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*168. Buteo borealis Vieill. RED-TAILED BUZZARD. A rather common resident.
*169. Buteo lineatus Jard. RED-SHOULDERED BUZZARD. Common resident.
170. Buteo swainsoni Bon. Swainson's BuzzARD. Accidental. Two instances of its capture thus far on record. (Salem, winter of 1871-72, Mus. Peabody Academy; Wayland, Sept. 12, 1876, Brewster, Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, III, Jan., 1878, 39)
*171. Buteo pennsylvanicus Bon. BROAD-WINGED BUZZARD. Rather rare summer resident.
172. Archibuteo lagopus Gray. ROUGH-LEGGED BUZZARD. Rather common winter visitant, but of somewhat local distribution.
*173. Pandion haliaëtus Suv. Fish Hawk. Occasional suinmer visitant. Formerly bred in the state, but probably nests here very rarely, if at all, now.
174. Aquila chrysaëtus Linn. GOLDEN EAGLE. Very rare winter visitant. Recent records of its capture are: Munson, Nov., 1864; Deerfield, Dec. 14, 1865; Westfield, three specimens, 1866 (Allen, Am. Nat., III, Dec., 1869). I have now to add Fairhaven, Nov. 21, 1873, shot by Mr. Nelson H. Stephens. The specimen was sent in the flesh by Captain Charles Bryant to the Museum of Comparative Zoology, where it is now preserved.
*175. Haliaëtus leucocephalus Sav. WHITE-HEADED EAGLE; BALD EAGLE. Rare resident.
178. Rhinogryphus aura Ridg. TURKEY VULTURE; “TURKEY BUZZARD." Accidental. Two instances of its capture recorded, but none since 1864.
177, Catharista atratus Gray. BLACK VULTURE. Accidental. Quite a number of instances of its capture are on record. Recept ones are Hudson, 1868, where several specimens were seen (Allen, Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 646). A recent record also for Maine is Calais, 1869 (Boardman, Am. Nat., III, 498).
*178. Ectopistes migratorius Swain. WILD PIGEON. Irregular · summer resident, not generally cominon.
*179. Zenædura carolinensis Bon. CAROLINA DOVE; “MOURNING DOVE.” Common summer resident.
180. Tetrao canadensis Linn. SPRUCE PARTRIDGE; CANADA GROUSE. Accidental. Only two recorded instances of its capture, · which are Gloucester, 1851; Roxbury, about 1865 (Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 636).
*181. Cupidonia cupido Baird. PINNATED Grouse; PRAIRIE HEN. Formerly conmon in portions of the state, but long since extirpated from all portions except Martha's Vineyard, where a few are
*154. Nyctale acadica Bon. Saw-WIET OWL; ACADIAN OWL. Rather common and probably resident. (See Deane, Bull. Nutt. Oro. Club, II, 84.) .
155. Nyctalo tengmalmi Bon. (N. richardsoni auct.) TENGMALM's Owl. Rare winter visitor. Recent records of its occurrence are: Lynn, 1863 (Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 616); Cambridge, Dec., 1865 (Maynard, Nat. Guide, 1870, 133).
156. Nyctea scandiaca Newt. Sxowy Owl. A more or less regular winter visitant. Very abundant during the winter of 1876–77. (See Deane, Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, II, 9, 1877.)
157. Surnia ulula Bon. HawK OWL. Very rare winter visitor in most parts of the state; probably of rather frequent occurrence in the more elevated parts of Berkshire County. (For the record of its occurrence see Am. Nat., III, Dec., 1869, 569.)
158. Speotyto cunicularia var. hypogæa Coues. BURROWING Owl. Accidental. Newburyport, May 4, 1876 (Deane, “Rod and Gun," VI, 97, May 15, 1875).
*159. Circus cyaneus var. hudsonius Schl. Marsu Hawk. Common summer resident.
180. Nauclerus furcatus Vig. SWALLOW-TAILED HAWK. Accidental. One record of its occurrence (to me a satisfactory one), but none of its capture (Whately, about 1868, Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 645). Mr. Merriam gives it as "a rare straggler from the South,” and cites two instances of its occurrence in that state (Rev. Birds Conn., 1877, 76).
