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have yet to learn whether the purchaser bore the great scoffer from the Marquis de Villette, to whose honoured name of Tussaud. The World remarks: family belonged the bouse on the Quai Voltaire in

which the Ferney philosopher died. ' " The destiny of the heart of Louis XVII., assuming

I should like to be told something of the Heart the genuineness of the relic, is far less singular than that which tradition assigns to the heart of his ancestor, Shrine in Leybourne Church, Kent, concerning Louis XIV. It is said that the heart of the Grand which the Rev. L. B. Larking wrote a quarto Monarque was purloined from its resting-place during volume that has not come in my way. the earlier days of the French Revolution, and was pur

St. SWITHIN. chased from the depredators by Lord Harcourt, who happened then to be in Paris. It was brought by him to Rev. WALTER HARTE (D. 1774), MiscelNuneham, where, encased in a silver box, it was kept as

LANEOUS WRITER.—The inscription on a tomba curiosity and occasionally exbibited by him and the successors in his estate to their guests. Once when it stone in the churchyard of Weston, co. Somerset, was being passed round the dinner-table for inspection records that he died at Bath, in January, 1774, at dessert, Dr. Buckland, the more than eccentric Dean aged sixty-seven, thus differencing the statement of Westminster, asked particularly to see it, when, to the appearing in 'Dict. Nat. Biog., vol. xxv. p. 66, astonishment of everybody, he deliberately, put the beart, that he died in March, 1774, cet. sixty-five. which was somewhat bigger than a walnut, into bis

DANIEL HIPWELL. mouth, and ate it. But of all hearts, including that even of Robert Bruce, the posthumous experiences, if

17, Hilldrop Crescent, N. we may so call them, of that of the great Marquis of

THE OLD ASSEMBLY Rooms KENTISH Iontrose’ were the strangest and most varied. His heart was embalmed, and presented by some of his Town.–Old and New London,' part lii. p. 320, admirers, who had possessed themselves of it, to Lady contains a short account of “The Assembly Rooms Napier, the wife of the Marquis's nephew, Lord Napier at Kentish Town (the building was commonly of Merchistoun, to wbom he bad declared his desire that called “The Assembly House during the time it should be given. It was placed in a steel box about I knew it), and mention is made of the ovalthe size of an egg, made out of the blade of Montrose's sword, which was placed in a gold filigree casket, while shaped marble table, which was fixed under an elm that in turn was deposited in a silver urn. This tree in front of the tavern, and which bore relic was lost or stolen while Lady Napier was in Hol- an inscription. What purports to be land previous to the Restoration, and the silver urn was copy of this inscription is given as follows never recovered. But the heart in the steel box and

" Posuit

1725 in Memoriam Sanitatis gold filigree casket was discovered in a curiosity shop at Antwerp or Amsterdam, and being returned to the Restauratæ Robertus Wright, Gent.” Napierg, continued in their possession until it was pre

The table is still in existence, and by the sented by a Lord Napier to one of his daughters, who courtesy of the present possessor, a gentleman had married a Mr. Johnston, who was in the Undian residing in the neighbourhood, and who is a Civil Service, with whom she went to India. At Madura descendant of a proprietor of the old house, I in Madras, the station where they resided, the heart, have recently had an opportunity of seeing it. I box, and casket were again stolen, and were sold as a talisman of enormous efficacy to a native prince, the am thus enabled to furnish a correct copy of the Velli Murdoo, one of the feudatories of the Nabob of inscription which surrounds it : “In Memoriani Arcot. From him they were again recovered by the Sanitatis Restauratæ Robertus Wright Gen' Hoc well-known Sir Alexander Johnston, the son of Mr. Johnston and Miss Napier, and restored by him to them.

marmor Posuit A Dni 1725.In the centre of But in 1792, his father and mother being in France, and the table there have been three letters, now parthe Revolutionary Government having requisitioned all tially obliterated, but which there is little doubt the plate and jewellery in the country, Montrose's heart, were the letters DOM.

