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edited the verses on old Hobson—which any other -seldom of itself decides the point at issue. A poet would have chosen to suppress.

successful imitator catches the “clinquant" of I have admitted the epitaph to be rather Mil- the style of a great author, but cannot infuse the tonic: such was my first impression. Its philo- spirit, which is the life. sophic conceptions, its classic allusions, the inter- "Déplore" and "paramour," upon” and “Helimixture of lines other than octo-syllabic, and the con," "tree" and "plenteously," " conipare" and variations of cadence which thence arise, give it “sepulchre," may have been written by John a Miltonic air. It is, to my feelings, a very im- Milton; but would he have written the lines pressive composition, and entitled to a conspicuous from place in a collection of fugitive poems.

“ Then pass on gently”? But the proofs which I have given of the care Was Milton ever less than grandly intellectually with which Milton cherished his poetic offspring clear? Does not the mind feel, when reading forbid me to class the epitaph as one of the family. | him, as if it were robed in light? If we ascribe it to Milton, we cannot believe that

“Mackenzie (P.), Religions Complaint to the Honorhe was insensible to its beauties; and if he wished

able Ladyes of Scotland, lamenting for the torne estate of to remove its defects, he had sufficient time for that Kirk and Kingdome. By P[atrick] M[ackenzie ?].” the task-just a quarter of a century !

A broadside. Charles I. under 1633. On a late occasion I gave a quotation from Pope, “ Mackguier (Patrick), Teares for the Death of the and repeat it as applicable to this debate :.“ There

most gracious Prince Lodovicke, Duke of Richmond and

| Lenox, Earle of Newcastle and Darneley, &c.; a Poem. is nothing more foolish than to pretend to be sure of

London : Printed for John Wright, and are to be sold at knowing a great writer by his style." It was not the Signe of the Bible, neare New-Gate (1624].” A an off-hand or after-dinner remark. Spence adds, broadside, with woodcuts. “ Mr. Pope seemed fond of this vpinion. I have

S. H. heard him mention it several times, and he has printed it as well as said it." The decision

EARLY RAILWAY TRAVELLING. seems harsh, but the word sure is equivalent to a

On looking over a diary kept by my father saving clause, and protects those who may be

during two journeys northward in 1830-31, 1 apt or over-apt to set forth conjectures.

thought the readers of“N. & Q.” might be amused BOLTON CORNEY.

with his account of what he saw of railway travelBarnes, S.W. 25 July.

ling, then in its infancy:

"Monday, Oct. 11, 1830, Darlington.—Walked to the Upon the supposition that the initials annexed railroad, which comes within half a mile of the town. to the poem recently noticed by Mr. Morley | Saw a steam-engine drawing about twenty-five waggons, may be determined to be "p"M" and not each containing about two tons and a half of coals. ' A J. M.," I looked into a few works of reference

single horse draws four such waggons. I went to Stock

ton at 4 o'clock by coach on the railroad: one horse draws to see if there were any writers of the period,

about twenty-four passengers. I did not like it at all, about 1647, to whom the letters “P. M.” "might for the road is very ugly in appearance, and being only apply. The following are from Mr. W. Carew one line with occasional turns for passing, we were some Hazlitt's Handbook to the Popular, Poetical, and times obliged to wait, and at other times to be drawn Dramatic Literature of Great Britain. I know

back, so that we were full two hours going eleven miles,

and they are often nore than three hours. There is no nothing of the writers. The date might perhaps

other conveyance, as the cheapness has driven the stageinduce inquiry. It may be useful to interrogate coaches off the road. I only paid 1s. for eleven miles. · all the “ P. M.s” of the period, or in relation to it, The motion was very unpleasant -- a continual jolting to give up the secret of authorship, if they have

and disagreeable noise.” one, until the signature is accurately determined.

