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*168, Buteo borealis Vieill. RED-TAILED BUZZARD. A rather common resident.
*169. Buteo lineatus Jard. RED-SHOULDERED BUZZARD. Common resident.
170. Buteo swainsoni Bon. Swainson's Buzzard. Accidental. Two instances of its capture thus far on record. (Salem, winter of 1871-72, Mus. Peabody Academy; Wayland, Sept. 12, 1876, Brewster, Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, III, Jan., 1878, 39 )
*171. Buteo pennsylvanicus Bon. BROAD-WINGED BUZZARD. Rather rare summer resident.
172. Archibuteo lagopus Gray. Rougu-LEGGED Buzzard. Rather common winter visitant, but of somewhut local distribution.
*173. Pandion haliaëtus Suv. Fisu HAWK. Occasional suinmer visitant. Formerly bred in the state, but probably nests here very rarely, if at all, now.
174. Aquila chrysaëtus Linn. GOLDEN EAGLE. Very rare winter visitant. Recent records of its capture are: Munson, Nov., 1864; Deerfield, Dec. 14, 1865; Westfield, three specimens, 1866 (Allen, Am. Nat., III, Dec., 1869). I have now to add Fairhaven, Nov. 21, 1873, shot by Mr. Nelson H. Stephens. The specimen was sent in the flesh by Captain Charles Bryant to the Museum of Comparative Zoology, where it is now preserved.
*175. Haliaëtus leucocephalus Sav. WHITE-HEADED EAGLE; BALD EAGLE. Rare resident.
176. Rhinogryphus aura Ridg. TURKEY VULTURE; “TURKEY Buzzard," Accidental. Two instances of its capture recorded, but none since 1864.
177. Catharista atratus Gray. BLACK VULTURE. Accidental. Quite a number of instances of its capture are on record. Recept ones are Hudson, 1868, where several specimens were seen (Allen, Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 646). A recent record also for Maine is Calais, 1869 (Boardman, Am. Nat., III, 498). *178. Ectopistes migratorius Swain. WILD PIGEON. Irregular summer resident, not generally common.
*179. Zenædura carolinensis Bon. CAROLINA DOVE; “MOURxING DOVE.” Common summer resident.
180. Tetrao canadensis Linn. SPRUCE PARTRIDGE; CANADA GROUSE. Accidental. Only two recorded instances of its capture, which are Gloucester, 1851; Roxbury, about 1865 (Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 636).
*181. Cupidonia cupido Baird. PINNATED GROUSE; PRAIRIE HEN. Formerly common in portions of the state, but long since extirpated from all portions except Martha's Vineyard, where a few are said to still exist.
*182. Bonasa umbellus Steph. Ruffed GROUSE; “PARTRIDGE.” Common resident. *183. Ortyx virginianus Bon. QUAIL; BOB-write. More or less common resident in most parts of the state.
184. Squartarola helvetica Cuv. BLACK-BELLIED PLOVER. Generally more or less common during the spring and full.
185. Charadrius virginicus Borck. GOLDEN PLOVER. Common spring and autumn migrant.
*186. Ægialites vocifera Cass. KILLDEER PLOVER. A not common summer resident.
187, Ægialites semipalmata Cab. SEMPALMATED PLOVER; “Rixo-xECK.” Abundant spring and autumn visitant. *188. Ægialites meloda Cab. PIPING PLOVER; “Rixg-NECK," Common summer resident along the coast.
189. Hæmatopus palliatus Temm. OYSTER-CATCER. Acci. dental in summer.
190. Strepsilas interpres Ill. TURYSTONE. Rather common spring and autumn visitant.
191. Himantopus nigricollis Vieill. BLACK-NECKED Srilt. Accidental. Mr. Maynard gives it, on the authority of “gunners anıl others," as "occasiopally seen along the sandy beaches” (Nat. Guide, 1870, 143). Mr. Boardman saw, some years since, two specimens in a Boston market, which he was assured were taken in this state (Allen, Am, Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 638).
192. Steganopus wilsoni Coues. Wilson's PuALAROPE. Acci. dental. No recent record of its capture.
193. Lobipes hyperboreus Cuv. NORTHERN PHALAROPE. Known only as a rare spring and autumn migrant.
194. Phalaropus fulicarius Bun. RED PIALAROPE. Not common spring and autumn migrant.
*195. Philohela minor Gray. AMERICAN WOODCOCK. Common summer resident.
