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The attention of the Committees and Librarians of Public and Free Libraries, Colleges, Schools, and Bookbuyers generally, is strongly called to the present CLEARANCE SALE as an opportunity rarely occurring of selecting from the whole of an UNRIVALLED STOCK OF BOOKS, Secondband, New, and Finely Bound, at an unrestricted Discount, from Prices already low, of TWENTY PER CENT. The large number of fine Sets of Standard Works, long Series of Scarce Publications and Transactions of Learned Societies, Rare Volumes in Old or Modern English Literature, and all the diverse collectanea of long years of Bookbuying, should make the present Sale an opportunity to Bookbayers and Collectors of every class which has not bitberto occurred.
PART III. (SC to Z) POST FREE ON APPLICATION. 136, STRAND, LONDON, W.C.
Telegraphic address, Bookmen, London,
-Till now quite a Novelty in the Market. They represent Landscapes, Hunting scenes, Religious, Worldly, and other subjects, and are adapted for scientific purposes Dealers would find these celebrated Fire Pictures a very remunerative speculation. Great results so far.
Three Sample Pictures, 108. cash. Easily resold for 11. 108.
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, YORK and GAME PIES ; also ESSENCE of BEEF, BEEF TEA, TURTLE SOUP, and JELLY, and other SPECIALITIES for INVALIDS. 11, LITTLE STANHOPE STREET, MAYFAIR, W,
Caution.-Beware of Imitations. Sole Address
whole Materia Medica' like these medicaments for the certainty of their action in lumbago, sciatica, tic douloureux, and all flying or settled pains in the nerves and muscles. Diseases of this nature originate in bad blood and depraved humours, and until these are corrected there can be no permanent cure. The ordinary remedies afford but temporary relief, and in the end always disappoint the sufferer. Holloway's Ointment penetrates the human system as salt penetrates meat, and the Pills greatly assist and accelerate its operation by clearing away all obstructions and giving tone to the system generally. The prophylactic virtues of Holloway's remedies stünd Nori valled.
“Very delightful are ber sketches of the primitive doctor and of Aberdeenshire a hundred years ago.... The book is a cleverly written and admirable record of the rise of the Northern Medical School, and of the brilliant services rendered by its graduates at home and abroad "
Dundee Advertiser. "Will be found to throw much new light on the early history of medicine in the north.... We would fain bave riven a few quotations from the chapter on 'The Country Doctors,' one of the most delightful in the book."-N.B. Daily Mail.
WILLIAM BLACKWOOD & SONS, Edinburgh and London.
LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 4. 1893.
one. We have seen that Dürer's friend, Bilibald Pirck.
heimer, is known to have bad a plate of this kind.” CONTENT 8.-N° 58. NOTES :-Portraits as Book-plates ...A French Critic on his Introduction, where he says that “Dürer also
This refers to his remarks in a note to p. 31 of Shakspeare, 81-Lowell's Early Writings-Historic Hearts, 83–Rev. W. Harte-Assembly Rooms at Kentish Town- engraved a likeness of Pirckheimer which (we have Jewish Humour, 84--The Rev. B. Pope Both”-A Pas: it on the authority of Mr. Wheatley) was also Philanthropist-"Five astounding Events," 85—The Yeomen of the Guard—"Three stirs and a wallop"-Sir J. used as a book-plate. This is an interesting exMennes—" Hariole"-Sir R. Leveson-"Windful”—The ample of the portrait class.” Now the armorial
Followers of Bruce, 86-Jerrold's Letters, 87. QUERIES : –Croydon-"Whitechapel Needles "-John Pal-bookplate which it is quite certain Pirkheimer mer-The Centurion--Hats in the House of Commons used is well known. So is the beautiful portrait Caraccioli's Chapel-Heraldic, 87–-"Goodening”-Heraldic of this learned and genial man, also engraved by -Lamb's Residence in Dalston-Damask Rose-“ Member of Parliament"-Robert de Keldeleth-Ossington-Wil- Dürer; but it is scarcely conceivable that he would liam of Tyre,” 88--The Life of St. Labre-Steinfeld-Pam- use it himself as a book-plate, containing as it does phlet-Lemgo, 89. RÉPLIES :-The Poets Laureate, 89-John Hall-Mistaken
a legend of high-toned solemn praise, “ Vivitur Derivation-Heraldic-Life of Daniel Defoe'-Ingulph's ingenio cætera mortis erunt," above the date 1524. • Croyland Chronicle,' 91--"He that runs may read
Moreover, in size and style it has a marked family • Imitation of Christ'-Ana-A French Stonehenge, 92– The “ New London Tavern" – Persse Family – Months and resemblance to the small series of other portraits, Days as Surnames --Luce-Tennyson and The Gem.' 93-,, of Melanchthon, of the Elector of Saxony, and of the • The Siege of Belgrade'-Thunderstorm-"What cheer?” -Plainness versus Beauty-2. Cozens-Wesley and the Archbishop of Mainz, which were all engraved by Microscope-St. Thomas's Day Custom, 94—Sir G. Down Dürer within a few years of the same date. It ing-Poets in a Thunderstorm-Jagg." --- Bale Portraits has never been suggested that they too were used of Burns, 95—Legend of St. Ffraid-Grotto at Margate“The Zoo" Course of Time, 96 - Macaronic Verses-- as book-plates. Miniatures by G. Engleheart - Book-plate - Jarndyce- An old portrait of John Vennitzer, a catler of Philazer - Leather Money, 97–Oxford Poets - Marino's Sonnet-John Trumbull: Crying the Notchell"--Arms Nuremberg, in 1618, was described by Mr. Warren -Horace-Breaking on the Wheel, 98.