*161. Accipiter fuscus Bon. SHARP-SHINNED Hawk. Rather common snmmer resident.
*162. Accipiter cooperi Ron. COOPER's Hawk. Common summer resident; of occasional occurrence in winter.
163. Astur atricapillus Bon. GOSHAWK. Rather frequent win. ter visitant. Has been seen in summer, and perhaps occasionally breeds.
164. Falco gyrfalco Linn. GYRFALCON. Or rare or accidental occurrence in winter.
164a. Falco gyrfalco var. labradora Ridg. BLACK GYRFALCON. Accidental. Breed's Island, October, 1876. (Cory, Bull. Nutt. Orp. Club, II, Jan., 1877, 27.)
*165. Falco communis Linn. DUCK Hawk. Rare resident; more common in winter than in suinmer and along the coast than in the interior.
166. Falco columbarius Linn. Pigeon HAWK. Rather rare, occurring chiefly in spring, fall, and winter.
*167. Falco sparverius Linn. SPARROW HAWK. More or less
*140. Picus pubescens Linn. DowXY WOODPECKER. Rather cominon resident.
141. Picoides arcticus Gray. BLACK-BACKED WOODPECKER. Very rare winter visitant. A recent record of its capture in “Middlesex County, fall of 1871." (Purdie, Am. Nat., VII, 1873, 693.)
142. Picoides americanus Brehm. (P. hirsutus of most Massachusetts lists.) BANDED-BACKED WOODPECKER. Very rare or accidental winter visitant. Very few instances are on record of the capture of either species of this genus in the state. P. arcticus has been more frequently recorded than P. americanus. (See Allen, Am. Nat., III, 572.)
*143. Sphyrapicus varius Baird. YELLOW-BELLIED WOODPECKER. Not very uncommon in spring and fall, and a few probably breed, more especially in Berkshire County. (Marked as breeding by Dr. Emmons.)
144. Centurus carolinus Bon. RED BELLIED WOODPECKER. Accidental. Not to my knowledge yet taken in the state, but observed by me at Springfield, May 13, 1863, under circumstances that would render a mistaken identification almost impossible (Proc. Essex Inst., IV, 53). It has since been taken by Mr. Shores within a few miles of this locality (at Suffield, Conn., Merriam, Rev. Birds of Conn., 1877, 65). *145. Melanerpes erythrocephalus Srain. RED-IIEADED WOODPECKER. Rare summer resident, occasionally breeding. Most frequently observed in full, usually in immature plumage.
146. Colaptes auratus Swain. GOLDEX-WINGED WOODPECKER. Abundant summer resident. Occasionally seen in winter.
147. Strix fiammea Linn. Barn Owl. Very rare or accidental. Only two specimens as yet known to have been taken in the state,one at Springfield, May, 1868 (Allen, Proc. Essex Inst., VI, 1868, 312); the other at Lynn, in 1865 (Allen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 646).
*148. Bubo virginianus Bon. GREAT HORNED Owl. A not uncommon resident. *149. Scaps asio Bon. MOTTLED OWL. Common, resident. *150. Otus vulgaris Flem. LONG EARED OWL. Not common, resident.
*151. Brachyotus palustris Bon. SHORT-EARED OWL. Rather common resident.
152. Syrnium cinereum Aud. GREAT GRAY Owl. Accidental or very rarc winter visitant. I have no record of its capture in the state since 1866 (Salem, Nov. 10, 1866, Allen, Am. Nat., III, Jan., 1870, 570).
*153. Syrnium nebulosum Gray. BARRED OWL. Rather com
*121. Cyanurus cristatus Swain. BLUE JAY. Common throughout the year.
*122. Tyrannus carolinensis Baird. KINGBIRD. Common summer resident.
123. Tyrannus dominicensis Rich. GRAY KINGBIRD. Acci. dental. Taken in Lynn early in October, 1869. (Aļlen, Am. Nat., III, Feb., 1870, 645.)
*124. Myiarchus crinitus Cab. GREAT CRESTED FLYCATCHER. Rare summer resident.
*125. Sayornis fuscus Baird. PræBE; BRIDGE PEWEE. Common summer resident.
*126. Contopus borealis Baird. OLIVE-SIDED PEWEE. Rather uncommon summer resident.