*196. Gallinago wilsoni Bon. WILSOX'S SNIPE. Common during migrations and a rather rare summer resident. A few pass the winter at favorable localities.
197. Macrorhamphus griseus Leach. (M. griscus et scolopaccus auct.) RED-BREASTED SNIPE. Rather common spring and autumu migrant.
198. Micropalama himantopus Baird. STILT SANDPIPER. Rare, occurring chiefly during the autumnal migration. Several recent iastances of its capture within the state.
199. Ereunetes pusillus Cass. SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER. Abundant during its migrations; a few sometimes met with in summer.
200. Tringa minutilla Vieill. LEAST SANDPIPER. Abundant during its migrations.
201. Tringa bairdi Coues. BAIRD'S SANDPIPER. Accidental. Taken by Mr. H. W. Henshaw on Long Island, Boston Harbor, Aug. 27, 1870 (Brewster, Am. Nat., VI, May, 1872, 306).
202. Tringa fuscicollis Vieill. (T. bonapartei et schinzi auct.) WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER. Common spring and fall migrant.
203. Tringa maculata Vieill. PECTORAL SANDPIPER. Common during its migrations.
204. Tringa maritima Brunn. PURPLE SANDPIPER. Rather rare spring and autumn visitant; a few sometimes remain in winter.
205. Tringa alpina var. americana Cass. AMERICAN DUNLIN. Abundant spring and autumn visitant; a few sometimes remain in summer.
206. Tringa subarquata Guld. CURLEW SANDPIPER. Rare or accidental in spring and fall. According to Dr. Brewer, there was no authenticated instance of its occurrence in New England on record prior to 1875, when he announced the capture of a specimen “recently taken” in Ipswich (Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., XVII, Nov., 1875, 446). Mr. E. A. Samuels, however, refers to its having been shot on Cape Ann in 1865 (Orn. and Oöl. New Eng., 1868, 447). Mr. Brewster has since recorded its capture in East Boston, early in May, 1866 (Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, July, 1876, 51).
207. Tringa canutus Linn. Kyot; RED-BREASTED SANDPIPER. Common spring and autumn visitant.
208. Calidris arenaria Ill. SANDERLING. Abundant spring and autumn migrant; stragglers sometimes remain in summer.
209. Limosa fedoa Ord. GREAT MARBLED GODwir. Rare spring and autumn visitant.
210. Limosa hudsonica Swainson. HUDSONIAN GODwit. Rare during its migrations.
*211. Totanus semipalmatus Gmel. WILLET. Rare summer resident, sometimes breeding.
212. Totanus melanoleucus Gmel. GREATER YELLOW-LEGS; GREATER TELLTALE. Common spring and autumn migrant, and a few linger in summer.
213. Totanus flavipes Gmel. LESSER YELLOW-LEGS. Common spring and autumn visitant; rare in summer.
214. Totanus solitarius Wils. SOLITARY SANDPIPER. Common in spring and fall; stragglers sometimes remain in summer.
*215. Tringoides macularius Gray. SPOTTED SANDPIPER. Common summer resident.
216. Philomachus pugnax Gray. Rurf. Accidental. The only record of its occurrence appears to be “Newburyport marshes, May 28, 1871” (Brewster, Am. Nat., VI, May, 1872, 306).
*217. Actiturus bartramius Bon. UPLAND PLover. Common summer resident.
218. Tryngites rufescens Cab. Burr-BREASTED SANDPIPER. Rather uncommon spring and autumn visitant.
219. Numenius longirostris Wils. LONG-BILLED CURLEW. A not very common spring and autumn visitant.
220. Numenius hudsonicus Lath. IIUDSONIAN CURLEW. Rare spring and fall migrant.
221. Numenius borealis Lath. EsQUIMAUX Curlew. Rather common spring and autumn migrant.
222. Falcinellus igneus Gray. (Ibis ordi auct.) Glossy IBIS. Accidental. Several records of its occurrence, but only one recent (Nantucket, Sept., 1869, Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 037).
*223. Ardea herodias Linn. GREAT BLUE HEROX. A not common summer resident.