(now Lord De Tabley) in his 'Guide to the Study NOTES ON BOOKS:-Barker and Stenning's - Westminster of Book-Plates' (1880), with the remark that "it School Register'--Brushfield's 'Church of All Saints, East Budleigh-Dowden's Works of Wordsworth — Meyer's would be difficult to find a more curious example * Vision of Mac Conglinne’-Tuer's 'Old London Street in the whole range of book-plate lore.” He
devoted a whole page to its description (p. 198).
This portrait is of large size and would almost fill Notes.
an octavo book page. And although the Ger
man verses subjoined to it, quaintly translated by PORTRAITS AS BOOK-PLATES.
Mr. Warren, are commemorative of, perhaps, the In the recently published interesting work by leading event of the life of Vennitzer-his gift of Mr. Egerton Castle on English Book-Plates” a library to one of the parsons' houses of his native (pp. 107-9), portraits of Samuel Pepys and of city-nothing short of proof that it was really used Bilibald Pirkheimer are mentioned as old instances by him to paste inside the covers of his own books of the use of likenesses as book-plates. Mr. Castle ought to convince us that it ever served as a gives a very good reproduction of R. White's personal book-plate. In my own library it rests engraved portrait of Pepys after Kneller, supposed with portraits of Nuremberg and Augsburg pastors to have been used in that way. But when this
and engraving appeared, in 1690, it was not as a book- pressed with character and spirit, by the skilful plate, but as a frontispiece to Pepys's privately Kilians, Custos, and other eminent masters in printed edition of his "Memoires relating to the portraiture. State of the Navy of England, for Ten Years,
On the whole—whether, in the sixteenth and Determind 1688. See my note respecting this in seventeenth centuries, portraits simply were ever *N. & Q.,' Feb. 2, 1889. If it could be ascertained used or not, as their own personal book-plates, as a fact that this portrait was really pasted by by actual possessors of private libraries—the above Pepys in the books of his library, as well as examples, potwithstanding they have been cited employed by him, as is certain, for å frontispiece by the best English writers on book-plates as to his book above referred to, the discovery would typical evidence of a custom, do not seem to be curious as well as convincing: It should not, would appear to be still not proven by the ordinary
establish it. The affirmative of the proposition however, be lost sight of that Robert White en
laws of evidence. graved other portraits, notably one of Charles II.,
Kensington. in almost identical size and style, and that they have never been put forward as examples of book. plates, but only as book illustrations or frontis- A MODERN FRENCH CRITIC ON SHAKSPEARE'S pieces. Mr. Castle states:
COMEDIES. The idea of using a likeness of the owner as a
In the discussion on the parallel passages in the personal mark in books is, on the whole, a very obvious respective careers of Shakspere and Molière Mr.
