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TABLE No. 3
The purpose of this table is to show in the most concrete form possible, the general trend of working time and wages during the twelve months covered by the Industrial Chronology.
Only 54 establishments report changes in either of the above respects, and ten of these were reductions, all in working time only; in four instances the week's work was reduced from six to three days; in three establishments the reduction was from six to five days; in two others night work was discontinued and a return made to the ordinary standard of a day's work; and in one the regular working time was reduced from twelve to ten hours per day.
There are 44 increases recorded on the table, 16 of which have reference to wages, and 28 to working time. in wage increases secured, is, on a percentage basis, from 5 to 20 per cent; two establishments report increases of 15 cents and 25 cents per day respectively in their wage rates.
The increases of working time are with a few exceptions, a return to full time after having been on short hours in many instances since the panic of 1907-08. Several establishments report the employment of a separate force for night work, and others, for part of the night only. Although resumption of work after having been shut down for a more or less extended period are not strictly speaking, cases of “increase in working time, there are still several instances of that character which will be noticed on the table. These establishments, like those that were compelled to resort to half-time, succumbed to the pressure of the money panic, and did not reopen until the date given on the table.
TABLE No. 3. Increase or Decrease in Wages and Working Hours, from October 1, 1909, to September 30, 1910.
Empire Steel and Iron Co. Mining iron ore. .
High explosives. J. A. Roebling's Sons & Co. Wire screens
Ten (10%) per cent. increase in wages.
TABLE No. 3.-Continued. Increase or Decrease in Wages and Working Hours, from October 1, 1909, to September 30, 1910.
Central R. R. of N. J.
Station employes. Elizabeth
W. of Jersey City
Structural ironwork. Newark.
Rubber novelties. New Brunswick.
Railroad equipment.. Garwood.
Cotton yarns & hosiery. Gloucester.
Rubber goods. . Stockton.
To ten hours per day. Had been working twelve.
TABLE No. 4.
This table shows for the year the number of new manufacturing establishments started, and the number of old plants that were, to a greater or less extent, enlarged during the year. The names of firms concerned, character of the industry carried on, cost of the improvement or new construction, and location of the works, are given in each instance.
The total amount invested in factory construction and improvements during the twelve months, is $5,495,755, of which $3,230,000 was for entirely new plants, and $2,265,755 for enlarging the capacity of those already in existence.
The industries showing the largest number of new plants are "sheet metal goods," “brass goods-castings and sheet,” “leather," "machinery,” “car building,” “fur hats,” and “printing.'
Thirty-three other distinct industries are represented in the year's record of factory construction by one new plant each.
The number of new plants erected in various cities and towns, with the total cost of construction and equipment, is as follows:
The above table shows Newark away in the lead of all other municipalities, with a total of thirty-three new factory buildings at an aggregate cost of $1,290,450. Next in importance is Jersey City, with fifteen new plants representing an investment of $773,500.
Practically all the industrial expansion of the year represented by new factory buildings, is found in the middle counties of the State. With the exception of Trenton and Camden, but little industrial progress is shown in cities and towns of the southern counties, and none at all in the extreme northern counties.
The outlay for manufacturing expansion—new buildings and improvements to old ones, shown by months as follows:
$606,000.00 399,053.00 604,400.00 415,963.00 326,750.00 850,327.00 434,703.00 179,160.00 561,750.00 165,300.00 185,300.00 767,049.00