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dale, in Ripon Minster. As he could not just then TEMPANY at the second reference above cited may, be found, her daughter asked John Exilby, perp. perhaps, be acceptable to some of the readers of vic. of preb. of Thorp, in the same church, if he N. & Q.:would go, who, being broken down by old age and “ Thomas Yongo, the person herein referred to, was a infirmity, gave fraternal commission and plenary native of Bristol and was appointed Recorder of that power to some monk of Fountains to administer Borough in 1463. In that year be was engaged by the the sacraments to the dying woman, for that time Rector and Church wardens of St. Ewens, in the Town

(now destroyed) to conduct a suit against one John Sharp only. Two monks accordingly did so, and the for the recovery of certain rente, in which he was sucwoman died the same night. The abbot wished cessful. During the course of the proceedings in this that she should be buried at Fountains, but the case Mr. Yonge was summoned to take the degree of Chapter of Ripon claimed her as their parishioner, Serjeant-at-Law, and the next day was appointed a and her body was brought by parishioners who had King's Serjeant. The following account is given of his

official robes on bis appearance in court apparently for been her neighbours and by some of the servants the first time after attaining that degree. of Fountains Abbey to Ripon Minster, and there memorandum it is written, 'then come vp our seid Mr. buried ('Ripon Chapter Acts,' Surtees Society, Thomas Yonge, arrayed yn a long blue gowne, vngurd, pp. 223–5).

with a scarlet hode [? hood) vorolled, and one standyng This well illustrates the relations between a jeants to go. In 1468 Serjeant Yong was appointed one

Roon [? round] Cap of scarlet, as the custom is for Sergreat abbey and a great collegiato and parochial of the Justices of the Common Pleas, and he died in cbarch.

J. T. F. 1476." Church Warden's Accounts for St. Ewen's, Bp. Hatfield's Hall, Durham.

Bristol,' Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire

Archæological Society, vol. xv. pp. 175 n., 227. “ ALE-DAGGER” (8th S. iii. 387), “ contayping

JOHN MACLEAN. some two or three pounds of yron in the hylte," Clifton, Bristol, was doubtless such an instrument as is described in the following lines :

OLD GLOVES : DENNY FAMILY (866 S. iii. 324). His puissant sword unto his side,

-There must be errors here which probably some Near his undaunted heart was tied,

correspondent versed in genealogy will put right. With basket-hilt, that would hold brotb,

I suppose that “ Edward Doudy, Esq., son of Sir
And serve for fight and dinner both.
In it be melted lead for bullets.

Anthony" should read “Sir Edward Denny,

grandson of Sir Anthony." And could have warmed ale, if he had a mind to. Edward was knighted in 1587, made Baron This sword a dagger had, his page,

Denny of Waltham in 1604, and Earl of Norwich That was but little for his age :

in 1626. Perhaps the Deppy to whom Charles I. serviceable dudgeon,

gave the scarf was Sir William, a Royalist and an Either for fighting or for drudging.

author, who was made a baronet in 1642; but I A man who carried such a sword at, am not aware that he was a descendant of Sir his back would scarcely be satisfied with a stick in Anthony.

I. C. GOULD. his hand. In robberies a dagger would be more

Loughton. likely to be used than a sword, hence it might

MISUSE OF SCIENTIFIC TERMS (816 S. iii. 286). stupidly be called a “ filchman," as many of the

--It is indeed sad to find that the “ epithets used by Nash and such writers were un misuse” of sphere which disturbs MR. E. LEATON

outrageous doubtedly stupid and coined for the occasion. The BLENKINSOPP has been sapping the sense of the satirist seems to say, “Here is one of your fine preachers going about armed more like a thief or

language for centuries. Those powspapers are desperado than anything else.”

R. R.

actually backed in their ignorance by such writers Boston, Lincolnshire.

as Shakespeare, Milton, Keble, and Tennyson, to

say nothing of any others, and they get encourageWe may, if we like, take ale here in the sense ment from dictionary-makers, who are, Prof. Skoat of " ale-house." Hence the explanation of the included, so disregardful of etymology as to define compound in the 'N. E. D.' as å dagger“ worn sphere after this fashion : A globe, orb, circuit of for use in ale-house brawls." The quotation given motion, province or duty." All this must be very by Dr. Murray is decisive of the meaning :- trying to a scholar unless he happen to agree

.“ 1589, Pappe w. Hatchet (1844) 8. He that drinkes with Archbishop Trench that,with cutters, must not be without his ale dagger."

