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the hands of the Russells of Cheshunt, descendants' private seal. I have never met with a public by the second marriage, and being from the last order so identified, and which at the same time male of the name of Cromwell, may be said to be so strongly confirms the genuineness of the seal. the Protector's representatives.
Having ventured these remarks, may I go a It may not be uninteresting to state the descent little further? Having frequently heard the family of the relics or curiosities:
position much disparaged, permit me to add that Richard, the Protector, left them to his daugh- those curious in tracing the descendants of the ter Elizabeth; she bequeathed them to her cousins great Protector will find that they have held Ricbard and Thomas, who was the son of Henry highly creditable positions in the church, the bar, the Major, and he left his to his son Oliver of Ches- law, physic, and important official appointments hunt Park; Richard left his portion, the mask, &c. under the Crown. &c. to his daughters Anne, Elizabeth, and Lætitia; | Mention having been specially made in the they bequeathed them to their cousin Oliver above letter of the mask of the Protector taken Cromwell of Cheshunt Park, who married Mary just after his death, I may state that Henry Morse, and who also received those of his father | Weigall, Esq. sen., had the loan of that mask Thomas.
in the hope and expectation that the time had Thus they became centered with his daughter arrived that, if he modelled a bust therefrom, it Oliveria, his only surviving child, who married would find a place in the House of Commons; Thomas Artimadorus Russell ; and thus they be- and, having completed his work, it was submitted came heir-looms (through the eldest son's child) to Prince Albert and the Commissioners. The to the wife of the Rev. Paul Bush.
authenticity of the mask was requested, given, and With regard to J. G. CROMWELL's letter (April approved, but the Prince's reply to its being exe23), I will not question the point as to his being cuted in marble was that the want of funds at a descendant of the Protector, but I cannot see in that time would prevent it. the pedigree I possess how he can be allied to The bust is modelled in a bold, masterly style, Thomas Cromwell (son of Major Henry), of whom highly creditable to the artist, and was presented the previous letter speaks; for by his first wife-as by him, previously to his departure for Australia, before stated-two sons and one daughter died to Henry W. Field, of the Royal Mint, who also infants; one son, Thomas, said to have been un- | possesses a few autographs and curiosities of Crommarried, and the daughter who married John well and of that eventful period. Field: then, by the second wife, Oliver appears to It may also be mentioned that during the be the only one who married.
modelling of Mr. Bell's magnificent colossal statue Can J.G. CROMWELL prove that Thomas, Oliver's of Oliver Cromwell, the same mask was put into brother (the last-named), who was an officer in his hands to aid him if he thought it desirable. the Indian service, was married and had a family,
PURITAN. and died in 1771 ? If so, perhaps he is a son of that Thomas. I may now remark on J. P.'s communication
MILTON'S UNKNOWN POEM. (April 23). He is correct in the main. He is in Prof. Henry Morley has had the rare good forcorrect as to the revolving or swivel three-sided tune to find in the British Museum, in a copy of seal. He states it to be of silver; it is of steel, the edition of Milton's English and Latin Poems and evidence is very strong that it was engraved printed in 1645, an unpublished poem, an addias well as Henry's large official steel seal (when tion in MS., which he believes to be in the poet's Lord-Lieut. of Ireland)-by the inimitable Simon. autograph. This has been doubted. Mr. Bond J. P. is also wrong in stating that the Cromwell and MR. RYE are of opinion that the hand is not arms are thereon quartered with those of England. Milton's, and that the initials at the end are not The quarterings are those of the several families J. M. but P. M., while others who have made with whom he had been connected, and have no Milton's writings the subject of their study believe reference whatever to England's bearings, or even this poem to be from his pen. We incline to those of the Commonwealth.
the latter opinion. In reference to the said three-sided revolving The following will, be believe, be found a corseal, I may mention a curious instance of a double rect version of this interesting discovery. "It is proof of authenticity. A friend, quite unconnected that furnished to The Athenaum by Professor with the family, gave me a most perfect docu- | Morley, with two corrections subsequently comment, dated Oct. 25, 1618, bearing the autograph | municated by him to The Times : — signature of Oliver Cromwell, directed to “ Cola
“ AN EPITAPH. Thomas Barwis," ordering him to repair to Car
“He whom Heaven did call away lisle to take charge of a regiment of horse that
Out of this Hermitage of clay, would arrive from Westmoreland. The document
Has left some reliques in this Urue bears an impression of one of the sides of this his As a pledge of his returne.