CLARKE referred me to the “Grands Ecrivains" element is never altogether absent from the affairs of edition of Molière (vol. x.), containing the “ Notice life, and be did not hesitate to introduce it into Biograpbique." I have found this work some- his tragedies. What a strange relief it seems in what difficult to read. It consists of 486 closely Macbeth,' after the murder of Banquo, to hear printed royal octavo pages, with notes still wore the knocking at the gate and the vulgar remarks closely printed ; the matter is not divided into of the porter ; or in Hamlet' the moralizing of parts or chapters, so that there is no analytical the prince following close upon the buffoonery of table of contents and no index, while the running the gravediggers. And then, how natural are the titles at the head of each page do not consist of serious passages in the comedies, presenting as they dates, or other useful information, but of the title do the varied texture of human life. But the of the book, thus repeated hundreds of times. In French critic will have none of this ; the draso important a work one ought naturally to expect matic usage of his country keeps the tragic and the better editing. In going through the text, I have comic muses as far apart as possible, the one not met with any statement that leads me to with-occupying an ideal, the other a real world. Hence, draw any opinions that I have expressed in on the French stage every one knows what is 'N. & Q'; on the contrary I have found much to tragedy and what is comedy ; but elsewhere there confirm them.
is nothing but confusion and discord, from the MR. CLARKE has also been so good as to refer attempt to make the two muses keep house me to another work, ‘Molière et Shakespeare,' by together. Paul Stapfer, Professeur à la Faculté des Lettres
Thus a comedy by Shakspere generally consists de Bordeaux, a work that has been crowned by of a number of romantic adventures or of a fairy the French Academy.
tale, in either case with a pair of lovers who soon This book affords an admirable example of the get separated, and when the man regains his adored complacency with which a Frenchman regards one she is disguised in man's clothes, and he does himself
, his country, his language, his literature, not recognize her. This state of things constantly in short everything French, to the disparagement repeated shows what the author can venture upon of everything that is not French. In the present in the region of the improbable and the impossible. case the audacity with which this writer criticizes the chief actors in the piece have no other folly Sbakspere’s comedies is so remarkable that I can than love, and there is nothing ridiculous about it, not refrain from placing a specimen of it before since they are in earnest. Nor are Molière's lovers the readers of N. & Q.?
made ridiculous, but, unlike Shakspere's, they are The following is the key-note of the book : "Nous kept in the background in order to make room for avons l'honneur de compter dans notre littérature such characters as Harpagon, Chrysale, Orgon, le plus grand de tous les poètes comiques.” In the Tartuffe, Argan, and M. Jourdain, with their grand compositions of Molière, everything is true, varied eccentricities and vices, which especially profound, serious, not a single word is useless, not attract and retain the attention of the audience. à single trait is out of place, whereas in Shak- Whereas with Shakspere the interest is conspere's comedies we find spiritual extravagances. centrated on a pair of young lovers ; and in order These comedies seem to occupy some region to prevent them from becoming insipid he makes between poetry and music, and were never in them indulge in a wit combat or play of words, tended for profound study. In them we must which is very rarely to be found in Molière, but not look for any ideal perfection, for the poet abounds in Shakspere. Accompanying these witty never pretended to such. The man whose head lovers is a group of idiots whose inane talk is out was full of tragic ideas sometimes condescended to of all proportion to what is found in real life. write those trifles which are styled comedies. The Their imbecility consists mainly in mistaking one fact is the world has only produced one great word for another, and these gross buffooneries concomic poet, and his name is Molière.
stitute a second source of laughter in the ShakIt must, however, be admitted that Shakspere sperian comedy, has written one play that agrees pretty well with Chance or caprice plays an important part in the French idea of a comedy, and that is 'The these pieces. It is by a happy chance that the Taming of the Shrew'; but it must be added that knot is untied in Much Ado about Nothing,' the plot and action of the piece are all borrowed. thereby giving a comedy ending to a tragical im• The Merry Wives of Windsor' might also be broglio. The principal characters are not fathers regarded as a comedy, only it was bastily and of families, good, bad, or ridiculous, but young and carelessly written, and the Falstaff in it is not the sympathetic lovers ; so that these slight producdroll and witty rogue of Henry IV., but " un tions do not, as with Molière, have for basis the lourd coquin, sans esprit, sans invention, qui se domestic hearth, but the illimitable spaces of the laisse berner par deux femmes."
real or of the ideal world. Even the titles of the Leaving M. Stapfer for a moment, it may be plays are vague, because there is lacking in every remarked that Shakspere knew that the comic one of them a central figure that could give a
Dame to the work. For example, we have ‘A8 Hale, who was, I believe, a class-mate of Lowell's You Like It,''Twelfth Night, or What You Will,' at Harvard, is prefixed to the book, which states * A Midsummer Night's Dream,''Love's Labour's that the following articles, in prose and verse, were Lost.'
contributed by Lowell to the fourth volume of HarSuch are the general features of the Shak-vardiana :sperian comedy. In fact the dramatist has only
Prose, skimmed the surface of comedy. Being for the A Voice from the Tombs (p. 53). most part the productions of his youth, they are
Chapters from the Life of Philomelus Prig (p. 169).
