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To further particularize the increases shown by this comparison table, would be merely repeating the figures shown on the table. The fact of importance brought out by the comparison is that the list of food articles considered is in its entirety, 40.96 per cent. more costly in 1910 than it was twelve years ago, while the average wages of factory and workshop employees—skilled and unskilled included, have advanced during the same period only 22.2 per cent.; the increase of wages of these operatives, approximately 310,000 in number, has, therefore, fallen 18.7 per cent. short of keeping pace with the growing cost of food supplies. It is of course a matter of common knowledge that house rent, and practically everything in the nature of family and individual requirements have experienced an advance at least equal to the ratio shown for food.

The building trades workmen alone among wage workers have succeeded in keeping their earnings nearly abreast of the rising tide of prices, as will be seen by the figures below.

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The wages for 1908, quoted above, are union rates, and the latest for which official figures are available; if any change has been made since then it is in the direction of increase rather than decrease. Five of the trades named have secured advances in wages ranging from 45.3 per cent. for “plumbers' helpers,” to 60.0 per cent for both “slate roofers” and “metal cornice workers." The upward advance of wages in these occupations has outstripped that of food supplies, but the others, although in the enjoyment of, in almost every instance, an equal daily wage at the present time, have received lower proportionate advances.

In 1896, few, if any, of the workmen in the building trades worked less than fifty-four hours per week, while at the present time none of them work more than forty-four hours, and probably the working time of a majority of the men employed in these trades is not more than forty-four hours per week.

TABLE No, 1.

The Cost of Living in New Jersey-Total Cost of the Entire List of

Articles in the Various Cities and Towns of the State.

Total Cost

of Entire Bill.

County. Hunterdon. Hunterdon. Monmouth. Morris. Morris. Middlesex. Hudson. Monmouth. Warren. Sussex. Hudson. Gloucester. Monmouth. Warren. Sussex. Cumberland. Gloucester. Union.. Camden. Monmouth. Ocean. Morris. Warren. Hunterdon. Monmouth. Warren. Hunterdon. Ocean. Hunterdon. Warren. Middlesex. Monmouth. Warren. Sussex. Hudson. Passaic. Burlington. Morris. Burlington. Morris. Warren. Atlantic. Morris. Essex. Warren. Bergen. Salem. Essex. Somerset. Atlantic. Cap May..

City or Town.
.Califon....
.Glen Gardner.
Marlboro.
Middle Valley.
Flanders...
.Cheesequake.
Harrison.
Allentown.
.Phillipsburg.
. Stillwater..
.Jersey City.
..Clayton..

Matawan.
Marksboro.
.Swartswood..
.Bridgeton.
Woodbury.
. Elizabeth.
Camden..
. Allenwood..
. Colliers Mills.
.German Valley.
Allamuchy..
.Flemington.
. Asbury Park.

Oxford....
.New Germantown.
Manahawkin....
.High Bridge.
.Belvidere.
Cranbury.
.Freehold.
.Port Colden..
Monroe..
Hoboken.
.Passaic.
.Burlington...
Boonton...
Mount Holly.
.Dover.
Washington..
Mays Landing..
Drakestown..
Newark..
Beattystown.
Garfield.
.Salem.
.Orange.
.Somerville..
Hammonton.
. Cape May..

$10,745 11.065 11,287 11,713 11,814 12,050 12,080 12,134 12,215 12,261 12,272 12,335 12,385 12,445 12,483 12,550 12,585 12,603 12,620 12,631 12,710 12,712 12,724 12,741 12,743 12,778 12,831 12,840 12,847 12,860 12,924 12,926 12,929 12,980 13,084 13,085 13,160 13,160 13,215 13,227 13,262 13, 317 13,332 13,400 13,411 13,458 13,509 13,538 13,601 13, 646 13,680

TABLE No. 1.- (Continued).

Essex.. Sussex. Burlington. Cumberland. Mercer. Warren. Warren. Ocean. Passaic. Morris. Burlington. Bergen. Mercer. Bergen. Essex. Middlesex.. Middlesex.. Essex.

Belleville. Newton.. .Bordentown. Millville. Trenton. .Blairstown.. Hackettstown. Lakehurst. Paterson. Chester... Moorestown.. Hackensack.. .Princeton.. Rutherford.. Montclair. .New Brunswick. .Metuchen.. .South Orange.

$13, 717 13,753 13,790 13,795 13,856 13,857 13,875 13,899 13,909 13,945 14,027 14,039 14,101 14,487 14,684 15,141 15, 292 15,810 TABLE No. 2.

Total average for the entire State, $13.143.

Prices,

Cost of Living in New Jersey-Comparison of Average Retail

per Article, Month of June, for 1909 and 1910.

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$7,777 +
6.985
.919
.816
.088
048

.016 .008 .073 .075 .021 .002 .003 .003 .001 .002 .003

1+++++++++++: 1+1++1+11++

Flour, wheat, first quality.
Flour, wheat, second quality.
Flour, wheat, first quality.
Flour, wheat, second quality.
Flour, prepared.
Oatmeal, loose..
Oatmeal, package.
Sugar, granulated.
Molasses, N. 0.
Syrup.
Bread, large.
Bread, small.
Butter, first quality.
Butter, second quality.
Lard.
Eggs.
Cheese, best.
Cheese, medium.
Coffee, Rio..
Coffee, Java..
Coffee, Maracaibo..
Tea, black, first quality.
Tea, green, first quality.
Tea, mixed, first quality.
Potatoes, old..
Potatoes, new.
Beef, roast, rib.
Beef, roast, chuck.
Beef, steak, sirlo in.
Beef, steak, round
Beef, corned, round.
Beef, corned, brisket.
Beef, smoked..
Pork, fresh.
Pork, salt.
Bacon..
Ham.
Shoulder.
Mutton, leg.
Mutton, breast.
Mackerel, salt, No. 1.
Mackerel, salt, No. 2.
Tomatoes..
Corn.
Succotash.
Rice.
Prunes, first quality.
Prunes, second quality.
Raisins, seeded.
Vinegar
Soap, common.
Kerosene oil.

Barrel. Barrel. Bag (25 pounds). Bag (25 pounds). Pound. Pound. Pound (2 pounds). Pound. Gallon. Gallon. Loaf. Loaf. Pound. Pound. Pound. Dozen.. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Bushel. Bushel. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Can. Can. Can. Pound. Pound. Pound. Pound. Gallon. Cake. Gallon.

.059
.589
476
088
.049

349
.325
.174

273
. 206
.167
.184
241
.317
.616
.616
.585
.659
1.070
.195
.155
.239

204
.169
.112
.301
. 202

178
.251
.219

161
.205
.132
.169
. 130
.093
.114

115
.086

114 .083 . 105 .225 .049 115

1++1:+11+11+++++++++++++++

.021 .045 .030 .004 .016 .016 .001 .005 .002 .012 .018 .005 .457 .589 .014 .013 .015 .016 .012 .010 .004 .040 .037 .064 .057 .043 .022 .018 .001 004 .005

004 .001 .004 .001

.001 .002 .002 .007

Totals..

. 108

$7.761
6.977
.992
.891
.067
.050
. 105
056
.590
.474
.091
.049
.328
.280
.144
.269
.190
.151
.183
236
.315
.604
.598
.590
1.116
1.659
.181

142
.224
.188

157 .102 .297 .162 .141 .187 .162

118 .183

114 . 168

134 .098 110 116 090

113 .083 .106

223 047 122

$13.796

$13.143

$0.653

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