On Sept. 1, 1831, he remarks: -" The railroad to

Stockton has been improved since I was here, as they are This is rather a prosaic method, and tedious, and

now laying down a second line." the lines may not have been written by any known " Wednesday, Oct. 27, 1830.-Left Manchester at ten author. Yet they seem to refer to one who was o'clock by the railroad for Liverpool. You enter upon it known:

by a staircase through the office from the street at present.

but there will, I suppose, be an open entrance by-and-bye: “ Meanwhile the Muses do deplore

they have built extensive warehouses adjoining. We were The loss of this their paramour.”

two hours and a half going to Liverpool (about thirtyAnd again:

two miles), and I must think the advantages bave been a

good deal overrated, for, prejudice apart, I think most " In this little bed my dust,

people will allow that expedition is the only real advanIncurtained round, I here intrust;

tage gained : the road itself is ugly, though curious and Wbile my more pure and nobler part

wonderful as a work of art. Near Liverpool it is cut Lies entomb’d in every heart."

very deeply through rock; and there is a long tunnel, Questions of authenticity are rarely settled by

which leads into a vard where omnibusses wait to convey

passengers to the inns. The tunnel is too low for the mere verbal criticism. Verbal criticism tends to

engines at present in use, and the carriages are drawn detect, and weighed with other proofs to confirm through it by donkeys. The engines are calculated to

draw fifty tons.... I cannot say that I at all liked (Licensed 1686.) Dunton speaks of a famous Dr. it : the speed was too great to be pleasant, and makes you Ker, of Clerkenwell, as a tutor for young minisrather giddy, and certainly it is not smoother and easier

ters— Mr. Roxwell and Mr. Marriott put forth as than a good turnpike road. When the carriages stop or go on, a very violent jolting takes place, from the ends

examples of his success that way; and among his of the carriages jostling together. I have heard many lay authors, notes one Dr. Kerr as a man of great say they prefer å horse-coach, but the majority are in piety and learning: Sam. Palmer, too, had the favour of the rail-road, and they will no doubt knock up happiness to be educated by Dr. Kerr, of Highthe coaches.”

“Monday, Sept. 12, 1831.-Left Manchester by coach 8 at ten o'clock, and arrived in Liverpool at half-past two.

In this note I have shown a Peter on the autho.. The railroad is not supposed to answer vastly rity of Mr. Halliwell, and a positive Patrick. well, but they are making a branch to Warrington, Can any reader of “N. & Q." show that they are which will hurt the Sankey Navigation, and throw 1500 identical, and furnish any information about this men out of employment: these people are said to be loud

or these P. Kers? It might not be out of place in their execrations of it, and to threaten revenge. It is certain the proprietors do not all feel easy about it, as one

here to refer to the belief that Patrick and Peter living at Warrington has determined never to go by it,

are interchangeable. I knew a Scottish gentleand was coming to Liverpool by our coach if there had man in London, of good family, who bore the first been room. He would gladly sell his shares. A dividend name; and have seen letters from some of his oldof 4 per cent. had been paid for six months, but money

fashioned relatives in the North addressed to him had been borrowed. .....Charge for tonnage of heavy goods 108. for thirty-two miles, which appears very dear

as Peter. In the Free Church Magazine, a few to me."

years ago, when reviewing The Lays of the Scottish L, C. R. Cavaliers, they have occasion to quote the “Pres

byterian Biographer of Bristo Port”- calling him

first Patrick, and a few lines on, Peter Walker ; P. KER.

and a friend has just assured me that his brother Inquiries have been made in “N. & Q.” for this Peter was so named in compliment to their uncle author, without result. Chance has lately thrown Patrick !