C. M. P. in its box and casket, was confided to a person named Knowles, who resided at Boulogne, and who undertook Jewisu HUMOUR.-Referring to this product in to conceal it until it could be transmitted to England. his “Echoes" of January 15, Mr. Sala mentions But before this could be done Knowles died, and what became of Montrose's heart nobody knows unto this surprised by a thunderstorm whilst in the act

some “never-to-be-forgotten Israelite” who was day.”

of eating bam, and who thereupon exclaimed, According to Chancellor Raine of York (' History

“ What a row about a bit of pork !” I am, I and Antiquities of the Parish of Hemingbrough,' confess, not acquainted with this Hebrew. Perhaps p. 206), one of the arms of this hero was lately in he may have been but a Jew outwardly. Young keeping of Miss Reeves, of Burton Salmon.

Mr. Disraeli bought balf a wild boar in Epirus, A country newspaper paragraphs the statement and wrote home that it was not half so good as that Voltaire's heart was in the possession of Mon. the Bradenham bacon. Anyhow, Mr. Sala's Jew seigneur de Dreux-Brézé, Bishop of Moulins, who “lifted” his exclamation. The man who said the died a short time ago in bis eighty-second year :-

real thing was Jacques Vallée, Sieur des BarThe bisbop was the youngest son of the Grand reaux, who was of this earth from 1602 to 1673, Master of Ceremonies in the Court of Louis XVI., the and who has claims to remembrance other than same Marquis de Dreux-Brézé to whom Mirabeau said that the members of the National Assembly held their those of Mr. Sala’s Semitic

humourist, the stealer seats by the will of the people, and not by that of the of his mot. It was Des Barreaux who sbowed king. The Church dignitary inherited the heart of the Marion de l'Orme the way that she should go,

and who accompanied her some distance along the calendar, reply, “There is both ”? The corthat primrose path. It was be who, during his rect phrase is, “ There are both," and when the necessarily brief career as a Conseiller au Parle- words “a St. Christ and a St. Jesus are added ment, put the papers relating to a cace entrusted these nouns are in apposition with the pronoun to him into the fire, and assured his clients that both. "Where there are two nouns," says Dr. he had thus done the best thing possible for all Latham, “each in the singular, and but one verb, concerned. And it was be who presided over a both is a pronoun, and is in apposition with them” little dinner, one Good Friday, at Duryer's cabaret ( Dictionary,' in voc.). A sentence thus conat St. Cloud, when the company insisted that the structed is not elliptical, the influence of both omelette should be au lard. The appearance of being the very reverse of that attributed to it by this uncanonical plat was signalled by a terrific DR. BREWER. In a proposition of which both is clap of thunder. His guests paled, but Des Bar- the subject the copula must be plural; the most reaux put the right complexion on the matter by irrepressible of desires to “individualize” will not the remark, now classic : “ Voilà beaucoup de excuse the violation of so plain a rule of grammar. bruit pour une omelette !” W. F. WALLER.

F. ADAMS. The Rev. B. POPE. – Some thirty years ago to some old friends within easy walking distance

A Past PHILANTHROPIST. Being on a visit the Rev. Benjamin Pope, Vicar of Nether Stowey, of Chipstead Church, Surrey – which is picSomerset, and Minor Capon of Windsor, was on a visit at my house, and told me the following and Merstham - I had a ramble round in the

turesquely situated on a hill between Croydon anecdote. I do not suppose it has ever been published, and if you consider it worthy to be afternoon as far as the sacred edifice, with which ensbrided'in ‘N. & Q.' it is very much at your was thoroughly restored a few years ago, through

I have been acquainted since February, 1854. It service. capodries of Windsor, three candidates competed, it did in my boyhood. In 1817, a vacancy having occurred in the minor the liberality of the local squire, and there

fore presents an altered appearance from what

Besides the numerous of the names of Pope, Abbot, and Dean. Mr. Pope was the one chosen, and when he took his grassy mounds bepeath which “the rude foreplace the next day for the usual service he found fathers of the hamlet sleep," there are several a sheet of paper on his desk, with these lines notable monuments, in the God's acre, of the written on it :-

Fanshawe, Little, Shearmad, and Walpole families.

Near the south porch is that in memory of the A Pope, an Abbot, and a Dean To gain this seat applied ;

second named, and the following pleasing record And each alternate filled the scene

of kindly action in time of distress is well worthy For canons to decide,

of a place in your comprehensive columns :They prayed, they sang, their cbant was heard,

In memory of Sir James Little Knt
And each encouraged hope :

and also Knight of But canons dignity preferred,

The Most Illustrious Spanish Order of Charles III. And cried, "We'll have the Pope !