Meanewhile ye Muses doe deplore
In this little bed my dust
Then pass on gently ye yt mourne,
“ J. M. Ober 1647.”
deficiency by an accurate copy of the original oath, which is preserved in the Record Office. It runs as follows:
THE OATH. Archbishop : Madam, Is Your Majesty willing to take the Oath ?
The Queen: I am willing.
Archbishop: Will you solemnly promise and swear to govern the People of this United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Dominions thereto belonging, according to the Statutes in Parliament agreed on, and the respective Laws and Customs of the same?
Queen : I solemnly promise so to do.
Archbishop: Will You to Your power cause Law and Justice, in Mercy, to be executed in all Your Judgments ? Queen: I will.
Archbishop: Will You to the utmost of Your Power maintain the Laws of God, the true Profession of the Gospel, and the Protestant Reformed Religion established by Law? And will You maintain and preserve inviolably the Settlement of the United Church of England and Ireland, and the Doctrine, Worship, Discipline, and Government thereof, as by Law established within England and Ireland and the Territories thereunto belonging? And will You preserve unto the Bishops and Clergy of England and Ireland, and to the Churches there committed to their charge, all such Rights and Privileges as by Law do or shall appertain to Them, or any of Them?
Queen: All this I promise to do.
The things which I have here before promised I will perform and keep
So help me God.
Dicloria R. The oath, of which the foregoing is a copy, is written on vellum, and attached to that part of the Coronation Roll which describes the mode in which the oath was administered.
As I am not aware that there exists any account of the nature and origin of these Coronation Rolls, the few particulars upon the subject may be of interest to the readers of “ N. & Q."
On the accession of a sovereign to the throne of these realms, a Commission is issued under the Great Seal constituting certain Members of the Privy Council a court for adjudicating on the claims of persons who desire to render certain services, or to receive certain fees and perquisites at the coronation. The Clerk of the Crown for the time being is always the clerk to such Court of Claims, and as such it afterwards becomes his duty to prepare the Coronation Roll, on which is recorded the whole particulars of the ceremony with the names of those who did homage.
This roll is afterwards deposited witb great ceremony among the Records of the Court of Chan
A FURTHER NOTE ON THE CORONATION
OATH. It has been suggested to me that, although in my note on the Coronation Oath (antè, p. 5) I have shown the circumstances under which it assumed its present form, such note would have been rendered more complete by the addition of the oath itself, as taken by Her Majesty on her coronation.
Thanks to the kindness of Mr. Duffus Hardy, the learned and always obliging Deputy-Keeper of the Public Records, I am enabled to supply that
* To those who object to this line, we beg to refer the line in Lycidas —
“ He touched the various stops of tender quills."
cery-a fact which is duly recorded on the roll dom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Doitself. The following account of the deposit of | minions thereto belonging, according to the Statutes the Roll of the Coronation of Her present Majesty | in Parliament agreed on, and the respective Laws is recorded at the foot of the roll:
and Customs of the same ? Be it remembered that on Monday the twenty
King: I solemnly promise so to do. first day of January in the second year of the
Archbishop: Will you to Your power cause Reign of Her Most Sacred Majesty Queen Vic- Law and Justice in Mercy to be executed in all toria, the above-named Henry Marquis of Lans- | your Judgments ? downe, President of Her Majesty's Council, and
King: I will. The Right Honorable Thomas Baron Denman,
Archbishop: Will you to the utmost of Your Chief Justice of England, brought this Roll | power maintain the Laws of God, the true Proof the Proceedings at Her Majesty's Coronation fession of the Gospel, and the Protestant Reformed into the open Court of Chancery in the Great | Religion established by Law? And will You mainHall of Westminster; and the said Marquis with
tain and preserve inviolably the Settlement of the his own hands, in the presence of the said Lord United Church of England and Ireland, and the Chief Justice, delivered the same into the hands Doctrine, Worship, Discipline, and Government of the Right Honorable Charles Christopher thereof as by Law established within England Baron Cottenham, Lord High Chancellor of Great and Ireland, and the Territories thereunto belongBritain, sitting the Court, which said Lord High
| ing? And will you preserve unto the Bishops and Chancellor then and there in like manner deli- l clergy of England and Ireland, and to the United vered the same into the hands of The Right Church committed to their charge, all such Rights Honorable Henry Baron Langdale, Master or ) and Privileges as by Law do or shall appertain Keeper of the Rolls of the said Court of Chancery, I to them or any of them? to remain of Record among the Records and Rolls of the Court of Chancery aforesaid, as well in the
King: All this I promise to do. presence of the aforesaid Marquis and Lord Chief Then His Majesty, laying his right hand upon Justice as of the whole Court aforsaid.
