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CHARITIES.

THE

The SHIPWRECKED Fishermen and CLERGY ORPHAN CORPORATION. ROYAL HOSPITAL FOR DISEASES

MARINERS'

Royal Benevolent SOCIETY

Over €41,000 persons relieved since its institution in 1839. The Shipwrecked are instantly cared for on the spot and sent home. The Widow and Orphan are immediately sought out and succoured. The Mariner and Fisherman, under Provident Section, are directly encouraged in self-help.

Patron-HIS MAJESTY The King. President-The Right Hon. The EARL CADOGAN, K.G. Chairman-Admiral W. F.S MANN. FUNDS URGENTLY NEEDED. Secretary-GERALD E. MAUDE, Esq.

26, Suffolk Street, Pall Mall East, London, S.W.

OUR SAILORS.

The Royal Alfred Aged Merchant Seamen's Institution

APPEALS FOB your kind help to maintain its many Inmates and Out-Pensioners, and to relieve the HUNDREDS OF POOR AND AGED APPLICANTS.

Patron: HIS MAJESTY THE KING. Bankers-Williams, Deacon's Bank Limited, Birchin Lane, E.O. Secretary-J. Bailey Walker. Office-58, FENCHURCH STREET, E.O.

CENTRAL LONDON OPHTHALMIC

HOSPITAL,

GRAY'S INN ROAD, W.C.

Founded 1848

Patroness:

H.R.H. The Princess Frederica of Hanover. FUNDS URGENTLY NEEDED. This Hospital is ENTIRELY UNENDOWED and dependent for its support on Voluntary Contributions.

Annual Subscriptions, Donations, and Bequests will be thankfully received. Bankers: LONDON COUNTY & WESTMINSTER BANK Ltd., 214, High Holborn, W.C.

H. R. S. DRUCE, Secretary.

For the FREE EDUCATION of Orphan (Fatherless) Children of Clergymen of the Church of England, at St. Edmund's School, Canterbury; St. Margaret's School, Bushey and Gwestfa, Manordilo, S. Wales.

240 Boys and Girls are now in the Schools. VOTING SYSTEM ABOLISHED.

EVERY QUALIFIED CANDIDATE ADMITTED. £10,000 a year required from voluntary sources. Bankers-Messrs. DRUMMOND, 49, Charing-cross, S.W. Secretary-REV. WM. CHAS. CLUFF,

85, Parliament-street, Westminster, S.W.

EVELINA HOSPITAL

FOR

SICK CHILDREN. SOUTHWARK, LONDON, 8.E.

Only large CHILDREN'S Hospital in South London, situated in its poorest district. Entirely Supported by VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS.

Funds Greatly Needed. £1000 NAMES A COT IN PERPETUITY.

PRESIDENT: VISCOUNT DUNCANNON.
TREASURER: GERALD D. SMITH, Esq.
CHAIRMAN: D. MALCOLM SCOTT, Esq.
H. O. 8. SMITH, Secretary.

OF THE CHEST,

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METROPOLITAN HOSPITAL,

KINGSLAND ROAD, N.E.
PATRON H.M. THE KING.

Chairman-The Rt. Hon. LORD HOWARD de Walden.
Treasurers-LEOPOLD DE ROTHSCHILD, Esq., C.V.O.;
The Hon. C. T. MILLS, M.P.

Chairman of Committee-C. J. THOMAS, Esq., C.C. This Hospital is situated in the centre of the poorest district of North-East London and ministers to a popula tion of nearly half-a-million. More than 100 In and 46,000 Out-patients are treated annually, the attendances or the latter amounting to upwards of 156,000. The necessary expenditure is about £15,000 a year, but the income from Invested property is under £600. Over 214,400 has, every year, to be collected from the charitable public. Bankers-Glyn, Mills, and Co.; Lloyds Bank Limited. J. C. BUCHANAN, Secretary & House Governor.

ROYAL BLIND PENSION SOCIETY. FRIENDLESS AND FALLEN.

Patron: HIS MAJESTY THE KING.

President: HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF GRAFTON, K.G.

This Charity seeks to supplement the sparse earnings of the Industrial Blind and save from destitution those who have lost their sight in mature years by granting them Pensions at their Homes.

£9000 ANNUALLY REQUIRED TO MEET EXISTING PENSIONS.

SUBSCRIPTIONS AND LEGACIES ARE EARNESTLY SOLICITED.

JOHN C. BUMSTED, Esq., Treasurer. 237, Southwark Bridge Road, London.

