii. Faroe Isles of Geyti and Harald; also of Joki, the Danish 388). — A bibliography of the Tellsage, or Tell hero, and Harald; and in England of William of myth, would take up a considerable space. Your Bell, Clym of the Clough, and William of Cloudesley.

Cloudesley and King Henry IV., in the ballad of Adam correspondent may refer, however, to Baring (7) The Canton of Scbuyz, in August, 1890, ordered the Gould's 'Curious Myths of the Middle Ages story of Tell to be expunged (as being non-historical, and Dr. Buchheim's edition of Schiller's · William Telli legendary only) from the school-books of the Canton.(Clarendon Press Series of “German Classics "), Edv. Geo. Mills.Vischer's 'Die Sage von

W. R. der Befreiung der Waldstatte,' 1867, and especially to the exhaustive CHAUCER'S “STILBON” (8th S. iii. 126, 249, statement of the subject in Rilliet's, 'Origines de la 293). -I must tender my thanks to PROF. ŠKEAT Confédération Suisse, Histoire et Légende,' 1869. I for having shown me how far behind the age I am,

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and for referring me to his edition of the ‘Minor nothing to do with the Megariau philosopher Stilpo, Poems,' with which I am unacquainted. My idea bat refers to Mercury, whose planet is so called by that the Anglo-Latin writers had not been suffi- Marcianus Capella in another part of the book ciently taken into account was formed during a from which John borrows one_substance of this perusal of some of their works a few years ago, part of his poem (viii. $ 851). For other examples and in some measure confirmed by finding no note of this use see Liddell and Scott, s.v. otiaßwv. referring to Alanus de Insulis on 1. 137 of the Can any reader of ‘N. & Q. throw light on 'Legend of Good Women,' edited by Prof. Skeat the source of the anecdote told of Chilon by John, in 1889. I shall be grateful to Prof. Skeat if he Policr.,' i. 6, from which Chaucer seems to have will explain how the passage he quotes from Hof- derived bis story of “Stilbo, that was a wys mann's Lexicon Universale' fixes the identity of ambassadour”?

C. C. J. W. Bernard the Monk. The chief evidence in favour

Prof. Skeat quotes Pardoner's Tale' group of St. Bernard appears to be that a proverbial c, 1. 603. Will the Professor kindly define the saying to this effect, which may have originated edition from which he quotes ?

A. H. from the passage in question, existed after the time of Chaucer, and in the seventeenth century FOLK-TALE (8th S. iii. 308, 337).—Hans Sachs was applied by Hofmann to St. Bernard, as the (1494-1576) assures us that in Schlaraffenland the greatest of the Bernards. Chaucer begins his dish remain still to be caught, roast fowls, geese, and Prologue to the Legend of Good Women' by pigeons fly into the mouths of those who are too speaking of the "Ioye in hoven and peyne in idle to catch them, and cooked pigs run about with helle," and states that those who tell of these knives in their backs, so that everybody may help things do so only on hearsay; and then remarks : himself:Bernard the Monk ne daugh nat al, parde.

Die Fisch' in Teichen und in Seon

Am Ufer stehn sie alle still, Now this is not particularly applicable to any of Man fängt, so viel man immer will. the works of St. Bernard, but is singularly appo. Auch fliegen um, ihe könnt es glauben site when applied to the 'De Contemptu Mundi' Gebrat'ne Hubner, Gans' und Tauben of Beroard of Morlaix, which commences with an

Wie sie zu fangen ist zu faul elaborate and minute description of the joys of

Dem fliegen schnurr ! sie in das Maul. heaven and the pains of hell, occupying some Die Säu' álljährlich wohl gerathon seven or eight hundred lines.