(Sacred to Virtue and Merit) H. W. Livett, M.D.

possessed of the most amiable disposition

and living in the Welle, Somerset.

unwearied exercise of public and private benevolence

he was justly endeared to all “ BOTH” WITH A SINGULAR VERB. (See 8th S.

who knew him. iii. 35, art. ‘Availed of.')—I will not deny that He obtained the distinguished honor above mentione: DR. BREWER may be able to find precedents of a

from His Majesty the King of Spain sort for this use, but so far as I know he is his own

in testimony of that monarch's bigh sense

of his bumane exertions authority. Let him not, however, ransack the and active kindness towards the inhabitants of the literature of the seventeenth century, the grammar Island of Teneriffe in a season of unparalleled of which is as little authoritative as its spelling.

misery and distress. We have reformed the spelling, and the grammar

He died at Shabden Park is bound to follow in the path of improvement.

in this parish on the 17th of October

1829, in the 68th year of his age. At any rate, the New Testament revisers have

D. HARRISON. wiped out the solecism from “the famous example in Luke v. 10."

“FIVE ASTOUNDING EVENTS." - Upder this No word in the language is more emphatically catching title there appeared in the Daily News, plural than both, and we must, if we use it as January 2, a long advertisement pretending to DR. BREWER has done, write : "There are both predict some marvellous events likely to occur a St. Christ and a St. Jesus.” We might, how during 1893 and 1894. The compiler of this ever, with equal propriety write, “ There is a...... really “ astounding” piece of nonsense conceals and also,” or “besides," or as well as,” &c. his identity, and there is nothing whatever to show Would DR. BREWER, asked if either saint was in for what purpose it can have been written, at

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whose expense it was inserted, or wby. Perhaps that he was born March 1, 1598, and died Feb. 18, some idea of religion may be connected with it. If 1670. His burial in the chancel is recorded in St. so, why was it not stated? Can any one explain Olave's register under date Feb. 27, 1670/1. the motive for this advertisement ? I intend to A small three-quarter-length portrait, by Vanpreserve the cutting, to see how much, or rather dyke, of Sir John Mennes, Lord Admiral, Governor how little, of its prophecy comes true during 1893 of Dover Castle, &c., finds a place in the drawingand 1894, if I live so long.

room of The Grove, near Watford, Herts, the seat WALTER HAMILTON. of the Earl of Clarendon. It represents a man of

middle THE YEOMEN OF THE Guard. (See oth $. ii. scarlet with slashed sleeves, and a breastplate of

age, with long black hair, wearing a coat of 318, art. · Buffetier.')—In my note at the above steel crossed by a sash of a deeper red than the reference I mentioned the yeomen of the guard as table servants at Queen Elizabeth's court. Since

coat; the right band, which is across the body, the publication of my note, the diary of the Duke being covered with a long leather gauntlet.

DANIEL HIPWELL. of Stettin-Pomerania, during his travels in England

17, Hilldrop Crescent, N. in the autumn of 1602, has been printed, with an English translation, in the Royal Historical Society's “HARIOLE” (VERB).—This word, a coinage Transactions, New Series, vol. vi. On Sept. 26, from the Latin hariolor, to divine, by the late be interviewed the queen at Oatlands, and in the Bishop of St. Andrews, ought to be noted in record of this day (p. 52) there is one passage which 'N. & Q.' It occurs as á rhyme to "carriole” in touches my subject:

some verses upon that conveyance written by Dr. Auf dem Garten gingen wir in die præsent Kammer, Wordsworth during a tour in Norway, and quoted sahen die vornehmsten Herren und die wohlgeputzte in the Daily News of Dec. 7, 1892. C. C. B. Frauenzimmer, meistentheils mit Silberzeug gekleidet, auch die Ceremonien welche bei der Tafel ge[p]flogen werden, darauf die Essen von den Trabanten, so schöne ENGLAND. In addition to the particulars of him

SiR RICHARD LEVESON, VICE- ADMIRAL OF grosse Kerdel sein, gesetzt.”