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London Female Preventive and Reformatory Institution.
Office: 200, EUSTON ROAD, LONDON, N.W.
Bequests are chiefly devoted to Permanent Extensions of Work.
SIX HOMES and an
OPEN-ALL-NIGHT REFUGE

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FOR 190 INMATES

ARE DEPENDENT UPON VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS.
£15 is required daily (£105 weekly) for maintenance.
The benefits are free, irrespective of creed, class, or country.
Nearly 43,000 Young Women and Girls have been assisted.
Bankers-LONDON COUNTY AND WESTMINSTER BANK, 2, Hampstead Road, N.W.
W. J. TAYLOR, Secretary, 200, Euston Road, N.W.

QUEEN CHARLOTTE'S LYING-IN
HOSPITAL,

MARYLEBONE ROAD, LONDON N.W.
Patrons-

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN HER MAJESTY QUEEN ALEXANDRA, 1843 In-Patients and 2296 Out-Patients during 1911.

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Reliable Income New Annual Subscriptions, Donations, and Legacies Greatly Needed.

ARTHUR WATTS, Secretary.

NATIONAL HOSPITAL FOR THE PARALYSED AND EPILEPTIC.

(ALBANY MEMORIAL). Incorporated by Royal Charter. Queen Square, Bloomsbury. PATRON: H.M. THE KING.

The oldest and largest Hospital in the world for the treatment of diseases of the Nervous System. The Charity is forced to rely to some extent upon Legacies for maintenance.

Contributions will be most thankfully received by Bankers: COUTTS & Co.. Strand.

Secretary, GODFREY H. HAMILTON.

GENERAL BOOTH

EARNESTLY ASKS FOR HELP-DONATIONS, SUBSCRIPTIONS, AND LEGACIES-FOR THE GREAT WORK OF THE SALVATION ARMY. 1384 Centres of Religious Work, and 180 Branches of Social Work are established in the United Kingdom alone.

Some 8000 Poor are Housed Nightly, and Thousands found Work Daily. At Home and Abroad 10,065 Centres of work are in operation.

Help is urgently needed for Men's Homes, Women's Homes, Girls' Homes, Boys' Homes, Slum Settlements, Nursing Brigades, Maternity Hospitals, Land Coloni-s, Inebriate Homes, Aged People's Homes, Emigration Bureaux, Industrial Homes, Relief of Distress, Evangelistic and Missionary Work, &c, &c.

£150,000 NEEDED ANNUALLY FOR
THE ARMY CENTRAL FUNDS ALONE.
Balance-sheets sent upon application. Auditors,
Messrs. Knox, Uropper, & Co., 16, Finsbury Circus,
E.C.
Please cross cheques "Bank of England, Law
Courts Branch," and address to
GENERAL BOOTH,

101, Çueen Victoria Street, London, E.C.

Solicitors, Trustees, Executors, and others, having Money for Distribution amongst deserving Charities, will, it is hoped, find the List which

appears on this Inset useful.

All application, respecting.advertising on this Inset should be addressed: Messrs. HOOPER & BATTY Advertising Contractors 15, Walbrook, London EC

See also other Appeals on the Following Page.

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SPURGEON'S ORPHANAGE.

OLAPHAM ROAD, LONDON, 8.W.
Seaside Home Branch: CLIFTONVILLE, MARGATE.
President, THOMAS SPURGEON.
Vice-President, CHARLES SPURGEON.
Treasurer, WILLIAM HIGGS.

A HOME and SCHOOL for 500 FATHERLESS
OHILDREN, and a Memorial of the Beloved Founder,
O. H. Spurgeon. No votes required. The most needy
and deserving cases are selected by the Committee of
Management.

Contributions should be sent to the Secretary, F. G. LADDS, Spurgeon's Orphanage, Clapham-road, London, 8.W.

NOTICE TO INTENDING BENEFACTORS.-Our last Annual Report,containing a Legal Form of Bequest, will be gladly sent on application to the Secretary.

CHARING CROSS HOSPITAL.

AGAR STREET, STRAND, W.C.

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DR. BARNARDO'S

HOMES:

NATIONAL INCORPORATED ASSOCIATION.

Patrons :

HIS MAJESTY THE KING.

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN.
HER MAJESTY QUEEN ALEXANDRA.
President: The Duke of Somerset.

76,804 Children have
passed through the
Rescue Doors.

9,000 Boys and Girls always in
Residence.

24,248 EMIGRATED: 98% successful.

CHARTER:-
"No Destitute Child ever refused Admission."

NO WAITING LIST.

No Votes. No Red Tape.
Forlorn Little Ones are Rescued
Daily from all over the Kingdom.

FORM OF BEQUEST.

I give unto DR. BARNARDO'S HOMES: NATIONAL
INCORPORATED ASSOCIATION, the Registered
Office of which is 18 to 26, Stepney Causeway,
London, E., the sum of

pounds sterling, free of Duty, to be paid within
six calendar months after my decease. And

I direct that the receipt of the Treasurer or
Director for the time being of the said 4880-
ciation shall be a sufficient discharge for the
Legacy, which is to be applied to the general
purposes of the said Association.
NOTE.-By the Mortmain and Charitable
Uses Act, 1891, Property of all kinds,
including Land of any Tenure, and also
including Money Lent on Mortgage and
the Securities therefor, may now lawfully
be given to Charitable Institutions by
Will. The above form can be readily
adapted to Gifts of Land or other
property.