Sie geba umber und sind gebraten, Again, Was it usual to speak of St. Bernard as

Ein Messer steckt in ihrem Rücken, Bernard the Monk? He was a monk, in the strict

Der erste nimmt die besten Stücken

Stekt drauf das Messer wieder ein sense of the word, for a very short time, being or

Und lässt auch andern was von Schwein. dained abbot within two years after his admission as a novice to Citeaux. The epithet seems rather used to

Before Sachs, however, in the latter part of the mark a distinction between the monk and the saint. thirteenth century, we English had our "Land of Chaucer could have no object in speaking slight

Cokaygne,' and there ingly of St. Bernard; but in the cause of “Good


irostid on the spitte,

Fleegh to that abbai, god hit wot, Women” he had every reason to cast discredit on

And gredith “Gees! al bote! al hote!” Bernard of Morlaix, whose strictures on the ladies Hi bringeth garlek gret plente of his day are exceedingly severe. Even if it can The best idight that man mai se. be proved that a proverb of this kind existed The leuerokes that beth cuth, before the time of Chaucer, is it not much more

Ligbtith adun to manis muth, likely to have had reference to the poet who drew

Idight in stu ful swithe wel,

Pudrid with gilofre and canel. 80 largely on his imagination than to the orthodox

St. SWITAIN. and universally credited father of the Church ? Although the fame of Bernard of Morlaix has been

“ LOOKING FROM UNDER BRENT Hill” (8th S. almost eclipsed by that of his greater contemporary,

iii. 209). - It strikes me that “looking from his

poom was by no means unknown in the Middle under brent hill” is the very opposite of the Ages (see references in Fabricius, 'Bibliotheca

sallen, frowning [look] of one in ill humour." M. et L. Lat.,' 1734). It was printed in 1567, and

" Brent”

means without a wrinkle, Thus, four times reprinted within the next century.

of John Anderson, in his palmy days, Barns

and his It is somewhat singular that at the present day, says, his “locks were like the raven whilst the works of St. Bernard are comparatively

“ bonnie brow was brent" (without a wrinkle). unread, portions of the poem of the humble monk Gazing from under brent biù is looking fondly have found their way into the bymn-books of at another, as a loving person does when he almost every sect.

E. S. A.

turns his eyes upwards and gazes in silent admira

tion. In what Milton calls“ heavenly contempla"Stilbon," in the passage quoted by E. S. A. tion" child angels and saints 80 gaze with upfrom John of Salisbury ('Ěntheticus,' i. 211), has turned eyes.


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JAMES HENTHORN TODD, D.D. (8tb S. ii. 208, separating the adverb by from the verb; it ought 314).-In his brief but interesting rejoinder to my to qualify passes. Such inaccuracies as the above note, MR. PICKFORD unintentionally deprives Dr. are inevitable. You must be a very dull writer Todd of a day in his earthly pilgrimage. June 28, indeed if you can escape falling into such innot June 27, 1869, was the precise date of Dr. advertencies as this of Johnson. The mind is, Todd's death. I copy the following from Dr. or ought to be, full of its theme, and in the freedom Leeper's invaluable little Historical Handbook of of expressing it will occasionally leave behind a someSt. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, 1891, p. 102 :- thing that may be misread alike by the incompetent

“A monument has been erected in the churchyard to or over critical. To express yourself well you have the memory and over the remains of James Hentborn to be fully kindled by your thought; to attain Todd, 8.F.T.C.D., Precentor of the Cathedral. A large, minuteness of accuracy you must be thinking well-executed Irish Cross, erected by his brothers and only of the worde. To achieve the latter is the sisters, marks the grave, with the following inscription : best possible recipe for dulness of thought,-it

Jesus Soter Salvator.
In Memoriam
ensures it.

Jacobi Henthorn Todd, S.T.P.,

Chingford Hatch, Essex.
Hujusce Ecclesiæ Præcentorie,
Collegii SS. Trinitatis juxta Dublin,

AMBROSE GWINETT (8th S. ii. 447, 535; iii.
E sociis,

56, 116, 192).-I have another reference for this Fratres et sorores mærentes posuere,

or a similar story to a work entitled ' Remarkable Nat. Ap. 23, MDCCCV. ob. June 28,

Events in the History of Man,' by Dr. Joshua

Watts. A youth, condemned for murder of a In the list of clerical interments in or near the boatswain, was bung, but taken away by his Cathedral (p. 113), July 2nd, 1869, is given as the friends and recovered, put on board ship, and afterdate of Dr. Todd's burial.

wards met the boatswain, who had been taken By the way, the use of the double same meaning away by the press-gang.

