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2459. Branta canadensis "var. hutchinsi” Coues. HUTCITINS' Goose. Less common than var. canalensis. Forinerly more abundant than at present (Brewer, Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, II, Apr., 1877,
246. Anas boschas Linn. MALLARD. Rare in spring and fall. *247. Anas obscura Gmel. BLACK Duck. Abundant winter resident and rare in summer; doubtless formerly regularly resident the whole year.
248. Dafila acuta Jenyns. PIN-TAIL Duck. Rare winter visi. tant.
249. Chaulelasmus streperus Gray. GADWALL; Gray Duck. Rather rare spring and autumn visitant.
250. Mareca americana Steph. BALDPATE; AMERICAN WIDGEON. Spring and autumn visitant.
251. Querquedula discors Steph. BLUE-WINGED TEAL. Rather common spring and autumn migrant; formerly doubtless a summer resident.
252. Querquedula carolinensis Steph. GREEN-WINGED TEAL. Common spring and autumu migrant.
253. Spatula clypeata Boie. SHOVELLER. Rare spring and autumn visitant. It was formerly, judging from its present breeding range in the interior, a frequent summer resident.
*254. Aix sponsa Boie. Wood Duck; SUMMER Duck. Common summer resident.
255. Fuligula marila Steph. GREATER BLACKHEAD; Scaud Duck. Not common spring and autumu visitant, some remaining in winter.
255a. Fuligula marila var. affinis Allen, LESSER BLACKIIEAD. Not common in spring and fall.
256. Fuligula collaris Bon. Ring-NECKED DUCK. Rare spring and autumn migrant.
257. Fuligula ferina var. americana Coues. REDHEAD; PochARD. Rare spring and antumn migraut.
258. Fuligula vallisneria Steph. CANVASS-BACK. Very rare spring and autumn visitant.
259. Bucephala clangula Gray. GOLDEN-EYED DUCK; WuisTLER. Common winter resident.
260. Bucephala islandica Baird. BARROW'S GOLDEX-EYE. Rare winter visitant. Only recently added to the fauna of the state on record of its actual capture (Brewster, Am. Nat., VI, May, 1872, 306).
261. Bucephala albeola Baird. BUFFLE-IIEAD; BUTTER-BALL. Common winter visitant.
262. Harelda glacialis Leach. LONG-TAILED DUCK; OLD WIFE; OLD SQUAW. Common winter visitant.
*234. Rallus virginianus Linn. Virginia Rail. Common summer resident.
*235. Porzana carolina Vieill. CAROLINA RAIL; Sora. Common summer resident.
*236. Porzana noveboracensis Cass. YELLOW Rail. Very rare summer visitant.
237. Porzana jamaicensis Cass. BLACK Rail. Very rare, perhaps accidental, summer visitant. One instance only of its capture in Massachusetts recorded (Clark's Isl., Plymouth Harbor, Aug., 1869, Purdie, Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, II, Jan., 1877, 22). As yet only two records of its capture in Connecticut (see Merriam, Rev. Birds Conn., 1877, 119).
*238. Gallinula galeata Bon. FLORIDA GALLINULE. Rare summer visitant, doubtless occasionally breeding (see Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 639). Given by Merriam as a “rather common summer resident” of Connecticut (Rev. Birds Conn., 19).
239. Porphyrio martinica Temm. PURPLE GALLINULE. Accidental. A recent record of its occurrence is Rockport, Apr. 12, 1875 (Whitman, Am. Nat., IX, Oct., 1875, 674). More easterly recent records are Calais, Me., Boardman, Am. Nat., III, 498; Halifax, January 30, 1870, Jones, Am. Nat., IV, 253).
*240. Fulica americana Gmel. Coot. Rare summer resident; more nuincrous in fall and spring.
241. Cygnus americanus Sharpl. WustLING Swan. Given by Dr. Brewer as “rare, migratory,” in Massachusetts (Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., XVII, 1875, 417), but I can point to no recent record of its actual capture. In early times (tirst half of the seventeenth century and later) this species and probably also the Trumpeter Swan, C. buccinator) was common (see Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, I, Sept., 1876, 58). According to Mr. Merriam, swans presumed to be C. americanus have recently been taken in Connecticut (Rev. Birds Conn., 1877, 120).