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THE BRITISH HOME

AND HOSPITAL

FOR INCURABLES

CROWN LANE, STREATHAM, S.W.

Of which H.M. QUEEN ALEXANDRA is Patroness,

Requires £50 Daily

for the effective maintenance of its beneficent work. This National charity provides a home, or the means to secure the comforts of a home, for life, for afflicted sufferers of THE MIDDLE CLASSES.

Legacies Earnestly Solicited.

OFFICES

EDGAR PENMAN, Secretary. 72, CHEAPSIDE, LONDON, E.C.

BRITISH ORPHAN ASYLUM,
SLOUGH.

PATRONS: H.M. THE KING.

H.M. THE QUEEN.

H.M. QUEEN ALEXANDRA.
PRESIDENT: H.R.H. THE DUKE OF CONNAUGHT, K.G.
Instituted 1827 for the Maintenance and Education of
FATHERLESS CHILDREN from all parts of the
British Empire, whose parents were once in prosperous
circumstances. Boys and girls are admitted by Elec-
tion, Presentation, and Purchase, between the ages of
7 and 12, and are retained until 15.
The Committee EARNESTLY APPEAL for increased
support.

Offices-27, CLEMENT'S LANE, LONDON, E.C.
CHARLES T. HOSKINS, Secretary.
Bankers-Messrs. Williams, Deacon's Bank, Ltd.,
20, Birchin Lane, London, E.C.

NATIONAL CHILDREN'S HOME
AND ORPHANAGE.

Chief Office: BONNER ROAD, LONDON, N.E.
More than 2000 Children-Waifs and Strays, Orphans,
Cripples, Consumptives-cared for in 14 Branches.
NEED NOT CREED DECIDES A
CHILD'S ADMISSION.

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SURGICAL AID SOCIETY.

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Over 500 Patients are Relieved every week. £26.500 CONTRIBUTIONS EARNESTLY SOLICITED.

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£7000 8000 000

£15,000

HOWARD J. COLLINS, House Governor.

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Annual Subscription of 10s. 6d. (Entitles to Two
Recommendations
Life Subscription of £5 58.
per Annum.
Bankers
Messrs. BARCLAY & Co. Ltd., 19, Fleet Street.
BIOHARD O. TRESIDDER, Secretary.

Solicitors, Trustees, Executors, and others, having Money for Distribution amongst deserving Charities, will, it is hoped, find the List which appears on this Inset useful.

All Applications respecting Advertising on this Inset should be addressed: Messrs. HOOPER & BATTY, Advertising Contractors, 15, Walbrook, London, EC.

See also other Appeals on the Preceding Page.

legal systems of the present day; and in the course of the lectures the leading ideas and terms of legal systems in general will be explained and analysed. The following topics will be discussed in Michaelmas Term: (1) The main epochs of Roman legal history-Modern importance of Roman law; (2) Gaius and Justinian-The Institutes, Digest, Code; (3) Modes of development of law; (4) Status and capacity and family law.

II. PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW.-On Wednesdays (at three o'clock) he will continue his course of lectures on the Laws of War and Neutrality. The first lecture will be given on Wednesday, the 16th Oct.

III. PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW.-On Thursdays (at three o'clock) he will deliver a course of lectures on this subject. The first lecture will be given on Thursday, the 17th Oct. The following topics will be dealt with: Bankruptcy; Foreign land; Foreign judgments; Bills of exchange.

During Michaelmas term the Assistant Reader proposes to deliver lectures on the Law of Obligations ex Contractu. In connection therewith he will discuss in detail the several titles of Justinian's Institutes, from Book III., Tit. 13, to the end of Book III., and will deal with the following subjects: Definition, nature, and source of an obligation; Divisions of obligations; Essential elements of a contract-Pactum, causa; Classification of obligations ex contractu ; Contracts re (1) Mutuum—(2) Commodatum—(3) Depositum—(4) Pignus; Standards of carefulness and degrees of negligence; Innominate contracts; The contrac verbis-Stipulatio; Origin and antiquity of the Roman contracts -Nexum, sponsio; Practical applications of the stipulatioSuretyship, novation; Grounds on which stipulations or other contracts might be, or become, void or voidable; Contract literis -Expensilatio, cautio; Consensual contracts; Sale-Conditions as to (1) consent, (2) price, (3) object. Duties (1) of seller, (2) of buyer; Letting and hiring; Mandate; Partnership; Obligations quasi ex contractu-Analogies to specific contracts; Pacta(1) Nuda, (2) Adjecta, (3) Praetoriana, (4) Legitima; Natural obligations; Transferability of obligations; Modes in which obligations might be discharged by (1) Civil and (2) Praetorian law.

