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LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 1, 1868.
and the combatants confronted each other across
the imaginary border. In a heap, perhaps a CONTENTS.—No 31.
hundred or two hundred yards bebind each, was NOTES: - Old Border Games, 97 — Aimé Argand, 98
piled a booty of hats, coats, vests, and other * Warrington Fair." 16.- On the Epitaph ascribed to Mil clothing and chattels, wbich stood in the stead of tou, 100 - Early Railway Travelling, 101 - P. Ker, 102
property to be harried or cattle to be listed. The Unpublished Work of Hugo Grotius - Glan.Aber Library -- Spirit-Soul” - A Sussex Cricket Match - Hall - No. game was played by raids to seize and carry off blemen at Fires - Shakespeare Emendatious, 102.
these deposits; as whenever the store was exQUERIES:- Family of Alexander - Crassipies - Flagella. hausted, the nationality was beaten. The races tion - Furricker-Inscription The Journey to Calvary
and the struggles to achieve this victory were full - Handfasting - Guieude and Languedoc - Missing Letters of James VI. and Charles I. - Jeffrey Neve -- of excitement. Sometimes one, swift of foot, Noble of Edward III. - Births of the Palmers - Papal
would rush alone into the exploit: sometimes Bulls relating to England - Peeraye - Pope's IndelicacyPraver found in the Tomb of the Saviour, used as a Charm
two or three, to distract the adversary, without -- Richard of Cirencester, Charles Bertram, aud Wm. leaving their own side defenceless, or exposed to Stukeley: Mr. Britton's MSS., 104.
inroad. Then the chase; the escape of the inQUERIES WITH ANSWERS:- The Book-Fish - Elizabeth
| vader with his plunder ; or being obliged to throw Elstob – Melbourne House, now Dover House — "Agiolo. gio Lusitano" - Beornia, 106.
it down for personal safety; or being captured, and REPLIES:- Duke of Roxburghe: “ Floors," 108 - Calvin sent back with it, there to stand, chapfallen and and Servetus, 16.- Goldsmith's Epitaph, 109 -- Earliest taunted, until one of his comrades could run in Bird, 110 - Portrait of William Penn - Long Farnily Con.ection with Church-livings - Portraits of Henry Lawes
and touch him; when his restoration to the ranks Heraldic Query - Jersey Families -- Syon Cope - Corrupt was the result, though perhaps his ransomer was Eglish - Romney Marsh formed subsequently to Cæsar's
made prisoner in his stead. And so the war was Invasions - Chronicle by John Douglas - Fuscum Saint Herefrid -" Wire-in" - Dr. Wilmot's Letter-The carried on, so long as a rag was left to the pilBadger - Rothschild at the Battle of Waterloo - Parish
| lager; and it was a sight to see occasionally, near Registers - Dante's “Inferno" - Clitheroe in 1775 “Button your Lip"-Quotation wanted -- Marc Antony
the close, the awful condition of the losing side of as Bacchus - Passage in “Lucretius,” &c., 111.
the combatants. Almost every stitch of raiment Notes on Books, &c.
was gradually devoted to the exigences of the
battle, and deposit after deposit was harried till Notes.
every article, shoes, stockings, braces, &c. was OLD BORDER GAMES.
"s won away,” and many of their discomfited
wearers at last succumbed to their fate with It is true, as Sir Walter has said,
nothing to cover their nakedness but trousers and "Old times are changed, old manners gone”; shirt. I am not sure that even the last was not and it may not be out of place in “ N. & Q." to sometimes staked on the issue, so enthusiastic was make a note of some of the games which used to Set-a-foot. recreate the boyhood on Tweedside within the Cock's-Odin was, from its name, probably memory of man; but which are, I believe, now- another traditionary game handed down from o'-days, and now-o'-nights too, unknown to and Danish times; for of the Danes there are many unpractised by the rising generation. First: memorials scattered all over the Border. · The
Set-a-foot! which survived the Union a hun play itself, however, throws no light upon any dred years, and was played at during the early recognisable circumstance of their cruel invasions. years of the present century. It consisted of a It consisted merely of one boy sent forth to conheroic contention, imbued with all the nationality ceal himself within a certain range, and, after of still older days. The signal for the war was due law, the rest set out like so many hounds to chaunted as by bards —
discover and catch him if they could. What “ Set-a-foot on Scotch ground,
Odin could have to do with the fugitive I cannot English, if ye dare."