HARDRIC MORPHYN. substantive in the inscription occurs to me as rather unusual. Were they linked together as Tying STRAW TO A STREET-DOOR (8th S. iii. word-symbols of Greek and Latin (or Eastern and 327). This custom also prevails in Staffordsbire, Western) Christianity? But ournp is given in and means, " Thrashing done here." Roman letters and is orthodox Ciceronian.

J. BAGNALLE J. B. S. Water Orton. Manchester.

TITAE-BARNS (8th S. ii. 246, 330, 397, 475 ; ïi. A MOTTO FOR THEATRICAL MANAGERS (8th S. 16, 314).—As a former lay brother of the Abbey of iii. 106, 315).- I cannot but smile, in the midst of St. Mary of Beaulieu, Hants, I must ask your so many remarks upon, and feverish anxieties to leave to correct the statements of Y. T. at the last establish, the accuracy of language, to see con- reference. The barn alluded to dever was a tithestantly their utter inefficacy. I imagine that barn; it has no connexion with St. Lawrence; and nobody will say that Dr. Johnson, although be it is in anything but a good state of preservation. was taught at school very thoroughly the Latin That it is, or was, large, and is still picturesque, is, language, did not attain to the writing of English bowever, correct. The barn was not a tithe-barn, generally with very great grammatical accuracy. seeing that the abbey owned not the tithes merely Yet here we have been blundering in such manner of Beaulieu, of which there never were any, but as to render one or two readers of ' N. & Q.' quite the whole fee simple of the manor.

The barn puzzled, or fancying they are puzzled, about what was used for storing the whole of the produce of he means to say. “The stream of Time...... passes their corn-lands on their farms of St. Leonard's, without injury by the adamant of Sbakspere." Clobb, Bergerie, Gius, Warren, Thorns, Beck, and Johnson never meant to convey that “the stream Sowley. I give the names on account of their of time” suffered any injury from Sbakspere's quaintness and the strange mixture of Anglo-Noradamant, but that the adamant could not be burt man and technical English. All the names coneither by “the stream of time" or the imber edax note some recognizable characteristic save “Clobb,” of friend Horace. It is only the ordo is wrong. a word to which I never was able to attach any, If Johnson had written, “ The stream of Time thing more than an appellative signification. The

... passes by, without injury [to] the adamant of barn in question is at St. Leopard's (not St. LawShakspere," there would be nothing to remark upon. rence's) Grange, some four miles from the abbey. I insert to; but if omitted the same sense is conveyed. It was originally a splendid building, about 210 What chance is there that the general public will feet long and 70 feet wide, and would hold, prospeak English with scientific accuracy when a sig- bably, 4,000 quarters of grain stacked in the straw. pally practised and competent pen such as Johnson's So far from its being now in a good state of preconveys an erroneous impression by so small a slip as servation, scarce anything remains but the two the above. All error, if any exist, resides here in gable-end walls, which are fairly intact. The roof

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went centuries ago. It must have been a noble one similar to this, though on the occasion of one piece of carpentry. The southern side wall is Epiphany he feeds " as many poor as can be almost entirely gone; but part of the northern wall found” in the hall at Windsor, and offers the remains, and forms one side of a large modern barn, weight and measure of bis children in wax for built inside the space formerly occupied by the their welfare " (Close Roll, 28 Hen. III.). old one, and covering just one-fourth thereof.

HERMENTRUDE. There is an interesting little chapel at St. Leonard's

KILBURN WELLS (8th S. iii. 167).-If C. A. O. Grange, of which the roof is gone, but the walls are fairly intact. Both barn and

chapel are apparently and Borough of Hampstead,' by F. T. Baines, C.B.

will refer to p. 38, 'Records of the Manor, Parish, thirteenth century work. W. D. GAINSFORD.

which he will find at the British Museum or Guild I have a recent work on 'Gothic Architecture,' hall Library, I think he will find the information by E. Corroyer, edited by Walter Armstrong, he requires.