The Assistant Reader's first lectures will be delivered on Monday, the 14th Oct., at twelve and three o'clock, and the lectures will be continued on subsequent Tuesdays at twelve o'clock, and Mondays at twelve and three o'clock,

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (ENGLISH AND COLONIAL) AND LEGAL HISTORY.

Reader, Mr. A. E. W. HAZEL.

During Michaelmas Term the Reader proposes to deliver lectures on Constitutional Law, including the following subjects: The law and custom of the constitution; The characteristics of the British constitution; Flexible and rigid-Unitary and federal constitutions; Parliamentary sovereignty and its limits; Parliamentary government; Parliamentary privilege; Parliamentary procedure. The first lecture will be delivered on Tuesday, the 15th Oct, at three o'clock, and the lectures will be continued at the same hour on subsequent Thursdays and Tuesdays.

The Reader also proposes to lecture on Legal History, dealing particularly with the history of the courts. The first lectures will be delivered on Friday, the 18th Oct., at twelve and three o'clock, and the lectures will be continued at the same hours on subsequent Fridays.

The Reader will be pleased to see any gentlemen who wish to consult him as to their reading, after any lecture.

EVIDENCE, PROCEDURE (CIVIL AND CRIMINAL) AND CRIMINAL LAW.

Reader, Mr. W. BLAKE ODGERS, K.C.

During Michaelmas Term the Reader proposes to deliver lectures as follows:

"CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE."-On Mondays and Tuesdays, at 2 p.m. (commencing Monday, the 14th Oct.), the Reader will give an elementary course on Criminal Law. At the conclusion of this course—probably on Monday, the 4th Nov. -the Reader will commence a course on "Criminal Procedure,' dealing especially with proceedings before magistrates, trial on indictment, punishment, pardon, and the Court of Criminal Appeal.

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LAW OF EVIDENCE AND CIVIL PROCEDURE."-On Wednesdays, at 2 p.m. (commencing the 16th Oct.), the Reader will deliver lectures on the "Law of Evidence," dealing especially with relevancy.

On Thursdays, at 2 p.m. (commencing the 17th Oct.), the Reader will lecture on "Civil Procedure," treating first of the history and jurisdiction of our present civil courts, and then of the commencement of an action in the King's Bench Division.

In the lectures on Criminal and Civil Procedure the subjects will be treated practically, with illustrations taken from actual depositions, indictments, writs, summonses, &c.

THE LAW OF REAL PROPERTY AND CONVEYANCING. Reader, Mr. A. F. TOPHAM; Assistant Reader, Mr. W. J.

WHITTAKER.

During Michaelmas Term the Reader proposes to deliver lectures as follows:

On Mondays and Tuesdays, "Settled Land Acts." The first lecture will be delivered on Monday, the 14th Oct., at four o'clock, and the lectures will be continued at the same hour on subsequent Tuesdays and Mondays.

On Thursdays and Fridays, "Elements of Real Property," commencing as follows: Future estates in land-Reversions, remainders, executory interests; Perpetuities; Accumulations. The first lecture will be delivered on Thursday, the 17th Oct., at four o'clock, and the lectures will be continued at the same hour on subsequent Fridays and Thursdays.

The Reader will be in his chambers, 3, Stone-buildings, Lincoln's inn, on Monday, the 14th Oct., from 5 to 6 p.m., and will then, and also at the close of his first or any other lecture, be glad to advise any gentlemen as to their course of reading, &c. During Michaelmas Term the Assistant Reader proposes to deliver lectures as follows:

On Tuesdays and Thursdays, "Settlements of Real Estate" (illustrated by forms of settlement). The first lecture will be delivered on Tuesday, the 15th Oct., at twelve o'clock, and the lectures will be continued on subsequent Thursdays at five o'clock, and Tuesdays at twelve o'clock.

On Wednesdays,Conveyances of Land upon Sale" (illustrated by forms of conveyance). The first lecture will be delivered on Wednesday, the 16th Oct., at four o'clock, and the lectures will be continued at the same hour on subsequent Wednesdays.

COMMON LAW.

Reader, Mr. HUGH FRASER; Assistant Reader, Mr. J. G. PEASE. During Michaelmas Term the Reader proposes to deliver lectures as follows:

On Mondays, "Bills of Exchange" (illustrated by documents). Form and interpretation; Capacity and authority of parties; The consideration for a bill; Transfer of bills. The first lectures will be delivered on Monday, the 14th Oct., at ten and five o'clock, and the lectures will be continued -at the same hours on subsequent Mondays.