224. Ardea egretta Gm. GREAT WHITE EGRET. Accidental. Several comparatively recent instances of its capture have been recorded. (Iludson, Ashland, and Lynn, Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 037; Westford, 1873, Purilie, Ain. Nat., VII, 693.)
225. Ardea candidissima Jacq. LITTLE WHITE EGRET. Acci. dental. There are fewer recorded instances of the occurrence of this species than the preceding, and none recent.
228. Ardea cærulea Linn. LITTLE BLUE HERON. Accidental. No recent record of its occurrence.
*227. Ardea virescens Linn. GREEN Heron. Common summer resident.
*228, Nyctiardea grisea var. nævia Allen. Nigut HERON. Common summer resident. Stragglers have been observed at Cambridge in winter.
229. Nyctiardea violacea Swain. YELLOW-CROWNED Nigut HEROX. Accidental. One record (Lynn, Oct., 1862, Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 637).
*230. Botaurus minor Bon. BITTERx. Common summer resi. dent.
*231. Ardetta exilis Gray. LEAST BITTERN. Not generally common, but rather frequent at some localities.
232. Rallus longirostris Bodi. CLAPPER Rail; SALT-WATER MARSII Hex. Accidental. One instance (Boston Harbor, May 4, 1877, Purdie, Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, II, Jan., 1877, 22). Ilas been repeatedly taken in Connecticut (Merriam, Rev. Birds Conn., 1877, 115).
233. Rallus elegans Aud. Kixg Rall.; FRESTI-WATER HEN. ACcidental. One instance (Nalant, Nov. 21, 1875, Purdie, Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, II, Jan., 1877, 22). A rare summer resident in Southern Connecticut (Verriam, Rev. Birds Conn., 115).
*234. Rallus virginianus Linn. Virginia Rail. Common summer resident.
*235. Porzana carolina Vieill. CAROLINA RAIL; Sora. Common summer resident.
*236. Porzana noveboracensis Cass. YELLOW Rail. Very rare summer visitant.
237. Porzana jamaicensis Cass. BLACK RAIL. Very rare, perhaps accidental, saminer visitant. One instance only of its capture in Massachusetts recorded (Clark's Isl., Plymouth Harbor, Aug., 1869, Purdie, Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, II, Jan., 1877, 22). As yet only two records of its capture in Connecticut (sce Merriam, Rev. Birds Conn., 1877, 119).
*238. Gallinula galeata Bon. FLORIDA GALLINULE. Rare summer visitant, doubtless occasionally breeding (see Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 639). Given by Merriam as a "rather common summer resident" of Connecticut (Rev. Birds Conn., 19).
239. Porphyrio martinica Temm. PURPLE GALLINULE. Accidental. A recent record of its occurrence is Rockport, Apr. 12, 1875 (Whitman, Am. Nat., IX, Oct., 1875, 674). More easterly recent records are Calais, Me., Boardman, Am. Nat., III, 498; Halifax, January 30, 1870, Jones, Am. Nat., IV, 253).
*240. Fulica americana Gmel. Coot. Rare summer resident; more numerous in fall and spring.
241. Cygnus americanus Sharpl. Wustling Swan. Given by Dr. Brewer as “rare, migratory," in Massachusetts (Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., XVII, 1875, 417), but I can point to no recent record of its actual capture. In early times (first half of the seventeenth century and later) this species (and probably also the Trumpeter Swan, C. buccinator) was common (see Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, I, Sept., 1876, 58). According to Mr. Merriam, swans presumed to be C. americanus have recently been taken in Connecticut (Rev. Birds Conn., 1977, 120).
242. Anser hyperboreus Pall. Snow Goose. Rare winter visitant.
243. Anser albifrons var. gambeli Coucs. WHITE- FRONTED GOOSE. Rare spring and fall migrant. Some years since I found specimens in the Boston markets I had reason to believe were killed in the state. Dr. Brewer says it was more common thirty and forty years ago than now, as was the case with many of our other ducks and geese (Bull. Nuit. Orn. Club, II, Apr., 1877, 46).
244. Branta bernicla Scop. BRANT GOOSE; BLACK Brant. Not uncommon spring and autumn migrant.
244a. Branta bernicla “var. nigricans" Coues. With the preceding
245. Branta canadensis Gray. CANADA GOOSE. Common spring and autumn visitant; probably formerly a summer resident.