A. W. GOULD. which devotes several pages to barns (with eleva- Staverton, West Hampstead, tions, ground plans, and sections) on the Continent, and mentions that when large and important,

ONE Pound Scots OF 1560 (86h S. iii. 348). — tithe-barns had two stories, as at Provins, of which The pound Scots was originally of the same value a side view is given showing both the lower and as the English; but after 1355 it gradually upper range of windows. I am a little curious to sank, until in 1600 it was but one-twelfth of the know if any two-storied tithe-barns are to be found value of the English pound, and was therefore in England, or if there are any records of such struc-worth 18. 8d. It was divided into twenty shillings, tures having over existed in any part of Great Britain. each worth an English pendy. Same authority adds that granaries, or

OSWALD, O.S.B. d'abondance,” were often built with three stories, "THE PLEASANT HISTORY OF THE KING AND and illustrates the one of Abbey of Vauclair as á LORD BIGOD OF BUNGAY' (86b S. iii. 207).-A very interesting example,

J. BAGNALL. sentence in Speed's 'Historie of Great Britaine'

(ed. 1623) tends to show that the Earl of Norfolk's A PREPOSITION FOLLOWED BY A CLAUSE (86h submission to Henry II. occurred in one of the S. ii. 488; iii. 112, 298). – Will you kindly allow earliest years of that monarch's reign. Speed says : me to explain that I had no intention to criticize Shakespeare ? I borrowed the line from ‘Love's

“So justly dreadfull did the growing puissance of this

young monarch (Henry II.] appeare to his greatest Labour's Lost' for want of a modern instance. enemies, that Hugh By.god. Earle of Norfolke, who had MR. WARD is right in thinking that I find no fault potent meanes to doe mischiefe, rendred his Castle to be with Byron ; but he is not aware that the famous at his disposall.”—P. 502. scrap of Byron's verse has its analogue in Shake- This took place before the year 1158, Henry's reign speare's prose : “Whom I serve above is my having begun in 1154.

J. F. MANSERGH. master " ( All's Well,' II. iii. 261). I rather like Liverpool. this construction ; but I should blame Byron had he imitated the following: “Him we serve's away"

LINDSAY AND CRAWFORD (86b S. iii. 388). —Sir ( Ant. and Cleop.,' III. i. 15), “ Him I accuse Walter Lindsay, Preceptor of Torphichen, was hath entered” (* Coriol.,' V. vi. 6)—and written Grand Master of the Knights of Jerusalem within “ Them the gods love die young." ADAMANT,

Scotland, and hence the title Lord St. Joho. He

bore Gu., a fesse chequy ar, and az., in chief a WM. WESTALL, A.R.A. (76 S. xii. 166).-His St. George's cross. All Jobn's (sixth Earl of Craumarriage is thus recorded in the London Magazine, ford) children died in infancy. He was said to have October, 1820, vol. ii. p. 467:

been son of John, first Lord Lindsay of the Byres “Sept. 2. At Kendal, Wm. Westall, Esq., of the Royal (il. 1445).

R. E. L. Academy, to Ann, youngest daughter of the Rev. R. Sedgwick, of Dent."

A. H. will find the information that he seeks in DANIEL HIPWELL. Lord Lindsay’s ‘Lives of the Lindsays.' See vol. i. 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

pp. 180 et 899., edition 1849.

E. WALFORD, M.A. EPIPHANY OFFERING (8th S. iii. 347). — On Ventnor. January 6, 1332, in the chapel of Wallingford Castle, "according to ancient custom," King Monastic RULES (8th S. iii. 387).-—I am not Edward III. presented an oblation of "one florin aware of anything in the Cistercian statutes of Florence, with frankincense and myrrh, in allotting parochial duties to any of the monks. memory of the Three Kings, 38.” I have not The " surrounding hamlets were looked after by found any earlier notice than this, which occurs the parocbial clergy. In 1467 Joan Bradshaw was on the Wardrobe Account for 8-9 Edward III., dying in the house of her son-in-law at the west 61/8, Q.R. Henry III., who records his oblations gate of Fountains Abbey, in the parish of William in great number and variety, does not mention Saule, perpetual vicar of the prebend of Given.

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