On Fridays, "Principles of the Law of Bankruptcy." Acts of bankruptcy; Receiving order; Proceedings consequent on order -Meetings of creditors-Debtor's statement of affairs. The first lectures will be delivered on Friday, the 18th Oct., at ten and five o'clock, and the lectures will be continued at the same hours on subsequent Fridays.

The Reader will endeavour to make the lectures as practical as possible, and opportunities of discussing the subjects dealt with will be afforded to gentlemen attending the lectures.

During Michaelmas Term the Assistant Reader proposes to deliver lectures as follows:

On Tuesdays, "Elements of the Law of Contract." The formation of contract; Offer and acceptance; Consideration; Implied contracts; Mistake, fraud, and undue influence. The first lecture will be delivered on Tuesday, the 15th Oct., at ten o'clock, and the lectures will be continued at the same hour on subsequent Tuesdays.

On Wednesdays and Thursdays, "The Elements of the Law of Torts." General nature and classification of torts; Ashby v. White; Intention, negligence, malice, damage; Wrongs to property-Trespass, conversion, nuisance. The first lecture will be delivered on Wednesday, the 16th Oct., at ten o'clock, and the lectures will be continued at the same hour on subsequent Thursdays and Wednesdays.

EQUITY.

Reader, Mr. J. ANDREW STRAHAN; Assistant Reader, Mr. G. M. T. HILDYARD.

During Michaelmas Term the Reader proposes to deliver lectures as follows:

On Mondays, "The Nature of Equitable Remedies." The first lecture will be delivered on Monday, the 14th Oct., at eleven o'clock, and the lectures will be continued at the same hour on subsequent Mondays.

On Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays, "The Law of Trusts." The first lecture will be delivered on Tuesday, the 15th Oct., at eleven o'clock, and the lectures will be continued at the same hour on subsequent Thursdays, Fridays, and Tuesdays.

The Reader will be in his chambers, 1, New-square, Lincoln'sinn, on Friday, the 11th Oct., from 12 to 1 p.m., when he will be glad to see gentlemen who wish for his advice as to their course of reading, &c.

During Michaelmas Term the Assistant Reader proposes to deliver lectures on "Company Law." The first lecture will be

delivered on Tuesday, the 15th Oct., at five o'clock, and the subsequent lectures on Wednesdays at eleven and five o'clock, and Tuesdays at five o'clock.

HINDU AND MAHOMEDAN LAW.

Lecturer, Sir E. J. TREVELYAN.

During Michaelmas Term lectures will be delivered on Hindu and Mahomedan Law. The first lecture will be delivered on Monday, the 14th Oct., at four o'clock, and the lectures will be continued at the same hour on subsequent Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Mondays.

The attention of students is particularly requested to the following resolution of the Council of Legal Education :

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"All lectures will begin not later than five minutes after the appointed time as stated in the prospectus of lectures. At the expiration of five minutes after the appointed time the attendance book will be closed and handed to the lecturer, and no further entry will be permitted to be made therein except by special leave of the lecturer obtained on application to him at the close of the lecture."

The Director of Legal Studies, Mr. Blake Odgers, LL.D., K.C., will be in his chambers, at 15, Old-square, Lincoln's-inn (on the second floor), every Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday during the educational term, between the hours of 10.30 a.m. and 12 noon, when he will be glad to see any student of an Inn of Court who desires to consult him as to lectures, books, or any other matter affecting his legal studies. He will also be glad to see any student who is reading for the final examination on any Tuesday during the educational term between 3 and 3.30 p.m.

Clerks serving under articles of clerkship to solicitors may attend the lectures on payment of half the fees payable by other persons not being members of an Inn of Court, the council of the Law Society having agreed with the Council of Legal Education for payment of the remainder. Articled clerks may obtain vouchers for tickets by application to the secretary at the hall of the Law Society, Chancery-lane, W.C.

Particulars as to fees payable by gentlemen not being members of an Inn of Court may be obtained upon application to the clerk of the council, 15, Old-square, Lincoln's-inn, W.C.

REGULATIONS FOR TERM EXAMINATIONS.

1. There will be an examination at the end of the Michaelmas educational term in each of the following subjects: (1) Roman law and jurisprudence; (2) Constitutional law (English and Colonial) and legal history; (3) Criminal law and procedure; (4) Real property and conveyancing; (5) Common law; (6) Equity; (7) Law of evidence and civil procedure. Any student may present himself for examination in more than one subject.

2. No student will be admitted to the examination in any subject who has not attended two-thirds of the lectures delivered in that subject since the last examination, unless he can satisfy the director of legal studies that his absence was occasioned by illness or other sufficient cause.

3. Each examination will last one and a half hours; it will be conducted by means of printed questions and written answers; and the papers will contain questions on the matters on which the Reader and Assistant Reader have lectured since the last examination.

