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ALLIGATORS . . . . . . . . . . 9
Mot-Mots OF CHONTALES . . . . . . . 16
COMMISSIONER'S HOUSE AT SANTO DOMINGO . . .
NEST OF LEAF-CUTTING ANT . . . . . . 80
MACHINERY OF CHONTALES GOLD-MINING COMPANY ..
SECTION OF MINE SHOWING METHOD OF EXTRACTING THE

ORE . . . . . . . . . . . 92
SECTION OF SAN ANTONIO LODE · · · · · 94
HUMMING-BIRDS (Florisuga mellivora, Linn.) . . . III
TONGUES OF HUMMING-BIRD AND WOODPECKER . 113,
PITCHER-FLOWER (Marcgravia nepenthoides) . . . 129
FLOWER OF THE “PALOSABRE”. . . . . . 130
ADVENTURE WITH A JAGUAR
PEÑA BLANCA . . .
INDIAN STATUES . . .
PATH UP STEEP HILL . . . . . . . . 193
QUISCALUS . . . .
BULL'S-HORN THORN . .
LEAF OF MELASTOMA . .. • . . . . . 223

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THE

NATURALIST IN NICARAGUA.

CHAPTER 1.

Arrival at Greytown — The river San Juan-Silting up of the

harbour-Crossing the bar-Lives lost on it-Sharks—Christopher Columbus-Appearance of the town—Trade—Healthiness of the town and its probable cause-Comparison between Greytown, Pernambuco, and Maceio-Wild fruits-Plants—Parrots, toucans, and tanagers—Butterflies and beetles-Mimetic forms - Alligators — Boy drowned at Blewfields by an alligatorTheir method of catching wild pigs.

At noon on the 15th February 1868, the R.M.S.S. Solent, in which I was a passenger, anchored off Greytown, or San Juan del Norte, the Atlantic port of Nicaragna in Central America. We lay about a mile from the shore, and saw a low flat coast stretching before us. It was the delta of the river San Juan, into which flows the drainage of a great part of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, and which is the outlet for the waters of the great lake of Nicaragua. Its water-shed extends to within a few miles of the Pacific, for here the isthmus of Central America, as in the great continents to the north and south of it, sends off by far the largest portion of its drainage to the Atlantic. In the rainy season the San Juan is a noble river, and even in the dry

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