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L’INTERMÉDIAIRE DES CHERCHEURS ET CURIEUX;

OR,

FRENCH NOTES AND QUERIES.

Founded in 1864.

Literary, Historical, and Artistic Correspondence tion and carries it to the door of all the learned, and Notes.

and in a following number brings him the answer Questions and Replies; Letters and Documentary for which he had so long waited. There is a bond Authorities, Discoveries and Curiosities, Literary which brings together all the readers of L'INTER

MEDIAIRE-the desire to help one another. The News and Gossip.

question and the replies are inserted without the Erudition.

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index of Pleadings under the date, and, very

likely, obtain reference to the pleadings in that CONTENT 8.-N° 77.

suit, which appear simply under the title, “ Jones NOTES:-Our Public Records, 461—Belfry Custom, 462- v. Brown," a reference which, without the informa

Parliamentary Polls, 463–The Christian Era, 465–The tion derived from the Calendar to Depositions,
Royal Marriage-Archilochus-Hastler Land-Folk-lore-
Inventor of Lucifer Matches-Relics, 466.

would carry to the searcher's mind no indication of QUERIES :- Waverley Novels–Ola Bell-HM-Lyon, 467 he is interested. Exactly the same remark applies

the fact that the suit was about the place in which Translation of Varillas-Sussex House, Fulham-UssesThe Black Flag-The Scape Goat'-Gutta-percha—"The to the indices to the Decrees and Orders, which Arms of Lionel”—" Clicking-time,” 488—40th Regiment are arranged chronologically, and give only the Marine Animale-Teneriffe-Sir S. Kvance— The British parties' names, and, for the most part, nothing else ; Knight Errant,' 469.

but of these presently. I do not say that in any. RBPLIES :- Residence of Mrs. Siddons. 469 – Innsbruck thing like all the suits in the Exchequer we have Hofkirche, 471—"Canary Bird,” 472–Lady of the Bed. Depositions ; but I say that in collecting, the chamber-Samplers, 473—Works of King Alfred-Trouts, Heraldic Castle" The babies in the eyes," 474–Table various records in an Exchequer suit it is well, in Proverb--- Squin”- Lost Memory – Totems —"Thirty the first instance, to go to the Calendar of Deposidays hath,” &c.-Rhyme on Calvinism-Sir Thos. Hankin, tions, wbich is easy to searcb, and affords—if you 475 — Barclay's • English Dictionary'- Kilburn Wells, find your suit-information as to its date and George Eliot-May Day-The Pope's Golden Rose, 476–exact title. R. M. Martin-Varnish-The Cephisus and the IlissusVaughan and Dodwell, 477-Rev. Henry Adams—“A fly

I ought to point out here that bound up with on the corporal” — Henchman - Missing Portraits - Sir the calendar to these depositions which were taken Cornelius Vermuyden -- Serene Higbness – Evan, 478— by commission is also a list of those commissions Cobblers called “Snobs,” 479.

issued out of the Exchequer to inquire into lands NOTES ON BOOKS :-Simpson's 'St. Paul's Cathedral “concealed " from the Crown, encroachments, the

Library'-Thornely's Monumental Brasses of Lancashire possessions of traitors, &c., the returns to which and Cheshire'-Stebbing's History of Crustacea'-Wil

The son's 'Epochs of American History'- Hester's “Nevill

are often exceedingly valuable surveys. Simmons.'

calendar is arranged chronologically under counties, Notices to Correspondents.

and in each county precedes that to the Depositions. There are few of these “Special Commissions," as

they are called, of an earlier date than Elizabeth, Hotes.

and these are calepdared chronologically in a small

MS. calendar. Besides the Depositions just deOUR PUBLIC RECORDS.

scribed there are the “ Barons' Depositions, (Continued from p. 422.)

or those taken before the Barons of the Exchequer. I now come to deal with the records of the These exist from the time of Elizabeth to the year Judicial branch of the Exchequer. Taking first 1841. For those of Elizabeth there is a calendar; the Equity or Queen's Remembrancer's (Q.R.) side, the rest are arranged alphabetically under the titles we find an enormous number of documents of thé of the suits. highest value to the legal antiquary, the topo- The Decrees and Orders of the Court of Exchegrapher, and the genealogist.

quer cover a period of nearly three centuries, Suits in this division of the Exchequer were from Elizabeth to 1841, and are entered in commenced, as in Chancery, by Bill ; those Bills, volumes known as Decree Books and Order Books; with the Answers to them, Replications, and Re- the original Decrees and Orders also exist for joinders, exist from the commencement of Eliza- nearly all this time, but are seldom used. To the beth's reign to the year 1841. They are preserved entries of Decrees and Orders there are several in portfolios, arranged chronologically according to calendars, which are confusing from the fact that counties, and are referred to by a number of con- the dates to which they relate overlap. Some of temporary indices compiled upon a similar system. these bave been compiled recently, others are conBut the entries in this index are meagre; in many temporary. It should be also mentioned that cases they record only the names of the parties, numerous Decrees of the Court of Exchequer are though in a few they also give the name of the entered on what are called the “Memoranda" place about which is the suit.