4. The date and place of each examination will be fixed at least a week beforehand, and announced both by written notice and orally by the Reader and Assistant Reader. Any student intending to present himself for examination in any subject must notify his intention to the clerk of the Council of Legal Education, 15, Old-square, Lincoln's-inn, W.C., not less than two clear days before the time appointed for the examination in that subject. No examination will be held in any subject, unless at least ten students have given such notice of their intention to present themselves for examination in that subject.

5. The Readers and Assistant Readers will report the results of the examinations to the chairman of the Board of Studies, who shall lay the results before the Council of Legal Education at its next meeting.

6. Every student who, in the opinion of the chairman of the board of studies, has passed a satisfactory examination in any subject, will be so informed by the clerk of the council.

7. A prize of law books to the value of £5 will be awarded to the student who does best in each examination, if the examiner considers that his answers are of sufficient merit. Such books shall be selected by the successful student, with the approval of the Director of Legal Studies. The prize may be divided between students of equal merit. A student who has obtained a prize shall be at liberty to enter for any subsequent examination, but not to obtain a second prize, in the same subject.

PROMOTIONS AND APPOINTMENTS.

Mr. WILLIAM ALISON RUSSELL, King's Advocate, has been appointed a Member of the Executive Council of the Island of Cyprus. Mr. Russell was called by the Inner Temple in 1900,

Judge TODD, County Court Judge of Tyrone, has been appointed to the Recordership of Londonderry, rendered vacant by the retirement through ill-health of Judge Overend.

Mr. JOHN LINEHAM, K.C., has been appointed County Court Judge of Tyrone. Mr. Lineham was called to the Irish Bar in 1891. Mr. CHARLES DROMGOOLE, K.C., has been appointed a Revising Barrister for Dublin, in the place of Mr. John Lineham, K.C., who has been appointed a County Court judge. Mr. Dromgoole was called to the Irish Bar in 1894.

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66

CORRESPONDENCE.

THE ROYAL VETO.-Permit me to point out that it remains at this day cadit quæstio that the Royal veto is not as dead as Queen Anne, since by an unrepealed enactment printed in the Revised Statutes it is made præmunire to affirm that there is legislative power in Parliament without the King: (13 Car. 2, stat. 1, s. 3, 1661). Power implies responsibility and discretion, and this enactment leaves it clear as a matter of law that the King has legislative power. Hallam points out (Const. Hist., vol. 2, chap. 16, p. 461n) that, in 1731, seventeen years after the death of Queen Anne, both the great parties in the State subscribed to Bolingbroke's definition of the King of England as that supreme magistrate who has a negative voice in the Legislature." It seems, as regards constitutional usage, impossible to deny that the overthrow of the Ministries of Pitt and Grenville was due, in effect, to the operation of the Royal veto in the first decade of the nineteenth century. As a matter of law, the fact that no constitutional statute has ever taken away the Royal veto, while an unrepealed enactment affirming its existence continues unrepealed, seems decisive of the question whether the Royal veto is as dead as Queen Anne. Sir John Holt, C.J., held that no statute could limit the prerogative of mercy, and though Hallam considers this remark "savours a little of old Tory times," the judgment of Chief Justice Holt seems implicitly vindicated by sect. 19 of the Criminal Appeal Act, providing that nothing in the Act shall affect the prerogative of mercy. The account given by Lord Campbell and other biographers of Sir John Holt's views seems to render Hallam's criticism of his view of the prerogative of mercy almost intrinsically improbable, as Chief Justice Holt was pronounced to have been "always remarkable in nobly asserting, and as vigorously supporting, the rights and liberties of the subject." M. W. SIBLEY, B.A., LL.M.

Re COMPANIES ACT 1908.-I beg to inclose you a copy of some correspondence I had some time ago with the Board of Trade, which speaks for itself. Possibly you may think the question raised of sufficient interest to ventilate in the columns of your paper. ARTHUR C. DOWDING.

14, South-square, Gray's-inn, W.C.-16th Nov. 1910.-Sir. Re Companies Act 1908.-I write to suggest that in any amend ment of this Act which may be contemplated it should be provided that all companies should state on their letter-paper. invoices, &c., the address of their registered office. An address now given may or may not be the registered office, and, if it is desired to take proceedings [against a company], the file has to be searched at Somerset House to obtain the required address. I need not remind you that by virtue of sect. 116 of the above Act any writ or other process has to be served at the registered offe, otherwise the service is entirely bad. A plaintiff who lives in the country may have to go to the trouble and expense of instructing

an agent in London to search the file of the proposed defendant company, and this of course involves delay. It appears to me that this little reform is an urgent one. Speaking for myself, whenever I have had to sue a limited company I have had to make this search. Surely this ought to be made unnecessary. -I am, Your obedient servant, ARTHUR C. DOWDING. - TO the Right Honourable the President of the Board of Trade, Whitehall.

