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X. UNITED STATES.

MILITARY SYSTEM AND MILITARY EDUCATION......

Regular Army-State Militia-.Volunteer Force.

Omcers-How Trained and Appointed...

A. MILITARY EDUCATION FOR LAND SERVICE..

National, State, Individual, and Corporate Institutions.

I. UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY AT WEST Point.

1. Historical Development....

2. Summary of Instructional Progress..

Condition in 1870-71..

(1.) Government and Organization..

Military Staff-Staff of Instruction..

Professors–Assistant and Acting Assistants.

Academic Board....

(2.) Mode and Conditions of Admission..

(3.) Subjects and Marks-Value of Each Study

Practical Instruction and Exercises

(4.) Classification of Cadets for Instruction..

(5.) Methods of Instruction-Recitation-Independent Study.

(6.) Routine of Daily Work....

(7.) System of Estimating Daily Proficiency..

Weekly Class Report-Monthly Record.

(8.) Periodical Examinations-Oral....

Annual Examinations-Board of Visitors..

Classification by Results—mainly from the Daily Record.

Dismissal for want of Proficiency in Studies...

(9.) Graduation-Penalties Attached to Idleness.

Choice of Service determined by standing on the Roll.

Honorable Mention in the Army List..

(10.) Discipline-Punishments-Demerits.

Credit Allowed to Conduct on Final Examination.

(11.) Athletic Sports-Recreation.....

(12.) Assimilation of Duties to those of a Regiment..

Officer of the Day-Officer in Charge-Guard-Sentrics..

(13.) Academy Buildings...

(14.) Annual Expense-Aggregate-to each Cadet.

4. Staff of Government and Instruction, Jan. 1, 1872.

5. Subjects and Synopsis of Cour:e of Instruction..

6. Regulations for Admission.....

Official Exposition of the Aim and Mode of Examination..

7. Board of Visitors— Annual Report.

Report on Competitive Examinations in 1862..

8. Discussion of the Subject in Senate..

PAGE. II. SPECIAL SCHOOLS OF APPLICATION..

819 ARTILLERY SCHOOL AT FORTRESS MONROE..

821 III. MILITARY ELEMENT IN STATE SCHOOLS.

8:25 1. State Military Schools.....

823 2. Military Tactics in State Science Colleges..

827 IV. INDIVIDUAL AND CORPORATE MILITARY Schools..

831 CAPT. ALDEN PARTRIDGE..

833 Memorial adverse to Exclusive Government Schools.

837 Literary and Scientific Institute at Middletown and Norwich.

857 V. MILITARY EXERCISES IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS...

865 B. UNITED STATES NAVAL AND MARITIME EDUCATION..

83 1. United States Navy and Naval Affairs...

883 Growth and Condition in Ships, Oficers, and Men.. 2. Steam and Science in their Applications to Navigation..

293 I. UNITED STATES NAVAL SCHOOL AT ANNAPOLIS, Historical Development...

897 Secretary Bancroft's Letter, Aug. 7, 1815.

692 1. Exposition of its CONDITION AND NEEDS IN 1864.

901 Organization for Administration and Instruction...

902 Buildings and Material Equipment....

903 Papils-Entrance Examination...

905 Daily Routine-Study-Recitation-Recreation...

907 Course of Instruction, Examinations, and Merit Roll.

908 Physical Training-Expansion of Chest-Vocal Organs.

915 Domestic and Sanitary Arrangements..

916 Religious Observances and Instruction..

916 Discipline-Offenses --Demerits--Punishments

918 Financial Affairs-Cost per Pupil....

919 Graduating Class of 1864-Summer Cruise..

920 2. RECOMMENDATIONS BY BOARD OF VISITORS.

921 (1.) Change of Relation and Name from Midshipmen to Cadets... 922 (2.) Change in Mode and Condition of Appointment and Admission 922 (3.) Practical Test of Aptitude and Constitutional Qualities....... 925 (4.) Reorganization of Studies on the Basis of Special Schools,

Courses optional after Second Year, and open to Outsiders.. 926 (5.) Temporary and Special Courses for Officers on Furlough... 927 (6.) Navigation Schools for Seamen, Mates, and Masters...

937 Not Government Schools, but inspected by National Officers. 928 Evening Classes, Junior and Senior Departments....

928 Local and National, Commercial and Military coöperation.... 929

Experience of England and France in Navigation Schools. 929 (7.) Appointment of Council of Naval Education....

930 Constitution of such a Council-in Attainment, Esperience... 931

Duties-Useless Character of Existing Board of Visitors..... 932 (8.) Inspector of Studics needed...