242. Anser hyperboreus Pall. Snow Goose. Rare winter visitant.
243. Anser albifrons var. gambeli Coues. WHITE- FRONTED GOOSE. Rare spring and fall migrant. Some years since I found specimens in the Boston markets I had reason to believe were killed in the state. Dr. Brewer says it was more common thirty and forty years ago than now, as was the case with many of our other ducks and geese (Bull. Nult. Orn. Club, II, Apr., 1877, 46).
244. Branta bernicla Scop. BRANT GOOSE; BLACK BRANT. Not uncommon spring and autumn migrant.
2440. Branta bernicla “var. nigricans” Coues. With the preceding.
245. Branta canadensis Gray. Canada GOOSE. Common spring and autumn visitant; probably formerly a summer resident.
*217. Actiturus bartramius Bon. UPLAND Plover. Common summer resident.
218. Tryngites rufescens Cab. Burr-BREASTED SANDPIPER. Rather uncommon spring and autumn visitant.
219. Numenius longirostris Wils. LoxG-BILLED CURLEW. A not very common spring and autumn visitant.
220. Numenius hudsonicus Lath. IIUDSONIAN CURLEW. Rare spring and fall migrant.
221. Numenius borealis Lath. ESQUIMAUX Curlew. Rather common spring and autumn migrant.
222. Falcinellus igneus Gray. (Ibis ordi auct.) GLOSSY IBIS. Accidental. Several records of its occurrence, but only one recent (Nantucket, Scpt., 1869, Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 637).
*223. Ardea herodias Linn. GREAT BLUE HERON. A not common summer resident.
224. Ardea egretta Gm. GREAT WHITE EGRET. Accidental. Several comparatively recent instances of its capture have been recorded. (lludson, Ashland, and Lynn, Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 037; Westford, 1873, Purdie, Am. Nat., VII, 693.)
225. Ardea candidissima Jacq. LITTLE WHITE EGRET. Acci. dental. There are fewer recorded instances of the occurrence of this species than the preceding, and none recent.
226. Ardea cærulea Linn. LITTLE BLUE HERON. Accidental. No recent record of its occurrence.
*227, Ardea virescens Linn. GREEN HERON. Common summer resident.
*228, Nyctiardea grisea var. nævia Allen. Nigut HERON. Common summer resident. Stragglers have been observed at Cambridge in winter.
229. Nyctiardea violacea Suain. YELLOW-CROWNED NIGHT HERON. Accidental. One record (Lynu, Oct., 1862, Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 637).
*230. Botaurus minor Bon. BITTERX. Common summer resident.
*231. Ardetta exilis Gray. LEAST BITTERN. Not generally common, but rather frequent at some localities.
232. Rallus longirostris Bodd. CLAPPER RAIL; SALT-WATER Marsu Hex. Accidental. One instance (Boston Harbor, May 4, 1875, Purilie, Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, II, Jan., 1877, 22). Has been repeatedly taken in Connecticut (Merriam, Rer. Birds Conn., 1877, 115).
233. Rallus elegans Aud. King Rail; FRESI-WATER Hex, ACcidental. One instance (Nahant, Nov. 21, 1875, Purdie, Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, II, Jan., 1877, 22). A rare summer resident in Southern
200. Tringa minutilla Vieill. LEAST SANDPIPER. Abundant during its migrations.
201. Tringa bairdi Coues. BAIRD'S SANDPIPER. Accidental. Taken by Mr. H. W. Henshaw on Long Island, Boston Harbor, Aug. 27, 1870 (Breuester, Am. Nat., VI, May, 1872, 306).
202. Tringa fuscicollis Vieill. (T. bonapartei et schinzi auct.) WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER. Common spring and fall migrant.