Board of Trade.-18th Nov. 1910.—Sir,—I am directed by the Comptroller of the Companies Department to refer to your letter of the 16th inst., and to inform you that the suggestion contained therein shall receive careful consideration in any future amendment of company law.-I am, Sir, your obedient servant, H. A. PAYNE.-A. C. Dowding, Esq., 14, South-square, Gray's-inn, W.C.

LEGAL OBITUARY.

Sir RAYMOND WEST, K.C.I.E., LL.D., an eminent Anglo-Indian jurist, died on the 8th inst., in his eightieth year. Born in county Kerry in 1832, Sir Raymond West won scholarships tenable at Queen's College, Galway, where he graduated in 1855, taking first class honours in classics and physics. In Sept. 1856 he joined the Indian Civil Service and was posted to Belgaum. After serving as an assistant judge in Dharwar and Kaira, he went to headquarters as under-secretary in the Political and Judicial Department. When the Supreme and Sudder Courts were merged into a chartered High Court for the Presidency he was appointed registrar. He prepared the first three volumes of the Bombay Code of Regulations and Acts, with annotations and indices, a work which still has a place in the legal literature of India, although much of it has been superseded by subsequent legislation. Of greater importance, however, was his collaboration with Professor Bühler in a digest of the Hindu Law of Inheritance, subsequently expanded, through successive editions, into a general survey of the Mitakshara branch of Hindu law as distinct from the Dayabhaga branch prevalent in Bengal. As Judicial Commissioner in Sind (whither he went after being called to the Irish Bar), he introduced substantial reforms in procedure and administration. In 1873 he was elevated to the Bench of the Bombay High Court. In 1884 he accepted the office of Procureur General in Egypt. In Nov. 1877, a few months before receiving his knighthood, Mr. West was selected to be a member of the Bombay Government, then presided over by Lord Reay, and later by Lord Harris. He retired in 1892 and for fourteen years was Reader in Indian Law to the University of Cambridge.

Mr. JAMES DUNCAN STUART SIM, C.B., late Chief Registrar of Friendly Societies, died on the 5th inst., aged sixty-three. Mr. Sim was born at Nellore, India, the eldest son of Mr. James Duncan Sim, C.S.I., of Moxley, Dorking. He was educated at Cheltenham College and Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where he graduated and took mathematical honours. He was called by the Inner Temple in 1875, and joined the Oxford Circuit. In 1891 he was appointed Assistant Registrar of Friendly Societies, and thirteen years afterwards he became Chief Registrar. He was a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society, and he had written books on the Employers' Liability Act and Workmen's Compensation Act and the Law of Friendly Societies.

THE COURTS AND COURT PAPERS.

HIGH COURT OF JUSTICE.-LONG VACATION NOTICE.

DURING the remainder of the Vacation, all applications "which may require to be immediately or promptly heard," are to be made to the Hon. Mr. Justice Avory.

COURT BUSINESS.-The Hon. Mr. Justice Avory will, until further notice, sit in the Lord Chief Justice's Court, Royal Courts of Justice, at 10.30 a.m. on Wednesday in every week, commencing on Wednesday, the 11th Sept., for the purpose of hearing such applications of the above nature as, according to the practice in the Chancery Division, are usually heard in court. No case will be placed in the judge's paper unless leave has been previously obtained, or a certificate of counsel that the case requires to be immediately or promptly heard, and stating concisely the reasons, is left with the papers. The necessary papers, relating to every application made to the Vacation judges (see notice below as to judges' papers), are to be left with the cause clerk in attendance, Chancery Registrars' Office, Room 136, Royal Courts of Justice, before one o'clock two days previous to the day on which the application is intended to be made. When the cause clerk is not in attendance they may be left at Room 136,

under cover, addressed to him, and marked outside Chancery Vacation papers, or they may be sent by post, but in either case so as to be received by the time aforesaid.

URGENT MATTERS WHEN JUDGE NOT PRESENT IN COURT OR CHAMBERS.-Application may be made in any case of urgency to the judge, personally (if necessary), or by post or rail, prepaid, accompanied by the brief of counsel, office copies of the affidavits in support of the application, and also by a minute, on a separate sheet of paper, signed by counsel, of the order he may consider the applicant entitled to, and also an envelope, sufficiently stamped capable of receiving the papers, addressed as follows: "Chancery Official Letter: To the Registrar in Vacation, Chancery Registrars' Office, Royal Courts of Justice, London, W.C." On appli cations for injunctions, in addition to the above, a copy of the writ and a certificate of writ issued must also be sent. The papers sent to the judge will be returned to the registrar. The address of the judge for the time being acting as Vacation judge can be obtained on application at Room 136, Royal Courts of Justice.