“It is not of necessity that a word should always be F. ADAMS. considered to root itself in its etymology and to draw its

life-blood from thence. It may so detach itself from this JUDGES' ROBES : Counsels' Gowns (8th S. iii. as to bave a right to be regarded independently of it: and 127, 193, 312).— The following brief description thus our weekly newspapers commit no absurdity in call of the forensic costume of a serjeant-at-law some ing themselves journals'; we involve ourselves in no two hundred years earlier than the interesting ten, or any number of days more or fewer than forty."

real contradiction, speaking of a 'quarantine' of five, communication on the subject given by MR. T. W. The Study of Words,' p. 92.

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I will add a few quotations, to show what a bad common than “the larger balf,"—when a half is example some of our standard writers bave set to the result of an equal division into two parts. journalists ; indeed these latter unfortunate

EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. creatures must often produce their articles too rapidly to find time for improving on the English

PENAL Laws (8th S. iii. 188, 213, 276).—Can of the authors from whom I shall draw my in any one tell me, in regard to this point, whether stances :

the ringleaders of the

Bonny Muir

rioters (I think You would lift the moon out of her sphere..

their names were Hardy and Wilson) were or • Tempest, II. i. 183.

were not bebeaded alive at Stirling in 1819 or Certain stars shot madly from their spheres.

1820 ? My authority was an old guide-book to • Midsummer Night's Dream,' 11, i. 153.



Magdalen College, Oxford.
The star moves not but in his sphere.

“Hamlet,' IV. vü. 15. “DIMANCHE DE QUASIMODO" (8th S. iii. 409). Mystical dance, which yonder starry sphere --- The phrase quasi modo geniti occurs in Piers Of planets and of fix'd, in all her wheels

the Plowman,' B. xi. 196, Č. xiii. 110. My note Resembles nearest. * Paradise Lost,' v. 620. on the passage explains that the reference is to the Each in bis hidden sphere of joy or woo

First Sunday after Easter,“ because, in the Sarum Our hermit spirits dwell and range apart. Missal, the Office for that day begins with the • Christian Year,' Twenty-fourth Sunday text 1 Pet. ii. 2: “Quasi modo geniti infantes, after Trinity.

rationabile sine dolo lac concupiscite." I give the She was the daughter of a cottager

reference to the passage in my “ Index I." Out of her sphere. Walking to the Mail.'

But thou wilt never move from hence

So called from the first word of the introit
The sphere thy fate allots :
Thy latter days increased with pence

in the mass for the day : Quasi modo geniti Go down amongst the potr,

infantes, rationabile sine dolo lac concupiscite." • Will Waterproof,

The Vulgate version of this exhortation of St. Bat enongh of this. In no case in these cita. Peter (1 Ep. ii. 2) bas "Sicut modo” in place tions does sphere mean à round ball," which

of “Quasimodo." For an English analogue I may MR. LEATON-BLENKINSOPP seems to think it must after Trinity, the collect for which day begins with

adduce “Stir-up Sunday,” the twenty-fifth Sunday ever signify. I should like to draw attention to the fact that

the words "Stir-up." Trench uses “ from thence" and Tennyson from The “introitus” on the Sunday begins : “Quasi hence." Unless I mistake, such behaviour as that modo geniti infantes," from 1 Pet. ii. Brady's has, ore now, been unfavourably commented on in • Clavis Calendaria,' vol. i., Lond., 1815, p. 316, 'N. & Q.'


"Quasi modo' is another name for this MR. LEATON-BLENKINSOPP must expect those

Sunday, which frequently occurs in old records. who are content to take words in common use, of the ancient introit, or bymn for mass on this

• Festi (?) Quasi modo geniti,' being the first words when they are not valgar, after the suggestion of

day; and it is to be remembered that in former Quem penes arbitrium est et jus et norma loquendi,

ages, all Sundays throughout the year, not high of the 'Ars Poetica,' to challenge bis statement, like cause."

festivals, had names assigned to them from the

ED. MARSHALL. as well as to offer some remarks upon his own expression.