Hints to Reviewers (p. 113). distinguished by an optimism that nothing dis
Hints to Theme Writers (p. 58). concerts ; the bad always become good, the
An Obituary (p. 64). unfortunate fortunate. “Long life to joy, youth, Skillygoliana, Nos. 1 and 4 (pp. 119, 274). and love !” exclaims the happy poet.
The Old Bell (p. 74). enemies be laid low, together with the whole race
Verse, of puritans, Philistines, and pedants.” In short, A Dead Letter (p. 317). his gaiety is that of a child, and, as such, it
Dramatic Sketch (p. 39). amuses itself with trifles. “I beseech your grace,
Extracts from a Hasty Pudding Poom (p. 343).
New Poem of Homer (p. 18). pardon me," says Beatrice, "I was born to speak Saratoga Lake (p. 111). all mirth, and no matter.” Such is the epigraph Scenes from an Unpublisbed Drama (p. 143). that must be inscribed on the comedies of Shak- Skillygoliana, Nos. 2 and 3 (pp. 157, 196). spere.
To Mount Washington (p. 387). The French critic admits that Shakspere can do
Translations from Uhland (p. 352). something in tragedy as well as in poetry, but
Mr. Hale concludes his letter by saying: “I " les qualités qu'on a toujours le plus admirées dans le ought not to speak certainly, but my impression is théâtre tragique de Shakespeare, la profondeur psycho- very strong that Lowell wrote nothing for the logique et morale, la vie des caractères, la puissante earlier volumes of Harvardiana." If this imobjectivité dramatique, la poésie, oui, la poésie, nous les pression is correct, this volume contains, in all retrouvons toutes dans Molière.'
probability, the earliest printed productions of this Bravo, Stapfer !
distinguished writer, and the foregoing list is It would be an insult to the readers of ‘N. & Q.' therefore a valuable contribution towards the to offer any reply to the above astounding bibliography of his works which will doubtless criticisms. When Napoleon was in Italy, and his some day see the light. Mr. Lowell's short essays enemies were proposing terms of peace, they in prose show that at that period of his life he offered first of all to declare the French Republic. felt the influence of his countryman, Washington “Strike that out,” said the conqueror. “ The Irving, very strongly, while it is also clear that he French Republic declares itself.” In like manner was a student of Carlyle and Dickens. In 'SkillyShakspere declares himself; and such blindness as goliana' may be seen sparks of the keen and M. Stapfer exhibits is of the nature of party or vigorous satire that culminated in the 'Biglow sect, which can see no merit in rival party or sect; Papers.' Immature as these efforts are, the volume and it is lamentable that the critic of one nation must always possess interest as containing the canuot see that, however great one of his country's first fruits of a poet, critic, and humourist of whom dramatists may be, the dramatist of another it is difficult to say that America or England is country may also be great, although adopting a the prouder.
W. F. PRIDEAUX. different mode of treatment and inspired by a 9, St. James's Street, S.W. different genius. In short, the greatness of Molière cannot be exalted by any attempt to depreciate of Dec. 14, 1892, printed a paper well worth the
HISTORIC HEARTS.-Under this title the World Shakspere.
attention of such readers of N. & Q.' as interest Higbgate, N.
themselves in historical bric-à-brac. The writer LOWELL'S EARLY WRITINGS.—There has lately appears to have been quickened by the fact that come into my possession a book which is probably the heart of Louis XVII., the Dauphin, had been new to the majority of English readers, and of advertised for sale by auction at the Hôtel Drouot, which it is not likely that many copies exist, even in Paris. This much-tried organ, it is alleged, in America. This is the fourth volume of Har was abstracted from the body of its original owner tardiana, a college magazine, which was published by M. Pelletin, a surgeon, when taking
part in the by Joba Owen, at Cambridge, in 1838. The pre- post mortem examination. Le concealed the booty face to this volume, which is dated July, 1838, is fortwenty years, and then offered it to Louis XVIII., signed by Nathan Hale, jun., Rufus King, George who refused to accept it as a gift. It was preW. Lippitt, James R. Lowell, and Charles W. served for some time in the sacristy of the palace Scates, but it was probably written by Lowell, to of the Archbishop of Paris, and rescued from a whose pen is due a large number of contributions revolutionary mob by M. Pelletin's son, whose in the volume. A letter from Mr. Edward Everett executors are the recent would-be vendors. We