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Awful was the victory!

clesfield hundred, and fought at the battle of Chastened should the triumph be:

Worcester. He was also a member of the court Mid the laurels she has won,

martial that tried the Earl of Derby at Chester; Britain mourns for many a son.

and was afterwards, in 1660, summoned before “ Veiled in clouds the morning rose;

the Lords' committee to give an account of his Nature seemed to mourn the day

conduct in this transaction, and committed to the Which consigned, before its close, Thousands to their kindred clay.

custody of the messenger of the Black Rod. Upon How unfit for courtly ball,

this Bradshaw submitted to what reads like a Or the giddy festival,

very abject apology, and was ultimately released. Was the grim and ghastly view

The circumstance, however, seems to have broken Ere evening closed on Waterloo !

the spirit of this, in many respects, excellent man; “ See the Highland warrior rushing,

for he died early in the following year, and was Firm in danger, on the foe,

buried at Stockport.
Till the lite-blood warmly gushing,
Lays the plaided hero low!

In a very interesting account of John Bradshaw,
His native pipe's accustomed sound, in Cheshire, its Historical and Literary Associations,
Mid war's infernal concert drowned, by T. W. Barlow, Esq., F.L.S. (London, W. Kent
Cannot soothe his last adieu,

& Co., 1852), I fail to find any account of his Or wake his sleep on Waterloo !

having resided in Staffordshire. “Chasing o'er the cuirassier,

I cannot think he died poor, as supposed by
See the foaming charger flying,

M. T., for he bequeaths by his will the sum of
Trampling in his wild career
All alike, the dead and dying.

5001. for “ amending the wages of the master and See the bullets through his side

usher” of each of the schools of Middleton, in Answered by the spouting tide;

Lancashire, and Bunbury, in Cheshire, as part of Helmet, horse and rider too,

his “thankful acknowledgment" for having reRoll on bloody Waterloo ! ceived part of his “educac'on."

G. H. S. “ Shall scenes like these the dance inspire ?

Ancoats, Manchester.
Or wake the enlivening notes of mirth ?
O shivered be the recreant lyre
That gave the base idea birth!

A large old-fashioned house, which was ap-
Other sounds, I ween, were there,

proached by a narrow court, and was situated a Other music rent the air ;

little way down on the left-hand side of Portpool Other waltz the warriors knew

Lane, going from Gray's Inn Lane, early in the When they closed on Waterloo !

present century had the reputation of having been “ Forbear, till Time with lenient hand

the residence of Lord High President Bradshawe. Has soothed the pang of recent sorrow;

It was called Bradshaw's Rents, and sometimes
And let the picture distant stand,

Bradshaw's. I believe the mansion was pulled
The softening hue of years to borrow.
When our race has passed away,

down in the second quarter of the present century; Hands unborn may wake the lay,

but I think the court still remains. I make this And give to joy alone the view

note from oral tradition, which was impressed Of Britain's fame at Waterloo !”

upon me by the fact that I was taken to see the It would be difficult, I think, to find in any site of the house, and I afterwards had given to language a poem written with so much originality me Russell's folio History of England, in which is and spirit, and so ably sustained throughout to a facsimile copy of the warrant for the execution its brilliant and feeling termination. F. C. H. of Charles I.-the first signature to which is

“Jo. Bradshawe.” In the list of subscribers to

this book appears the name of “Mr. Wood, PortBRADSHAW THE REGICIDE.

pool-lane,” an ancestor of mine, who lived in

Bradshawe's house. The imprint is undated; but (4th S. ii. 34, 70, 95.)

I find the history is carried down to August, 1781, The Henry Bradshaw alluded to by Oxonic and on the fly-leaf is written, " Thomas Wood his ENSIS was elder brother of the “Lord President,” | book, October 20th, 1782." whose name headed the signatures to the Che

EDWARD J. W00D. shire petition praying for the establishment of the Presbyterian religion, who took a most pro- ! The statement of your correspondent M. J. bears minent part in the civil struggles of the seven- improbability upon the face of it. In the first teenth century, and, as might be supposed, in the place the president had no children, having never services of the Parliament. He was sergeant- been married; and that he died in poverty is very major in Colonel Dukinfield's regiment, and had unlikely, as will appear by the following trana lieutenant-colonel's commission in the regiment script of a newspaper cutting in Randal Holmes' of foot commanded by Colonel Ashton. He after- MS. Collections relating to Cheshire (Harl. MS. wards commanded the entire militia of the Mac- | 1929, fol. 30): –