[Very many replies are acknowledged.] There is such a word as bombino in Low Latin. “ENGENDRURE” (8th S. iii. 384).— I have disI am aware also of the more classical bombilo, or covered this word in an English dictionary after more properly bombito, which means to hum like all. It is given, as old French, in Cassell's 'Enbees. But how can bees bum in vacuo, wbere cyclopædic Dictionary,' 1884, and is there said to there are no vibrations of air, which are essential mean" the act of begetting or generation." This to sound ?

ED. MARSHALL. is not quite the sense in which the word is used MR. LEATON-BLENKINSOPP hits a blot. Eaclia by Mr. Sala and Chaucer ; but Chancer's use of has suffered much from writers and talkers. Thus, the word appears not to have been known to the what is more common than

W. F. WALLER. a great point” and compiler of the 'Enc. Dict.' stretching a point,"-expressions ridiculous when Novel NOTIONS OF HERALDRY (8th S. iii. 366). applied to that which has neither parts nor magni- -There is plenty of material for a supplement to tude. Again, how often “ broad lines are men- Lower's 'Curiosities of Heraldry.' I was recently tioned, to say nothing of "the thin red line"; in an old manor house in the Midlands, and noted but what nonsense is this to people who know that that the crest of a former owner (a blue eagle) disa line is length without breadth ; or what more played over some of the doors had been covered

has :

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Q. V.

with gold leaf, to enhance the effect, doubtless. of the vessel, over which was a crown wheel gearing After this it was not surprising to find the oak into a spare pinion or “trundle-head," as Savery panels had been painted." Some of our seal en called it, on the paddle-shaft, and the design was gravers could tell a few anecdotes of requests for simple and practicable. coats of arms to be altered to please the fancy or The original tract is very rare, and I quote gratify the ambition of their customers. Cussans from an admirable facsimile reprint, produced by speaks of an ambassador to Washington (Mr. my friend Mr. R. B. Prosser. 'The idea of using Crampton) having his arms copied by the Ameri. paddle-wheels is older than Savery's time. I havo cans upon their carriages, because they admired before me two curious engraved Dutch broadsides, the pattern.

J. BAGNALL. of the years 1653 and 1654, illustrating the “subWater Orton,

marine boat" of M. Duson, likewise impelled by Postil (86 S. iii. 408).— Reference to the index a paddle-wheel. This contrivance was intended to Dyce's “Skelton' gives the passage at once.

to destroy a hostile fleet, and the projector had "To postell upon a kyry” is the 755th line of "Colyn hopes of going in his craft in ten weeks to the

East Indies and back. Cloute'; and the phrase is duly explained in the

It is a common delusion that a description of a notes. WALTER W. SKEAT.

boat impelled by paddles is to be found in VitruWESTMORLAND AND CUMBERLAND WILLS (766 vius, and at first sight an engraving in the early S. v. 348, 434).—The Westmorland wills referred editions (I quote from the 'Giunta' of 1522) gives

at the second reference, from the Carlisle countenance to the idea at once dispelled by the Diocesan Register, only relate to that part of heading of the chapter, “Quâ ratione rhedá vel Westmorland which was in the ancient diocese of navi peractum iter dimetimur.” The paddle-wheel Carlisle. The whole of the 130 wills, ranging in placed in the centre of the boat merely serves to date from 1350 to 1390, are now in the press, and give motion to a series of toothed wheels by which will be shortly published by Mr. Titus Wilson, the speed of the vessel is measured. Kendal, as one of the extra volumes of the Cum- Papin, in his Traité de plusieurs Nouvelles berland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Machines' (Paris, 1698). speaks of a machine Archäological Society, under the title • Testamenta made in London by the Prince Palatine Robert, Karleolensia.'

in which oars fixed on the two ends of an axis were

driven round by horses so successfully that the “ ENGINES WITH PADDLES," A.D. 1699 (8th 8. boat thus impelled rapidly passed the king's barge üi. 388).-1682 is the earliest date recorded for with its sixteen oars. And, moreover, Papin prothe application in Great Britain of paddle-wheels posed to drive a boat so fitted by steam. A little to the propulsion of vessels, in which year Prince research would, I feel sure, elicit other early notices Rupert's state barge was propelled by paddle- of paddle-wheels.