203. Tringa maculata Vieill. PECTORAL SANDPIPER. Common · during its migrations.
204. Tringa maritima Brunn. PURPLE SANDPIPER. Rather rare spring and autumn visitant; a few sometimes remain in winter.
205. Tringa alpina var. americana Cass. AMERICAN DUNLIN. Abundant spring and autumn visitant; a few sometimes remain in
206. Tringa subarquata Gald. Curlew SANDPIPER. Rare or accidental in spring and fall. According to Dr. Brewer, there was no authenticated instance of its occurrence in New England on record prior to 1875, when he announced the capture of a specimen “recently taken” in Ipswich (Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., XVII, Nov., 1875, 446). Mr. E. A. Samuels, however, refers to its having been shot on Capc Ann in 1865 (Orn. and Oöl. New Eng., 1868, 447). Mr. Brewster has since recorded its capture in East Boston, early in May, 1866 (Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, July, 1876, 51).
207. Tringa canutus Linn. Kuor; RED-BREASTED SANDPIPER. Common spring and autumn visitant.
208. Calidris arenaria I. SANDERLING. Abundant spring and autumn migrant; stragglers sometimes remain in summer.
209. Limosa fedoa Ord. GREAT MARBLED Godwir. Rare spring and autumn visitant.
210. Limosa hudsonica Swainson. HUDSONIAN GODWIT. Rare during its migrations.
*211. Totanus semipalmatus Gmel. WILLET. Rare summer resident, sometimes breeding.
212. Totanus melanoleucus Gmel. GREATER YELLOW-LEGS; GREATER TELLTALE. Common spring and autumn migrant, and a few linger in summer.
213. Totanus flavipes Gmel. LESSER YELLOW-LEGS. Common spring and autumn visitant; rare in summer.
214. Totanus solitarius Wils. SOLITARY SANDPIPER. Common in spring and fall; straggiers sometimes remain in summer.
*215. Tringoides macularius Gray. SPOTTED SANDPIPER. Common summer resident.
216. Philomachus pugnax Gray. Rurf. Accidental. The only record of its occurrence appears to be “Newburyport marshes, May
*182. Bonasa umbellus Steph. RUFFED GROUSE; “PARTRIDGE.” Common resident. *183. Ortyx virginianus Bon. QUAIL; BOB-WHITE. More or less common resident in most parts of the state.
184. Squartarola helvetica Cuv. BLACK-BELLIED PLOVER. Generally more or less common during the spring and fall.
185. Charadrius virginicus Borck. GOLDEN PLOVER. Common spring and autumn migrant.
*186. Ægialites vocifera Cass. KILLDEER PLOVER. A not common summer resident.
187. Ægialites semipalmata Cab. SEMIPALMATED PLOVER; “RixG-NECK.” Abundant spring and autumn visitant. *188. Ægialites meloda Cab. Piping PLOVER; “RixG-NECK." Common summer resident along the coast.
189. Hæmatopus palliatus Temm. OYSTER-CATCHER. Accidental in summer.
190. Strepsilas interpres Ill. TURNSTONE. Rather common spring and autumn visitant.
191. Himantopus nigricollis Vieill. BLACK-NECKED Stilt. Accidental. Mr. Maynard gives it, on the authority of “gunners and others," as “occasionally seen along the sandy beaches" (Nat. Guide, 1870, 143). Mr. Boardman saw, some years since, two specimens in a Boston market, which he was assured were taken in this state (Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 638).
192. Steganopus wilsoni Coues. Wilson's PILALAROPE. Accidental. No recent record of its capture.
193. Lobipes hyperboreus Cuv. NORTHERN PHALAROPE. Knowa only as a rare spring and autumn migrant.
194. Phalaropus fulicarius Bun. Red PHALAROPE. Not common spring and autumn migrant.
*195. Philohela minor Gray. AMERICAN WOODCOCK. Common summer resident.
*196. Gallinago wilsoni Bon. WilsOY'S SNIPE. Common during migrations and a rather rare summer resident. A few pass the winter at favorable localities.
197. Macrorhamphus griseus Leach. (M. griseus et scolopaccus auct.) RED-BREASTED SNIPE. Rather common spring and autumn migrant.
198. Micropalama himantopus Bairl. STILT SANDPIPER. Rare, occurring chietly during the autumnal migration. Several recent instances of its capture within the state.
199. Ereunetes pusillus Cass. SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER. Abundant during its migrations; a few sometimes met with in sum