“Whitehall, Octob. 31 (1659). frid, his own authority Bede is flatly against “This day it pleased God here to put a period to the him. For if they parted when in health, to life of the Lord Bradshaw, after a year's lingering under meet no more, how could the incidents of this a fierce and most tedious Quartan Ague, which in all probability could not have taken him away yet awhile

“last illness" have come about ? And if they had he not by his indefatigable affection toward the Pub

both died on the same day, how could it be possilick Affairs and safety in a time of danger wasted himself ble that either could give a “circumstantial and with extraordinary labors.”

edifying account” of tbe death of the other? All Beny. BAGSHAWE, Jun. that is recorded by Bede of the closing scene of 10, Great James Street, Bedford Row.

Cuthbert's life is that, though wishing to be buried in the monastery to which he had retired,

he was prevailed upon by the monks (fratres) to ST. HEREFRID.

allow his body to be conveyed to Lindisfarne to

be interred in the church of which he had been (4th S. ii. 56, 113.)

bishop. The remarks of F. C. H. on this worthy per That Herefrid and Herebrect cannot be one and sonage have fairly puzzled me; I can make neither the same person is manifest from the fact that the “ top nor tail” of them. He says that he “at former did not die till anno 747, just sixty years tended St. Cuthbert in his last sickness, and after the death of the latter, which was anno 687. administered to him the last sacraments," and that It is possible that F. C. H. may have authori“it was from him that St. Bede received the cir- | ties for his information with which I am unaccumstantial and edifying account of the illness and quainted ; and if so, will, I feel quite sure, be death of St. Cuthbert.” Bede, as far as I can dis- most glad to produce them, not only for the cover, says not a word of this, nor makes a single benefit of myself, but also of the general readers mention of Herefrid in connection with St.Cuthbert. of “N. & Q.". In the Historia Eccles. Gentis Anglorum, pp. 240, Since writing the above it has struck me as 241, Oxon. 1846, will be found a very touching possible that F. C. H. may have had in his mind narrative of an interview between Cuthbert and å the Cuthbert who lived at a later date, and was certain anchorite of the name of Herebrect, but preferred to the see of Canterbury in 740. But which has not in it a feature in common with here the difficulty will meet him, that this indivithe circumstances detailed by your correspondent dual is said to have been archbishop from 740 to F. C. H. Bede's account is this. After having | 758; * and, according to Fuller, was at the Synod held the see of Lindisfarne for two years—to of Cloves-at-Ho in 747. Now, as Herefrid is enwhich he had been appointed much against his tered in Bede's Chronicles as having died in 747, will-St. Cuthbert retired to his former retreat in it is utterly impossible, supposing Cuthbert's archithe island of Farne. He had there an ancient episcopate to have continued till 758, or very imfriend named Herebrect, who, on hearing of his | probable, supposing him to have died in the year return, at once resorted to him: “cupiens salu- / of the above-named synod, that Herefrid could taribus ejus exhortationibus ad superna desideria have ministered to him in his last sickness, and magis magisque accendi.” In the course of their recounted the circumstances of it to Bede. The conversation, Cuthbert urged him to open his date of his death is generally said to have been mind fully, and question him on any matter on November 8, 758, and I know of nothing which which he needed counsel, as this would be the should lead one to doubt its accuracy. last time they should ever meet on earth. Greatly

EDMUND TEW, M.A. affected on hearing this, Herebrect besought his friend to intercede for him with the Almighty that they might both be removed on the same

ROBERT MORRIS (4th S. ii. 56.)— Allow me to day. To this request he gave consent, and after a time informed Herebrect that his petition had been

suggest that either your correspondent QUEJUNI

RISTUS, or your printer, is in error. There never granted : “Surge, inquit, frater mi, et noli plorare,

was such a man as Chief Justice Acton. The insed gaudio gaude, quia quod rogavimus superna

tended person I suppose to be Sir Richard Aston, nobis clementia donavit:” which promise and

who was Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in prophecy, according to Bede, was fulfilled; for

Ireland from 1761 to 1765, when, in consequence though, on parting, they parted for ever in the

of his making himself obnoxious to the Irish flesh, yet “uno eodemque die, hoc est, tertiadecima Kalendarum Aprilum, egredientes e corpore, spiri

magistracy, he was transferred to the English

Court of Queen's Bench as a puisne judge. tus eorum mox beata invicem visione conjuncti sunt, atque angelico ministerio pariter ad requiem celeste translati."