the Holy Gospel, said: "The things which I have I have stated that the original oath taken by here before promised I will perform and keep. the sovereign is always attached to the Coronation So help me God." And His Majesty kissed the Roll: an exception must be made in the case of Book and subscribed the said Oaths. the Coronation Roll of George IV.
C. CANTUAR. At the coronation of that sovereign, when the ! May yo 30th, 1823. time came for him to subscribe the oath, it was Memorandum-The above mentioned Oaths not found that by some oversight the vellum copy of having been in this instance prepared upon Velthe oath, which the sovereign was to subscribe, lum, His Majesty placed his signature to the said was not upon the altar. In this dilemma the Oaths in a book containing the form and order of king, with great presence of mind, suggested that i the Service to be performed, and of the Cerehe should subscribe the oath printed in the Book | monies to be observed in the Coronation of his of the Form and Order of the Service : and the said Majesty, which book having the signature of fact that he did so, is duly recorded in the follow- His Majesty to the said Oaths therein, remains ing certificate from the Archbishop of Canterbury | deposited in the manuscript library of the Archiwhich is attached to the Roll:
| episcopal Palace at Lambeth. To the Right Honourable the Lords and others
C. CANTUAR. Commissioners for hearing and determining The following record of the mode in which this Claims touching Services to be done and per | Coronation Roll was delivered in, may also be formed at His Majesty's Coronation.
worth preserving: These are to certify, that on Thursday the nine
Be it remembered that on Friday the twentyteenth Day of July, in the second year of the
third day of January, in the fourth year of the Reign of his Majesty King George the Fourth, I
Reign of the said most Serene Lord King George Charles, by divine Providence, Archbishop of Canterbury, administered to His said Majesty King
the Fourth, the before named Right Honorable George, in the Collegiate Church of St. Peter, in
Sir Charles Abbott, Knight, Chief Justice of the
King's Bench, brought this Process into the open the City of Westminster, at the time of His
Court of Chancery in Lincoln's Inn Hall. And Majesty's Coronation, in the presence of the per
the said Sir Charles Abbott with his own proper sons then and there present at the Solemnizing
hand delivered the same Process into the hands of thereof, the Oaths by Law required in manner and
The Right Honorable John Earl of Eldon, Lord form following (that is to say)
High Chancellor of Great Britain, sitting the Archbishop: Will You solemnly promise and court there, which same Lord Chancellor then swear to govern the People of this United King- and there likewise delivered the same into the bands of The Right Honorable Sir Thomas Plu- She was one of the Horæ ; the “rosy-bosom'd mer, Knight, Master or Keeper of the Rolls of the Hours" of Milton, and I suppose, also, the houris said Court of Chancery, to remain of Record of a Mahomedan paradise. So much for the amongst the Records and Rolls of the Court of original Irēnē; but in Pistol's allusion to "the Chancery aforesaid, as well in the presence of the Turkish Mahomet and Hiren the fair Greek,” the said Sir Charles Abbott as of the whole Court so-called goddess of Peace seems transformed into aforesaid.
a bellicose Amazon. There is one important constitutional question while on the subject, there is also in the same connected with this subject, which I am at pre- play, same act and scene, the word “ Trigon” sent unable to solve. The Acts of Union with used as a proper name, which does not appear at Scotland and Ireland necessarily led to the changes all in the glossary; it needs explanation, howwhich I have pointed out in the words of the ever, for, being an astrological term, it has no Coronation Oath. But by whom were these place in current dictionaries : trigon, etymologichanges made ?
cally three-cornered, means primarily “a triMy first impression was, that they were made angle,” but in the passage referred to, Saturn and by the Court of Claims. I have been enabled by Venus, represented by Shakespeare in the persons the kindness and courtesy of Mr. Naylor, of the of Falstaff and Doll Tearsheet, being in conjuncCrown Office, to ascertain that the Court of Claims tion, Bardolph is mentioned as the third sign, is not the authority for any such alteration. completing the trigon or triplicated aspect of the
It may be that they were made under special heavenly bodies. The “fiery" Bardolph, whose orders in Council, or under the orders in Council “ zeal burns in his nose," is no doubt meant for by which the several Arch bishops of Canterbury the planet Mars.