given in the ‘Dict. of Nat. Biog.,'it may be stated Thus translated :

that he was M.P. for Shropshire in the Parliament “From the garden we went to the presentation of 1588–89, and again in 1604, until his decease in chamber, saw the most elegant gentlemen and welldressed ladies; most of them in silver cloth; also the


W. D. PINK. ceremonies at table, and the dishes brought in by the halberdiers, who are fine big fellows."


F. ADAMS. “A Windmill on the Bank of the River Thames, very near 105, Albany Road, Camberwell, S.E.

London, will be Lett, it is fitted to grind Wood for Dyers;

there are Engines ready to be plac'd in it for Rasping, "THREE STIRS AND A WALLOP FOR A BAWBEE.

» Shaving and Stripping Wood; and also Roles and Engines

to cut Tobacco, in a Story apart from the rest, and a “ Eighty years ago in Edinburgh, it was the custom Mill to Grind Snuff or other things: The Person who for a man to walk through the town every day at noon Lets it will fit it to perform any Work proper to be done bearing a large shin-bone of beef. His cry was, ' Three by the strength of a Windful, if he that takes it desire it, stirs and a wallop for a bawbee.' All the housewives and give Direction; adjoining to the Mill is a Dwelling had their vetegables stewing for the family soup, and House, Warse, Crane, Granary and Store-Houses, to be gladly paid their bawbees for the privilege of three stirs Lett therewith : Inquire of Mr. Bunn, Colour-seller at with the bone, which was supposed to flavour the stew," the Cross in Newgatestreet, near Warwick-Lane."-Birmingham Daily Post, Nov, 26, 1892.

Post Boy, No. 625, April 8-11, 1699. It is not too late in the day to verify this state

H. H. S. ment, if it be not an invention.


work, entitled 'Edward I. of England in the Burslem. [See Mr. Tuer's Old London Cries,' cheap edition ; and Scientific Association of Elgin (8v0., Elgin,

North of Scotland,' by a member of the Literary •N. & Q.;'“ Twa dips and a wallop.”]

1858), occurs a list of the supporters of Robert Sir John MENNES, KNT. (1598-1671), Admiral Bruce, afterwards King of Scotland, in the year AND POET.--In the New View of London,' 1708,

1306. Dr. Taylor, the author, says :vol. ii. p. 444, appears a notice of a “ black and north there were, besides the Earl of Athole and the

“ Among the principal supporters of Bruce in the white marble Monument of the Corinthian Order"

Bishop of Moray, the following persons, viz., Alan de in St. Olave's Church, Hart Street, London, on Moravia de Culbin, Sir William de Fentoun of Beauford; the “South side of the Altar, fronting Westward,” William de Dolays of Cantray; John de la Hayo ; Walter with a transcript of the Latin inscription in Herock, dean, and William Cresswell, chanter of Moray; golden Characters,” commemorating Sir John Alexander

Pilche, burgess of Inverness; William do Mennes, Knt., of Sandwich, co. Kent, son of Culbin; Hamelyn de Troup and Andrew Slegh; Andrew

Moravia of Sandford, a cousin of Alan de Moravia of Andrew Mennes, arm., by Jane, daughter of John Byssop and Adam Chapen of Aberdeen ; Lawrence de Blechenden, arm., and furnishing the information Strathbogie; John Forbes; Hugh Lovel; Aleyn de

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Durward of Fichelie [Fechley, in Towie]; and Mons. “ WHITECHAPEL NEEDLES."—What were these, Thomas de Monymusk.”—Op. cit., p. 284.

which "witches” used ?

D. Curiously enough, though Dr. Taylor's pages are crowded with careful references to authorities, not

John PALMER.-I shall be much obliged if any a single reference is given in support of the accu- reader can give me information as to Mr. John racy of this interesting list. Can any reader of Palmer, the inventor of the stage coach. I should • N. & Q.’ supply the deficiency? It is possible like to know whom he married, if he had any that the names may have been obtained from the brothers or sisters, or children, and whom they • Ragman Roll,' to no copy of which am I in a married. I have always understood that he was position to refer.

A. CALDER, uncle to my great-grandfather, but could never

ascertain the connexion. CHARLES DRURY. DOUGLAS JERROLD'S LETTERS. -I shall feel extremely grateful to any readers of 'N. & Q.'