* In a foot-note to the Epistola Bonifacii ad CudNow, if this Herefrid be the person to whom

berthum, Professor Hussey writes, “ Cave, Hist. Lit.:

Cuthbertus Archiepiscopus erat ab A.D. 740 ad 758 :' F. C.H. refers, and has confounded with St. Here- | Contin. Chron. Bæd. et Chron. Sax.

There is a curious story of a conflict between MR. BUCKTON did not find it, was because the the judge and a barrister in my Judges of England author's name is not on the title-page, and the (vol. viii. p. 237); and I suppose Robert Morris book is therefore catalogued under some other is the barrister there referred to. Will QUEJUNI- heading. The full title is, Compitum, or the MeetRISTUS kindly say if it is so, and give some further ing of the Ways at the Catholic Church, 7 vols. particulars as to Mr. Morris's Letter to Mr. Justice foolscap 8vo (Dolman), 1848-1854. Aston.

EDWARD PEACOCK. Watt, in his Bibliotheca Britannica, names the | Bottesford Manor, Brigg. Letter to Sir Richard Aston as the only work of

VARIATION OF SURNAMES (4th S. ii. 91.)- About Mr. Robert Morris.

EDWARD Foss. ten years ago a woman who lived in a village SALMON AND APPRENTICES (4th S. i. 474.) — perhaps fifteen miles from here called upon me There is an old tradition in Limerick that ap- | for the purpose of making certain inquiries about prentices' indentures formerly contained a proviso a relative of hers who had been in the receipt of that they (the apprentices) should not get salmon parish relief. I could not at once give her all the more than three times a week for dinner. I have information she wanted, but promised to write to never seen one of these indentures; nor do I be- | her. I understood her to say that her name was lieve that any such exist. I have heard that a Ladley; but knowing how inaccurate the unsum of five pounds has been offered to any person educated are in such matters, to make quite sure who could procure such indenture. While on the that there should be no mistake, I spelt the word subject, I may add that for many ages Limerick slowly over to her, asking if that was the proper has been famous for its salmon fisheries and Sax way. She replied: “Well, sir, that will do; but (salmon) weir; and at this moment, notwith- | I have been telled that the right way to spell it standing the enormous quantity of salmon taken is Ludlow, but we are always called Ladley." in the river Shannon and its tributaries, and its | Some forty years ago there was a boy in a Linplentifulness in the local market formerly, that colnshire village whose name was Thompson. fish in recent years is rather scarce, and is always He was notorious as a mimic, and was particuhigh-priced in the city of Limerick. I may re larly successful in “taking off” a clergyman of mark that it is more difficult to be had at a mo the name of Bayley: from this he received the derate price in Limerick tban in Dublin, or, I name of Bayley as a nickname, by which he went believe, in London, where the Shannon salmon to the day of his death, and his children inherited are highly prized in the season.

it after him. I do not know by which name the

MAURICE LENIHAN. births, baptisms, marriages, and deaths of the Limerick.

family are recorded in the parochial and national Dr. PARR, A PASSAGE IN HIS SPITAL SERMON

registers, but I think it is probable that Bayley is (4th S. i. 511.)- In the Greek sentence here pro

the one used. I had known several of the family nounced to be “obviously bad Greek,” Dr. Parr

for many years before I was aware that Thomphas only substituted modern names in a Greek

son was their old name. The farm accounts of a form: "knpov, Báopovov, kal Talawpov, .for Ewapárn, relative of mine, who employed the mimic and Aloyévny, val 'AplotitTOV. It was Lucian therefore

one of his sons as labourers, always mention them who wrote what is thus censured !

as Bayley.