J. O. in my way a little book, entitled Flosculum Poeticum : Poems, fc. by P. K. 1684. In Lowndes | UNPUBLISHED WORK OF HUGO GROTIUS. — (new edit.) this is given to P. Kirk, and Hazlitt Mr. Nijhoff, at the Hague, one of the most intelomits it altogether. Looking through it I find | ligent Dutch publishers, is preparing for publication it contains the “ Triangle" fronting “The Map of an unpublished work of Hugo Grotius, entitled Man's Misery," which I have shown ("N. & Q." | De Jure Præde. In 1864 it was accidentally 2nd S. i. 281) to be by P. Ker. This I consider discovered amongst the family papers of Cornets sufficient to identify it as another of his produc- de Groot, who is a direct descendant of the celetions. In this the author comes out stronger as brated author, and bought up for the library of a poet, and throws his whole soul into the Royalist the Leyden University, where it remains at this scale, the bulk of the book being occupied by moment. elegiac harpings upon the royal martyr. Besides / The value of the book consists chiefly in -1. the Triangle, there is a grotesque cut on the page, The masterpiece De Jure Belli ac Pacis is nothing of Charles II, in the oak. In the Luttrell Collec- but an amplification and an enlargement of this tion, British Museum, there are two broadsides, dissertation. 2. A chapter of it, the famous Mare entitled respectively “An Elegy on the Death of Liberum, published separately in 1609, can now Charles II.” and “. A Panegyrick Poem on the be studied properly in connection with other Coronation of James II.,” subscribed P. K., wbich, chapter3. 3. Another chapter gives an interesting looking to Ker's devotion to the Stuarts, I should description of the struggle of the Dutch and the also consider his; indeed, Mr. Halliwell, in his Portuguese in India. It contains many inedited Catalogue of Broadsides, &c., 1851, calls this a documents, and particulars not to be found else“Coronation Poem by Peter Ker,;' his copy being where. The work dates from the last months of 1604 probably so manuscribed. Another piece by a and the first months of 1005, when Grotius was P. K. is, “ Logomachia ; or, the Conquest of Elo twenty-two years of age. No one so young has quence, from Ovid, 1690,” given in the Heber perhaps produced a work so full of extensive Catalogue to P. Kirk, omitted by both the bibli- | learning, sound judgment, and knowledge of the ographers named; most likely another article by Latin language, as this dissertation De Jure Prædæ. Ker, but not findable for examination. The name | Its publication, entrusted to the able hands of Dr. of Ker again occurs in a volume in my possession, G. Hamaker, will no doubt enhance Grotius's reentitled The Grand Politician; or, Secret Art of nown. It is being printed in the workshops of State Policy, from the Latin of Conrad Reinking, Messrs. Enschedé, at Haarlem, with the type used 1691, the address to the Earl of Nottingham being in Grotius's time by the celebrated Elzevir family. signed Pat. Ker. The initials P. K. also figure

H. TIEDEMAN. as the author of Nomenclatura Trilinguis, n. d. Amsterdam.


A SUSSEX CRICKET Marco.-Whilst staying with I have just completed the Catalogue of Mr. Salis- a friend at Boxbill last April, a man in hot haste bury's Welsh and Border Counties Library at Glan-Aber, galloped by, without a saddle, to the medical pracChester. It is made up to the end of 1862, and contains titioner. Of course the village was in a commo7,494 separate works in 8,322 volumes, as under:

tion, and the idlers, glad of a sensation, anxiously Folio. Quartc. R.8vo. Sro.


sought the news. Their query was resolved by

sizes. No dates ...... 33

20 105 494 Oply a cricket match." "What," was in1500 to 1699.... 93 39 3 21 522

nocently asked, “a cricket match such a drenching 1700 to 1799.... 164 146 18 453 7 103

day? Why, it must be played in a parlour." Å 1800 to 1819.... 94 74 18 377 493 1820 to 1839.... 105 80 29468 950

loud laugh greeted the querist, who then learned 1840 to 1862 .... 158 53 64 583 1,089 that in that locality a cricket match was an eu

| phemism for a lady contributing her mite to the 647 423 152 2,007 4,205 next Sussex census.

Apped. This is supposed to be the most complete and exten

TIALL.-Anciently in Scotland the ha' or hall sive collection of its kind in this country, and is very rich in scarce and valuable works. It has been the love

was a term used to designate the farmer's kitchen. ing labour of many years, and no cxpense has been spared

In England the name is applied to the lobby or in getting it together. As may be supposed, I found a vestibule. The small trader, with his dwelling of great number of duplicates in it. All these have been three and four apartments, is informed, it may be, taken out, and themselves form no mean collection. These

that some one is waiting for him in the hall. LatI am arranging for sale, and should be glad to send catalogues, when ready, to any persons who will favour me

terly the hall has, among the Scottish peasantry, with their names and addresses. I renture to send you

signified the mansion of the district landowner. these particulars as interesting to book-collectors among

CHARLES ROGERS, LL.D. your readers.