THE CENTURION.-Will some readers of N. &Q.' who may possess letters of Douglas Jerrold if refer me to a trustwortby engraving, or give me a they would lend them to me for the Life and detailed description of the costume and accoutreLetters' which I am preparing for publication. ments of the Roman centurion in the first century, Any such letters shall be returned immediately and particularly the vitis ? I have copied them. WALTER JERROLD.

WALTER J. ANDREW. 21, Great College Street, Westminster.



-Can any of your readers inform me wby mem

bers keep on their hats in the House of Commons ? We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest Loafir their Why at certain times do they raise them, and at names and addresses to their queries, in order that the others take them off altogether? answers may be addressed to them direct.


[The better opinion is that formerly members sitting CROYDON.—As the name of a colour or com

in a draughty House invariably sat covered. Members plexion there are several instances of croydon- custom is gradually dying out now

that the House is

uncovered only when rising or when named. The sanguine about 1600. Thus, in R. Edwards's warmed. Mr. Disraeli was the first member of dis. • Damon and Pythias,' in Hazlitt's ‘Dodsley,' iv. 80, tinction who never wore a hat in the House.] a speaker says to Grim, the collier of Croydon, “ By’r Lady, you are of a good complexion, a right

CARACCIOLI'S CHAPEL. -Walpole, speaking of Croyden sanguine.” Harington, Metam. Ajax,' the witty and notorious Lady Townshend, writes : sigo. L 7 (as cited by Nares), bas, “Both of a com- 'On Sunday, George Selwyn was strolling home to plexion inclining to the Oriental colour of a dinner. He saw my Lady Townshend's coach stop, at croydon-sanguine.” Nicholas Breton, ‘A Post Caraccioli's chapel. He watched it, saw her go in; her with a Packet,' &c. (ed. 1609), bas, “ As for an ill to the altar, a woman brought her a cushion; she knelt,

footman laughed; be (Selwyn) followed. She went up favoured face go to Parish Garden to your good crossed herself, and prayed. He stole up, and knelt by brother; indeed your Croidon sanguine is a most her. Conceive her face, if you can, when she turned fine complexion; but for your Tobacco, it is a and found him close to her. In his demure voice he good purge for your Rheum.” From the first of said, Pray, madam, how long has your ladyship left these passages it has been suggested that the term no answer. Next day he went to her, and she turned it

the pale of our church?' She looked furies, and made is derived from Croydon, in Surrey; but apparently off upon curiosity.” it is there associated with this place only by a humorous word-play. Can any suggestion as to cioli's ” ? I am inclined to think it may have been

What chapel was this; and why called “ Caracthe origin be made ?

the late “Sardinian Chapel,” Lincoln's Ion Fields, While dealing with croydon, I wish also to ask still existing, but now, it is said, about to be taken for information about a “high Irish car,” called a down to make way for a new street; but, with my croydon. In December, 1880, the word figured books not yet unpacked here, I cannot verify my prominently in a case in which an Irish farmer,



of my 'N. & Q.' friends do so for riding home in a croydon, was assassinated. I find

John W. Bone, F.S.A. it also in Mrs. B. M. Croker's 'Two Masters,'

Birkdale, Southport. chap. xxii. “Well !' exclaimed Mona, as I clambered into the croydon beside her"; and I have HERALDIC.--I shall be greatly indebted to any other examples. What is the nature and history one who can throw light upon the ownership of of this vehicle ; and whence the name ?

some arms on an old silver coffee-pot. The arms

J. A. H. MURRAY. are much worn, and my ignorance of heraldry [See 7th 8. ii. 446; iii. 96, 171, 395, 416, 523, where makes description difficult ; but I shall be pleased most of the above illustrations, with some others, are to send a rubbing to any one who can help to advanced. I

decipher them. Crest, possibly a talbot without

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collar. Arms impaled. Dexter, three leopards' (?) form some idea when the expression " Member of faces, two above and one below the chevron, Parliament" first came into use. I know not at azure. On the sinister side there is a bird above present whether it is to be met with in the literaa horizontal bar. Below are three tongues of flame. ture of Stuart times; and if it be of later origin, There is no motto. The history of the coffee-pot, it would be interesting to know some of the earliest so far as I know it, suggests the names of Langley, examples of its occurrence. JAMES GAIRDNER. Davenport, Hall, and Carsan. H. HALL. 23, Cedars Road, Beckenham,