J. ELIOT HODGKIN. wheels. As regards the pamphlet by Jonathan Hulls,

Dibdin's Songs (8th S. iii. 307, 375).—Mr. published in London in 1737, it would appear that MARSHALL’s. reply does not quite answer my daring the previous year Hulls obtained a patent query. I wish to know in what year the song for an atmospheric engine for moving a boat by a True Courage' first appeared in print. J. D. steam engine, or rather “for the application of the atmospheric engine to actuate or propol a boat I have a copy of the Jubilee Edition of the whole

WORKS OF KING ALFRED (8th S. iii. 347). by paddles for towing vessels in and out of works of King Alfred the Great. It was printed rivers and barbours." Hulls's proposal was also to and published for the Alfred Committee by Messrs. drive a fan or wheel at the stern of a boat by a J. F. Smith & Co., Oxford and Cambridge, 1852. steam engine working a series of pulleys with

C. LEESON PRINCE. straps or ropes passing over them; and there were arrangements for preventing a back motion of the I may mention incidentally that the Illustrated stern wbeel.

London News of Oct. 27, 1849, records the jubilee I am indebted for these particulars to Mr. Henry observances, and gives an illustration of the Sandham's paper read before the Institution of

“ Alfred medal” tben struck. I believe that the Mechanical Engineers in 1885.

Grammar School at Wantage was founded as a suitEVERARD HOME COLEMAN.

able memorial of the event. 71, Brecknock Road.


Hastings. The apparatus referred to by Mr. Hydes is doubtless that of Thomas Savery, the inventor of SILVER SWAN (8. S. iii. 387, 417). —Knight of one of the earliest forms of steam pumping engines, the Swan is a family order of the house of Toni, who made known his Art of Rowing Ships in and is also an order of the King of Prussia, Calms' in a 4to. tract printed in London in 1698. Emperor of Germany, as Duke of Cleves and of The paddles were actuated by a capstan in the hold Brandenburg. The real history is entangled with

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& favourite romance of the Middle Ages, The neither filesh nor fowl nor good red herring. It is not Knight of the Swan. The real Knight of the verse, it is not (except involuntarily) prose." This quotaSwan was Roger de Toni, or d'Espagne, & great context, which, however, does not affect its meaning,

tion is, for considerations of space, given without tbe Crusader, standard - bearer of Normandy, who since we state that the earlier portion is addressed to or delivered Catalonia from the Moors. He

married directed at cavillers. The last sentence expresses Mr. the Princess Godbilda. A descendant, Godhilda | Symonds's own avowed sentiments. As to the points de Toni, was wife of Baldwin de Bouillon, King of with which Mr. Symonds deals at most length, wo leave Jerusalem. Although the ladies of the house of the readers to hunt them out. To the esoteric they are Toni appear to have conveyed into female branches familiar: Those who fail to see a meaning in what is

now said may as well rest content. The volume is the knighthood of the Swap, the English Queen delightful in all bibliographical respects, and has a Godbilda could not bave so conveyed the order portrait and four excellent plates, to the houses of Bouillon, Cleves, and Branden- Joan of Arc, By Lord Ronald Gower, F.S.A. (Nimmo.) burg. She was not an heiress, nor had she ady From well-known and avowed sources, including the five issue. This, however, is the only alliance between volumes of documents concerning the trial and the the houses of Toni and Bouillon. Stimulated by rehabilitation of the Maid of Orleans of Jules-Etiennea favourite romance of the Knight of the Swan Joseph Quicherat, and her biography by M. Henri(of which copious particulars will be found in the Alexandre Wallon-the first edition of which obtained

from the Academy the grand prix Gobert, while the second series of Baring-Gould’s ‘Curions Myths of second won special pontifical

recognition-Lord Ronald the Middle Ages'), in 1440 Frederick II. of Bran- Gower has extracted materials for a picturesque and denburg founded an Order of the Swan, and the enthusiastic biography of Joan of Arc. In his avowed same idea was taken up by the Duke of Cleves, object of following the opinion of Sainte-Beuve that the from whom the King of Prussia claimed succession, way to honour the history of Joan of Arc is to tell the

truth about her as simply as possible, he has been but and it is enrolled among the Prussian orders. The moderately successful. His statements are succinct, and Toni Chivaler au Cygne will be found in the he can supply authority for all that he advances. The Caerlaverock Roll. Lord Lindsay (Lives of the work is done the less an apotheosis as much as a bioLindsays') says that his house bore the swan, and graphy: When be disputes the share of Shakspeare in Wynkyn de Worde and Caxton published the is with him, and we share bis views or go far beyond them.

the dishonouring passages of King Henry VI.' criticism legend of the knight, dedicated to Edward, Dake We express, moreover, no dissent from the opinions be of Buckingham, as representing the Knight of the expresses. When, however, he heads “ Martyrdom” the Swan (Gould, p. 326). The origin of the title is chapter which treats of her death in Rouen, he passes obscure, but myths as to swans and swan-maidens from the position of historian to that of enthusiast.