9:32 (9.) Appointment of Professors and Assistants. (10.) Greater Publicity given to the Annual Reports,

934 3 CONDITION IN 1872....

935 II, SCHOOL OF NAVAL CONSTRUCTION..

937 III. SCHOOL OF STEAM ENGINEERING..

938 IV. NAVAL APPRENTICES..

939 V. INSTRUCTION IN NAVIGATION, AND EXAMINATIONS FOR COMMANDS.... 910 VI. NAUTICAL REFORMATORY SHIPS..

940 GENERAL REVIEW OF MILITARY SYSTEMS AND EDUCATION.

941 CONTENTS OF VOLUME...

947

INDEX TO VOLUME XXIII.

OF

BARNARD'S AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.

[NATIONAL SERIES, VOLUME VII.]

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Aargau, or Argovia, Canton of, 393.

Anger, 73, 137, 354.
School Code of 1866, 638.

Annapolis, Naval Academy, 895.
Aberdeen, university, 694, 700.

Historical Development, 895.
Abstract Thought, 119, 447, 457.

Admission, 906.
Abstract and Relative Truths, 457, 470.

Course of Studies, 900.
Academic Board at West Point, 756.

Discipline, 918.
Academic Board and Staff at Annapolis, 903.

Cost, 919, 926.
Academy, equivalent to College, 151.

Reorganization, plan of, 921.
Accomplishments, 379.

Annotations by Whately, 103, 178.
Accuracy, difficulty in reaching, 447, 501.

ANTHONY, HENRY, 809.
Action and knowledge, 204, 514.

Speech in Senate on Competitive Ex., 809.
ACKLAND, HENRY W., 479.

Antipathies, 148, 315.
Physiology, Physics, and Chemistry, 479. Appenzell, Cantón, 394.
Activity, self-determined, 15.

Aptitudes in children, 15, 27, 79.
Adams, John Q., Naval School, 896.

Arbiturienten-Examen, 297.
ADDISON, JOSEPII, 133, 184.

Architecture, School, 657.
Admission to special Military Schools, 287, 292, 298. Naval, 332, 629.

Age, 56, 570, 577, 589, 614, 756, 785, 797. Aristocracy, Dangers of a Military, 851.
Attainments, 290, 298, 577, 589, 614, 779, 907. Aristotle, 17, 19, 21, 78, 117, 502.
Nomination, 575, 756, 787, 922.

Aristippus, 100.
Merit, 577, 586, 187, 923.

Arithmetic, 59, 156, 460.
Competition, 299, 555, 586, 789, 809, 922.

Neglect in English Schools, 459.
Sony of Officers, 575, 590, 790, 830.

Argumentation, 128, 282.
Probation, 791.

Army Schools in English Service, 540, 625.
Discussion, as to, 684, 788, 805, 809, 922.

Garrison and Barrack Schools, 625.
Physique, 197.

Chelsea Training School for Army-Masters, 625.
Failures after, 778, 787, 817.

Kneller Hall Music College, 626.
Advice, respecting studies and conduct, 67, 81, 123, Art, University Study, 512.
167, 193, 205, 231.

Goethe, History and Influence of, 16.
Adults, education, 193, 645.

Artillery, Gunnery, and Musketry, School of,
Æsthetics, science of the beautiful, 16, 512.

Fortress Monroe, 821.
Agriculture, 80, 155, 255.

Munich, 321.
Agricultural Colleges, Military Tactics in, 829. shoebruyness, 625, 618, 616.
Amherst, 830.

New York, 829. Vienna, 313.
California, 833.

Indiana, 831.

Arts in the University curriculum, 163,
Louisiana, 831.

Defective method of teaching, 153.
Age for Study, 73, 77, 154, 158, 435.

Ashburton, Lord, 442.
Affectation, 103.

Ascham, R., Lady Jane Grey, 377.
AIKEN, JOHN, 239.

Associations, early, 443.
Eyes or No Eyes - Art of Seeing, 239.

Astronomy, 138, 156.
Air, pure, in schoolhouses, 659.

Asylum for Orphans, Military, 625.
AIRY, GEORGE B., 448.

Dublin Military Orphan Institute, 625.
Scientific Studies, 448.

Chelsea Military Orphan Asylum, 625.
Aldershot, Survey Class, 611.

Athens, estimation of Teachers in, 135.
Algebra, 460.

Athens, University, 407.
Alphonzo X of Spain, 642.

Athletic Sports, 159, 915.
Ambition, as a motive, 343.