ROBERT DE KELDELETH.-In the article in the

'Dictionary of National Biography' on this some"GOODENING.”—I am unable to find this word what noted ecclesiastic, it is stated that “he bore in Webster, or in any dictionary which I have a local Fifeshire name, which is said to be now consulted. It is perhaps a variant of “good-doing"; represented by Kinlocb." I should be greatly but the following extract from the Herts and Essex indebted if the writer would kindly inform Observer of Dec. 31, 1892, will explain its meaning: me on what information this statement is based.

Braughing. -- Goodening.– The widows as usual Despite the authority of the editor of the 'Regisobserved their old custom on St. Thomas's Day, and went trum de Dunfermlyn' (see his preface, pp. xi, round the village 'a-goodening.' They met with con. xii), I am inclined to think it was a local Lothian siderable success, and a good sum was divided among the

It is an undoubted fact that this parish widows of the parish, who now number thirty-one. The party were headed by an old lady of eighty-six, was known in early times as Keldeleth, and still in the enjoyment of good health.”

to this day the southern portion of it bears

THOMAS BIRD. the name Kinleith, evidently a modernized Romford.

form of the word. To give but one instance, [See reply on•StThomas's Day Custom' in present in the 'Inquisitiones,' under date July 25, 1609, number, p. 94.]

James Foullis of Colinton is served heir to his

father HERALDIC. - What family bears or bore the

terris ecclesiasticis ac gleba ecclesiæ following coat ?—A chevron between three thistle parochialis de Curry, alias Kildleitbe.” In the heads. This coat is impaled (sinister) with Theed, taxation roll of the diaconate of Linlithgow, in

text of the Registrum,' too, is incorporated & of Backs, on an old seal owned by a member of the which roll the "ecclesia de Keldeleth" appears family. The metals and tinctures are not indicated along with those of Gogar, Halys (Colinton), and on the seal. Please reply direct.

Ratheu (Ratho), all of them adjoining parishes to HARRY GBEENSTED. Tunstall, Sittingbourne.

Currie. This taxation roll, or something closely

akin to it (for I have not compared them), will also LAMB'S RESIDENCE IN Dalston.—Can any of be found in the ‘Priory of Coldingham' (Surtees your correspondents tell me exactly in which part Society). I shall be grateful to any one who can of Dalston Charles Lamb lived during his short throw further light on the matter ; and as it is not sojourn there? I have traced most of his other one of very general interest, I append my address. wanderings, and should like to ascertain this.


Currie, N.B. Belle Vue, Bengeo.

OssingTON OR OSENTON.-Can any one say if Damask Rose.—Is there any authority for the he has met with this surname in either of the constantly repeated statement that the damask above forms in any part of England, Kent and

London excepted ? rose was a native of Damascus, and brought therefrom? It is likely enough, but hard to prove.


Eden Bridge. The only piece of early information that I can find is in Hakluyt. He says (in a memorandum of his “WILLIAM OF TYRE.” - Is there Do handy own) that it was introduced into England at the separate edition of “ William of Tyre” in the Latin beginning of the sixteenth century by Dr. Linaker, original ? Students of bis . Historia Belli Sacri' Henry VII.'s physician, who, however, certainly have actually no choice, but either to recur to the did not go to Damascus for it, his travels having bulky folio of the • Recueil des Historiens des apparently not been extended beyond Italy. Croisades,' published by the “ Académie des InAnother interpretation of the name is at least scriptions" (1844), or to use Migne's 'Patrologie possible. See Shakespeare, Sonnet cxxx. :- Latine,' where it is reprinted in tome 201, upon I bave seen roses damask'd red and white,

“ double-column pages," as a mere appendix to where “damasked ” means of various colour,"

,, Arnulfi Opera Omnia.' Truly the great conas in embroidered or figured damask silk.

temporary historian of the first century of the C. B. MOUNT.

Crusades is no unworthy object to be rendered

more accessible to the student by a separate critical “ MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT.”—I should be glad edition of the original text.

H. KREBS. if any of your correspondents could assist me to Oxford.

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