A. H. were authorised to prepare the forms of prayer for
Playing Cards. – I am not aware that you the ceremonial.
have ever recorded the custom that prevailed about
a hundred years ago of using the backs of playingINSCRIPTIONS AT TENBY.-In the east end of
cards for complimentary purposes. I have a king the north aisle of St. Mary's, Tenby, is a very old
of spades, on the back of which is written the foltomb recording the benevolence of William Risan,
lowing “return thanks": -“Mrs. Frere presents tradesman. He is represented kneeling in the
her Compliments to Mr. Selwyn, and returns him attire of an alderman. The following is the
thanks for his kind Inquiries after her.—New inscription:
D. S. “ Two hundred pounds and fifty more
DERIVATION OF BRAT AND BOGEY.-In JohnHe gave this town to help the poor,
son's Dictionary the English word brat is said to The use of one on cloth and coles bestow
be of uncertain derivation. I beg to submit that For twelve decrepid, mean and low.
it may come from the Polish brat, a brother. In Let fifty pounds to five be yearly lent,
Hungarian, barát signifies friend.
The trivial English word Bogy, equivalent to
the French croquemitaine, is also evidently deOn a carved stone in a niche is the following :- rived from the Sclavonian Bog, God. “ Mors mihi lucrum.
PRINCE ÉTIENNE DE CROUY. Joan Moor, of Moorhayes, in county of Devon, Esq.,
Pall Mall. aged 58 years, was buried here April 6th, 1639, having by Mary his wife, the danghter of Richard Coffyn, of Portledge, in county of Devon, Esq., six sonnes and
Queries. ten daughters.
It is believed that Peerages, County Histories,
&c., have been searched (in vain) for the followFor him hath wrought."
ing dates, which are wanted for a catalogue of C. S. K.
pictures now undergoing revision. The kindness THE GLOBE SHAKESPEARE.—There is an over
of the readers of “N. & Q." is therefore now apsight in the glossary to this very handy volume,
pealed to, and any information will be thankfully which amounts to a grave misconception; it will
John EDWARD MARTIN. be found under the word “ Hiren,” which occurs
Library, Inner Temple, E.C. twice in King Henry IV., Second Part, Act II. Wanted Dates of Birth, Marriage, and Death of Sc. 4. Messrs. Clark and Wright suggest an in
ANNE FITZWILIAM, second daughter of Sir William
Fitzwilliam of Milton (who died 1534), and wife of Sir tended play upon the word iron, whereas it is
Anthony Cook of Giddy Hall. otherwise explained as a probable substitute for
ELIZABETH, fourth daughter of John Vernon of HodIrēnē, the Greek Eipun, a counterpart to the net, wite of Henry Wriothe third Earl of Southamp Roman “Pax," and the heroine of an old play. ton. He died 1624.
Sir John KENNEDY, knighted in 1603.
Jonn, second Lord Harington of Exton; died 1614. MARGARET Suutu, married-1. Sir Thomas Carey (he EDWARD RUSSELL, fourth son of Francis, fourth Earl died 1648); 2. Sir Edward Herbert.
of Bedford; died 1665. ELIZABETH, second daughter of William Freeman of DANIEL MYTENS, the elder; died 1657 ? Layston, wile of Sir Samuel Luke, Governor of Newport Thomas WRIOTHESLEY, fourth Earl of Southampton ; Pagnel, 1645.
died 1667. ELIZABETH West, daughter of Ilenry, fourth Lord
Joux HOWLAND of Streathain ; died 1686. Delaware (he died 1628); married Francis Bindloss, third
ISABELLA, COUNTESS OF ALBEMARLE; died 1741. son of Sir Francis Bindloss. She was living in 1656.
DIANA SPENCER, third daughter of Charles, third Earl ELIZABETH Gekari), daughter of Thomas Baron Gerard, second wife of Sir William Russell of Chippen- | wards fourth Duke of Bedford; died 1735.
of Sunderland; married (1731) Lord John Russell, afterham. He was created a baronet in 1628.