Attention, to business in hand, 126, 373.
Carlyle, 528.

Soul of memory, 126.
Chatham, 142

Habits of, should be attained, 460.
Chesterfield, 124.

Augustine, St., 28, 44.
Froude, 517.

AUSTRIA
Quintilian, 22.

Military System and Schools in 1869, 305, 955.
Amusements, from books, 94, 121, 205.

Technical Drawing. 701.
Analysis of a book, 112, 225, 230.

Naval and Navigation Schools, 334.
Anatomy, 79, 474.

Authority in the teacher, 29.
Anaxageras, a teacher of Pericles, 135.

Authority, method of, in teaching, 489.
Anaxarchus, 100.

Authors, influence of, 205, 226.
Ancient Geography, History, and Ideas, 426, 521. Aversion to school text books, 444.

200.

Bacho, A D., cited, 402.
Bachelor of Arts, 46, 270, 649.
BACO., Francis, 71, 92.

Essay on Discourse, 177.
Essay on Riches, 205.
Essay on Studies, 103.

Essay on Travel, 235.
Bacon, Nathaniel, 140.
Baker, Col., 543.
Baltimore, Primary School, 677.
BANCROFT, G.ORGE, 897.

Organizer of Naval Academy, 897.
BARNARD, HENRY, list of publications, 974.

English l'edagogy, 416.
Military Schools, 287, 949.
Natioual Education in Europe 870.
Report on Military Academy, 783.
Report on Naval Academy, 901.

Studies and Conduct, 65.
Basil, St., of Cappadocia, at Athens,
Barron, William II., 724.
BARROW, ISAAC, 93, 94.
Barry, Col William, 821.

Artillery School, 821.
Basle, Half-Cantons, 394.
BAVARIA, 317, 956.

Military System and Schools, 318,
Beauty, sense of, 16, 270,512,
Beecher, ('atharine E., 867.
Behavior, in children, 89.
Benevolence in trifles, 136.
Bent, the Natural, 15, 27, 107, 148.
Bequeathing property,
Bern, (anton, 395.
Beyele, William, Pattern Drawing, 702.
Beza, remarkable memory, 90.
BIBLE, Estimate of,
Humbolt, 273.

Southey, 101.
Newinan, 274

Taylor, 286.
Sedgwick, 228.

Whately, 108.
Bible, influence on nations, 274,
Biblical History, 157.
Bifurcation, 48.
Biographies, 50, 229. Biology, 470, 478.
Blackboard, at Westpoint, 736.
Blackie, Prof., 39. 700.
Board-Class at Sandhurst, 563.
Board of Military Education, England, 507.
Board of Visitors of West Point, 683.

Report of 1871, 1863, 684.
Boarding schools and Private Tutors, 23, 362, 349.
Boards in French Military Schools, 293.
BODLEIGH, Sir Thomas, 71.

Letter to Francis Bacon, 71.
Bolingbroke, 139.
Books, value and use, 205.

Bacon, 103, 110, 205. Heincius, 215.
Barrow, 94.

Herschel, 205.
Burleigh, 74.

Hillbouse, 208.
Bulwer, 271.

Locke, 222.
Carlyle, 203, 524.

Macaulay, 206.
Channing, 207.

Milton, 205, 223.
Choate, 216.

Moon, 208.
Cicero, 209.

Potter, 215.
Cowley, 208.

Rice, 210.
DeQuincey, 193.

Sedgwick, 228.
Everett, 211.

Verplanck, 219,
Fuller, 91.

Watts, 216.
Franklin, 213.

Whately, 104.
Grimke, 230.

Winthrop, 209,
Hall, 82, 84,210.
Book education, 524.
Book-learning, 212.
Books, care of, 229.

Money saved to buy, 271.
Books, difficulty of recommending, 203.
Botany, as a school study, 54, 61, 491.

llenfrey, 469. Hooker, 472. Wilson, 49,
Boyle, Sir Robert, 227.
Bourses, in French Schools, 288.
Boynton's History of West Point, 799.
Boy-training, Greek idea of, 436.

Brandywine Springs, Military School, 846.
British and foreign School Society in Spain, 643
BROUGHAM, HENRY, 161.

Letter to Z. Macaulay, 161.
Training for public speaking, 162.
Appeal for human advancement, 164.

Teachers of mankind, 164.
BURLEIGU, LORD, 74.

Advice to his Son, 75.
Bulwer, Edward Lytton, 272.
BURNS, ROBERT, 96.