IV. ROBERTS. Snowdoun Villa, Lewisham, S.E. 13A, Great George Street, Westminster, July.

NOBLEMEN AT FIRES. - The Duke of Suther"SPIRIT-SOUL.'' _ Delitzsch, in his “System of land is not the first nobleman who has had a taste Biblical Psychology,” p. 182 (Clarke's For. Theol. for attending conflagrations. For Lib.), says,

“ Lord Craven,* in King Charles II.'s time, was a con“But in this expression, en-nefs means the spirit-soul;

stant man at a fire; for wbich purpose he always had a

horse ready saddled in the stable, and rewarded the first for, wind (en-nefs), according to a usus loquendi that lias who gave him notice of such an accident. It was a goodbecome prevalent, is the spirit-soul, originating out of the

natured fancy, and he did a great deal of service; tat in

that reign everything was turned into a joke. The king spirit world, and - (er ruch), the soul of nature being told of a terrible fire that broke ont, asked pre

scntly if my Lord Craven was there? “Oh!' says someturned towards the sense-world — the bearer bob

boily by, 'a'nt please your Majesty, he was there before (hamal) of the natural powers of life. Therefore ruhi it began, waiting for it. He has had two horses burnt c >,) in Arabic, is used quite in the same scnse as

under him already.!”

Thanks to the telegraph wires, the Duke of in Hebrew, nafshi=myself (ipse).

Sutherland is enabled to obtain his intelligence is lexicographical explanation is quite without any destruction of animal life. erroneous, the converse being the fact. In Frey

ALFRED JOAN DUNKIN. tag's Lexicon (p. 244) all the meanings of ruch Dartford. will be found, and it will also be found to corre SHAKESPEARE EMENDATIONS.-spond with the Hebrew 7, ruach, in neither of 1. Two Gentlemen of Verona, Act II. Sc. 4. which languages does it mean “myself (ipse);” | 1. 196.-For, but, in Arabic, tempus vespertinum, quies; and,

“Is it mine," in the plural, anhelitus, spiritus, anima, sc. vitæ read causa in corpore, inspiratio divina, prophetia, &c.

“ Is it, in fine," In Hebrew it means halitus, spiritus, anima, 2. Coriolanus, Act III. Sc. 3. 1. 26.--For ventus, anima vitalis, yuxh, spec. animus bominis,

“To have his worth," &c., quo vivit, intelligit, vult et moretur, &c. (Fuerst, read the passage. 1047.) Nefs, on the other hand, in Arabic, means,

“Go about it. according to Freytag (p. 624), anima, persona, in Put him to choler straig'it: he hath been used dividuum res, IPSE, and in the plural, spiritus,

Ever to conquer and to heave his wroth

On contradiction; being once chafed, he cannot anbelitus, &c.; and was, nephesh, in the Hebrew,

Be reined to temperance.” means spiratio, flatus, halitus (syn. 704?), IPSE,

3. Idem. Act IV. Sc. 7, 1. 52. ego, &c. &c. (Fuerst, 721.) These words form

“ Hath not a tomb," &C., the basis of Delitzsch's “System,” and, if wrong taken, necessarily overturn the whole of it. real the passage, T. J. Buckton.

Vide Richurdsoniana, p. 373.

“So our virtues lie in the interpretation of the time: inflicted on Lord Monson by his wife, as menAnd power, unto itself most commendable,

tioned in Hudibras, 11. i. 885?* Hath not a proem so evident as a tear To extol what it hath done."

There has recently been a correspondence in a

journal called Public Opinion on contemporaneous 4. Not having at band the Cambridge Shake- flagellation of schoolgirls. A year or two ago a speare, I shall be glad if you will tell me who

similar but much more detailed correspondence proposed the following reading (Henry VIII,

appeared in the Queen, which is emphatically a Act III. Sc. 2, 1. 436): –

ladies' newspaper. The statements made would “Say, Wolsey, that once rode the waves of glory,* furnish a new chapter for the History of FlagelAnd sounded all the depths and shoals of honor,

lants. Can any one inform us, for our own advanFound thee a way out of his wreck to rise in.”

tage and that of “ the future historian," whether J. WETHERELL.

these nauseous narratives of feminine flagellation were real or imaginary ?