conjecture; and wbether the cock's victorious And forthwith the two bodies of eight, ten, crow can be emblematical of triumph, is only a twelve, or even more schoolboys were arranged speculation worthy of a most inveterate Dryason either side, the one representing the Scotch | dust. Of the same stamp may be a suggestion and the other English forces; and, be it said in concerning three spots within a couple of miles of honour of these representations, they fought for the scene of this game and Set-a-foot, viz., a fine the victory of their accepted cause as earnestly as farm, Wooden-qy. Woden, not Wood Den; Edenif the battle were real:
ham-qy. Odenham, not a hamlet on the Eden “No slackness was there found,
rivulet; and may not the Trow Crags, a rocky And many a gallant schoolfellow
ravine through which the Tweed rushes, derive · Lay panting on the ground.”
their title from Thor? a very fitting godfather to The field was thus ordered. The green sward, such crags! divided by any slight natural hollow, was chosen Boys and Girls.-In nothing is the change of if possible; if not, a conventional line was drawn, manners more remarkable in country places than
in the alteration of the early intercourse between opposition to Lange's usurpation proved unavailthe sexes. There is now a separate course, and ing, and the unfortunate Swiss philosopher was a propriety laid down, and somewhat prudishly finally compelled to enter into partnership with insisted upon, which the partakers in the simple his unscrupulous opponent, who turned Aryand's and innocent pastimes of other days can hardly ideas to profitable account. The French Revounderstand. But what they thought or knew no lution intervening, all privileges and patents were evil of is now looked upon as indecorous, if not abolished, and Argand found himself again devicious; and the police would fly to the rescue of prived of the fruits of a lifelong labour. His morals if in a country town, on a moonlight night, history after this becomes very uncertain. While even so late as 8.30, they heard the horrid sound some assert that he became a monomaniac, and of —
spent the remaining years of life haunting the “Boys and girls come out and play,
cemeteries of London in search of materials for Here's a night like any day;
the elixir of life, others assert that he returned Leave your supper, leave your sleep,
to his native country, where, however, no trace of And come and play in the High Street."
him is found after his first departure. His death And monstrous to confess, so wicked were they | is asserted to have taken place in 1803. on in the days of our forefathers, they did so!
January 24 or October 24.
I would respectfully ask some of your corre
spondents to give me any information on the folAIMÉ ARGAND.
lowing points:Aimé Argand, a notable philosopher of the past 1. Did a corporation or union of glass-cutters century, born at Geneva in 1755, was a genius of (cristalliers) exist in London in 1782 ? And if so, no mean order. He had learnt philosophy with are there any records in existence to throw some Bénédict de Saussure, came to Paris to join Mont- light on Aimé Argand's lawsuit ? golfier in the construction of the first balloons, 2. Is there a copy of the letters patent granted invented a process for the improvement of wines to Argand in England ? by congelation, and even became famed as an 3. Are there any traces of Argand's second stay adept in mechanical science. But his fame mainly in England ? Are his death or burial registered rests on the invention of the lamp bearing his in some French Protestant or other church in
London ? Until nearly the close of the last century our | 4. Is anything known of a certain Jacques Anmeans of illumination were limited to the use of toine Argand, and a François Pierre Argand, who tapers, candles, rushlights, and the primitive oil- have been mistaken for Aimé Argand by some lamp, which differed but little from the lucerna biographers, and asserted to be his brothers by used two thousand years previously by the others ? Romans. All attempts to obtain a greater illu 5. Is there any notice of Argand besides those minating power failed, because all sought it in found in the Penny Magazine, March 29, 1834; the augmentation of the supply of oil or the en- | Biographical Dictionary of the U. K. S.; Didot's largement of the wick, which only produced the Bio jraphie Universelle; Univers Illustré, No. 673; effect of causing the flame to emit a larger amount Sénébier, Histoire littéraire de Genève; Poggenof smoke, and of rendering the light more trying dorf, Wörterbuch zur Geschichte der exacten Wisand injurious to the eye. Argand at last had the senschaften ; Wolf, Biographien der Schweiz. happy idea of arranging a number of small wicks
C. A. FEDERER. in a circle, so as to allow a current of air to pass Bradford, Yorks. through the midst of the flame, which, in conjunction with a glass chimney, equalised the flow
“WARRINGTON FAIR.” of the oil to the wicks (afterwards altered to one circular wick), ensured the entire combustion of
The Ashton Reporter occasionally contains arti