Very few lives of Joan of Arc have been attempted in (for which also see Gould, p. 313) were prevalent which the rhapsodist does not conquer the historian; among the Norse, the ancestors of the Norman and Voltaire even,

the greatest of Frenchmen who have Topis. The attribution of the swan myth to the doubted her mission and vilified her character, had the house of Bouillon was posterior to the Tonis ; but grace to be ashamed of bimself, or to pretend,' at least, still it is referred to as early as 1180, for William that he was. For the rest, the account of Lord Ronalá

is readable and animated, and valuable information is of Tyre says that many believed the fable that brought within the reach of the English reader. A Godfrey of Bouillon had his origin from a swan. French and an English bibliograpby precede the index.

HYDE CLARKE. In the account of Joan of Arc in poetry Lord Ronald

gives a list of poems and plays on the subject. He omits, Miscellaneous.

however, mention of Jeanne d'Arc à Orléans,' a three

act piece of Desforges, given at the Italiens in 1790, NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.

with music by Chreich. Special attractions are

assigned the volume by the etchings of Mr. Bateman of Walt Whilman : a Sludy. By John Addington spots in France.

The views in Chinon, Rheims, Com. Symondo. (Nimmo.)

piègne, and St. Ouen, taken on the spot, are admirable. AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL rather than biographical are the The work is in all respects handsome and attractive. contents of Mr. Symonds's book. Unconsciously, perhaps, Mr. Symonds fills the greater part of his volume Handbook of Greek and Latin Pulæography. By E. with analyses and disquisitions upon subjects that occu. Maunde Thompson, D.C.L. (Kegan Paul & Co.) pied a far larger share of his own thoughts than of Of all, the volumes of the International Scientific those of the man with whom be deale. A certain portion Series," to which it belongs, this invaluable volume of of 'Leaves of Grass' is taken up with speculation or the Principal Librarian to the British Museum most Assertion which it is charitable to call unblest. For this directly appeals. Not at all a subject to be lightly taken portion Whitman had bis knuckles well rapped. It might up is that with which it deals. If ever there was a be that a more severe punishment was merited. Reti- subject in regard to which a smattering is of no value cence is, however, as much a duty of the critic as of the it is this. Arduous labour is necessary to a conquest writer ; and when the latter wraps in many veile and which, unless it is practically complete, is useless. To clouds behind misty allegory what he is ashamed or those who are in earnest this bandbook is priceless. In afraid to speak, the worst exposure and the greatest bis first chapter, concerning the alphabet, Dr. Maunde scandal may be due to his commentator. Upon the vexed Thompson bas been anticipated by Canon Taylor, whose question of Whitman's claims upon attention there is Alphabet' was reviewed in our columns. In subsequent small temptation to enter. To the cavillers Mr. Symonds chapters, moreover, dealing with the various implements Alings with equanimity the suggestion that what Whit- and materials necessary to the preparation of M88., he: man did "write in his masterpiece of literature was bas, of course, known predecessors. Nowbere, however,

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is so much information condensed into so small a space are here quite out of place. If a gentleman who has or rendered so easily accessible. Its avowed air is been engaged in the education of inembers of families of modest, while its information is far-reaching, and it will the upper ranks finds himself moved to record his exdo good work towards fostering a study that has been periences in print, we can see no objection to the course. sadly neglected in England,

A disciple of Dr. Arnold, as Mr. M Knight evidently is,

might, one would suppose, give to the world, without Cinderella. By Marian Roalie Cox. (Nutt.)

the violation of private confidences, much that it might It is natural and desirable that books printed like this be well to bear in mind, but the rector of Silk Willoughby for the Folk - lore Society should be thorough. The bas oct accomplished this. His recollections mostly prettiest of children's tales has its value as a contribu- relate to himself and his own feelings—things which are tion to our knowledge of comparative folk-lore, and has of very little importance to any one except the author's to undergo classification and analysis. Jf in the bands immediate friends. The only thing we can find which of the botanist tbe flower suffers, there is always the will remain in the roader's memory when he has shut consolation of knowing that the reproductive forces of the volume is the account of a circular storm which nature are inexhaustible, and that flowers enough to visited Lydiard on November 1, 1873. It seems to have satisfy the lover of beauty will be forthcoming. In the prevailed over a very circumscribed area, but to have present case a similar form of consolation has to be caused great destruction within

the narrow limits wherein sought. Miss Cox bas given 345 variants of Cinderella,' its effects were felt. It was, Mr. M:Knight thinks, "a