FURRICKER.--There are very few hedges in the FAMILY OF ALEXANDER. — I have been so guc

Isle of Thanet, and what is generally called the cessful in my inquiries concerning the pedigree of

"head-land”- that is, the edge of the field, which the Paisley Alexanders, through my question re

is usually ploughed crosswise to the rest of the specting them in “N. & Q.,' that I venture to

land-is here generally planted with a different

crop. This is called by the above name. Is the put a query in regard to another branch of the sept. Can any of your readers cast light on the

word derived from any foreign language, or is it descent of James Alexander, merchant in Dublin,

simply a corruption of “fore-acre," or front of the field :

A. A. who died in 1706 ? The validity of his will was disputed, and it was set aside by the court. His

(Of) Poets' Corner. son Edmund, who seems to have been obnoxious INSCRIPTION. — In an illuminated Psalter lately to the other members of the family, made a curious | purchased in London is the following inscription settlement referring to certain transactions about | in letters of gold : --" the will." There was another James Alexander “ Iste liber est nobilissiine ac illustrissime domine, Doof Dublin, who died in 1701. He came from mine Brunisandi de Petragora, domine de Pertiniaco, et de Paisley, and his lineal descendant is a clergyman

Mathefelomo, quem fecit fieri ad volrendum ad laudem et

honorem Dei et gloriose Virginis Marie Anno Domini in the South of Ireland. I have hitherto failed

Mcccc undecimo." to trace the origin of James Alexander of the " will.” May he have been related to Sir Jerome

Who was this lady, and where did she live? Alexander, the Irish judge, and founder of the

It is always interesting to fix the exact date and Alexander Library in Trinity College, Dublin ?

place of any work of art.


THE JOURNEY TO CALVARY. – Scenes from our Snowdoun Villa, Lewisham, S.E.

Lord's journey to Calvary are sculptured in bigh CRASSIPIES.-In an extract from an old charter relief on an arcade flanking the approach to relating to Battle Abbey, given in the Antiquarian Frome church, Somersetshire, where the cruciItinerary (vol. iii.), is the following:

fixion is placed over the porch-door. There arë, “ He likewise gave them his royal customs in Wye

I believe, many instances of such representation [query, by Ashford], together with his right of wreck on the Continent; one I remember at Bologna. in Dingemarsh [query, Dungeness], a member thereof; | Can your correspondents inform me of others ? as also of any great or royal fish called crassipies which

THOMAS E. WINNINGTON. should be driven ashore, except when it happened without certain limits; in which case they were to have only HANDFASTING.–Did the practice of handfasting two parts of the fish and the tongue, these being all the

exist in any other country than Scotland ? Did it king usually had." .

cease at the Reformation ? + Are these fish the sturgeon, and whence have

CHARLES ROGERS, LL.D. they this curious name?

A. A.

Snowdoun Villa, Lewisham, S.E. (Of) Poets' Corner.

GUIENNE AND LANGUEDOC. — Are there any FLAGELLATION.- An aged relation of mine re- works on the departments contained in the old members a young woman being publicly whipped | French provinces of Guiennė and Languedoc for theft in Nottingham Market Place. Can any similar in design to our county histories? I shall one mention the date hereof? and at what date feel obliged by any information on this subject. did such punishment cease in England ? Where

M. L. can any authority be found for the flagellation

po See “N. & Q." 3rd S. vi. 252.7 [*.“ Rode the waves,” by Warburton. “Trod the It On the practice of Handfasting consult “ N. & Q.," waves,” by Capell.-Ev.]

1. S. ii. 151, 282, 342.-ED.)

· MISSING LETTERS OF JAMES VI. AND CHARLES I. I wish to ask whether the marvellous account A letter from James VI. to Archbishop Spottis- of the birth of these brothers can be credited, wood, and a letter from Charles I. to the same and whether there is any parallel of such an ocperson on his resignation of the seals as Lord currence ?

J. G. N. Chancellor of Scotland, have disappeared from Spottiswood House within the last year and a

PAPAL BULLS RELATING TO ENGLAND. - Has half. If they have been borrowed by any one for

any attempt ever been made to form an index,

calendar, or catalogue of papal bulls relating to examination, it is earnestly requested that they may now be returned. If any reader of “N. & Q.”