cles on local antiquities, which would be more the oil, and produced a brilliant flame. Argand patented his discovery in England
useful if they were contributed to some periodical (about 1782), and appears to have been soon after
more accessible to the general reader than a couninvolved in a lawsuit with the corporation of
try newspaper. Perhaps the following extract glass-cutters (cristalliers) in London, whom he
from the Ashton Reporter of July 4 may be thought attempted to restrain from infringing his patent
worth reproducing in the pages of “N. & Q. :'for making glass chimneys to lamps. Shortly
“* WARRINGTON FAIR.' after a French perfumer, named Lange, became . “ The oldest Luncashire Ballad extant. acquainted with Argand's lamps, and appropriated
“A few days ago we paid a brief visit to the retired the invention to himself, taking out letters patent the invention. To nimisent, taking out letters parent hamlet of Waterhouses, now better known, at least to in France which granted him the exclusive right outsiders, by its nom de plume of Daisy Nook. After adof making and selling the new lamps. Argand's miring the tranquillity of the scene, and enjoying the faint rippling sound of the Medlock as it lazily pursued its out reference to relationship. It seems that han coming out in course, we sought out the 'hat shop' of old John Robin of the fair on his way home Gilbert met Mr. Shaw, and son. The veteran, who is now seventy and three, was informed him of the sale he had made. That worthy busy at his work; at least, so busy as age and increasing | personage seems to have mistrusted his informant's wit or infirmities would permit him. He is very deaf; and, worse business habits, for be at once inquired if he had got the still, his strength is failing him, so that he cannot work money. Gilbert made a sorry reply. He had not yet long without resting. The purport of our visit was to fingered a penny, but assured his interrogator that the take down froin his lips an old ballad, which, however, he | money was as safe as if it was in either of their hands, knows only as a recitation. He has also several other and stated further that if it was not he would never trust curious recitations, and one song which so impresses the the rascally fellow again. Arriving at home, and finding listener that he never forgets it. About five years ago a his wife engaged in culinary duties, he at once informed literary friend of Mr. Benjamin Brierley's wrote a plea- her of the bargain he had made. His strong-minded, sant sketch called Daisy Nook; or, a Londoner's Glance plucky spouse not only rated him soundly for his simpliat Lancashire Life. He seems to have been particularly city and credulity, but actually hit him in the face with struck with the original manner in which our friend sung a ladle! At the same time she declared that his astoundthis, his favourite Cries of London,' which is a very ing story excited her even more than did the village innlengthy composition, and has a different tune and a dif keeper's (Thomas's) strong ale. She inquired in the same feren for every verse. The ballad we were in
breath the trickster's name, and a description of his of is a curious version of Warrington Fair,' which ap | dress. He confessed he had been so impressed with the pears in Harland's Older Ballads and Songs of Lancashire. bland address and cajolery of the gentleman's son that he It is therein stated that its date is fixed by the name was afraid to seem suspicious of his integrity by asking “ Rondle Shays," .... for the name of Sir Thomas But bis name, and besides did not wish to put him to the ler's bailiff in the 2nd Edward VI. (1548) was Randle trouble of repeating it. His wife was not satisfied with Shay or Shaw. Our friend Robinson, it appears, learned the promise that the stranger would meet her husband the ballad, when about nine years of age, from his uncle at Randle Shaw's some time, so on the following Wednes(old James Harrison, of Woodhouses, who married his day, and for five market days, the energetic dame refather's sister). Harrison and his son Peter belonged to paired to the well-known hostelry, and located herself in the Medlock Vale Rifle Corps, the former being the drum à room where she could observe every one approaching mer, and the latter a fifer. This caused the father to Warrington market. The good wife's patience was at lose a great deal of time, and his wife being a fleet hand last rewarded, for the impudent rascal, thinking by loom weaver (for they both followed that occupation), that time the affair had blown over, ventured forth for there were frequent bickerings between them respecting the purpose, most likely, of disposing of his ill-gotten the relative amount of their several earnings. These nag. If Grace could not identify the rider as the thief, connubial “fratches' were conducted on fair principles, as she at least could tell the old mare. So startling was her he was never known to interrupt the other wbilst speak emotion that she well-nigh leapt out of the open casement ing. Once upon a time Harrison declared he would into the street. As fate would have it the horse vendor • find' himself, and for that purpose went to buy in' at i dismounted to refresh, and just as he was preparing to Ashton market. Espying a cow's hcad, and thinking it a lift the catch of the door to come in Grace was heaving good deal for a little money, he bought it, took it home, up the latch to go out. She addressed him instanter, but and boiled it, as it was for his Sunday's dinner! Not civilly, stating that as her husband bad sold him the proving as saroury and palatable as he expected, he re- mare he now desired him to send the money for her. linquished his plan of keeping himself, and determined no With a masked oath, then popular, the sharper declared longer to have a separate board. It is right to add that that he did not know her. Retorting with the same exever after the worthy couple lived harmoniously together, pletive, she gave him to understand in true Lancashire happy, thrice happy, in the enjoyment of an occasional | idiom that she was Owd Gilbert o wife Scott,' or in other • bout of camming' in the loomhouse. To return to our words Mrs. Gilbert Scott. Instead of attempting to disballad, the story is this :—Somewhere a short distance pute her identity, the fellow declared his inability to pay. from Warrington lived a loving couple- viz. Gilbert Scott She as quickly replied that, in that case, she would take and his good wife Grace, the latter pre-eminently his the mare. This deterinination was backed up by some • better half,' as is proved by the sequel of the story. The remarkable gesticulations. Assuming an aggressive attihusband went to one Warrington fair, in order to sell his tude, and preparing for a physical encounter, she pulled mare •Berry,' so named probably from the original off her cap, and down fell the fillet or snood with which breeder or vendor. Or it might have been called 'Bury' she had bound up her hair. Without more ado she froin having been purchased in the town of that name. seized hold of the sharper by the hair of his head, and Be that as it may, a sharper met with the simple-minded pitched him against the watering-trough. The noise rustic, and succeeded in buying the horse upon trust for attracted the attention of the landlord, who came forward the sum of 6s. 4d., which seems a trifle in these days, but I to separate them. He began to expostulate with Grace was then a respectable sum. That it was the full value but she cut him short in a brief but logical reply, and of the horse is proved in the last line but one, by Grace's further expressed her determination to have satisfaction out choosing the money in preference to the mare. The grand of him, either in money or else by pulling out his throat. apparel of the purchaser, his courteous address, and the The innkeeper, after administering a gentle reproof, setloving shake of the hand, together with the more material tled the matter by declaring that she might have either sharing of the dainty eel pie, and expending half a groat the horse or the money it sold for, Grace chose the upon him doubtless in Warrington ale, completely over-| latter, and instead of turning it up to her husband kept came the poor fellow. He allowed the old mare to be it all to herself, and she richly deserved it. In some retaken away by the stranger without even asking him his spects the version here presented is very much the best of name, and solely on his promise of meeting him some the two, yet there are six lines which appear in Mr. Hartime—and of course paying for the mare-at his ' neme' | land's version, which are omitted here, probably lost from Randle Shaw's, who was probably an innkeeper, as well the memory of some one of the many links through which as the bailiff to the lord of the manor. Neme' is an old it has been transmitted. They occur just after Grace
Lancashire word for uncle, as is Nanty' (farther on) for has swat' her husband over the face, and are as sub. aunt, and both are used as mere terms of courtesy, with joined
Hoo pick'd him o'th' hillock, an' he faw'd wi'a whack Grace lop an' hoo stroode, as if hoo'd bin woode,
Hoo off wi' her cap, an' deawn fell her snood;
Hoo geet on him by th' weawff, an' thrut him again I'll gi'e thee aw' th' leet, wench, imme that lies ;'
th' treawf; • Tho udgit,' quo' hoo,' but wheer does he dwell ? ' Wi' squealin' and squalin' (they made sich a din) • By lakin,' quo' he, ó that I conno' tell.'
That to rid um my neme Rondle Shays he coom in. “ There are several other differences, but not important.
· Fye [Naunty) Grace, fye!' F'ye, aye, o' the De'il!
Done yo' think'at it's oather fit, farrantly, or weel Whilst Mr. Harland's verses are limited to four lines
'At mon should ha' boath money an' th' mare ? each, several of the following stanzas have five, and dis
Aw'll mak' him an example, aw'll hea w' him a groat; play other irregularities such as are often met with in ancient ballads. We have preserved the dialect, and An' if he doesno' pay me aw'll poo' eawt his throat.' supplied one or two deficiencies, which are duly marked [Come, fye, Naunty Grace, come, fye, an' ha' done! with brackets :
Yo'ast ha' th' mare or money, whether yo' won;'] “ WARRI'T'N FAIR.