*127. Contopus virens Cab. WOOD PEWEE. Common summer resident.
*128. Empidonax minimus Baird. LEAST PEWEE. Common summer resident.
*129. Empidonax trailli Baird. TRAiLL'S FLYCATCHER. Chiefly a spring and autumn visitant; not common. A few remain in summer and breed.
130. Empidonax flaviventris Baird. YELLOW-BELLIED PEWEE. Not uncommon in spring and fall.
*131. Antrostomus vociferus Bon. WHIP-POOR-WILL. Common summer resident.
*132. Chordiles virginianus Bon. Nigh'r Hawk. Abundant summer resident.
*133. Chætura pelasgia Steph. CHIMNEY SWIFT. Abundant summer resident.
*134. Trochilus colubris Linn. RUBY-THROATED HUMMING-BIRD. Common summer resident.
*135. Ceryle aleyon Boie. BELTED KINGFISHER. Common summer resident. Occasionally met with in winter.
*138. Coccygus erythrophthalmus Bon. BLACK-BILLED Cuckoo. Common summer resident.
*137. Coccygus americanus Bon. YELLOW-BILLED Cuckoo. Rather frequent summer resident. Somewhat irregularly dispersed, and very variable in respect to numbers in different years.
*138. Hylotomus pileatus Baird. PILEATED WOODPECKER, Nearly or quite extirpated from most parts of the state, but still more or less frequent in Berkshire County, and of occasional occurrence in other well wooded portions of the state.
*139. Picus villosus Linn. Hairy WOODPECKER. A not common resident. More numerous in winter than in summer, when it is gen
104. Calamospiza bicolor Bon. LARK BUNTING. Accidental. One instance of its capture. (Lynn, Dec. 5, 1877, taken by Mr. N. Vickary. Allen, Bull. Nutt. Orn. Club, III, Jan., 1878, 48.) *105. Euspiza americana Bon. BLACK-THROATED BUNTING. Very rare summer resident.
*106. Goniaphea ludoviciana Boudich. ROSE-BREASTED GrosBEAK. Common summer resident.
*107. Cyanospiza cyanea Baird. IXDIGO BIRD. Common summer resident.
108. Cardinalis virginiana Bon. CARDINAL; REDBIRD. Accidental. Very few instances of its occurrence recorded. (Its most northern record is Halifax, N. S., January 31, 1871. Jones, Am. Nat., V, 176.) *109. Pipilo erythrophthalmus Vieill. CHEWINK; TOWHEE BUNTING. Abundant summer resident.
*110. Dolichonyx oryzivorus Svain. BOBOLINK; “SKUNK BLACKBIRD.” Abundant summer resident.
*lll. Molothrus ater Gray. COWBIRD. Common summer resident.
*112. Agelæus phæniceus Vieill. RED-WINGED BLACKBIRD. Cominon summer resident.
113. Xanthocephalus icterocephalus Baird. YELLOW-ITEADED BLACKBIRD. Accidental. Two instances of its capture, the second here for the first time recorded. First identitied from the wings, tail, and foot of a specimen shot by Mr. Frank Sawyer in Watertown, Oct. 15, 1869. (Allen, Am. Nat., III, 1870, 636.) Mr. N. Vickary, of Lynn, informs me that two specimens were shot at Eastham, Sept. 10, 1877, by Mr. Loud, of Salem, one of which is preserved.
*114. Sturnella magna Swain. MEADOW LARK. Common summer resident; a few sometimes remain in winter.
*115. Icterus spurius Bon. ORCHARD ORIOLE. Rare summer resident. More common in the Connecticut Valley than elsewhere in the state.
*116. Icterus baltimore Daud. BALTIMORE ORIOLE. Abundant summer resident.
117. Scolecophagus ferrugineus Swain. Rusty GRACKLE. Rather common spring and autumn visitant.
*118. Quiscalus purpureus Licht. PURPLE GRACKLE. Common summer resident.
119. Corvus corax Linn. RAVEN. Very rarc. Very few recorded instances of its capture within the state. (A recent record is Williamstown (1876?). Tenney, Am. Nat., XI, 213.)
*120. Corvus americanus Aud. COMMON CROW. Common resi.