Bottesford Manor, Brigg. THE MONASTERY OF KÖNIGSSAAL (4th S. ii. 87.) | PositionS IN SLEEPING (3rd S. ix. 474, 522; There is some curious information concerning this xi. 125, 224, 365.)-The following cutting seems Cistercian house in the Cistercium Bis-Tercium of to me to be worthy of preservation:Augustinus Sartorius, Vetro-Praga, 1700, folio, “Position IN SLEEPING.— It is better to go to sleep pp. 725, 773 (1059-1064). He speaks of it as on the right side, for then the stomach is very much in ac locum amoenitate eximiâ conspicuum," and gives the position of a bottle turned upside down, and the conthe following list of notable personages who were

tents of it are aided in passing out by gravitation. If buried there: –

one goes to sleep on the left side, the operation of empty

ing the stomach of its contents is more like drawing water “ Hinc inbibi (sic) contumulati fuêre: Wenceslaus II. from a well. After going to sleep, let the body take its Fundator; Wenceslaus III. Fundatoris filius, ambo Bohe own position. If you sleep on your back, especially soon miæ Reges; Joannes et Guttha, Wenceslai Fundatoris regiæ after a hearty meal, the weight of the digestive organs proles ; Ottocarus, Joannis Lucenburgici Regis Filius; and that of the food, resting on the great vein of the Margareta, Wenceslai Regis Filia, conthoralis Boleslai, body, near the backbone, compresses it, and arrests the Ducis Lignicensis apud Silesios, unà cum filiolo suo flow of the blood more or less. If the arrest is partial, the Nicolao; Elisabetha, filia Joannis Regis ; Elisabetha Re | sleep is disturbed, and there are unpleasant dreams. If gina Bohemiæ, conjux Joannis Lucenburgici; Wences the meal has been recent and hearty, the arrest is more laus IV. Cæsar, Caroli IV. Cæsaris filius."

decided ; and the various sensations, such as falling over

a precipice, or the pursuit of a wild beast, or other im. Mr. Kenelm Henry Digby's Compitum is, I

pending danger, and the desperate effort to get rid of it. doubt not, in the national library. The reason arouses us, and sends on the stagnating blood ; and we wake in a fright, or trembling, or in perspiration, or feel Modern. This seal of Henry IV. is the largest ing exhaustion, according to the degree of stagnation, and richest of all the mediaeval seals of England. and the length and strength of the efforts made to escape

Why is the ship on the noble? Was it adopted the danger. But, when we are unable to escape the danger-when we do fall over the precipice, when the

in commemoration of the great naval victory of tumbling building crushes us what then? That is

Midsummer-eve, 1340, when two French admirals death! That is the death of those of whom is said, when and 30,000 men were slain, and 230 of their large found lifeless in the morning—* That they were as well ships taken with small loss on the part of the as ever they were the day before ;' and often it is added,

English? The legend is curious: “Ihc autem .and ate heartier than common!' This last, as a frequent cause of death to those who have gone to bed to

transiens p. medium illorum iba” (Jesus autem wake no more, we give merely as a private opinion. The transiens per medium illorum ibat-But Jesus, possibility of its truth is enough to deter any rational passing through the midst of them, went his way.) man from a late and hearty meal. This we do know These words had been used as a talisman of prewith certainty, that waking up in the night with painful

servation in battle, and also as a spell against diarrhæa, or cholera, or bilious cholic, ending in death in

thieves. a very short time, is probably traceable to a late large

JOAN PIGGOT, JUN. meal. The truly wise will take the safe side. For persons to eat three times a day, it is amply sufficient to

Tasso's “LOVE AND MADNESS" (4th S. ii. 49.) make the last meal of cold bread and butter, and a cup of

As an addendum, allow me to correct the name of some warm drink. No one can starve on it; while a Renée's husband : it should be Hercules II., not perseverance in the habit soon begets a vigorous appetite Henry II. ; also the word father, as applied to Leofor breakfast, so promising of a day of comfort.”-Hall's

nora, which should be brother, meaning Alphonso II., Journal of Health.