So Grace has getten th' money, and whomarts hoo's
goan; Ladies an' gentlemen, if yo'win bo'tarry,
Hoo's kept ow' [hersel'], an’gen Gilbert [Scott] noan. A will tell yo' heaw Gilbert o' Scott sowd his mare
“ June 29th, 1868.
“H." Berry ; He sowd her for neenteen good groats, one Warri't'n | The signature attached to the above article is fair,
generally supposed to indicate Mr. Jobn Higson But he didno' whether he must be paid ewer or newer. of Droyisden, the author of the Droylsden HisOs he're gooin' toart whom, he met his neme Ron'el; torical Recorder and the Gorton Historical ReNeme Ron'el' quo' he] 'aw've sowd my mare corder.. (Harland's Ballads of Lancashire, p. 122.) Berry :'
W. E. A. A. • Whey, then, yo’an money beloike?' •Nay, aw newer
Joynson Street, Strangeways. o penny But money's os sure os it're oather i' yoar hond or mine,
ON THE EPITAPH ASCRIBED TO MILTON. Or else awd newer trust th’owkert mon againe.'
The Times of the sixteenth of this month, which So when he went whom he towd his woife Grace,
contains a versified Epitaph ascribed to Milton, Hoo up wi' th' ladle an' swat him i'th' face :
dated in 1647, was placed in my hands on the day • Theaw tells me sich an unmannerly tale, It ma’es me moore madder nur Tummus's good ale.
of its publication by a friend who is aware that I
| am not devoid of critical propensities, and my • Pray what were his 'parel, or what were his noom?'.
opinion as to the authorship of the poem was • Um, faith, woman! aw newer troubl’d mon as mich
politely requested. The bazard was obvious, but as t' ax him his noom ; But he'd o good thrum hat, an aw quickly spied that, Î rejected that consideration. I read the poem An reawnd his middle he wore a girdle,
with due attention, and this was my prompt 'At seemed be o'th' better sort o’ leather,
reply: “ It is rather Miltonic; but if written by • His cooat were grey, an his breeches wer'n green;
Milton it would have been given in the edition of He would ha' done good for tony mon ha' seen : his Poems printed in 1673." An' he gan me a great huncheon o' (denty) snig poy, On reflection, and after a review of the antagoAn' shak'd me by th' hond most lovingly.
nistic arguments which have successively appeared • He act'd [just] loike an honest mon's son,
in the same journal, I shall venture to express my An spent twopence on me, when he had done;
conviction that there is no patent evidence on the An promis'd he'd meet me at my neme Rondle Shay's.'
question at issue which can be compared in point Next Wednesday Grace went t teawn, an' for five
of validity with that above-stated. If the manumarket days, But ne'er could spy Berry commin’to Rondle Shay's. script epitaph should prove to be in the autograph
of Milton, it might be a transcript and prove no One day, as Grace were sit restin' her in a reawm.
more than his favorable opinion of it. Hoo spied (th' mon wi'] Berry commin' deawn [into 7 th' teawn,
Milton was a real conservative as to his poetical I Then her heart gen o beawnce, an] Grace were so works; and Tom. Warton, after much research, gloppent,
could produce no other additions to the volume of a through th' [winder] casement hoo'd loike to | 1673 than the four sonnets to Oliver Cromwell, loppent.
lord Fairfax, sir Henry Vane, and Cyriac Skin[Th' mon 're no sanner (at th'] catch,
ner-which bad been excluded for special reasons, But Grace 're ready t' hayve up th' latch,
but were printed in 1694. He was also precise as • Um, faith, mon ! my husban's sowd his mare y' [i. e.
to dates. He informs us that two of the psalms to yelAn' desoires 'at yoan send him th' money for Berry.
were done at fifteen years old, and that a poem
of eleven stanzas was written anno ætatis 17. "The • Marry!'quoth he, ' but aw know yo' not.
lines On Shakespear, now miscalled an epitaph, • Marry!' quoth hoo, “but awm, owd Gilbert-o'-wife
are dated 1630; Comus in 1634; Lycidas in 1637; Scott.'" • Marry!' quoth he, but th' money aw conno spare.' : | and the majority of the psalms in 1648 and 1653. • Marry!' quoth hoo, 'why, then, aw'll la' th' mare." Moreover, at the close of his existence he re