Advice to a friend, 95.
Burke, Edmund, 162, 187.
Model for English Student, in oratory, 162

Conversational Power, 187.
Burnet's History, 139.
Burgh Schools of Scotland. 096.

Relations to University, 697.
Bushnell, Horace, 387.

Unconscious Influence, 387.
Power of Character, 388.
Double Line of receiving and giving, 389.
Children's Imitative sense, 3.

Secret of Influence in Paul and Christ, 891.
Business of life, oli.
Business Men, Value of books to, 216.
Byron, Aversion to school associations, 143.
California State Agricultural School, 832.
Cantonal Divisions in Switzerland, 894.

C'ensus of 1870, 393.
Cadet, Military Corps, 833.

Bavaria, 317.
England, 672.
Prussia, 297.
Switzerland, 399.

United States, 722, 922.
Calhoun, John C., 855.
Caligraphy, 63, 65, 62.

Calling to a pursuit. 79.
Camelford, Lord. 129.

Cardboard Constructions in Drawing, 704.
CARLYLE, THOMAS, 524.

Letter to a Young Man, 203.
Address as Hector of Edinburgh Cniversity, 524.
Diligence and honesty in Study, 524.
Books should be made more available, 524.
The true Peers of nations, 526.
Wisdom-Endowments-Silence, 527.
Ambition avoided -- Modesty- Wealth, 529

Reverence in school culture, 528, 9.
Carnot, Competitive Principle, 792.
Catechism, 309, 507.
Catholic Church Sisterhoods, 389, 399.
Cavalry, Sehools of, 309, 315.
Cecil, Sir William, 14.
Ceremonial behavior, 39, 245.
Chadwick, Edward, 194, 813.

Competitive Examination, 813.

Military Drill in Schools, 871.
CHANNING, WILLIAM ELLERY, 207.

Books and Reading, 207.
Charity, 94, 371, 381,
CHATHAM, Earl of, 129.

Letters to his Nephew, 180.
Chelsea Military Orphan Asylum, 625.
Chiding, or Reprimands, 36.
Cheltenham College, 646, 592.
Chemistry, 60, 470, 476, 490, 602.
Chess, not a diversion, 43.
CHESTERFIELD, Earl of, 123.

Letters to his Son, 125.
Choate, Rufus, books and reading, 206.
Choice of books, 219.
Choice of paths, 78, 88, 97.
Choice of service, Graduates, 764.
Christ, Silent Power of, 14, 44, 892.
Christianity in education, 16, 309.
Cities as Places of Education, 347.
Civilization, modern, 434.
Cicero, cited, 27, 32, 34, 36, 74, 209, 250,

Professional and oratorical training, 166.

.

Civil Service Commission, 556, 794.

Conduct, suggestions respecting points of,
Civil Schools, preparatory to Military, 287, 297. Manners, 39.243. Religion, 74, 134, 370.
Civilian in a Military Board, 293, 538.

Marriage, 76, 270. Reverence, 9, 67.
Clarendon, Lord, 110.

Modesty, 70, 370. Sarcasm, 128.
Classification for Instruction at

Motives, 67, 96, 128, 370, Self-control, 95.
Aun polis Naval Academy, 910.

Money, 249

Sensuality, 95, 97.
Sandaurst Military College, 577

Objects in life, 147. Silence, 80, 134, 628.
West Point Military Academy, 762.

Occupation, 79, 107. Sleep, 81.
Woolwien Military Academy, 591.

Order, 90, 247.

Sunday, 84.
Clasification of Facts, 470.

Profanity, 70.

Superiors, 70, 76, 137.
Chemication of the sciencex, 469.

Profession, 79, 97. Travel, 71, 75, 231.
Classical, origin of term, 200.

Protligacy, 134. Truthfulness, 70.
Classical studies, opinions respecting, 465.

Quarreling, :35. Wife, i5, 271.
Byron, 413.

Macaulay, 440. Conference, with others, in reading, 112, 223, 225.
Chataim, 130.

Martineru, 415. Conscious manner, 1.9, 338.
Donaldson, 135.

Mill. 501.

Consequences, pondered over, 286.
De duincev, 201

Milton, 152

Construction, course of, 698.
Froule, 52, 521. Niebuhr, lil.

Contempt, 11, 36.
Galatone, 133.

Southey, 413.

Continuity, Law of, 692.
Herschel, 157.

Ternple, 41;.

Contouring, 597
Holgon, 144.

Tyndall, 431.

c'ontents and analysis of book read, 225, 230.
Jounson, 351.

Vaugain, 446.

Conversation, value and method, 43, 177.
Locke, 116.
Whewell, 458.
Addison, 184.