J. G.

who at this time (1579) reigned, having succeeded Hull.

his father Hercules II. in 1558. Brantome men

tions three daughters of Hercules II. and Renée : EDITIONS OF DUCANGE (4th S. ii. 79.) - The

the first was Anne, born 1531, and was older “ Paris edition, in 10 vols. folio, 1733-66," re

than her sisters Lucretia and Leonora, three and ferred to by CORNUB, consists in fact of two

four years respectively. Anne married (first) the separate works : the Benedictine edition of Du

Duke of Guise in 1548, and (second) the Duke of cange (1733), and the Glossarium novum, seu

Nemours in 1560. After the detection of her Supplementum of Carpentier. Firmin Didot's ad

Calvinism, Renée was made prisoner in the palace mirable edition, completed in 1850, consists of

in 1554, but was released on the death of Herthese two works fused into one, with additions

cules II. (1558), and died at the castle of Montfrom Adelung, the editor, M. Herschel, &c. It also contains the valuable Indices (forty-seven in

argis in France, in 1575, to the last defending and number) of the original Ducange (1678), which

protecting Protestants (Sismondi Index). Gibbon

is not justified in stating (“House of Brunswick," the Benedictines strangely omitted in their edi

p. 100) that "she submitted to wear the mask of tion.

C. P. F.

dissimulation.” When Leonora was on her deathTHE PRIOR'S PASTORAL STAFF (4th S. i. 592; ii. bed, at Modena, she desired to be buried in her 21).—May not the mallet, as a token of dominion, mother's grave (Archivio Mediceo, filza xxii., have been of Scandinavian origin? The hammer | Agenti del G. D. a Ferrara ; quoted in Guasti's seems to have been known among the Varagi as Vita del Tasso of Serassi, ii. 59 n.) To the ima symbol of temporal power. A representation probabilities of love by Tasso, may be added the of "great Rurie's sceptre,hammer-formed, may ill-health of Leonora -be seen in the monarch's hand among the regal « La quale per qualche indisposizione sopravenutale non likenesses in Tooke's History of Russia.

s'era mai lasciata vedere per tutto il tratto de' passati T. S. E. spettacoli. Di madama Leonora non si trova fatto verun

cenno in tutte le descrizioni di quelle feste; segno che NOBLE OF EDWARD III. (4th S. ii. 105.)- About ella non era mai comparsi. Da una canzone poi del the year 1365, Charles V. of France (according to Tasso, pubblicata nel principio del 1567 [when he was Boutell), with a view apparently to distinguish twenty-three and she thirty-two, but allowing for differbetween his own arms and the fleurs-de-lys borne

ence of climate=thirty nine), tra le Rime degli Eterei, by the English claimants of his crown, reduced

si ha che madama Leonora con danno universale era stata

lungo tempo inferma, e che quando fù fatta quella the number of his fleurs-de-lys to three. But the canzone dava speranza di riconvalersi.” -- Sperassi and shield of S. Louis (born 1226) for the first time Guasti, i. 179. bore three fleurs-de-lys. Só that Edward III. |

Had she a spinal affection ? I have referred on may have copied the coat of France as borne by Renée to Sismondi's Français, where, in the Index, Charles V. Your correspondent states that the

correspondent states that the will be found notices not to be discovered in his three fleurs-de-lys were not used till the reign of


T. J. BUCKTON. Henry V. Now impressions of the great seal of Henry IV., 1406 and 1409, exist which bear the HAWAIIAN ALPHABET (4th S. ii. 80.) -- As the quartered arms, on banners instead of shields, American missionaries have made a translation of charged with three fleurs-de-lys only, or France the Bible into this language, it is easy to see what

letters are defective in its alphabet. I have com- in 1376, is found in the same places. The gift is pared such translation of I Chr. i. and Matt. i., of the decimam omnium craspesiorum. The crascontaining the names of the patriarchs, and find pesium or craspeis is described by the author of that they are closely represented in Hawaiian. the Monasticon above, as the same with crassus or The statement made to MR. J. BEALE does not grossus piscis. I offer this modicum to A. A. apply to Owyhee or the Sandwich Islands, but

P. HUTCHINSON. may apply to the Society Islands, where, according to the authorities quoted by Adelung (Mith

MILTON'S UNKNOWN POEM (4th S. ii. 76.)– The ridates, i. 637), they want the letters f, g, k, s,

fifth line from the end :and e; and, like the Chinese, disfigure proper

“ This Heavy and this earthly mould." ; names and words. Thus they called Cook Toote; ! Is this not a contraction of “Heavenly” in Banks, Tapane; Fourneaux, Tonno; Hicks, Hiti; contradistinction to the “ earthly" part? The Gore, Toarro; Solander, Torano; Green, Eteri; capital H even seems to imply it, — " mould," I Sporing, Polini; and Bougainville, Potaviri; their imagine, meaning the form ; but whether this be nearest possible approximation to those names. so or not, I think the sense requires heavenly. But this is not the case in the Sandwich Islands,