England ? Of course the Bullarium Magnum con

tains a vast collection, but hundreds which are can give information respecting such letters, it

not to be found there exist in our manuscript will greatly oblige the writer. L. M, M. R.

| libraries. It would be very useful to have some JEFFREY NEVE. - In an amusing article in the sort of key to them.

A. O. V. P. Cornhill for the present month, entitled “Witches PEERAGE. -I read in the history of a Scotch and their Craft," the author names, amongst a family that one of its members had King Charles batch of conjurors and impostors about the close

I.'s warrant for creating him Lord So-and-so, but of the sixteenth century, one “ Jeffrey Neve, a that he died before the patent was completed. If fraudulent bankrupt.” I shall be obliged for in

this statement is correct, should not the original formation about Jeffrey Neve's frauds and impos

warrant still be traceable in the records of the tures, where he lived, and when he died, or for a

Office of the Presenter of Signatures, Parliament reference where such information may be found.

| House, Edinburgh ? If not there, where should

G. A. C. l I look for it? I shall be glad to have some NOBLE OF EDWARD III.--I have in my cabinet

account of the steps a patent of peerage went a noble of Edward III., on which the arms of

through in Scotland circa 1650, from the first France in the first and fourth quarters of the shield

| signature to the completion of the charter under held by the king are represented by three fleurs-de-| the great seal.

F. M. S. lys, and not as being semé-de-lys, which was the Pope's INDELICACY. - In Mr. Moy Thomas's authorised form of charge until the reign of “ Memoirs of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu," preHenry V. (Ruding, i. p. 255, last ed.)

fixed to that gentleman's edition of her Letters and How, then, does this form come to be on a coin | Works (p. 24), I find the following allu 80 long before (according to all the authorities | Pope's correspondence with ladies : I have met with the modification was intro “The indelicacy with which the spirit of the time perduced ?

J. H. M. mitted him to address even unmarried ladies, is exem

plified in his letters to the Miss Blounts and to the BIRTHS OF THE PALMERS. – In a pedigree of daughter of his acquaintance Mrs. Marriott of Sturston, Palmer written by Roger Jenyns. Esq., a relative to whom he transmitted, apparently through his friend of the family, in 1672, which has been recently

Broome, then rector of Sturston, compositions whose published in Mr. Howard's Collectanea Heraldica

ribaldry and grossness no wit or art could now render

tolerable." et Genealogica, the following account is given of the progeny born of Sir Edward Palmer of Ang

Can any one inform me where these letters to mering in Sussex, and his wife Alice the coheiress

" the daughter of his acquaintance Mrs. Marriott" of William Clement:

are to be found ? I have searched in vain in the

editions of Warburton, Warton, Bowles, and “Memorandum that this Sr Edward and his Lady never had any children but three sons, which were all of one

Roscoe, as well as in the Additions to Pope's conception, and born three Sundar's successively, Whit

Works, 1776, 2 vols., and Chalmers's Supplement. sunday being the first. This happened about Anno

F. J. H. Domini 1487, in the 3d year of Henry 7th's raigne, and

PRAYER FOUND IN THE TOMB OF THE SAVIOUR, they all lived to be men of great age and note.

USED AS A CHARM.-At the recent assizes at WickThe first was John Palmer, Esq. who married low (see the Dublin letter in The Times of Thurgthe daughter of Lord Sands, K.G., and continued day, July 9,) a prisoner was convicted of arson. the line at Angmering.

Upon him was found a paper covered with shortThe second was Sir Henry Palmer, Master of band characters. This paper was deciphered by a the Ordnance at Guisnes at the time of its siege professional short-hand writer, who was examined and surrender in 1555, and who died of a wound at the trial. “It set out a curious prayer which there received, in the seventieth year of his age was said to have been found in the tomb of our (as is stated).

Saviour in 803, and which was sent for preservaThe third was Sir Thomas Palmer, the satellite tion to the Emperor Charles; and it was thought of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, and

of Northumberland, and that as long as the prayer was in the possession of a who was beheaded in 1553 for the prominent part man he could never be drowned or poisoned." he took in the usurpation of the Lady Jane Grey. |

i ine Lady Jane Grey. | No doubt some of your correspondents can tell me

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