Steele, 184,
Lowe, 121.

Bacon, 177.

Swift, 179.
Class-reading of books, 223.

Burleigh, 76.

Taylor, 89.
Cleliness and Order, 36, 70.

Chesterfield, 127. Tempe, 184.
Clear and precise ideas of any subject, 454.

DeQuincey, 185. Whately, 178.
Clepsydri, water time piece, 191.

Mackintosh, 386.
Cleryv and Education, 314.

Conversation, common faults in, 180.
Clotines, and dress, 272.

Conversation and reading, 103, 112, 150, 223, 229.
Coast Survey, 888.

Conversers, examples of good, 187, 190.
Coleridge, S. T., 189, 194.

Cordova University, 612.
College or associated education, 362, 367.

Cornell University, Military Tactics, 831.
Colleges, 536, 695.

Corporeal Punishment, 314, 345.
COLL GWOOD, ADMIRAL, LORD, 379.

Correction and Punishment, 31, 344.
Letters on education of his daughter, 379. Cotta, ay an orator, 168.
Collin's Peerage, 520.

Council of Military Education, 289, 535.
Colored spectacles, reading with, 110.

Country, education of children in, 330.
Comundant of Cadets, 571.

Course or plan of life, 97.
Commentators, 145, 176.

Course of reading 221.
Commerce, Schools of, 156.

Course of study, 133, 169, 195.
Com nercial Accounts, 62.

Courtesy, 70, 136. 185.
Com nissioners of Military Education, 535.

Court manners, 246.
Coinmon place book, 73, 90, 224.

Cowley, A., Value of a library, 208
Cominon occurrences, not enough noted, 119. Cramming, 480. 491, 496,549, 791.
Cominencing Master of Art, 164.

Crates, cited, 100.
Compusionate Allowance,

Crawford, William H., 733.
Competitive Examination, 788, 805, 807, 922. Crimean War, 381.
England, 441, 506, 813, 815.

Miss Nightingale's services, 381.
Ireland, 809

Crozet, Claude at Westprint, 735, 742.
France, 239, 811.

Method with the Blackboard, 736.
Prussi1, 30).

'rying and whining, 28.
United States, 790, 869, 922.

Curiosity, 14, 41, 112.
Composition in ancient tongues, 152, 171, 425. Custom, or habit, 32.
More's advice to his daughter, 372.

Curier, Logical adrantages of Natural History, 477.
Composition in vernacular, 64, 1:8, 173.

Cyrus, his own and his children's education, 19.
Learne i by trans'ating from other languages, 165.

Promoted by writing out notes of lectures, 495. Darmstadt, Drawing and other Models, 704.
Concordat with Rome, 643.

Davidson, E. A., on Mechanical Drawing, 701
Conduct, and Studies, 115.

Kesults of Paris Exposition of 1866 7ul.
Preface and Contents, 66.

Day, the ordering of a, 81.
Conduct in Military schools, 580.

Death, 277.
Coniluct, suggestions respecting points of,

Debt, 236, 266.
Aibition, 121, 523. Early rising, 139. Defoe, 213, 227.
Attention, 126

Endorsing. 76.

Degrees, Academic, 619, 698.
Beh wior, 121, 137, 243. Exercise, 37.

Demerit, Marks of, 765, 918.
Borrowing, 76, 353. Familiarity, 182 Democracy, Swiss, and Schools, 396.
Cherity, 94.

Filial duty, 75.

Demosthenes, 144, 163, 528.
Coinpinions, 75. Friends. 76, 80. Deaf mutes, Taught articulation, 401.
Confidence, 76.

Gaiety, 70.

DANMARK, 398, 956.
Conscience, 96.
Health, 82, 528.

Military System, 956.
Conversation, 76, 127, Honesty, 174, 525. Education in Iceland, 411.
Courtesy, 70 (177. Hospitality, 76. Denny. Letter to, 81.
Diet, 83, 160.

Humility, 456.

DEMORGAN, 446.
Discretion, 178.

Independance, 95. Thorough mastery of one Subject, 446.
Diversions, 80.

Industry, 71.

DeQuincey, Thomas, 185.
Dress, 81, 272.

Inferiors, 76, 137. Conversation as an Art, 185.
Drinking, 80.
Kindred,' 76.

Letter to a person of neglected education, 193.
Devotions, 69, 73, 82. Law suits 76.

DeRussy, Rene, 727.
Expenditures, 75, 86. Lending, 237, 266. Descartes, Method of investigation, 469.

576.

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