ROBERT WALKER, the portrait painter; died 1658. ELIZABETH LEIGH, eldest daughter of Francis Lord Dunsmore (created Earl of Chichester 1644), second wife
Join Hayes, portrait painter; died 1679. of Thomas Wriothesley, fourth Earl of Southampton.
ELIZABETH, second daughter of Sir Richard Wrottes
ley; married (1769) Augustus, third Duke of Grafton ; Wanted Date of Death of
died 1822. Sır EDWARD Gorgys, born 1560; created Baron Dun Richard RIGBY of Mistley Hall; died 1788. dalk 1620.
Lady Mary FitzpaTRICK, daughter of the Earl of CHARLES DE MALLERY, born 1576 ?
Upper Ossory; married (1776) Stephen Fox, afterwards CATHERINE Russell, eldest daughter of Francis, fourth second Lord Holland; died 1778. Earl of Bedford, born 1614; married (1628) Arthur Gre JANE, daughter of Sir John Fleming, Bart., of Brompville, second Lord Brooke.
ton Park; married (1779) Charles, third Earl of IlarringALBERT Corp, born 1606.
ton; died 1824. THEODORE RUSSELI, portrait painter, born 1614.
(In inserting this list, which we have great pleasure in Wanted Dates of Birth and Death of
doing, we must accompany it with the request that corAxxe CLINTOX, fourth daughter of Edward Clinton
respondents who can furnish MR. MARTIN with any of first Earl of Linculn; married (1563) William Ascough.
the information of which he is in search, will be good KATHERINE HOWARD, fourth daughter of Thomas,
enough to address their replies direct to that gentleman. first Earl of Suffolk ; married (1608) William Cecil, after
-Ev. “N, & Q.”] wards second Earl of Salisbury.
Adrian Pulido l’AREJA, Commander of the Spanish BARON DE BERLAIMONT.-A picture was given feet at Vera Cruz, 1600.
me the other day of a man in a black coat ornaLE CHEVALIER PHILIPPE LE Roy. Living in 1654.
mented with orange cord, slight beard and mousSir William Russell of Chippenham, created a tache, dark eyes, soft black hat with white plume, baronet 1628. RACHAEL DE Ruvigxy, married (1634) Thomas, fourth
checquered ruffles and stock, a heartsease in his Earl of Southampton.
right hand, a pair of gloves in his left, against SiR SAMUEL LUKE, Governor of Newport Pagnel
which rests part of the hilt of a sword or dagger. 1645.
On the side of the picture, close to the face, is JEROME CUSTODIS, painted portraits 1589.
painted WILLIAM SITEPPARD, painted portraits 1670.
“ CHARLES . BAROX Rev. Joux THORNTON, tutor to William Lord Rus
DE. BERLAIMON sell 1656.
Anne, eldest daughter of William, first Duke of Bed- l Who was he? I think he was connected with ford.
the Gueux, but am not sure as to the exact person, C. PHILLIPS, a portrait painter, painted 1731.
The picture is on oak panel. J. R. Haig. John PKIWITZKP, an Hungarian, who painted por DR. GEORGE CROLY.-Can any one direct me traits in England 1627.
to a piece of Dr. Croly's which does not appear in Wanted Dates of Birth and Marriage of
any collection of his writings? It was, “Lines PENELOPE WRIOTHESLEY, eldest daughter of Wrioth on Ezekiel's Vision of Dry Bones." It appeared esley, third Earl of Southampton ; married Sir William
twelve or fifteen years ago in some periodical Spencer, afterwards second Lord Spencer, Died 1667.
The Athenceum, I think-but I cannot lay hands Wanted Date of Birth of
on it. I remember that it ended thus, after deQUBEN JANE SEYMUUR.
scribing “the exceeding great army," — CHARLES BRANDON, DUKE OF SUFFOLK; died 1545.
“Heard ve not that rush of wings ? Thomas WRIOTHESLEY, EARL OF SOUTHAMPTON ;
Art thou coming, King of Kings ?” died 1550.
QUIDAM. Francis RUSSELL, third son of Francis, second Earl of Bedford ; died 1585.
EDITIONS OF DUCANGE. — Will some one who Axxe Russell, daughter of John Russell, second son
| has access at the same time to the two sets of of Francis, second Earl of Bedford : married (1600) Henry | books, tell me, and others who are anxious for Somerset, afterwards first Marquis of Worcester; died similar information, whether the edition of Du1639.
cange's Medieval Latin Glossary, published at