Rolls (Q.R.). These are referred to Agenda To the Depositions, however, a fuller calendar Books and Repertories, and many, in a very useful exists, also arranged chronologically under counties. index-which also refers to the Decree and Order This calendar gives the date, names of all the parties books—known as “Martin's Index," arranged to the suit, and the subject of the suit; so that the ander places. This is only an index to selecinguirer who finds from depositions that the tions ; but it contains a great many references, customs of such and such a manor were the sub- and it is worthy of being referred to in most ject of the suit of Jones v. Brown, tried in the searches in Exchequer records. Exchequer in, say, 10 James I., can turn to the All the indices or calendars to the Exchequer

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legal records, with the exception of the Agenda to these there is a MS. Index. The Decrees, which Books, are kept in the “ Legal" Seach Room at the exist for the latter part of the reign of Henry VIII. Public Record Office, the Agenda Books are in the and for that of Edward VI., are contained in Aug. " Literary” Room. Amongst_the oncalendared Mis. Bks.,' vole. xci. to ov., to these there is elasses of records on this, the Equity, side of the calendar ; whilst Informations and various other Excbequer may be mentioned Affidavits (1572 to proceedings are entered in vols. clxv. of the same 1841), Informations (Eliz. to William IV.), and series. The Pleadings in the Court of General Reports and Certificatos (1648 to 1841).

Surveyors are contained in a box, the reference On the Common Law side of the Exchequer the to which is “Exchequer Treasury of Receipt, best-known, and certainly the most important class No. 111,” The Decrees and Orders (34 to 38 Henry of records is the “ Plea Rolls,” which extends over VIII.) are entered in the ‘Augmontation Office a period of nearly 600 years, from 53 Henry III. to Miscell. Books,' vol. cvi.; a calendar to this ap1855. The greatest variety of entries relating botb pears on pp. 166-196 of the Appendix to the to ecclesiastical and civil matters occur on these Thirtieth Report of the Deputy Keeper. The rolls, but there is no complete calendar to what is records of the Court of First Fruits and Tenths entered

upon them. The calendar, which exists in consist of Plea Rolls (Mary to Geo. II., to which two forms, chronological and alphabetical, is, how there is a volume of index), Process Books (29 ever, an exceedingly useful one ; it is to be found in Henry VIII. to 1817, 13 vols.), and several packthe " Literary” Search Room. On the Common ages of miscellaneous documents (Henry VIII. to Law side of the Exchequer there are forty-seven William IV.).

W. J. HARDY. rolls (3 Hen. III. to 14 Edward I.) known as the

(To be continued.) Jews' Rolls," on which are entered the Pleas held before the Justices of the Jew8 ; there are also “ Order Books” (Edward VI. to 1830) and Minute

A CURIOUS BELFRY CUSTOM. Books, 1657 to 1830.

At Treswell, Lanebam, and East Drayton, three I have not yet spoken of the records of the Lord Nottinghamshire villages situated in close proximity Treasurer's Rembrancer's (Exchequer L.T.R.) to each other, and not far from the Trent side, it branch of the Exchequer. In these we have was formerly a custom for the bell-ringers to record important material relatiog to claims of various marriages on the belfry walls of their respective kinds, such as claims to markets or fairs, wreck, parish churches. &c., and also to accounts of the sheriffs, and as to On one of my summer visits to Treswell when a fines, issues, or amerciaments due to the Es: boy, quite thirty-five years ago, Mr. Daniels, the chequer from the courts at Westminster. The then rector, pointed out to me certain red-ochre principal class of records in this division is the marks, squares and rings, on the interior walls of * Memoranda” Rolls, which exist from 1 Henry the tower, where the bells were rung from the floor III. to 5 William IV.

of the church. I have a dim recollection that my No very satisfactory calendar exists to these informant said these markings were called "cakes," rolls ; that most frequently used is known 88 because they were put there as memorials of gifts of “Jones's Index” (printed), which is a calendar cakes to the ringers on wedding days. But having to selections from entries on the rolls from Henry never met with such-like records of marriages oa III. to Geo. II., arranged alphabetically under church walls elsewhere, nor, indeed, of any printed places with an index nominum at the end. Be account of such a custom, and thinking memory side this index there are numerous repertorios might have played me false, I recently made and agenda books, which serve as a guide to those inquiries from the clergymen of those parishes, who desire to consult the rolls; a list of these who have kindly furnished me with information of is set out in Mr. Bird's · Handbook, p. 205. There a very interesting character. are also on the “ L.T.R.” side the Exchequer Dr. Stott, the present rector of Treswell, says Entry Books of Orders and Minute Books. that the old belfry records were covered over with

The Judicial Proceedings of the Court of Aug. plaster at the restoration of that church about mentations, the Court of General Surveyors, and thirty years ago, and that only a few traces of porthe Court of First Fruits and Tentbs—which were tions of circles encroacbing upon the stonework of branches of the Exchequer—also demand attention. the belfry arch are now visible. In these we have Writs, Pleadings, Informations, Strarge to say, at Rampton, less than two miles and Decrees, which, though they contain matter away, and about half way between Treswell and of much topographical and genealogical interest, Lanebam, there are no evidences of such marks on are but seldom consulted.

any part of the walls of the church, and no one In the Court of Augmentations there are five remembers such a custom to have been observed volumes of Pleadings (temp. Henry VIII., 'Aug. in that village. Mis. Bks,' vols. xix. to xxiii.), Depositions (Henry At Lanebam, however, only two miles further, VIII. to Edward IV., ibid., vols. cviii. to cxxxiii.); there are still to be seen on the belfry walls twenty

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