J. A. G. where they have all the vowels. B they have, Carisbrooke. as in the word babae (foot); c is of course either

SEAKALE (4th S. i. 156.)—Mr. Curtis, in his k or s; d is confounded with t (as in German);

Directions for Cultivating thé Crambe Marítima, or f is wanting ; g is found in piga (fire), and gouaha

Seakale (1799), tells us that “Mr. William Jones (mouth); h is found; j is wanting; k, l, m, n, p,

of Chelsea saw bundles of it, in a cultivated state, are of constant occurrence; q is represented by k;

exposed for sale in Chichester market in 1753." r, s, t, v, and w also occur; x (=ks) is wanting ;

Evelyn mentions that our sea-keele, the ancient y is i, and % is s in Hawaiian. Notwithstanding

crambe, and growing on our coast, is very delithe greater power of expression (by the greater number of alphabetical letters), the language of the


J. WILKINS, B.C.L. Sandwich Islanders, including Hawaii (=Owy "THE HOLY Court” (4th S. ii. 55, 117.)-I hee), bears close affinity to that of the Society

should have great pleasure in supplying the deIslanders, including Tahiti (=Otahiti). This may siderata were the work now in my possession. be best seen in Adrien Balbi's Atlas Ethnogra

The references are nevertheless quite correct, and phique du Globe. Ellis says “ there are no sibi- may be verified by consulting the edition from lants in the language" (Hawaii, 471). But Ellis which I extracted them, quarto, bound, 1638, and himself says they called Cook's ship motus (islands,

apparently the first. The third edition, 1663, Id., p. 3); and the American missionaries have which F. C. H. possesses, appears to have a difused the letter s repeatedly in their translation of ferent arrangement, and hence, no doubt, his inthe pedigrees of the Old and New Testament | ability to find the passages.

J. BEALE. above referred to as Asa for Asaph, Tarehisa for

Spittlegate, Grantham. Tarshish, Kahelusa for Casluhim, and Mzia for

St. THOMAS-A-BECKET AND Syon COPE (4th S. Mizzah (1 Chr. i. 7, 12, 37). It is singular that k, whilst common in prose, is prohibited in their

ii. 65, 66.)— How came these copes, chasubles, poetical compositions as unmusical, and t is sub

&c., mentioned by MR. MAURICE LENIHAN (p. 66) stituted (Ellis, Hawaii, 472). The same author

as having been bestowed on the Roman Catholic says, "the Hawaiian alphabet consists of seven

cathedral of Waterford by Pope Innocent III., teen letters ; five vowels, a, e, i, o, u [as pro

the property of the late Right Rev. Dr. Foran, nounced in Italian), and twelve consonants, b, d,

Catholic bishop of the see of Waterford, and

presented by him to the Earl of Shrewsbury, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, t, v, w, to which f, g, s, and % have been added, for the purpose of preserving

Waterford, and Wexford, and placed at Altonthe identity of foreign words” (Id., 474).

Towers ? Had they been left in the cathedral,

they would not have been destroyed when AltonT. J. BUCKTON. | Towers was burnt down.

P. A. L. CRASSIPIES (4th S. ii. 104.)-Among the charters INGULPH'S “CHRONICLE” (4th S. i. 80.) of Henry II. there is one that relates to fish caught Potthast, in his Bibliotheca Historica Medii Ævi, in the Channel. That king gave to the bishops of

says there is a very important article by Sir Exeter a tithe of all the large fish taken in the Francis Palgrave on this Chronicle in the Quarwaters of their diocese, such as whales, grampuses, terly Review, xxxiv. No. 67. In Potthast's most sturgeons, &c.—a grant which was confirmed by useful work there is also a reference to Wright's Edward I. in 1280, as may be seen in Brantyng Biographia Britannica, vol. ii. pp. 28-33, where the ham's Register, i. 27, and quoted in Oliver's Mo

ou evidence against the authenticity of the Chronicle nasticon of the Diocese of Exeter, p. 431. A is clearly stated.

J. MACRAY. charter on the same subject by Bishop Thomas, Oxford.

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