Catskin,' and Cap o' Rushes,' abstracted and tabulated. perpendicular cyclone," that is, “ that instead of sweepThese sbrink to the shortest dimensions, and are as bald ing over a certain horizontal space on the earth's surface as they can be. For the purpose of the comparative ...... it had come from a considerable height in the atmofolk-lorist, however, they are all that can be desired, and sphere, with its contre of gyration high in the air." We further expansion would swell to gigantic dimensions & are not sure whether this will meet with the approval book already large. The tales, meanwhile, in extended of meteorologists, but the author's interpretation of the or literary form, are accessible elsewhere. In the pre- phenomena he witnessed is certainly worthy of attention. fatory portion and in the bibliographical index is matter Lydiard Manor deserves a good history. Mr. of enduring value. In the former Miss Cox shows M•Knight's book will certainly not stand in the way information practically inexbaustible. A pregnant in- of any such work. We may be excused from further troduction by Mr. Andrew Lang ushers in one of the criticizing the author's labours when we tell our roaders most important and scholarly of contributions to folk- that for the meaning of the word " demesne" be thinks lore.

it necessary to refer to a modern essay-writer who is Our Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy. in no sense distinguished for bis knowledge of feudal

By Joseph and Elizabeth Robins Pennell. (Fisher tenures, and that he regrets that the history of Lydiard Unwin.)

during its occupation by members of the house of A NEW edition of this popular account of travelling on

Clinton--that is from 1105 to 1421—" is without any cycles through some picturesque portions of France has Record Office, we wonder? or is Fetter Lane to him an

existing memorials.” Did he ever hear of Her Majesty's been issued, with an appendix giving useful information 28 to routes. Its letterpress, with its quaint abuse of unexplored region ? things French, remains amusing, and its illustrations continue, to those who know the country, a mine of number is

, we find, by a lady, Miss Sarah T. Prideaux,

TAE volume on bookbindinge reviewed in our last enjoyment.

& well-known enthusiast and executant, and not, as in Introduction to Shakespeare. By Edward Dowden, our ignorance we supposed, by a gentleman.

D.C.L., &c. (Blackie & Son.)
We have here, from that admirable scholar Prof. Dowden, a portion of our issue of May 27 into 804. Our readers

The figures of p. 408 were accidentally transposed in & revised version of the General Introduction to the will kindly alter this in their

copies. “ Henry Irving Shakespeare," with the addition of some passages on the great tragedies and a brief notice of their interpreters, from Burbage to Macready. In its new shape this little volume, by the first of living com.

Notices to Correspondents. mentators and historians, is the most convenient, useful,

We must call special attention to the following notices: and valuable of handbooks,

On all communications must be written the name and Finnish Legend. By R. Eivind. (Fisher Unwin.) address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but The Pentamerone. By Giambattista Basile. Translated as a guarantee of good faith. by John Edward Taylor. (Same publisher.)

We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. To the “Children's Library” of Mr. Fisher Unwin have been added two pleasant volumes-one a collection of

To secure insertion of communications correspondents Finnish legends from the Kalevala, the other a carefully must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, edited adaptation from the Pentamerono' of Basile. or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the Both have good prefaces, and both are illustrated, the signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to latter reproducing the well-known and popular designs appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested of Cruikshank of the original edition of the translation.

to head the second communication “Duplicato.'

ACRES.-Send full address.
Lydiard Manor : its History. Our Workshop and our
Work. By Rev. W. H. E. M‘Knight. (Mitchell &


Editorial Communications should be addressed to “ The We have every desire to speak well of this little volume, Editor of Notes and Queries ""-Advertisements and which has obviously been put together with very good Business Letters to “The Publisher”—at the Office, intentions; but the truth, to which as reviewers we must Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C. bear testimony, is that, as a history of an interesting old We beg leave to state that we decline to return comsite and estate, it is of little value, and that the scholastic munications which, for any reason, we do not print ; and and autobiographical notes which occupy so many pages to this rule we can make no exception.

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