CHANCERY CHAMBER BUSINESS.-The chambers of Justices Swinfen Eady and Neville will be open for Vacation business on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday in each week, from

ten to two o'clock.

KING'S BENCH CHAMBER BUSINESS.-The Hon. Mr. Justice Avory will, until further notice, sit for the disposal of King's Bench business in Judges' Chambers at 10.30 a.m. on Tuesday in every week, commencing on Tuesday, the 10th Sept.

PROBATE AND DIVORCE.-Summonses will be heard by the registrar at the Principal Probate Registry, Somerset House, every day during the Vacation at 11.30 (Saturdays excepted). Motions will be heard by the registrar on Wednesdays, the 11th and 25th Sept., at the Principal Probate Registry, at 12.30 Decrees will be made absolute on Wednesdays, the 18th Sept. and the 2nd Oct. All papers for motions and for making decrees absolute are to be left at the Contentious Department, Somerset House, before two o'clock on the preceding Friday. The offices of the Probate and Divorce Registries will be opened at eleven and closed at three o'clock, except on Saturdays, when the offices will be opened at ten and closed at one o'clock.

JUDGE'S PAPERS FOR USE IN COURT.-CHANCERY DIVISION -The following papers for the Vacation judge are required to be left with the cause clerk in attendance at the Chancery Registrars' Office, Room 136, Royal Courts of Justice, on or before one o'clock, two days previous to the day on which the application to the judge is intended to be made: 1. Counsel's certificate of urgency or note of special leave granted by the judge. 2. Two copies of writ and two copies of pleadings (if any), and any other documents showing the nature of the application. 3. Two copies of notice of motion. 4. Office copy affidavits in support, and also affidavits in answer (if any).

N.B.-Solicitors are requested, when the application has been disposed of, to apply at once to the judge's clerk in court for the return of their papers.

Chancery Registrars' Office, Royal Courts of Justice,
Sept. 1912.

THE GAZETTES.

Bankrupts.

THE BANKRUPTCY ACTS 1883 AND 1890.
RECEIVING ORDERS.
GAZETTE, SEPT. 6.

To surrender at the High Court of Justice, in Bankruptcy. ABRAHAMS, LEWIS, late Mare-st, Hackney, licensed victualler. Sept. 2. DANCOCKS, WALTER SHARMAN, late Airdale av, Chiswick. Sept. 2. MUSKER, CHARLES, Northumberland-av, hydraulic engineer. Sept. 4. PAPE, W. B., Old Broad-st. Sept. 4.

PICKETT, WILLIAM ROBERT, late Liverpool-st. Sept. 4.

VIGERS, THOMAS WHITEHAIR, and FORD, ALBERT GEORGE NEPEAN (trading as the Standard Photographic Company), Kingsway, manufacturers of photographic paper. Sept. 4.

To surrender at their respective District Courts. BLOOMFIELD, HENRY MITCHELL, Doncaster, tailor. Ct. Sheffield. Sept. 4. BURROWS, WILLIAM THOMAS, Cheltenham, late farmer. Ct. Cheltenham. Sept. 3.

Sept. 3.

CROW, JAMES EDWARD, Redditch, grocer. Ct. Birmingnam.
CLARKE, ARTHUR FRANK, Cambridge, stationer. Ct. Cambridge. Sept. 2.
EMSLEY, EDWIN, Rawdon, butcher. Ct. Leeds. Sept. 2.
FLEMING, THEODORA (trading as R. and W. Fleming). Reading, coach
builder. Ct. Reading. Sept. 3.

GOODYEAR, JAMES, and GOODYEAR, ARTHUR (trading as Goodyear Bros.),
Dudley, bakers. Ct. Dudley. Sept. 2.

GRIFFITHS, ANN, Slebech, farmer, widow. Ct. Pembroke Dock. Sept. 4. GORMAN, JAMES, jun. (trading as J. Gorman, jun., and Co.), Liverpool, cotton dealer. Ct. Liverpool. Sept. 3.

HARVEY, WALTER HERBERT, late Watton, farmer. Ct. Norwich. Sept. 4.
HORTON, JOSEPH, Liverpool, herbal brewer. Ct. Liverpool. Sept. 4.
HOLT AND CO., Manchester, grey cloth agents. Ct. Manchester. Sept. 3.
HUTCHINSON, ROBERT, Kendal, cycle dealer. Ct. Kendal. Sept. 2.
LODGE, WALTER CLIFTON, Pontefract, butcher. Ct. Wakefield. Sept. 3.
PLUMRIDGE, JAMES, Ibstone, farmer. Ct. Aylesbury. Sept. 4.
RAWCLIFFE, HAROLD, Kingston-upon-Hull, grocer. Ct. Kingston-upon-
Hull. Sept. 4.

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